Monday, August 31, 2015

go nowhere & annualized

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [go nowhere; fair enough] Okay. With respect, that went nowhere  near answering the question, perhaps because you don't have an answer and that's fair enough if you don't have an answer yet.

Mark Buttler: [sector; annualize; offset; ] Okay, well,  the Australian industry group said recently that to achieve the targets, say, that present Obama has put on the table would cost $25 billion for Greg's policy and that assumes that there aren't increases in emissions elsewhere. For example, what we've seen since the carbon price was abolished last year and Tony Abbott attacked renewable energy target is that emissions in the electricity sector have started to increase. The latest data was that, on an annualized basis, they've increased by more than 4 million tonnes per year. So, even taking Greg's 47 million tonnes that he bought with your money a couple of weeks ago over the next 5 to 10 years. If that increase continues almost all of it is offset by the increase in pollution for the electricity sector.

Definitions:

go nowhere:
to fail to achieve something, or to fail to be successful;

annualized:
calculated for a period of a year but based on the amounts for a shorter period;

Sunday, August 30, 2015

WWF & post

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [consultations; WWF; Greenpeace; post-; lift;] Sure, we'll  set those as we say in the middle of the year. Right now, we're holding consultations with groups around Australia. In the last week Julie Bishop and myself have met with, whether it is the climate institute WWF, Greenpeace, business group, academic groups, senior business leaders and we will be doing of that this week and taking responses from around the country. As a result of the auction, what we do see is that not only will we achieve our 2020 targets, we've already achieved our first Kyoto targets, we'll achieve our second targets and we'll not just make them, we'll beat them, but the speed limits as to what we can do post 2020 have been lifted. So, we'll make a really constructive contribution and I'm passionate about doing this and as of now we can do more than we could have done two weeks ago. 

Definitions:

WWF:
world wildlife fund for nature;

post-:
after; later; behind;

Saturday, August 29, 2015

intergenerational & consultation

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Parrys Raines: [intergenerational; equity] As a young person, I'm concerned with the current government's lack of action on climate change. Minister Hunt, what carbon reduction targets will you be taking to the climate change conference in Paris at the end of the year to talk about intergenerational equity. Will it be the 30% recommended by the climate change authority, and if not, why not?

Greg Hunt: [consultations; WWF; Greenpeace; post-; lift;] Sure, we'll  set those as we say in the middle of the year. Right now, we're holding consultations with groups around Australia. In the last week Julie Bishop and myself have met with, whether it is the climate institute WWF, Greenpeace, business group, academic groups, senior business leaders and we will be doing of that this week and taking responses from around the country. As a result of the auction, what we do see is that not only will we achieve our 2020 targets, we've already achieved our first Kyoto targets, we'll achieve our second targets and we'll not just make them, we'll beat them, but the speed limits as to what we can do post 2020 have been lifted. So, we'll make a really constructive contribution and I'm passionate about doing this and as of now we can do more than we could have done two weeks ago. 

Definitions:

intergenerational:
elating to more than one generation group of people who were born at about the same time.

consultation:
1. the act of discussing sth with sb or with a group of people before making a decision about it;
2. a formal meeting to discuss sth;



Friday, August 28, 2015

allocation & tick-off

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [auditor-general; allocation; tick-off; probity;] But let me say this: everything that is happening is genuine abatement, real emissions reduction. And I would note that they ran a program called the Clean Tech Investment program which gave out, I think it was about a billion dollars. The Auditor- general found that there was no effective allocation mechanism, no guarantee or value for money and 58% of the projects were not justified, whereas we've had 100% tick-off from an independent probity adviser. That means the public gets value for money, but most importantly we get massive emissions reduction in Australia on a scale never seen before.

Definitions:

allocation:
an amount of money, space, etc. that is given to sb for a particular purpose.

tick-off:
to mark something with a tick, especially an item in a list;

biodiversity & auditor-general

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [regulator; insulation; clunker; biodiversity;] Thank you. Look, briefly, two things here. Firstly, you talked about an independent regulator. The clean energy regulator ran what has been seen by everybody as a flawless process where their test was genuine emissions reduction, and they've run a process compared with, you know, dare I mention what we saw with the Home insulation program, or Green Loans or Citizen's assembly or Cash for clunkers, where there was no criticism of the process, where there was an outstanding outcome. And what we're seeing is in small communities, right across Australia, there would be farmers that benefit; there would be local biodiversity benefits, and most significantly and importantly, a massive amount of emissions reduction on a scale never seen before in Australia, at a fraction of the cost of what occurred under the carbon tax, without that being thrown onto the general public, through higher electricity and gas prices, it's tremendous outcome. 

Greg Hunt: [auditor-general; allocation; tick-off] But let me say this: everything that is happening is genuine abatement, real emissions reduction. And I would note that they ran a program called the Clean Tech Investment program which gave out, I think it was about a billion dollars. The Auditor- general found that there was no effective allocation mechanism, no guarantee or value for money and 58% of the projects were not justified, whereas we've had 100% tick-off from an independent probity adviser. That means the public gets value for money, but most importantly we get massive emissions reduction in Australia on a scale never seen before.

