Monday, February 29, 2016

stuffy & frock

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

I shall never forget my first Parsifal - a grilling August day, and those fat old German women, come in their stuffy high frocks, and then the dark theatre, and the music beginning, and one couldn't help sobbing.

Definition

stuffy:
1. very serious, formal, boring or old-fashioned;
...

frock:
1. a woman's or girl's dress;
...

Sunday, February 28, 2016

matron & rustle

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

Rachel followed in the wake of the matrons, as if in a trance; a curious scent of violets came back from Mrs. Dalloway, mingling with the soft rustling of her skirts, and the tinkling of her chains.

Definition

matron:
1. a woman in charge of the medical and housekeeping arrangements in an institution such as a boarding school;
...

rustle:
1. if sth dry and light rustles or you rustle it, it makes a sound like paper, leaves, etc. moving or rubbing together;
2 ...

Saturday, February 27, 2016

piston & thump

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

He seemed to come from the humming oily centre of the machine where the polished rods are sliding, and the pistons thumping; he grasped things so firmly but so loosely; he made the others appear like old maids cheapening remnants.

Definition

piston:
a part of an engine that consists of a short cylinder that fits inside a tube and moves up and down or backwards and forwards to make other parts of the engine move.

thump:
1. to fall on or hit a surface hard, with a loud dull sound;
2. to beat strongly;
3. to his sb/sth hard, especially with your closed hand;

Friday, February 26, 2016

slovenly & hum

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

She made Helen and the others look coarse and slovenly beside her.

He seemed to come from the humming oily centre of the machine where the polished rods are sliding, and the pistons thumping; he grasped things so firmly but so loosely; he made the others appear like old maids cheapening remnants.

Definition

slovenly:
careless, untidy or dirty in appearance or habits.

hum:
1. to make a steady prolonged droning sound;
2. 

Thursday, February 25, 2016

gross & choppy

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

"a pirg - granted," said Richard, "but, I think a man of the world. That's where my point comes in. We politicians doubtless seem to you" (he grasped somehow that Helen was the representative of the arts) "a gross commonplace set of people; but we see both sides; we may be clumsy, but we do our best to get a grasp of things.

But a choppy sea, I confess, or still worse, a swell, makes me distinctly uncomfortable.

Definition

gross:
1. very rude and unpleasant;
...

choppy:
1. with a lot of small waves; not calm;
2. containing a lot of short sentences and changing topics too often;

Wednesday, February 24, 2016

prig & a man of the world

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

This roused Ridley's attention. "Matthew Arnold? A detestable prig!" he snapped. 

"a pirg - granted," said Richard, "but, I think a man of the world. That's where my point comes in. We politicians doubtless seem to you" (he grasped somehow that Helen was the representative of the arts) "a gross commonplace set of people; but we see both sides; we may be clumsy, but we do our best to get a grasp of things.

Definition

prig:
a person who behaves in a morally correct way and who shows that they disapprove of what other people do.

a man of the world:
a man/woman who has had a lot of experience of life and is not easily shocked by things such as immoral or unusual behaviour.

Tuesday, February 23, 2016

don't care a fig & faculty

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

"I don't care a fig one way or the other," said Ambrose. "If any creature is so deluded as to think that a vote does him or her any good, let him have it. He'll soon learn better."

"All one's faculties have their play," said Richard. 

Definition

don't care a fig:
if you say that you don't care a fig, you mean that something or someone is not important to you at all.

faculty:
1. any of the physical or mental abilities that a person is born with;
2. a department or group of related departments in a college or university;

