Wednesday, August 31, 2016

come on & senstive

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Joseph Tawadros: [come on] Conchita. Thanks. Thanks a lot. I come on national TV to be called Conchita. Thank you. 

Tony Jones: You call yourself Conchita, to be fare.

Joseph Tawadros: [sensitive] Yeah, I know, to be honest. No, look, it's very  - this is how I see it. The society is moving very quickly. There's still a lot of people that they don't understand transgender, I don't understand all the aspects of transgender people. But I just have to respect that and I don't know what they're feeling and I don't know how it is to feel trapped in another body, so I can not comment on that. But I can respect their decision and just be sensitive to what their require, because I think it's hard enough already I think with certain pressures in society and people do feel comfortable, may feel comfortable in a different body and I've got to respect that.

Definitions:

come on:
1. to appear or speak on television or radio;
...

sensitive:
1. aware of and able to understand other people and their feelings;
2. ...

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Akubra & chuck

Quotations:


Meet the marathon-running, Akubra-chucking politicians joining Parliament:

There are 39 fresh-faced politicians joining the House of Representatives today. They hail from every walk of life, and the majority have never called Capital Hill their workplace. The ABC has identified a few to keep an eye on.

Definitions:

Akubra:
a trademark for a traditional Australian wide-brimmed hat, usually made of felt made from rabbit fur and worn in the bush or country, particularly in outback areas.

chuck:
1. to throw sth carelessly or without much thought;
...

Monday, August 29, 2016

dome & aerospace

Quotations:


HI-SEAS mission: These guys just spent a year on Mars (sort of):

--- That's been the experience of a NASA-funded team who have just emerged from a solar-powered dome habitat after a year spent simulating life on the red planet.

-- On the mission were a soil scientist, an astrobiologist, a physicist, an aerospace engineer, a doctor/journalist, and an architect.

Definitions:

dome:
1. a round roof with a circular base;
2. a thing or a building shaped like a dome;
3. a sports stadium whose roof is shaped like a dome;

aerospace:
the industry of building aircraft, vehicles and equipment to be sent into space;

Sunday, August 28, 2016

wry & dig oneself out of a hole

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11


Germaine Greer: [wry] Oh, we've got a problem now with the word 'know' and we could spend a lot of time discussing what that means philosophically. Is believe the same as know. Is true belief the same as knowing. None of this is easy. The difficulty for me is this, that women are constantly being told that they are not satisfactory as women, that other people make better women than they do, and that the woman of the year maybe Caitlyn Jenner which makes the rest of the female population of the world feel slightly wry. I don't believe that a man who has lived for 40 years as a man and had children with a woman, and  enjoyed the services, the unpaid services of a wife which most women will never know, that he then decides the whole time he's been a woman, and at that point I would like to say: well, hang on a minute, you believed you were a woman but you married another woman, that was unfair, was it? And you might ...

Tony Jones: [dig oneself out of a hole] Germaine, at the begging of your answer, I thought you're digging yourself out of this hole. Now I wonder if you've actually just shovelled it back in? 

Definitions:

wry:
1. showing that you are both amused and disappointed or annoyed;
2. amusing in a way that shows irony;

dig oneself out of a hole:
To find a solution to or help recover from a particularly difficult situation, especially one created by a mistake, misfortune, or ill judgement.

Saturday, August 27, 2016

fall for & intersexual

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11


Germaine Greer: [fall for; intersexual; essentialist] That's so difficult, you know, I agree that when I first was thinking about what is a woman, I fell for the usual view that women were people with two Xs and men were people with an x and y, which made life nice and easy for me, and I now realise partly, because I am not entirely immune to information, that this was wrong, that in fact there are all kinds of intersexual conditions, and there is various ways in which genes are expressed in behaviour and development, and that in fact having two sexes is essentialist you might say, but it's even that. It's just wrong. But the interesting thing to me is this, that if you decide because you are uncomfortable in the masculine system, which turns boys into men, often at great cost to themselves, if you are unhappy with that, that doesn't mean that you belong the other end of the spectrum, that by expressing it that way .....

Definitions:

fall for:
1. to be very attracted to sb. or sth. and to start to love them;
2. to believe that a trick or a joke is true;

intersexual:
having characteristic of both sexes.

Friday, August 26, 2016

ergo & essentialism

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

#qanda: [ergo] Truth is, Government are afraid of these corporate & individual tax dodgers, ergo, nothing will change. 

