Sunday, July 31, 2016

correlate & mischaracterize

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [correlate] Relationships change. One of the things we know about violence is that it is positively correlated with unemployment.

Tony Jones: [mischaracterize] I'm just going to quickly go back to Margaret, and I hope I haven't mischaracterized what you've said. What do you think about -


Definitions:

correlate:
1. if two or more facts, figures, etc. correlate or if a fact, figure, etc. correlates with another, the facts are closely connected and affect or depend on each other;
2. to show that there is a close connection between two or more facts, figures, etc.

mischaracterize:
to give a false or misleading character to.

Saturday, July 30, 2016

patriarchy & euphemism

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

#qanda: [patriarchy; euphemism] domestic violence caused by patriarchy; stop coming up with euphemisms as 'jealousy'

Definitions:

patriarchy:
a society, system or country that is ruled or controlled by men.

euphemism:
an indirect word or phrase that people often use to refer to sth embarrassing or unpleasant, sometimes to make it seem more acceptable than it really is.

Friday, July 29, 2016

talk into & patch up

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [disinhibit; category mistake; beat up; talk into; patch up; as best one can;] And that what happens when a man is disinhibited by drink, is he gives in to his - but it's also there's some self-loathing there, with self-loathing for his own sexuality, and sexual desires and requirements and so on. The major reason given by the royal commission in Victoria, as I understand it, was gender inequality, which  struck me as a thought of category mistake, you were putting the phenomenon as the cause of the phenomenon. It's not gender inequality that makes a man belt a woman. It's actually an evidence itself of gender inequality. But there's also women are apt to think that even when they are being beaten up, is because the person who is doing it loves them. They will talk it into an expression of love, and then when they get the repentance, the post-drunken repentance, they will forgive and they will go and get themselves patched up as best they can, and they'll carry on hoping that it doesn't happen again.

Definitions:

talk into:
to persuade somebody to do something by talking to him or her.

patch up:
1. to mend or assemble something hurriedly or as a temporary measure;
2. to become friends with somebody again after an argument;
3. to give somebody medical treatment for an injury;

Thursday, July 28, 2016

category mistake & beat up

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [disinhibit; category mistake; beat up; talk into; patch up; as best one can;] And that what happens when a man is disinhibited by drink, is he gives in to his - but it's also there's some self-loathing there, with self-loathing for his own sexuality, and sexual desires and requirements and so on. The major reason given by the royal commission in Victoria, as I understand it, was gender inequality, which  struck me as a thought of category mistake, you were putting the phenomenon as the cause of the phenomenon. It's not gender inequality that makes a man belt a woman. It's actually an evidence itself of gender inequality. But there's also women are apt to think that even when they are being beaten up, is because the person who is doing it loves them. They will talk it into an expression of love, and then when they get the repentance, the post-drunken repentance, they will forgive and they will go and get themselves patched up as best they can, and they'll carry on hoping that it doesn't happen again.

Definitions:

category mistake:
an error of logic where concepts belonging to different categories are inappropriately related. For example, 'Horses are bipbeds" is merely incorrect, but 'Horses are binary' is a category mistake.

beat up:
to injure somebody badly by repeated punches or kicks. 

Wednesday, July 27, 2016

epilepsy & disinhibit

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Theodore Dalrymple: [as it happens;breakdown; arrangements; epilepsy; strangle;] Well, it's a - that's a very interesting question. As it happens. I examined about 400 women who had suffered violence from their sexual partner every year for about 15 years. And so I'm familiar with the problem. Unfortunately, it's a very complex one. But if I said that, in my view, the main driver of the, certainly, the domestic violence that I saw was actually jealousy, that was the most powerful factor before there was a violence. Now again, in my view, the sexual jealousy increased enormously, and one of the reasons that it increased enormously was the completely breakdown any kind of arrangements, accepted arrangements between men and women. And the men, many of the men in my - I worked in a poor area, many of the men derived almost all their self-respect and self-importance actually from the exclusive sexual possession of women while themselves being very unfaithful. And many of the women, for example, who were very badly abused, believed the most astonishing things in my view, for example, the man would claim that he couldn't help himself, and the woman would accept that he couldn't help himself and would regard the violence as a form of epilepsy just comes over him and woman would say:" his eyes go and then he hits me or strangles me, one said, but not all the time, doctor. He did not strangle her all the time. And then I would just ask a very simple question: would he come and do it now in front of me? And oddly enough that would change her whole outlook on the situation. It seemed a very simple thing to say which she never thought of it. So, of course, there is something very odd going on, but I think the fundamental problem that I saw, certainly, in my experience, which was fairly extensive, I must have seen thousands of cases, was extreme jealousy. 