Monday, February 22, 2016

pluralist & champ at the bit

qanda_2015_ep29

Richard Di Natale: [straw man; storm; pluralist] and your case study demonstrates that. It's not biology that influences whether you've got a happy, healthy, well-balanced child. It's whether they grow up in a loving household and if there's any issue that kids growing up in environment with same sex parents have to face, it's the discrimination towards their parents, and it's that issue that we should be tackling, not this nonsense argument about whether people of the same sex should be able to raise a child. I mean, we've had that debate. That's gone. We're now having a debate around marriage and whether people should be able to marry. And look, Brendan, your issue of this is a straw man that suddenly all these advocates are out there waiting to storm cake shops, because they support gay marriage. It's nonsense. And of course,you've - I accept we are in a pluralist society and you have to accept that people have different views, but you should also be prepared to name it. And the issue with marriage is this for me, marriage is an expression of love and commitment between two people, that's what it is. Now, why do we say that one couple should be entitled to express that love and commitment publicly and yet another couple can not do that, the only justification for that is that you think that love between those people is somehow lesser. It's worth less. It's not as important and it's different and that's what prejudice is.


Tony Jones: [champ at the bit] Okay, I'm just going to - Brendan O'Neill is champing at the bit here. I'm just going to bring him in. Brendan, Keep it short, Okay. 

definitions:

pluralist:
1. a person who believes that it is possible and good for different groups of people to live together in peace in our society;
2. ...

champ at the bit:
impatient to do or start doing sth.

champ:
to bite or eat sth noisily.

Sunday, February 21, 2016

agitation & suffragist

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

Nobody can condemn the utter folly and futility of such behaviour more than I do; and as for the whole agitation, well! may I be in my grave before a woman has the right to vote in England! That's all I say.

"It's unthinkable," she said. "Don't tell me you're a suffragist?" she turned to Ridley.

Definition

agitation:
1. worry and anxiety that you show by behaving in a nervous way;
2. public protest in order to achieve political change;

suffragist:
a supporter of the extension of the right to vote to a particular group, especially to women, or to all people above a particular age.

Saturday, February 20, 2016

irate & curt

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

"My husband had to pass an irate lady every afternoon last session who said nothing else, I imagine."

"Serve them right, " said Willoughby curtly.


Definition

irate:
very angry.

curtly:
curt:
appearing rude because very few words are used, or because sth is done in a very quick way.

derelict & duckweed

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

'Now tell me what perils you really dread most for your ship, Captain Richards?" expecting him to say icebergs, or derelicts, or fog, or something of that sort. Not a bit of it. I've always remembered his answer. 'Sedgius aquatici,' he said, which I take to be a kind of duck-weed."

Definition

derelict:
1. a person without a home, a job or property;
...

duckweed:
a very small plant that grows on the surface of still water.

Wednesday, February 17, 2016

bass & bassoon

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

"But somewhat dangerous to navigation," boomed Richard, in the bass, like the bassoon to the flourish of his wife's violin. 

Definition

bass:
1. the lowest part in instrumental or vocal part music;
2. a singing voice of the lowest range, or somebody with that voice;
...

bassoon:
a musical instrument of the woodwind group. It is shaped like a large wooden tube with a double reed that you blow into, and produces notes with a low sound.

Tuesday, February 16, 2016

hue & cabin

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

Many solid leather bags of a rich brown hue soon surrounded them, in addition to which Mr. Dalloway carried a despatch box, and his wife a dressing-case suggestive of a diamond necklace and bottles with silver tops.

"It's so like Whistler!" she exclaimed, with a wave towards the shore, as she shook Rachel by the hand, and Rachel had only time to look at the grey hills on one side of her before Willoughby introduced Mrs. Chailey, who took the lady to her cabin.

Definition

hue:
1. a colour; a particular shade of a colour;
2. ...

cabin: 
1. a small room on a ship in which you live or sleep.

Sunday, February 14, 2016

correspondent & inquisitive

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

The foreign correspondents of the Times decided their route as much as anything else.

For these reason they wanted a slow inquisitive kind of ship, comfortable, for they were bad sailors, but not extravagant, which would stop for a day or two at this port and at that, taking in coal while the Dalloways saw things fro themselves.

Definition

correspondent:
a person who reports news from a particular country or on a particular subject for a newspaper or a television or radio station.

inquisitive:
1. very interested in learning about many different things;
2. asking too many questions and trying to find out about what other people are doing, etc.