Steph D'Souza: [essentialiam] My question is for Germaine Greer. When I was younger, I found your work a great source of strength and inspiration, it helped me resist the limitations that society or even misogynists can place on me. But I find really confusing views that you've expressed the trans-gender women are not real women. Why do you believe there is such a thing as a real woman? Isn't that the kind of essentialism that you and I are trying to resist and escape. 

Definitions:

ergo:
therefore.

essentialism:
the doctrine that things have an essence or ideal nature that is independent of and prior to their existence.

Thursday, August 25, 2016

nabob & imposition

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [nabob] No, I'm not saying give up because we will eventually arrive at some form of multinational taxation. But we might have to fight a few wars before we get there. It's not going to be easy and it's a fact about taxation. If you actually look the history of taxation, the people who paid the biggest amount of tax were farmers who had the least income, the nabobs paid very little or no tax. 

Theodore Dalrymple: [imposition] But, there is one small thing that worries me a little about the discussion I've seen in Australia, and that is there is no distinction made between evasion and avoidance, and avoidance is perfectly legal and I wouldn't be surprised if there were many people in these audience who have, on occasion avoided some tax by for example, claiming expenses, and that's perfectly legal. If you object to what the companies do, you have to change the legal framework in which they are operating, and I think it's wrong to confuse these two things, criminal activity, with activity which may be morally doubtful, but our law is not just imposition of what we think is moral.  And I would agree again with Germaine, I don't think the money, just given that the government can take necessarily translates directly into better schools. The reason our schools are not very good or many of our schools, in Britain, are not very good is not because we don't spend any money, it's because we don't teach people correctly. 

Definitions:

nabob:
a rich or important person.

imposition:
1. the act of introducing st such as a new law or rule, or a new tax;
2. an unfair or unreasonable thing that sb expects or asks you to do;

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

warrant & sitting

Quotations:


Why are the Australian Federal Police searching Parliament House?

-- The ABC has seen a warrant relating to the raids carried out in May which suggests police are casting a wide net in their investigation.

-- It further stated that search warrants may not be executed on sitting days.

Definitions:

warrant:
1. a legal document that is signed by a judge and gives the police authority to do sth;
2. a document that gives you the right to receive money, services, etc.
...

sitting:
1. a meeting or session of an official body such as a legislature or court;
2. ...

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

nerd & grant

Quotations:


Bill Gates might give away his fortune but he's still making billions

-- The original (and self-described) computer nerd now owns just 2.5 per cent of the world's biggest software company, the one he co-founded after dropping out of Harvard. Those shares contribute about $11 billion to his net worth.

--- Bloomberg reports Mr Gates, to date, "has donated more than $30 billion to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which so far has given away $35 billion in grants to fight hunger, disease and poverty".

Definitions:

nerd:
1. a person who is very interested in computers;
2. a person who is boring, stupid and not fashionable;

grant:
1. an amount of money that the government or an organization gives you for a specific purpose and does not ask you to pay back. Money that you have to pay back is called a loan;
2. ...

Monday, August 22, 2016

cremate & dossier

Quotations:


Sara Connor: Police say Byron Bay mum accused in murder of Bali policeman 'will admit everything':

-- Taylor's lawyer Haposan Sihombing said the pair denied killing Mr Sudarsa, whose body was cremated after a traditional Hindu ceremony on Sunday.

-- "He said, I'm sorry sir, I [will] tell everything in all honesty in the dossier tomorrow (Monday).

Definitions:

cremate:
to burn a dead body, especially as part of a funeral ceremony.

dossier:
a collection of documents that contain information about a person, an event or a subject.

Sunday, August 21, 2016

deep down & for goodness sake

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Joseph Tawadros: [deep down] Come on, you know you want to, deep down you really want to, come on, be honest. Come on.

Germaine Greer: [for goodness sake; the whole point; supranational; ]  Look, for goodness sake, here we're saying we're going to do this, that and the other, we're going to make these people pay, and so on and so forth, the whole point is that we don't have a way of making them pay. Partly because we maintain tax havens. The biggest one is the British Virgin Islands. Close it down. But it is not going to happen, because it's useful. It's useful in other ways.  You can not take multinationals and tell them that they've got to pay you tax. I'll be perfectly happy if Starbucks disappeared tomorrow. But it's not going to, until we have a supranational level at which multinational companies can be taxed. And it's almost impossible to imagine how we'd ever do that. We'd have to sit down and decide who deserves what, it's hard enough to decide with the states in Australia who deserves what. And we've got the same situation now with enormous companies who keep telling you they're not breaking the law. And we are actually forgetting something about them, the first responsibility of a company is to its shareholders, they are not allowed to just give away money because it would be a noble thing to do, or because it would buy more hospital beds, in my view, there are too many hospital beds already. The aim of a health service is to keep people out of hospital, not in hospital ...