Germaine Greer: [disinhibit; category mistake; beat up; talk into; patch up; as best one can;] And that what happens when a man is disinhibited by drink, is he gives in to his - but it's also there's some self-loathing there, with self-loathing for his own sexuality, and sexual desires and requirements and so on. The major reason given by the royal commission in Victoria, as I understand it, was gender inequality, which  struck me as a thought of category mistake, you were putting the phenomenon as the cause of the phenomenon. It's not gender inequality that makes a man belt a woman. It's actually an evidence itself of gender inequality. But there's also women are apt to think that even when they are being beaten up, is because the person who is doing it loves them. They will talk it into an expression of love, and then when they get the repentance, the post-drunken repentance, they will forgive and they will go and get themselves patched up as best they can, and they'll carry on hoping that it doesn't happen again.

Definitions:

epilepsy:
a disorder of the nervous system that causes a person to become unconscious suddenly, often with violent movements of the body.

disinhibit:
to help sb to stop feeling shy so that they can relax and show their feelings.

Monday, July 25, 2016

as it happens & breakdown

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Theodore Dalrymple: [as it happens;breakdown; arrangements; epilepsy; strangle;] Well, it's a - that's a very interesting question. As it happens. I examined about 400 women who had suffered violence from their sexual partner every year for about 15 years. And so I'm familiar with the problem. Unfortunately, it's a very complex one. But if I said that, in my view, the main driver of the, certainly, the domestic violence that I saw was actually jealousy, that was the most powerful factor before there was a violence. Now again, in my view, the sexual jealousy increased enormously, and one of the reasons that it increased enormously was the completely breakdown any kind of arrangements, accepted arrangements between men and women. And the men, many of the men in my - I worked in a poor area, many of the men derived almost all their self-respect and self-importance actually from the exclusive sexual possession of women while themselves being very unfaithful. And many of the women, for example, who were very badly abused, believed the most astonishing things in my view, for example, the man would claim that he couldn't help himself, and the woman would accept that he couldn't help himself and would regard the violence as a form of epilepsy just comes over him and woman would say:" his eyes go and then he hits me or strangles me, one said, but not all the time, doctor. He did not strangle her all the time. And then I would just ask a very simple question: would he come and do it now in front of me? And oddly enough that would change her whole outlook on the situation. It seemed a very simple thing to say which she never thought of it. So, of course, there is something very odd going on, but I think the fundamental problem that I saw, certainly, in my experience, which was fairly extensive, I must have seen thousands of cases, was extreme jealousy. 

Definitions:

as it happens:
used for saying that something is true, although it is surprising.

breakdown:
1. a failure of a relationship, discussion or system;
2. an occasion when a vehicle or machine stops working;
...

Sunday, July 24, 2016

absenteeism & onscreen

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Sharman Stone: [concern; integrity; foetal; best-kept secret; intact; absenteeism;] Yeah, I think the whole business about domestic (?) or partner violence is lack of respect for the perpetrator of the violence. They don't respect the woman or the child. And alcohol, as Lisa has just said can be extra fuel on the fire, but the thing about alcohol that concerns me most is the violence done to the unborn child when there is a mother drinks while she is pregnant and then endangers the baby's brain integrity with foetal alcohol spectrum syndrome or foetal alcohol disorder, the baby's born permanently brain damaged and Australia has some of the highest rates, per capita, of FAS or FASD in the world. It's one of our best-kept secrets. We still have so many women who drink while they are pregnant, who deny this is even - you know, an issue, a real life medical phenomenon, so we know have national strategy, I'm pleased to say having had a national inquire into this. Canada/US is leading a world in strategy, but in Australia, because our drinking culture is so strong, we believe if you are a middle-aged woman, you have a right to have your red with your dinner even though you're pregnant, at last, at 41, how dare someone tell you what to do with your body. Well, I think the baby's also got right to be born with their brain intact. So, alcohol is a huge issue in our society and we've got to really understand that drink responsibly is a great thing, important thing many people can, if there is however drinking irresponsibly leading to violence, accident, absenteeism from work, all of those issues or drinking while you're pregnant, why would you, as a nation, accept that as anything other than basically the human right of the baby being ignored. 

Tony Jones: [onscreen] We've got another question on domestic violence. Now I'll bring it to our other panellists to deal with that. Apologies to those you're watching at home. We're currently experiencing technical difficulties with onscreen Tweets, but our next question comes from Margaret McArthur.

Definitions:

absenteeism:
the fact of being frequently away from work or school, especially without good reasons.

onscreen:
while appearing on the screen in a television program or film and therefore visible to the audience.

