Wednesday, September 30, 2015

actu & stand down

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29

Tony Jones: [ACTU; stand down;]Well, the ACTU has until Thursday jto make a submission to ask him to stand down. Why have they waited so long?

Definitions:

ACTU:
Australian Council of Trade Unions.

stand down:
1. to resign from office or withdraw from a contest;
2. ...

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

quinoa &kale

Quotations:


You may be all over quinoa and love kale, but there are some less common health foods that you need to start incorporating into your diet.

Definitions:

quinoa:
Quinoa is a species of the goosefoot genus, a grain crop grown primarily for its edible seeds. It is a pseudocereal, similar in some respects to buckwheat, rather than a true cereal, as it is not a member of the true grass family

kale:
a dark green vegetable like a cabbage;

Monday, September 28, 2015

treasurer & tax avoidance

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep29

Tony Jones: [treasurer; tax avoidance] Good evening and welcome to Q&A, I'm Tony Jones. Here to answer your questions tonight, the editor of Spiked, Brendan O'Neill, whose latest collection of essays is called A Duty to Offend; the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasurer, Kelly O'Dwyer; the federal leader of the Greens, Richard Di Natale; American traditional marriage advocate, Katy Faust; and the chair of Senate inquiry into corporate tax avoidance, Labor's, Sam Dastyari. Please welcome our panel. 

Definitions:

treasurer:
the finance minister in the federal government and in each of the state governments

tax avoidance:
the use of legal ways to pay less tax;

litigious & essay

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14
Twitter: [litigious] No way is my cat going to have legal rights. She would be so litigious.

qanda_2015_ep29
Tony Jones: Good evening and welcome to Q&A, I'm Tony Jones. Here to answer your questions tonight, the editor of Spiked, Brendan O'Neill, whose latest collection of essays is called A Duty to Offend. 

Definitions:

litigious:
1. tending or wanting to take legal action;
2. always ready to deal with disagreements by suing starting a legal case rather than by discussion;

essay:
a short piece of writing on a particular subject that is published in a book, magazine, or newspaper;

Wednesday, September 23, 2015

nasty & hotshot

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [nasty; hotshot;] Well, I'm an animal lover and I think we should have very very strong animal cruelty laws and do nasty nasty things to people who are nasty to animals I lose my more moderate sense when someone is cruel to an animal and think, Well, you know that animal can not speak for itself, it can not answer back, can not defend itself. But at the same time I come back to what Peter suggested earlier in terms of looking at which charity you give money to, if these are hotshot lawyers, I think I could give them some higher priority jobs. Maybe, it's a good thing, look, it's a good thing to look at what we do and I do not condone cruelty to animals. But ... 

Definitions:

nasty:
very bad and unpleasant; offensive;

hotshot:
a person who is extremely successful in their career or at a particular sport.

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

qualification & in this regard

Quotations 

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [qualification]  Thank you for that qualification.


Tony Jones: [in this regard] A person in legal terms in this regard is just something is not property and has certain rights attached. So, it's highly complicate. 

Definitions:

qualification:
information that you add to a statement to limit the effect that it has or the way it is applied.
...

in this regard:
used for relating something that you have just said to something that you will be saying.

Monday, September 21, 2015

species & mammal

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [species; mammal] No, no. What we need is very strong animal prevention or animal cruelty prevention laws, but also species protection and that's the thing that we're facing in Australia now. Species decline in particularly we've  lost a lot of mammals. So the whole notion of protecting species and species recovery is a space for government to play in.

Definitions:

species:
a subdivision of a genus considered as a basic biological classification and containing individuals that resemble one another and may interbreed;

mammal:
any animal that gives birth to live babies, not eggs, and feeds its young on milk. Cows, humans and whales are all mammals.

Sunday, September 20, 2015

bridgehead & chimp

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [bridgehead] That's right. I mean, exactly, the law recognizes things that are not human beings as persons, and corporations are a clear example. So, it would mean that they have standing in court, essentially, to claim those rights. Now to take the second bit of your question: what does that mean by other animals that are not as smart as chimpanzees? I would see that the extension of these basic rights to chimpanzees would be a kind of bridge that would help to narrow the gulf that I think we now feel exists between humans and animals, so we think that there is an enormous difference between humans and all animals when we use this term animals, we mean everything from a chimpanzee to, I don't know, maybe a snail, whereas, in fact, of course, we are very closely related to chimpanzees if you look at our DNA and relationship, and chimpanzees are much more distantly related even to monkeys than they are to us, they are closer to us. So, if we can narrow that gulf a bit and establish bridgehead, then I hope that there will be benefits that will flow in a longer run to the other animals as well

Tony Jones: [chimp] Will the judge require that these two chimps actually  be present in court as part of this?