Saturday, February 13, 2016

ruffian & unconventional

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

Among other things she photographed Fielding's grave, and let loose a small bird which some ruffian had trapped, "because one hates to think of anything in a cage where English people lie buried," the diary stated.

Definition

ruffian:
a violent man, especially one who commits crimes.

unconventional:
not following what is done or considered normal or acceptable by most people; different and interesting.

Friday, February 12, 2016

strand & cholera

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

The truth was that Mr. and Mrs. Dalloway ad found themselves stranded in Lisbon.

But a disease had broken out in the East, there was cholera in Russia, and he was heard of, not so romantically, in Lisbon.

Definition

strand:
1. to leave sb in a place from which they have no way of leaving;
2. to make a boat, fish, whale, etc. be left on land and unable to return to the water;

cholera:
a disease caught from infected water that causes severe diarrhoea and vomiting and often causes death;

Thursday, February 11, 2016

plank & get round/around

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

Here he began searching in his pockets and eventually discovered a card, which he planked down on the table before Rachel.

They got round poor little Jackson anyhow. 

Definition

plank:
1. put or set (something) down forcefully or abruptly;
...

get round:
1. to talk or charm somebody into doing what you want;
2. ...

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

inextricably & communion

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

Inextricably mixed in dreamy confusion, her mind seemed to enter into communion, to be delightfully expanded and combined with the spirit of the whitish boards on deck, with the spirit of the sea, with the spirit of Beethoven Op. 112, even with the spirit of poor William Cowper there at Olney.

Definition

inextricably:
inextricable:
too closely linked to be separated.

communion:
1. the state of sharing or exchanging thoughts and feelings; the feeling of being part of sth;
2. a group of people with the same religious beliefs;
3. a ceremony in the Christian Church during which people eat bread and drink wine in memory of the last meal that Christ had with his disciples.

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

inexplicable & irretrievable

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf: The Voyage Out

But she could not explain to herself why suddenly as her aunt spoke the whole system in which they lived had appeared before her eyes as something quite unfamiliar and inexplicable, and themselves as chairs or umbrellas dropped about here and there without any reason.

and she leant over and kissed her with some emotion, and the argument was spilt irretrievably about the place like a bucket of milk.

Definition:

inexplicable:
that can not be understood or explained;

irretrievable:
that you can never make right or get back

Monday, February 8, 2016

straw man & storm

qanda_2015_ep29

Richard Di Natale: [straw man; storm; pluralist] and your case study demonstrates that. It's not biology that influences whether you've got a happy, healthy, well-balanced child. It's whether they grow up in a loving household and if there's any issue that kids growing up in environment with same sex parents have to face, it's the discrimination towards their parents, and it's that issue that we should be tackling, not this nonsense argument about whether people of the same sex should be able to raise a child. I mean, we've had that debate. That's gone. We're now having a debate around marriage and whether people should be able to marry. And look, Brendan, your issue of this is a straw man that suddenly all these advocates are out there waiting to storm cake shops, because they support gay marriage. It's nonsense. And of course,you've - I accept we are in a pluralist society and you have to accept that people have different views, but you should also be prepared to name it. And the issue with marriage is this for me, marriage is an expression of love and commitment between two people, that's what it is. Now, why do we say that one couple should be entitled to express that love and commitment publicly and yet another couple can not do that, the only justification for that is that you think that love between those people is somehow lesser. It's worth less. It's not as important and it's different and that's what prejudice is.

definitions:

straw man:
1. somebody who acts as a front for somebody else's questionable or illegal activities;
2. an issue or person of little significance, put forward to be easily defeated;
3. a straw figure made to resemble a human being;
4. someone or something that is criticized or attacked but is not really important, powerful, or bad;

storm:
1. to suddenly attack a place;
2. to go somewhere quickly and in an angry, noisy way;
3. to say sth in a loud angry way;