Saturday, July 23, 2016

integrity & foetal

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Sharman Stone: [concern; integrity; foetal; best-kept secret; intact; absenteeism;] Yeah, I think the whole business about domestic (?) or partner violence is lack of respect for the perpetrator of the violence. They don't respect the woman or the child. And alcohol, as Lisa has just said can be extra fuel on the fire, but the thing about alcohol that concerns me most is the violence done to the unborn child when there is a mother drinks while she is pregnant and then endangers the baby's brain integrity with foetal alcohol spectrum syndrome or foetal alcohol disorder, the baby's born permanently brain damaged and Australia has some of the highest rates, per capita, of FAS or FASD in the world. It's one of our best-kept secrets. We still have so many women who drink while they are pregnant, who deny this is even - you know, an issue, a real life medical phenomenon, so we know have national strategy, I'm pleased to say having had a national inquire into this. Canada/US is leading a world in strategy, but in Australia, because our drinking culture is so strong, we believe if you are a middle-aged woman, you have a right to have your red with your dinner even though you're pregnant, at last, at 41, how dare someone tell you what to do with your body. Well, I think the baby's also got right to be born with their brain intact. So, alcohol is a huge issue in our society and we've got to really understand that drink responsibly is a great thing, important thing many people can, if there is however drinking irresponsibly leading to violence, accident, absenteeism from work, all of those issues or drinking while you're pregnant, why would you, as a nation, accept that as anything other than basically the human right of the baby being ignored. 

Definitions:

integrity:
1. the state of being whole and not divided;
2. the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles;

foetal: 
connected with a foetus. 

Friday, July 22, 2016

enabler & resort

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Lisa Singh: [enabler; resort] Well, one of the key causes of domestic violence, Tony, is the violent perpetrator, him or herself. Of course, alcohol can be an enabler that can result in that particular individual then acting violently. But it's still the violence within the person themselves that has resorted into them doing what they are doing. I'm sure that there are a number of very good recommendations that the Royal Commission have gone through and I trust that they have. They have done an incredible amount of work into this. But of course, alcohol does need to be a part of that. Alcohol does have effects on our communities whether it's in the home or outside the home, we know that very clearly, but what we also know is that family violence is an issue that spreads beyond just alcohol. It happens with or without alcohol, so we do need to look more at the root causes of what causes someone to hurt their partner, their wife, their child in such a grievous way which often ends, as we know, in the deaths of too many women in this country. 

Definitions:

enabler:
a person or thing that makes something possible.

resort:
1. the act of turning to somebody or something for help in dealing with a problem;

Thursday, July 21, 2016

publican & nail down

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [publican] But it seems extraordinary, does not it? We know that alcohol is also involved in other crimes apart from, you know, road crimes, violence in the street, all kinds of things and yet we don't in terms of can we stop people who can not drink without becoming dangerous from drinking. Is there a way we can identify them. We do know the publicans  are supposed to refuse drinks to people they think are already drunk. 

Tony Jones: [nail down] Germaine, let's hear what  the other panellists think about this. Lisa Singh, did Victorian Royal Commission miss an opportunity here to nail down one of the key causes of domestic violence? 

Definitions:

publican:
a person who owns or manages a pub or a hotel.

nail down:
1. to settled something finally or come to a final decision about something;
2. to make somebody be definite about something;

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

cash cow & canvass

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [act upon; desexing; deigned; cash cow; ] Oh, thank you. Well, it is very curious thing that the royal commission into domestic violence in Victoria has put in 227 recommendations which we've been told by the premier will all be acted upon, now all this is very weird because you can not find out what those 227 recommendations are without downloading the whole 8 volumes of the report which will probably cause your printer to have a heart attack and chew up all the remaining bits of paper. It's almost as if it's meant  to be a secret what these 227 things are. They are all to do with policy about how to deal with women and children in danger of domestic violence. In Europe you couldn't produce a report like this without desexing the perpetrators who are in this report all men, which is also wrong, but only one of the recommendations deals with alcohol, even though it's understood that alcohol is implicated in the majority of cases. This was apparently because they wanted the perpetrators to take the full guilt. I'm explaining a situation they haven't deigned to explain, but it's very curious and I can never understand why we keep pretending that alcohol is not a serious problem in our society. Why do we keep apologising for the alcohol industry? Apart from the fact that it's a cash cow, that it's heavily taxed and maybe ... 


Tony Jones: [canvass] But the Royal Commission is not apologising for the alcohol. There is, you are right, there is only one recommendation. It is one that's dealing with consumption of alcohol and the link between alcoholic abuse and domestic violence is canvassed within that one recommendation.

Definitions:

cash cow:
the part of a business that always makes a profit and that provides money for the rest of the business.

canvass:
1. to discuss an idea in order to decide whether to accept it or not;
2. to ask people in different places for their opinions;
3. to ask many people in an area for their poinions and encourage them to vote for someone or support something

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

desex & deign

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [act upon; desexing; deigned; cash cow; ] Oh, thank you. Well, it is very curious thing that the royal commission into domestic violence in Victoria has put in 227 recommendations which we've been told by the premier will all be acted upon, now all this is very weird because you can not find out what those 227 recommendations are without downloading the whole 8 volumes of the report which will probably cause your printer to have a heart attack and chew up all the remaining bits of paper. It's almost as if it's meant  to be a secret what these 227 things are. They are all to do with policy about how to deal with women and children in danger of domestic violence. In Europe you couldn't produce a report like this without desexing the perpetrators who are in this report all men, which is also wrong, but only one of the recommendations deals with alcohol, even though it's understood that alcohol is implicated in the majority of cases. This was apparently because they wanted the perpetrators to take the full guilt. I'm explaining a situation they haven't deigned to explain, but it's very curious and I can never understand why we keep pretending that alcohol is not a serious problem in our society. Why do we keep apologising for the alcohol industry? Apart from the fact that it's a cash cow, that it's heavily taxed and maybe ... 