Definitions:

bridgehead:
a strong position that an army has captured in enemy land, from which it can go forward or attack the enemy.

chimp:
a chimpanzee. 

a glimmer of & person-hood

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [writ; habeas corpus; a glimmer of]  Yes, indeed. So, there have been attempts to get legal rights for chimpanzees, specifically to get a writ  of habeas corpus issued which says basically bring me the body that you're holding and show me why you're keeping that person in detention. So, after a number of rejections, there is now a judge in the Manhattan who has issued an order to Stony Brook University which is holding chimpanzees that it's using in research to show why it's justified to keep them in detention, and that provides the first glimmer of an opening, I wouldn't put it further than that. That possibly the courts are not going to regard chimpanzees simply as property. But I'm going to say that they may have some legal right to be free or to be sent to a sanctuary or something of that sort. Obviously they can not literally be free. 

Tony Jones: [person-hood] They talk about rights of person-hood. Now, that doesn't mean human rights, does it? It means legal rights. Sometimes corporations are regarded as a person.  

Definitions:

a glimmer of:
a small sign of something.

person-hood:
the quality or condition of being an individual person.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

writ & habeas corpus

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [writ; habeas corpus; a glimmer of]  Yes, indeed. So, there have been attempts to get legal rights for chimpanzees, specifically to get a writ  of habeas corpus issued which says basically bring me the body that you're holding and show me why you're keeping that person in detention. So, after a number of rejections, there is now a judge in the Manhattan who has issued an order to Stony Brook University which is holding chimpanzees that it's using in research to show why it's justified to keep them in detention, and that provides the first glimmer of an opening, I wouldn't put it further than that. That possibly the courts are not going to regard chimpanzees simply as property. But I'm going to say that they may have some legal right to be free or to be sent to a sanctuary or something of that sort. Obviously they can not literally be free. 

Definitions:

writ: 
an official document that tells someone to do something or to stop doing something;

habeas corpus:
a law that states that a person who has been arrested should not be kept in prison longer than a particular period of time unless a judge in court has decided that it is right.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

self-aware & fight it out

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Jessica Abboud: [chimpanzees; self-aware; discriminate]  If we are going to give chimpanzees certain rights for being intelligent, self-aware and emotionally complex, does that lack of qualities in other animals then mean that they are going to be discriminated against. Who will be their lawyers?

Definitions:

self-aware:
1. having a balanced and honest view of your own personality, and often an ability to interact with others frankly and confidently.
2. understanding what your own true thoughts, feelings and abilities are.

fight it out:
 if two people fight it out, they fight or argue until something is decided.

Monday, September 14, 2015

deterrent & chimpanzee

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [as far as my understanding; bear out; deterrent] Yeah, shockingly 32 of our 50 States still have the death penalty and as far as my understanding, it's never borne out to prove that it is a deterrent to a violent crime and in fact all of the states that have get rid of the death penalty experience lower rates of violent crime. So how it remains in a civilized society as a way to deal with that or an attempt to solve the problem of violent crime seems ridiculous and, I know, in America if often plays out in the media as a sort of form of retribution and that it is sort of delivering some sort of closure to the families of the victim. I mean, and it is often that the victim's family is often invited to witness it which is an entirely barbaric state of affairs. So, yes, I wish that Australia would take as much interest and opposition to what we are doing in America as they do in Indonesia. 

Jessica Abboud: [chimpanzees; self-aware; discriminate]  If we are going to give chimpanzees certain rights for being intelligent, self-aware and emotionally complex, does that lack of qualities in other animals then mean that they are going to be discriminated against. Who will be their lawyers?

Definitions:

deterrent:
a thing that makes sb less likely to do sth; that deters them;

chimpanzee:
a small intelligent African ape.