Sunday, February 7, 2016

pseudo-science & gobbledygook

qanda_2015_ep29

Richard Di Natale: [pseudo-science; gobbledygook;] Well, I suppose I'm a little concerned that we've gone from equal marriage which is very different debate to parenting and let's accept, I mean, we don't have,  we support, as a society, the right of same sex couples to be parents. And we do it because, look, there's lots of pseudo-science and gobbledygook out there about the effects on kids. Almost every study demonstrates that the most important factor is whether a child is raised in a loving household.

definitions:

pseudo-science:
pseudo-:
not authentic; not genuine; false or pretend;

gobbledygook:
1. nonsense;
2. very complicated or technical language that you can not understand;

indolence & drudgery

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf:

The way she had been educated, joined to a fine natural indolence, was of course partly the reason of it, for she had been educated as the majority of well-to-do girls in the last part of the nineteenth century were educated.

Kindly doctors and gentle old professors had taught her the rudiments of about then different branches of knowledge, but they would as soon have forced her to go through one piece of drudgery thoroughly as they would have told her that her hands were dirty. 

Definition:

indolence:
indolent:
not wanting to work.

drudgery:
hard boring work.

tangle & jersey

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf:

She chose a thread from the vari-coloured tangle that lay in her lap, and sewed red into the bark of a tree, or yellow into the river torrent.

Round her men in blue jerseys knelt and scrubbed the boards, or leant over the rails and whistled, and not far off Mr. Pepper sat cutting up roots with a penknife.

Definition:

tangle:
1. a twisted mass of threads, hair, etc. that cannot be easily separated;
2. a state of confusion or lack of order;
3. ..

jersey:
1. a knitted piece of clothing made of wool or cotton for the upper part of the body, with long sleeves and no buttons; a type of sweater;
2. ...

Friday, February 5, 2016

unexampled & bowl

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf:
The sea might give her death or some unexampled joy, and none would know of it.

Indeed if they had not been blessed in their weather, one blue day being bowled up after another, smooth, round, and flawless.

Definition:

unexampled:
having no similar case or occurrence.

bowl:
1. to move quickly in a particular direction, especially in a vehicle;
2. ...

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

waterspout & petal

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf:

The grown-up view, indeed, was not much clearer than the view of the little creatures in bathing drawers who were trotting in to the foam all along the coasts of England, and scooping up buckets full of water. They saw white sails or tufts of smoke pass across the horizon, and if you had said that these were waterspouts, or the petals of white sea flowers, they would have agreed.

Definition:

waterspout:
a column of water that is pulled up from the sea during a storm by a rapidly spinning column of air.

petal:
a delicate coloured part of a flower. The head of a flower is usually made up of several petals around a central part.

trot & tuft

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf:

The grown-up view, indeed, was not much clearer than the view of the little creatures in bathing drawers who were trotting in to the foam all along the coasts of England, and scooping up buckets full of water. They saw white sails or tufts of smoke pass across the horizon, and if you had said that these were waterspouts, or the petals of white sea flowers, they would have agreed.

Definition:

trot:
1. to move forward at a speed that is faster than a walk and slower than a canter;
2. to ride a horse in this way;

tuft:
1. a small bunch of hair, grass, feathers, or fibers held or growing together at the base;
2. a small clump of plants or trees

Monday, February 1, 2016

creeper & drawers

Quotations:

Complete Works of Virginia Woolf:

They took it for granted that the sea was calm; and there was no need, as there is in many houses when the creeper taps on the bedroom windows, for the couples to murmur before they kiss, "Think of the ships tonight," or "Thank Heaven, I'm not the man in the lighthouse!"

The grown-up view, indeed, was not much clearer than the view of the little creatures in bathing drawers who were trotting in to the foam all along the coasts of England, and scooping up buckets full of water.

Definition:

creeper:
a plant that grows along the ground, up walls, etc., often winding itself around other plants.

drawers:
knickers or underpants, especially ones that cover the upper parts of the legs.