Definitions:

desex:
to remove the sex organs from an animal or person;

deign:
to do sth in a way that shows you think you are too important to do it.

Monday, July 18, 2016

misrepresent & lock-out

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11


Germaine Greer: [shibboleth; outrage; misrepresent;] But I think there is another element here, which is the way in which we've used, the threat of being overwhelmed, I mean, what is Abbott's greatest achievement? He stopped the boats, but the boats weren't significant. They are a tiny proportion of the number of people who end up in Australia from other parts of the world and it has become shibboleth now, so that you're scared. If you're the one who actually makes it easier for people to come to Australia, you think "we'll never be elected again". And we somehow think that Nauru which is an outrage, it's a solution. I mean, why do we allow ourselves to be misrepresented on the world stage in this way. We look dreadful and we're teaching other nations to do the same thing.

Joseph Bates: [lock-out]  A report last year from the centre for alcohol policy research highlighted that: alcohol is estimated to be involved in up to half of partner violence in Australia and 73% of partner physical assaults, while state governments like New Sales Wale and Queensland are happy to pass lock-out laws to prevent alcohol related violence on our streets, why is that our homes where families and children are meant to feel the safest are being ignored?

Definitions:

misrepresent:
to give information about sb/sth that is not true or complete so that other people have the wrong impression about them/it.

lock-out/lockout:
1. to prevent somebody from entering a place by locking the door;
2. a situation in which a company refuses to allow works to work until they accept the working conditions that the company is offering them

Sydney's alcohol laws. 1.30am lockouts and 3am last drinks laws are in force across the new Sydney CBD Entertainment Precinct. The new precinct stretches from parts of Surry Hills and Darlinghurst to The Rocks, and from Kings Cross to Cockle Bay.

Sunday, July 17, 2016

shibboleth & outrage

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11


Germaine Greer: [shibboleth; outrage; misrepresent;] But I think there is another element here, which is the way in which we've used, the threat of being overwhelmed, I mean, what is Abbott's greatest achievement? He stopped the boats, but the boats weren't significant. They are a tiny proportion of the number of people who end up in Australia from other parts of the world and it has become shibboleth now, so that you're scared. If you're the one who actually makes it easier for people to come to Australia, you think "we'll never be elected again". And we somehow think that Nauru which is an outrage, it's a solution. I mean, why do we allow ourselves to be misrepresented on the world stage in this way. We look dreadful and we're teaching other nations to do the same thing

Definitions:

shibboleth:
an old idea, principle or phrase that is no longer accepted by many people as important or appropriate to modern life.

outrage:
1. an act or event that is violent, cruel or very wrong and that shocks people or makes them very angry.
2. a strong feeling of shock and anger.

Saturday, July 16, 2016

remiss & hostel

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Sharman Stone: Indeed. [remiss] We're certainly taking every possible means to establish people's real identity, their character and whether they are going to be the ones who benefit best from coming to Australia. I think all of us would wish it was faster. There's a lot of royal communities have put up their hands and said "We'll have those people, please we need their labourers," as Germaine was suggesting. But we would also be very remiss if we imported people into Australia who weren't genuine in their want or desire to be resettled ... 

Sharman Stone: [hostel] I do. I do. Because that would not make sense. The states are busy organising themselves as well. You've got to remember when I settled directly into Shepparton the first Congolese, it took us 6 months to organise, because they had 10 kids in their families, to organise housing, accommodation, health, proper health support for them, a lot of them had deep traumas, we had to support them through. So, it takes quite a while to make sure that we don't just simply dump people in Australia in a migrant hostel and say "go to it". We do very careful settlement effort in Australia, as Lisa would know.

Definitions:

remiss:
not giving sth enough care and attention.

hostel:
a building that provides cheap accommodation and meals to students, workers or travellers.

Friday, July 15, 2016

persuasion & when the balloon goes up

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Sharman Stone: [metropolitan; mosque; persuasion; when the balloons go up; victimise;] I don't think politicians are trying to do that at all. I think my own electorate which is probably the most multicultural outside metropolitan area. My oldest Muslim population, the Albanians, go back 80 years. There have been four generations now and the Turks were soon after them, I think, there is four -- five mosques in Sherpparton, another one in Cobram. We've also got a Sikh temple. We've got multiple Christian churches of all persuasions and our most recent refugees have come from Africa and are devout Catholics from Belgian Congo. So, we've got huge mix and the issue for us is how we make sure that everyone of those families has felt wanted, has -- is seen to be having a fair go in our education system, our training system, because in Australia the secret to success, I think, of our multiculturalism is our education system and then have access to work, and every time there is one of these balloons go up somewhere, radicalised youth is publicized somewhere, I sense a few unhappy looks on my local Muslim population. "Oh, no, is it coming to us? Are we going to be made to feel - Are we going to be victimised through this and we fight back and say "No. We are a caring community in the Goulburn Valley. I think that's really good.