Sunday, September 13, 2015

outlet & bear out

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vastone: [publicity; riot gear; discreet; outlet; boost; be impressed with] Actually, I would like to add something, if I may. You know, people were saying that and I think this is probably true, that the Indonesian Government misused thisThis was an enormous amount of publicity, I mean. Transferring those two young men to whatever the name of the island was did not need police in riot gear. It was all designed to give a lot of publicity domestically to the fact that they are playing a strong hand. So, you can look at that and say, well, I don't think human life should be dealt with like that. If you are going to have a death penalty, at least you can behave in a more discreet fashion. At the same time, though, you come to Australia and name the media outlet that has not used this to try and boost their ratings. I mean it's been terrible the way Indonesian media have responded, and I haven't been impressed with the Australian media dealing with it either. 

Adrienne Truscott: [as far as my understanding; bear out; deterrent] Yeah, shockingly 32 of our 50 States still have the death penalty and as far as my understanding, it's never borne out to prove that it is a deterrent to a violent crime and in fact all of the states that have get rid of the death penalty experience lower rates of violent crime. So how it remains in a civilized society as a way to deal with that or an attempt to solve the problem of violent crime seems ridiculous and, I know, in America if often plays out in the media as a sort of form of retribution and that it is sort of delivering some sort of closure to the families of the victim. I mean, and it is often that the victim's family is often invited to witness it which is an entirely barbaric state of affairs. So, yes, I wish that Australia would take as much interest and opposition to what we are doing in America as they do in Indonesia. 

Definitions:

outlet:
1. a market providing goods and services;
2. a store that sells the products of a particular manufacturer, often at a discount;
...

bear out:
to prove something or somebody to be true or justified;

Saturday, September 12, 2015

publicity & riot gear

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vastone: [publicity; riot gear; discreet; outlet; boost; be impressed with] Actually, I would like to add something, if I may. You know, people were saying that and I think this is probably true, that the Indonesian Government misused thisThis was an enormous amount of publicity, I mean. Transferring those two young men to whatever the name of the island was did not need police in riot gear. It was all designed to give a lot of publicity domestically to the fact that they are playing a strong hand. So, you can look at that and say, well, I don't think human life should be dealt with like that. If you are going to have a death penalty, at least you can behave in a more discreet fashion. At the same time, though, you come to Australia and name the media outlet that has not used this to try and boost their ratings. I mean it's been terrible the way Indonesian media have responded, and I haven't been impressed with the Australian media dealing with it either. 

Definitions:

publicity:
1. the attention that is given to sb/sth by newspapers, television, etc. 
the business of attracting the attention of the public to sth/sb;

riot gear:
the clothes and equipment used by police when they are dealing with riots.

Friday, September 11, 2015

atrocity & drum up

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [stand; or so; atrocity; be opposed to; indignation; drum up] Yeah, I actually tend to agree with Amanda that, you know, the fact that we are having this stand against Indonesia not against the United States is pretty hypocritical. It's never been an issue in the United States and if we really wanted to get angry with Indonesia, as you said, there was a killing of our journalists, but there was also the killing of large numbers of West Papuans who were peacefully demonstrating for their freedom 15 years or so ago I think it was, and you know, that seems to me much more of an atrocity than executing people who were convicted under their laws and I don't think anybody doubts that they were guilty and I say this, I am also opposed to the death penalty, but I think we've been highly selective in our indignation. I think the newspapers have kind of drummed it up, as a kind of a media story because it is a human interest story which has a deadline that we're all working towards, and I think it's really a distortion to give so much emphasis to that as compared with the many other things that we can and should be doing to save lives. 

Definitions:

atrocity:
a cruel and violent act, especially in a war;

drum up:
to obtain something by attracting people's attention to one's need or cause

Thursday, September 10, 2015

stand against & or so

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [stand; or so; atrocity; be opposed to; indignation; drum up] Yeah, I actually tend to agree with Amanda that, you know, the fact that we are having this stand against Indonesia not against the United States is pretty hypocritical. It's never been an issue in the United States and if we really wanted to get angry with Indonesia, as you said, there was a killing of our journalists, but there was also the killing of large numbers of West Papuans who were peacefully demonstrating for their freedom 15 years or so ago I think it was, and you know, that seems to me much more of an atrocity than executing people who were convicted under their laws and I don't think anybody doubts that they were guilty and I say this, I am also opposed to the death penalty, but I think we've been highly selective in our indignation. I think the newspapers have kind of drummed it up, as a kind of a media story because it is a human interest story which has a deadline that we're all working towards, and I think it's really a distortion to give so much emphasis to that as compared with the many other things that we can and should be doing to save lives. 