Definitions:

deep down:
if you have a particular quality deep down, you have that quality, although you try to keep it hidden from other people;

for goodness sake:
1. used to express surprise, exasperation, or extreme anxiety, or for emphasis;
2. used for showing that you are annoyed, impatient, worried, or surprised.

Saturday, August 20, 2016

tamper & accreditation

Quotations:


The group of 10 athletes were taken to a police station after trying to enter the basketball arena to watch a semi-final game between Australia and Serbia.

Brazilian police allege the athletes had tampered with their accreditation to gain access to the venue.

Definitions:

tamper:
1. to interfere with something in a way that damages it or has harmful results;
2. to try to corrupt or influence somebody or affect the outcome of something;
3. interfere with (something) in order to cause damage or make unauthorised alterations.

accreditation:
official approval of an organization, worker, or course of study.

Friday, August 19, 2016

scintillating & tally

Quotations:


Rio 2016: Elaine Thompson wins Olympic sprint double, Usain Bolt through to 200m final:

It is not often Usain Bolt can be overshadowed on a night of track and field but Jamaican team-mate Elaine Thompson was able to do so with a scintillating victory in the women's 200 metres final at the Rio Olympics.

Rio 2016: Australian medal tally 'not what we expected', Olympic committee's John Coates says

Definitions:

scintillating:
very clever, amusing and interesting.

tally:
a record of the number or amount of sth, especially one that you can keep adding to;

Thursday, August 18, 2016

sprint & track and field

Quotations:


Rio 2016: Elaine Thompson wins Olympic sprint double, Usain Bolt through to 200m final:

It is not often Usain Bolt can be overshadowed on a night of track and field but Jamaican team-mate Elaine Thompson was able to do so with a scintillating victory in the women's 200 metres final at the Rio Olympics.

Definitions:

sprint:
1. to run or swim a short distance very fast;
2. a race in which the people taking part run, swim, etc. very fast over a short distance;

track and field:
sports that people compete in, such as running and jumping.

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

asbestos & mesothelioma

Quotations:


Children exposed to blue asbestos may face more wide-ranging health problems in adulthood than mesothelioma and lung cancer, according to an Australian study. Researchers from Western Australia analysed health data from children who lived at Wittenoom, a now-abandoned WA town where blue asbestos was mined for nearly 20 years.

Definitions:

asbestos:
a soft grey mineral that does not burn, used especially in the past in building as a protection against fire or to prevent heat loss;

mesothelioma:
a benign or malignant tumour of the lining of the lungs, heart, or abdomen.

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

commentator & HECS

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Tony Jones: [commentator] Sharman, just on the question of the Panama Papers, are we reaching a point where many of the super-rich, the wealthiest 1%, as one commentator put it, "have virtually left the society as we know it.", they've exited

Joseph Tawadros: [HECS] I'm still paying off my HECS, man. I don't know what you're talking about.

Definitions:

commentator:
1. a person who is an expert on a particular subject and talks or writes about it on television or radio, or in a newspaper
2. a person who describes an event while it is happening, especially on television or radio 

HECS:
Higher Education Contribution System: an Australian federal government scheme under which students contribute to the cost of their tertiary education.

Monday, August 15, 2016

liable & reach

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Tony Jones: [interjection] Keep your interjections brief, because we need to hear from both sides, Stone.

Sharman Stone: [capacity; liable; reach;] Yes.  I dispute that and say that we have put in place capacities to find out who is avoiding their tax and to make sure that taxes that are liable in country like Australia are paid in this country. So, it's - I just dispute what you're saying and certainly in our country where we've got so many multinationals who have global reach, it is quite problem to track down who's paying what and where, but Coalition is hot on this topic, absolutely. 

Definitions:

liable:
1. having legal responsibility for something, especially costs or damages;
2. likely to experience or do something, often something unpleasant or hazardous;
3. legally responsible for causing damage or injury, so that you have to pay something or be punished;

reach:
1. sections of organization;
2. the amount of authority or influence that sb. or sth. has;
3. ...

Saturday, August 13, 2016

interjection & capacity

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Tony Jones: [interjection] Keep your interjections brief, because we need to hear from both sides, Stone.