Definitions:

persuasion: 
1. a particular set of beliefs, especially about religion or politics;
2. the act of persuading sb to do sth or to believe sth;

when the balloon goes up:
when the action or trouble starts;

Thursday, July 14, 2016

metropolitan & mosque

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Sharman Stone: [metropolitan; mosque; persuasion; when the balloons go up; victimise;] I don't think politicians are trying to do that at all. I think my own electorate which is probably the most multicultural outside metropolitan area. My oldest Muslim population, the Albanians, go back 80 years. There have been four generations now and the Turks were soon after them, I think, there is four -- five mosques in Sherpparton, another one in Cobram. We've also got a Sikh temple. We've got multiple Christian churches of all persuasions and our most recent refugees have come from Africa and are devout Catholics from Belgian Congo. So, we've got huge mix and the issue for us is how we make sure that everyone of those families has felt wanted, has -- is seen to be having a fair go in our education system, our training system, because in Australia the secret to success, I think, of our multiculturalism is our education system and then have access to work, and every time there is one of these balloons go up somewhere, radicalised youth is publicized somewhere, I sense a few unhappy looks on my local Muslim population. "Oh, no, is it coming to us? Are we going to be made to feel - Are we going to be victimised through this and we fight back and say "No. We are a caring community in the Goulburn Valley. I think that's really good.

Definitions:

metropolitan:
1. connected with a large or capital city; constituting a large urban area, usually one that includes a city and its suburbs and outlying areas;

mosque:
a building in which Muslims worship;

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

foolhardy & pocket

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [entity; expropriation; croft; philoprogenitive; dynamism; sizeable; foolhardy;] Well, if you think about the people who flee before the storm, if you think about Australia, if you think about the arrival of the convicts who were themselves a political entity, many of them Irish, many of them with background of protest and rebellion against their expropriation in Island and the - and likewise the Scots who'd been kicked out of their crofts. You know, the people who came to Australia and took the land, invaded the country, took the land from the Aborigines, were people who'd been expropriated themselves. We've got to understand something about what causes people to abandon everything they know and love. You know, people who come from the northern hemisphere to Australia will dream of the skies of home all their lives, because that is the landscape of their childhood. We're are all descended from people who were refugees. We can call them economic refugees, but it's the same thing in the end and we ought to understand the mindset and we ought to understand the suffering. All kinds of people are anxious about the fact that the Muslim nations are philoprogenitive. The Russians are terrified. Their birth rate has dropped to less than replacement, and already you are beginning to see people trying to build barriers against the dynamism of the Muslim populations in the ex-Soviets. We've got to not to be afraid. We've got to be patient. We've got to be accessible. We've got to listen. I think it's quite wrong to suggest that sizeable proportion of Muslims in England are terrorists. It doesn't take very many terrorists to perform an atrocity and to then characterise a whole huge group of people, most of whom are performing essential work in these economies. To criminalise them because of this element in their population is foolish. It's foolhardy. It's dangerous. It's stupid. Let's not to do it. 

Peter Mikhail: [pocket; correct me if I'm wrong;] I suppose I agree with Mr. Dalrymple's comment about second generation. I think that is -- we do have a lot of -- not choose my words carefully --  but we do have a lot of Muslims living in the country, but I think we do have a lot of pockets where youth can become radicalised. I think the issue that happened in Parramatta, the police worker that was unfortunately shot. I think that was, correct me if I'm wrong, but believe it was a young boy who was born in Australia but was radicalised here in Australia as well, and I think that creates an even bigger problem having that within the Australia. 


Definitions:

foolhardy:
taking unnecessary risks.

pocket:
1. used to talk about the amount of money that you have to spend;
2. somebody's personal financial resources;
...

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

dynamism & sizeable

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [entity; expropriation; croft; philoprogenitive; dynamism; sizeable; foolhardy;] Well, if you think about the people who flee before the storm, if you think about Australia, if you think about the arrival of the convicts who were themselves a political entity, many of them Irish, many of them with background of protest and rebellion against their expropriation in Island and the - and likewise the Scots who'd been kicked out of their crofts. You know, the people who came to Australia and took the land, invaded the country, took the land from the Aborigines, were people who'd been expropriated themselves. We've got to understand something about what causes people to abandon everything they know and love. You know, people who come from the northern hemisphere to Australia will dream of the skies of home all their lives, because that is the landscape of their childhood. We're are all descended from people who were refugees. We can call them economic refugees, but it's the same thing in the end and we ought to understand the mindset and we ought to understand the suffering. All kinds of people are anxious about the fact that the Muslim nations are philoprogenitive. The Russians are terrified. Their birth rate has dropped to less than replacement, and already you are beginning to see people trying to build barriers against the dynamism of the Muslim populations in the ex-Soviets. We've got to not to be afraid. We've got to be patient. We've got to be accessible. We've got to listen. I think it's quite wrong to suggest that sizeable proportion of Muslims in England are terrorists. It doesn't take very many terrorists to perform an atrocity and to then characterise a whole huge group of people, most of whom are performing essential work in these economies. To criminalise them because of this element in their population is foolish. It's foolhardy. It's dangerous. It's stupid. Let's not to do it. 