Definitions:

stand against:
stand against someone/something to oppose someone or something, especially in a brave or determined way;

or so:
used after an amount of time, money, etc. to show that the amount is not exact;

Wednesday, September 9, 2015

recall & brouhaha

quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [pull out; ambassador] So, was it wrong to pull out  the ambassador in protest?

Amanda Vastone: [recall, brouhaha] No, I think it's fair enough to make your point by recalling your ambassador for discussions and you know that happens all the time, you know you have a bit of brouhaha ... 

Definitions:

recall:
to order something or somebody to come back or be sent back;

brouhaha:
noisy excitement or complaints about sth;

Tuesday, September 8, 2015

two-faced & diplomatically

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amadan Vastone: [get a grip on; two-faced; diplomatically] Well, he's a bit aggressive about it. But, you know, I do think that we as Australians don't understand Indonesia. We really haven't got a grip on how developed it is.  I know it's got third world problems, and we somehow think that because we don't think people should do something, that we can be the world's police and go and say you should do that. They are sovereign country. They are entitled to make what laws they like.  We supported the UN in opposing the death penalty. I think the death penalty is terrible. I think it's terrible it happens in United States. And I never want it to happen. It's taking someone's life and I just don't think that's the appropriate way to run your criminal justice system. But if it were me and I was going to lose my life because I'd done something wrong, I think I'd rather die instantly by a bullet to the heart than take what 12 to 30 minutes in some states in United States because they got wrong drugs. And I don't see the outcry in Australia media about that. So, I think we are a bit two-faced about it. You know if you go to some of these countries the risk you are going to run, and we know that that's going to happen. If some one gets caught, there is a serious risk of that. I think we should diplomatically proceed always to try and convince not just Indonesia but the other countries that still engage in this that it's fundamentally wrong, but we shouldn't think that is more wrong when it's one of ours, it's just wrong. 


Definitions:

two-faced:
not acting in a way that supports what you say that you believe; saying different things to different people about a particular subject;

diplomatically:
diplomatic:
1. having or showing skill in dealing with people in difficult situations;
2. connected with managing relations between countries;

Monday, September 7, 2015

mindset & have/get a grip on

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Li Shee Su: [denigrate; mindsets ] Those Australians publicly denigrating president Widodo as being weak, despite broad Indonesian sentiment being overwhelmingly in favour of the death penalty, probably sealed the fate of Andrew Chen and Myuran Sukumaran. Do the actions and post-execution reactions of the Australian government and most of the Australian community show, yet again, how arrogant, hypocritical and ignorant we are of Asian mindsets, cultures and domestic politics.

Amadan Vastone: [get a grip on; two-faced; diplomatically] Well, he's a bit aggressive about it. But, you know, I do think that we as Australians don't understand Indonesia. We really haven't got a grip on how developed it is.  I know it's got third world problems, and we somehow think that because we don't think people should do something, that we can be the world's police and go and say you should do that. They are sovereign country. They are entitled to make what laws they like.  We supported the UN in opposing the death penalty. I think the death penalty is terrible. I think it's terrible it happens in United States. And I never want it to happen. It's taking someone's life and I just don't think that's the appropriate way to run your criminal justice system. But if it were me and I was going to lose my life because I'd done something wrong, I think I'd rather die instantly by a bullet to the heart than take what 12 to 30 minutes in some states in United States because they got wrong drugs. And I don't see the outcry in Australia media about that. So, I think we are a bit two-faced about it. You know if you go to some of these countries the risk you are going to run, and we know that that's going to happen. If some one gets caught, there is a serious risk of that. I think we should diplomatically proceed always to try and convince not just Indonesia but the other countries that still engage in this that it's fundamentally wrong, but we shouldn't think that is more wrong when it's one of ours, it's just wrong. 


Definitions:

mindset:
a set of attitudes or fixed ideas that sb has and are often difficult to change;

have/get a grip on:
Obtain mastery or control over something or someone. 