Sharman Stone: [capacity; liable; reach;] Yes.  I dispute that and say that we have put in place capacities to find out who is avoiding their tax and to make sure that taxes that are liable in country like Australia are paid in this country. So, it's - I just dispute what you're saying and certainly in our country where we've got so many multinationals who have global reach, it is quite problem to track down who's paying what and where, but Coalition is hot on this topic, absolutely. 

Definitions:

interjection:
1. something that someone suddenly says that interrupts someone else who is speaking, or the act of interrupting someone;
...

capacity:
1. the official position or function that sb has;
...

Friday, August 12, 2016

forensically & get away with murder

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11


Sharman Stone: [forensically; look into; turn a blind eye; revelation; ]Okay. We do have an election coming on. I grant that, but to suggest that Labor's hero in regard to making in sure we don't have the best -- or to try and overcome problems of people not paying tax by dodging out of other countries has been, in fact, the Coalition who has pursued the offshore arrangements that people who have made. Remember the Apples and the other companies that we're really forensically accounting, looking into with their accounting processes. And we certainly are not going to turn a blind eye on any of those revelations. Any one who dodges or avoids their tax is clearly avoiding their corporate responsibilities. And whatever revenue's raised needs to go to the right place. So, you know, it's a nonsense to suggest Labor is a hero with catching bad guys avoiding tax and the Coalition isn't. That's just a rubbish suggestion ... 

Lisa Singh: [get away with murder] We've had on - We have had a policy for some time now to stop this multinational tax evasion. It's taken the Panama Papers to actually put more of a light on it,  and Malcolm Turnbull and your government's continued to ensure that the big end of town get away with murder of this ...

Definitions:

forensically:
The adjective forensic comes from the Latin word forensis, meaning "in open court" or "public." When you describe something as forensic you usually mean that is has to do with finding evidence to solve a crime. It could also mean that it has to do with the courts or legal system.

get away with murder:
1. to escape punishment for or detection of wrongdoing;
2. to do whatever you want without being stopped or punished;

Thursday, August 11, 2016

rort & inertia

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Lisa Singh: [big end of town; little if no tax at all; underfunded; rort; inertia;]Thank you, John. Well, the Labor Party is not unwilling, in fact, we are incredibly willing. We just wish the government would come with us on this. We have been saying for some time now that we need to stop the big-end of town getting away with paying little if no tax at all, and at the expense of ordinary Australians who live by the rules, pay their taxes, and our public schools and our hospitals being underfunded because of this rort, that multinationals and mega rich, the 800 that's come out of the Panama papers, are getting away with, so the ask to Malcolm Turnbull and the Government is come onboard, be a part of Labor's plan to actually tax these multinationals, tax these mega riches Australians, stop protecting the big end of the town, and that way we can fund our public schools, although the government apparently wants to move away from funding public school altogether as of a week ago. Fund our hospitals, fund our public infrastructure, I mean this is a really important policy move that the government seems to face some inertia and continues to protect the big end of the town.

Definitions:

rort:
a dishonest thing that sb does.

inertia:
1. lack of energy; lack of desire or ability to move or change;
2. a property of matter by which it stays still, of, if moving, continues moving in a straight line unless it is acted on by a force outside itself.

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

the big end of town & underfunded

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Lisa Singh: [big end of town; little if no tax at all; underfunded; rort; inertia;]Thank you, John. Well, the Labor Party is not unwilling, in fact, we are incredibly willing. We just wish the government would come with us on this. We have been saying for some time now that we need to stop the big-end of town getting away with paying little if no tax at all, and at the expense of ordinary Australians who live by the rules, pay their taxes, and our public schools and our hospitals being underfunded because of this rort, that multinationals and mega rich, the 800 that's come out of the Panama papers, are getting away with, so the ask to Malcolm Turnbull and the Government is come onboard, be a part of Labor's plan to actually tax these multinationals, tax these mega riches Australians, stop protecting the big end of the town, and that way we can fund our public schools, although the government apparently wants to move away from funding public school altogether as of a week ago. Fund our hospitals, fund our public infrastructure, I mean this is a really important policy move that the government seems to face some inertia and continues to protect the big end of the town.

Definitions:

the big end of town:
important people or rich people;(?) or the part of town where important things happen and important people live;

underfunded:
not having enough money to spend, with the result that it can not function well.