Definitions:

dynamism:
energy and enthusiasm to make new things happen or to make things succeed.

sizeable:
fairly large.

Monday, July 11, 2016

croft & philoprogenitive

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Germaine Greer: [entity; expropriation; croft; philoprogenitive; dynamism; atrocity; foolhardy;] Well, if you think about the people who flee before the storm, if you think about Australia, if you think about the arrival of the convicts who were themselves a political entity, many of them Irish, many of them with background of protest and rebellion against their expropriation in Island and the - and likewise the Scots who'd been kicked out of their crofts. You know, the people who came to Australia and took the land, invaded the country, took the land from the Aborigines, were people who'd been expropriated themselves. We've got to understand something about what causes people to abandon everything they know and love. You know, people who come from the northern hemisphere to Australia will dream of the skies of home all their lives, because that is the landscape of their childhood. We're are all descended from people who were refugees. We can call them economic refugees, but it's the same thing in the end and we ought to understand the mindset and we ought to understand the suffering. All kinds of people are anxious about the fact that the Muslim nations are philoprogenitive. The Russians are terrified. Their birth rate has dropped to less than replacement, and already you are beginning to see people trying to build barriers against the dynamism of the Muslim populations in the ex-Soviets. We've got to not to be afraid. We've got to be patient. We've got to be accessible. We've got to listen. I think it's quite wrong to suggest that sizeable proportion of Muslims in England are terrorists. It doesn't take very many terrorists to perform an atrocity and to then characterize a whole huge group of people, most of whom are performing essential work in these economies. To criminalize them because of this element in their population is foolish. It's foolhardy. It's dangerous. It's stupid. Let's not to do it. 


Definitions:

croft:
a small farm or the house on it, especially in Scotland.

philogrogenitive:
1. producing a large number of offspring;
2. loving children, especially your own offspring.

Sunday, July 10, 2016

ramp up & expropriate

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Tony Jones: [ramp up] We might come back to you, Peter, in a moment. I want to actually hear from our other panellists on this and the first one is Theodore Dalrymple, now you'd be well aware of these arguments going on in Britain and in Europe ever since the refugee flow started really ramping up from Syria.


Germaine Greer: [entity; expropriation; croft; philogrogenitive; dynamism; atrocity; foolhardy;] Well, if you think about the people who flee before the storm, if you think about Australia, if you think about the arrival of the convicts who were themselves a political entity, many of them Irish, many of them with background of protest and rebellion against their expropriation in Island and the - and likewise the Scots who'd been kicked out of their crofts. You know, the people who came to Australia and took the land, invaded the country, took the land from the Aborigines, were people who'd been expropriated themselves. We've got to understand something about what causes people to abandon everything they know and love. You know, people who come from the northern hemisphere to Australia will dream of the skies of home all their lives, because that is the landscape of their childhood. We're are all descended from people who were refugees. We can call them economic refugees, but it's the same thing in the end and we ought to understand the mindset and we ought to understand the suffering. All kinds of people are anxious about the fact that the Muslim nations are philoprogenitive. The Russians are terrified. Their birth rate has dropped to less than replacement, and already you are beginning to see people trying to build barriers against the dynamism of the Muslim populations in the ex-Soviets. We've got to not to be afraid. We've got to be patient. We've got to be accessible. We've got to listen. I think it's quite wrong to suggest that sizeable proportion of Muslims in England are terrorists. It doesn't take very many terrorists to perform an atrocity and to then characterize a whole huge group of people, most of whom are performing essential work in these economies. To criminalize them because of this element in their population is foolish. It's foolhardy. It's dangerous. It's stupid. Let's not to do it. 


Definitions:

ramp up:
to increase something such as a rate or level, especial the rate at which goods are produced;

expropriate:
1. to officially take away private property from its owner for public use;
2. to take sb's property and use it without permission


Friday, July 8, 2016

oud & virtuoso

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Tony Jones: [aria; award-wining; oud; virtuoso] Good evening and welcome to Q&A. I'm Tony Jones. Here to answer your question tonight, outspoken Liberal backbencher, Sharman Stone; Aria award-winning oud virtuoso, Joseph Tawadros; iconic iconoclast author, historian and feminist Germaine Greer; Tasmanian Senator, Labor Senator, Lisa Singh, and retired English prison psychiatrist,  now Scholar-in-Residence at the centre for Independent Studies, Theodore Dalrymple. Please welcome our panel. Thank you very much and you can watch Q&A live across Australia on either ABC TV or ABC NEWS 24 and listen on News radio. We've got a lot to talk about. Let's go straight to our first question. It's from Peter Mikhail.