Saturday, September 5, 2015

unconscionable & denigrate

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [unconscionable; anywhere] I just want to take up the point that Australia does have, in the OECD countries, some the highest per capita emissions and I want to put it this way, image that your child went to a birthday party, there were 25 children there and the host had cut the birthday cake into 25 equal slices and your child went and grabbed three of those slices, what would you say to them? Because that's what Australia was doing, right. We are emitting three times as much greenhouse gases as the United Kingdom, more than three times as much as China per capita I'm talking about of course, four times as much as Mexico, three times as much as Brazil, so we are, you know this is a, there is  just a limited amount the atmosphere can take of greenhouse gases, and we are really taking three times per capita fair share of what those greenhouse gases are, I think, I have to say this is unconscionable and I think a target of a 5% reduction by 2020 does not go anywhere near remedying the unfairness what we're taking. 

Tony Jones: Okay. I'm sorry to those people with your hands up. We've got a few other issues to get to. The next question is a video. It's come from Li Shee Su in Mill Park Victoria. 

Li Shee Su: [denigrate; mindsets ] Those Australians publicly denigrating president Widodo as being weak, despite broad Indonesian sentiment being overwhelmingly in favour of the death penalty, probably sealed the fate of Andrew Chen and Myuran Sukumaran. Do the actions and post-execution reactions of the Australian government and most of the Australian community show, yet again, how arrogant, hypocritical and ignorant we are of Asian mindsets, cultures and domestic politics.

Definitions:

unconscionable:
1. far beyond what is considered reasonable;
..

denigrate:
to criticize sb unfairly.

generate & with no strings

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Buttler: [sector; annualize; offset; ] Okay, well,  the Australian industry group said recently that to achieve the targets, say, that present Obama has put on the table would cost $25 billion for Greg's policy and that assumes that there aren't increases in emissions elsewhere. For example, what we've seen since the carbon price was abolished last year and Tony Abbott attacked renewable energy target is that emissions in the electricity sector have started to increase. The latest data was that, on an annualized basis, they've increased by more than 4 million tonnes per year. So, even taking Greg's 47 million tonnes that he bought with your money a couple of weeks ago over the next 5 to 10 years. If that increase continues almost all of it is offset by the increase in pollution for the electricity sector.

Greg Hunt: [believe it or not; generator; generate; string; handout] All right. The notion that the Carbon tax was free to the public is ridiculous. Firstly the public paid $15 billion; secondly there was $30 billion allocated to large companies - the large polluters, through the Carbon tax associated programs, including, believe it or not, $5.5 billion to brown coal generators with no strings attached to keep generating, AGL received $250 million in cash in the days before the carbon tax started. The largest tend out to a single industry in Australian history was to the brown coal generators under the previous company.

Definitions:

generate:
1. to produce or originate a form of energy through a chemical or physical process;
...

with no strings:
1. without any conditions or restrictions being made;

Friday, September 4, 2015

offset & believe it or not

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Buttler: [sector; annualize; offset; ] Okay, well,  the Australian industry group said recently that to achieve the targets, say, that present Obama has put on the table would cost $25 billion for Greg's policy and that assumes that there aren't increases in emissions elsewhere. For example, what we've seen since the carbon price was abolished last year and Tony Abbott attacked renewable energy target is that emissions in the electricity sector have started to increase. The latest data was that, on an annualized basis, they've increased by more than 4 million tonnes per year. So, even taking Greg's 47 million tonnes that he bought with your money a couple of weeks ago over the next 5 to 10 years. If that increase continues almost all of it is offset by the increase in pollution for the electricity sector.

Greg Hunt: [believe it or not; generator; generate; string; handout] All right. The notion that the Carbon tax was free to the public is ridiculous. Firstly the public paid $15 billion; secondly there was $30 billion allocated to large companies - the large polluters, through the Carbon tax associated programs, including, believe it or not, $5.5 billion to brown coal generators with no strings attached to keep generating, AGL received $250 million in cash in the days before the carbon tax started. The largest tend out to a single industry in Australian history was to the brown coal generators under the previous company.

Definitions:

offset:
to use one cost, payment or situation in order to cancel or reduce the effect of another

believe it or not:
used for emphasizing that something is very surprising but true