Monday, August 8, 2016

implicate & chronically

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

John Dobbin: [implicate; literally; deficit; chronically] Ok. These Panama Papers have exposed yet again, the enormity of organised tax evasion, implicating 800 Australians and several corporations. Now the legal transactions aside, Australians are literally being robbed billions of dollars of every year, and this is money that  can go into hospital beds; it can go into deficit reduction; it can go into a decent NBN and lots of other nice things that Australia wants. But this is not new. This has been going on since the 70', so my question to the panel is: Why do you think that Australia is so chronically unwilling to go after this tax cheats? 

Definitions:

implicate:
1. to show or suggest sb is involved in sth bad or criminal;
2. to show or suggest that sth is the cause of sth bad;

chronically:
chronic:
1. subject to a habit or pattern of behaviour for a long time;
2. repeatedly doing something or behaving compulsively;
...

Sunday, August 7, 2016

line up & asinine

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine: [line up; asinine;] Sort, Well, yes, except. But what I need to - the thing I'd like to say is that women, you don't line up some men and choose one. And you don't give them an exam and decide which one is likely to behave properly. Life isn't actually lived that way, and you do this asinine thing of falling in love which is probably the silliest thing you'll do in your whole life, and there is no way that you can tell what the outcome what will eventually be.

Definitions:

line up:
1. to form a queue to wait for a turn;
2. to organize, provide, or make something available to somebody;
3. to align two or more things, or be in alignment;

asinine:
stupid or silly.

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

and all that & taciturn

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Theodore Dalrymple: [and all that] I think it's important not to say that people are just victims and nothing else, that I think is a mistake. If you think that you're being compassionate in telling people who do have some control over their lives because they do actually leave. In my experience, they all left and sometimes they found the same kind of person again. In fact, that was very often the case. At least, certainly I never accepted that woman was just a victim, she was a victim. The man, in my view, should be very severely punished and all that, but it wouldn't help the woman to think that she was the just the victim. 

Germaine Greer: [taciturn] I've just had to reread the Bronte novels, because I'm giving a talk at Haworth when I get back to England. And it seems to me that there is another story here about women which is that they are always on a lookout for Mr. wrong, for the guy who is exciting, who is taciturn, who is difficult, and potentially violent.

Definitions:

and all that:
used for saying that you could add other things to the ones that you have mentioned;

taciturn:
tending not to say very much, in a way that seems unfriendly.

Tuesday, August 2, 2016

session & rotten

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11


Sharman Stone: [session; maim;rotten;] It is. Yes. Lisa you might have been at the session we have in Parliament where an extraordinary woman speaking on the international day of domestic violence, pointed out that she had lost her leg, that her husband has shot her in the bed, killed her two children, and one of the most commonly asked questions of her, from others was: what did you do to him? To have stimulated such terrible violence, and she said she was so shocked she was asked this so often, what did you do to him? And finally she said I was just breathing, I was just alive that he chose to perpetrate such terrible violence, killing his two children and maiming her, disabling her permanently, who then killed himself. But the point I want to make is we can not go blaming the victim and say it's her fault because she has not left. It's the most dangerous time for the woman and her children when she does choose to leave. She's more likely to be killed when she does choose to say it's over, I'm going and on average, a woman tries 7 times in Australia to pack up and leave. I think what we've got to do is training our women and our girls,the children who themselves observe domestic violence during their upbringing, this is not acceptable, this is not right, make sure the women become financially independent as they're educated and are given decent career, so that they can walk away and not be financially dependent on a man who is abusive of her. It's a whole range of things we've got to do, but never blame the victim, the woman because she has not walked away or she has chosen a rotten man to be the father of her children and she can't escape without endangering their lives.  


Definitions:

session:
1. a formal meeting or series of meetings of a court, a parliament, etc.; a period of time when such meetings are held;
...

rotten:
1. very bad;
2. dishonest;
3. that has decayed and cannot be eaten or used

breakthrough & grog

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Joseph Tawadros: [breakthrough] And I assume these people, I mean, for me, just imagine a man hitting a woman and for that to be acceptable is just totally - I just can not imagine that. So, imagine the character of the person doing that is a total ownership of this thing and they submit and that - I think it's an incredible amount of fear and women that do breakthrough are extremely courageous and we have to kind of encourage women to be more courageous and to stand up to - because they are victims and we can not blame the victim. It's a very difficult situation and that's what we should look at.

#qanda: [grog] Ask any cop about grog and family violence - they go together.


Definitions:

breakthrough:
an important development that may lead to an agreement or achievement;

grog:
1. a strong alcoholic drink, originally rum, mixed with water;
2. any alcoholic drink, especially beer;