Definitions:

oud:
a musical instrument similar to a lute played mainly in Arab countries.

virtuoso:
a person who is extremely skillful at doing sth, especially playing a musical instrument.

Thursday, July 7, 2016

aria & award-wining

Quotations:

qanda_2016_ep11

Tony Jones: [aria; award-wining; oud; virtuoso] Good evening and welcome to Q&A. I'm Tony Jones. Here to answer your question tonight, outspoken Liberal backbencher, Sharman Stone; Aria award-winning oud virtuoso, Joseph Tawadros; iconic iconoclast author, historian and feminist Germaine Greer; Tasmanian Senator, Labor Senator, Lisa Singh, and retired English prison psychiatrist,  now Scholar-in-Residence at the centre for Independent Studies, Theodore Dalrymple. Please welcome our panel. Thank you very much and you can watch Q&A live across Australia on either ABC TV or ABC NEWS 24 and listen on News radio. We've got a lot to talk about. Let's go straight to our first question. It's from Peter Mikhail.


Definitions:

aria:
1. a song for one voice, especially in an opera or oratorio;
2. a melody sung solo or as a duet in an opera, oratorio, or cantata;

award-wining:
an award-wining product, business, or person has won a prize or prizes.

Wednesday, July 6, 2016

inside story & spin

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29

Tony Jones:[breathe new life into; inside story; spin] And I'm afraid that's all we have time for tonight. I would love to come back to some of our panellists on that. But it's all we have time for. Please thank our panel, Brendan O'Neill, Kelly O'Dwyer, Richard Di Natale, Katty Faust and Sam Dastyari. Thank you very much, and next Monday on Q&A we'll head to the Melbourne Writer Festival to talk political writing, and with three former politicians who went into print: senior Howard cabinet minister, Peter Reith;  former Queensland premier Anna Bligh; rural independent, Tony Windsor.  Will he come back into politics and the Australian publisher who breathed new life into political writing, Louise Adler. Are political memoirs the inside story or just one last chance to spin, until next week's Q&A, goodnight.


Definitions:

inside story:
information or explanation that is known only by people closely involved with something.

spin:
1. to present information or a situation in a particular way, especially one that makes you or your ideas seem good.
...

Tuesday, July 5, 2016

frontbench & breathe new life into

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29

Richard Di Natale: [Tassie; frontbench] Look. Sam is right. I'm really proud to lead a party that's a majority of women in our party room and if you look now in some of our States, in Tassie,  we are an all women party. We have five out seven women in Victoria, I think it's because the culture we have. It's very healthy culture andit supports women right from the moment they join the party, right through to when they become members of parliament. The Liberal party have a major problem and good on Kelly for taking on it and naming it. It is a big problem. I mean, Brendan, you have to change things. You've to change the culture and the institution if you're going to get more women in parliament. It does not just happen magically. You know, the frontbench say said that they - I think it was Tony Abbott said that his frontbench was selected on merit. Now, I've worked very closely with some of that frontbench and I can tell you that merit was the last thing that got most of them there and they need ... 

Tony Jones:[breathe new life into; inside story; spin] And I'm afraid that's all we have time for tonight. I would love to come back to some of our panellists on that. But it's all we have time for. Please thank our panel, Brendan O'Neill, Kelly O'Dwyer, Richard Di Natale, Katty Faust and Sam Dastyari. Thank you very much, and next Monday on Q&A we'll head to the Melbourne Writer Festival to talk political writing, and with three former politicians who went into print: senior Howard cabinet minister, Peter Reith;  former Queensland premier Anna Bligh; rural independent, Tony Windsor.  Will he come back into politics and the Australian publisher who breathed new life into political writing, Louise Adler. Are political memoirs the inside story or just one last chance to spin, until next week's Q&A, goodnight.


Definitions:

frontbench:
the most important members of the government and the opposition in the British parliament, who sit in the front row of seats

breathe new life into:
Revive someone or something

Monday, July 4, 2016

ethnic & Tassie

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29


Sam Dastyari: [outspoken; ethnic] Look, I think the part of - I think Bill Shorten, our party leader, has been very strong on this issue and been quite outspoken and came out the APL Conference and said that we do want to have a party that is able to achieve 50 percent of women in the federal parliament. The problem is that the political system and political parties and  major political parties in particular, were created, especially in the case of Labor party, 120 years ago by a group of white men and so much of the structure and how it's been created and the culture of these organisations reflect that, and the challenge is how do you break out of that, how do you actually become a party that creates environment that is able to attract a variety of different views and a variety of kind of women and not just female diversity but also ethnic diversity as well.  And look, you fundamentally do have a problem in a system where we have a federal cabinet which for a year and half, only had one woman, and now has two women. I think there is a problem within a system and I don't think it's just about Labor or Liberal. I think the Labor party does do it better than the Liberal party, but this is a problem for society as a whole. 

Richard Di Natale: [Tassie; frontbench] Look. Sam is right. I'm really proud to lead a party that's a majority of women in our party room and if you look now in some of our States, in Tassie,  we are an all women party. We have five out seven women in Victoria, I think it's because the culture we have. It's very healthy culture andit supports women right from the moment they join the party, right through to when they become members of parliament. The Liberal party have a major problem and good on Kelly for taking on it and naming it. It is a big problem. I mean, Brendan, you have to change things. You've to change the culture and the institution if you're going to get more women in parliament. It does not just happen magically. You know, the frontbench say said that they - I think it was Tony Abbott said that his frontbench was selected on merit. Now, I've worked very closely with some of that frontbench and I can tell you that merit was the last thing that got most of them there and they need ... 

Definitions:

ethnic:
1. a person from an ethnic minority;
2. connected with or belonging to a nation, race or people that shares a cultural tradition;

Tassie:
a Tasmanian;

Sunday, July 3, 2016

factional & warlord

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29

Kelly O'Dwyer: [paraphrase; factional; warlord; grassroot;] I would recommend, well, you know, I would recommend that you read my interview in full. I don't think you've paraphrased it very accurately at all. But the point I would make is I think it's actually important that in the parliament, the parliament reflect a population and a diversity, and our parliament does not reflect our society. 50 per cent and more of our society is actually women and we don't see that reflected in the parliament. Now, all I am simply saying is not that you don't preselect women based on merit, that you don't preselect people based on merit, in fact, of course, you've got to get the right people for the job. What I'm simply saying is that we do need to acknowledge that particularly, you know, in my party, and I've spoken spoke about my party, the others can talk about their own parties here. But we do need to see more women in the parliament and that only by having a target can you actually measure your progress. We're not saying it's a quota, that it's defined. We don't have the sort of system in the liberal party which says the factional warlords can determine who should be preselected for particular seat, that's the Labor party. In the Liberal party, we have a grassroots organization and what I'm simply suggesting is that together with, you know, other female colleagues of mine, like Linda Reynolds, is we need to have targets.

Definitions:

factional:
connected with the factions of an organization or political party.

warlord:
the leader of a military group that is not official and that fights against other groups within a country or an area.

Saturday, July 2, 2016

conciliatory & paraphrase

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29


Tony Jones: [conciliatory] Okay. All right. I think, okay, Brendan, I think you've made that point. Let's hear from Kelly O'Dwyer and I want to hear from the other panellist as well. Are you feeling conciliatory.

Kelly O'Dwyer: [paraphrase; factional; warlord; grassroot;] I would recommend, well, you know, I would recommend that you read my interview in full. I don't think you've paraphrased it very accurately at all. But the point I would make is I think it's actually important that in the parliament, the parliament reflect a population and a diversity, and our parliament does not reflect our society. 50 per cent and more of our society is actually women and we don't see that reflected in the parliament. Now, all I am simply saying is not that you don't preselect women based on merit, that you don't preselect people based on merit, in fact, of course, you've got to get the right people for the job. What I'm simply saying is that we do need to acknowledge that particularly, you know, in my party, and I've spoken spoke about my party, the others can talk about their own parties here. But we do need to see more women in the parliament and that only by having a target can you actually measure your progress. We're not saying it's a quota, that it's defined. We don't have the sort of system in the liberal party which says the factional warlords can determine who should be preselected for particular seat, that's the Labor party. In the Liberal party, we have a grassroots organization and what I'm simply suggesting is that together with, you know, other female colleagues of mine, like Linda Reynolds, is we need to have targets.

Definitions:

conciliatory:
having the intention or effect of making angry people calm.

paraphrase:
a statement that uses different words to express something that someone has said or written, especially in order to make it shorter or clearer.

Friday, July 1, 2016

consensual & consolatory

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29

Brendan O'Neill: [autonomy; infantilize; feminism; obnoxious; consensual; consolatory; rehabilitation; on one's own;] These are autonomous adults. They have freedom. They have autonomy and the problem is that women are being infantilized by this process. So much of modern feminism actually infantilizes women by treating them as incapable of negotiating public life on their own without the assistance of the government or targets and so on, and the thing I find really obnoxious about this discussion is the idea that women make politics more consensual and more consolatory and more friendly and what you have is the rehabilitation of the old prejudice that this is the fairer sex, that they are mothering, that they are caring, my political heroines are not - were not consensual. Bernadette Devlin, the MP for Mid Ulster in the 1970s who strode across the house of commons and punched the home secretary in the face when he lied about bloody Sunday. She wasn't consensual. This idea that women are more consensual than men, more caring, more motherly is actually, in a PC form, it rehabilitates an old prejudice. I think we need let women go, let them run with on their own, and they will make it on their own. They are not children. They are adults.

Definitions:

consensual:
1. which people in general agree with;
2. which the people taking part have agreed to

consolatory:
intended to make sb who is unhappy or disappointed feel better