Definitions:

biodiversity:
the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a balanced environment.

auditor-general:
an officer of the Australian government who monitors government expenditure and ensures that it is authorized by Act or regulation.

Tuesday, August 25, 2015

regulator & clunker

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [regulator; insulation; clunker; biodiversity;] Thank you. Look, briefly, two things here. Firstly, you talked about an independent regulator. The clean energy regulator ran what has been seen by everybody as a flawless process where their test was genuine emissions reduction, and they've run a process compared with, you know, dare I mention what we saw with the Home insulation program, or Green Loans or Citizen's assembly or Cash for clunkers, where there was no criticism of the process, where there was an outstanding outcome. And what we're seeing is in small communities, right across Australia, there would be farmers that benefit; there would be local biodiversity benefits, and most significantly and importantly, a massive amount of emissions reduction on a scale never seen before in Australia, at a fraction of the cost of what occurred under the carbon tax, without that being thrown onto the general public, through higher electricity and gas prices, it's tremendous outcome. 

Definitions:

regulator:
a person or an organization that officially controls an area of business or industry and makes sure that it is operating fairly;

clunker:
an old car in bad condition.

Monday, August 24, 2015

landfill & coal-fired

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [underwrite; landfill; landfill gas; ] One of the contracts that Greg entered into was the AGL, the biggest polluter in the country to underwrite some payments for landfill gas projects that have already been operating in some cases for more than 10 years. So Greg is going to hand over millions of taxpayers' dollars to the biggest polluters in the country ...

Mark Butler: [coal-fired; generator] No, there is another important point. At the same time AGL is able to continue increasing its carbon pollution from the coal-fired generators. It operates in the other part of its business. I mean this is hopeless policy, an absolutely irresponsible use of taxpayers' dollars. 

Definitions:

landfill:
the disposal of waste material by burying it, especially as a method of filling in and reclaiming excavated pits.

coal-fired:
using coal as fuel.

Saturday, August 22, 2015

toss around & underwrite

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [come across;division; tenet; Celsius; scenario; pre-industrial; in line with; tossed around;] I am tempted to go down that path about the auction a couple of weeks ago. But I am not going to. I'm going to try and answer this question. And if I get time I would like to respond the auction. Look, there are no climate change deniers in my party or not that I've come across at least. The challenge for us is how we translate a couple of very fundamental beliefs into practical legislation in the Parliament. And Australia unfortunately has a level of division around the basic tenets of what is needed to deal with climate change that many other countries just don't have. If you look at the UK general election, they very happily aren't having the level of debate we still have here. What we need is a substantial agreement around the need for Australia to do its fair share to ensure the global warming does not exceed two degree Celsius and that is the most fundamental tenet of climate change policy, and yet still we don't have that in Australia. The energy policy white paper that the Government released only a few weeks ago is predicted on a four degree warming scenario. It looks at the economic gains that will be able to be achieved by Australia through a 4 degree scenario. So, we need to get back to at least agreeing about the most basic tenets. Two degrees must be the limit of global warming above pre-industrial levels. So Australia must do its fair share. We per capita are the heaviest polluters in the OECD, so we need to do some heavy lifting there, in line with what is being proposed in American and many European countries as well. And we need to have independent advice, not tossed around just in the Parliament, but independent expert advice from bodies like the Climate Change Authority about what those reduction targets should be over the course of the period that you're talking about. 

Mark Butler: [underwrite; landfill; landfill gas; ] One of the contracts that Greg entered into was the AGL, the biggest polluter in the country to underwrite some payments for landfill gas projects that have already been operating in some cases for more than 10 years. So Greg is going to hand over millions of taxpayers' dollars to the biggest polluters in the country ...

Definitions:

toss around:
to discuss something informally;

underwrite:
to accept financial responsibility for an activity so that you will pay for special costs or for losses it may make;

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

scenario & in line with

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [come across;division; tenet; Celsius; scenario; pre-industrial; in line with; tossed around;] I am tempted to go down that path about the auction a couple of weeks ago. But I am not going to. I'm going to try and answer this question. And if I get time I would like to respond the auction. Look, there are no climate change deniers in my party or not that I've come across at least. The challenge for us is how we translate a couple of very fundamental beliefs into practical legislation in the Parliament. And Australia unfortunately has a level of division around the basic tenets of what is needed to deal with climate change that many other countries just don't have. If you look at the UK general election, they very happily aren't having the level of debate we still have here. What we need is a substantial agreement around the need for Australia to do its fair share to ensure the global warming does not exceed two degree Celsius and that is the most fundamental tenet of climate change policy, and yet still we don't have that in Australia. The energy policy white paper that the Government released only a few weeks ago is predicted on a four degree warming scenario. It looks at the economic gains that will be able to be achieved by Australia through a 4 degree scenario. So, we need to get back to at least agreeing about the most basic tenets. Two degrees must be the limit of global warming above pre-industrial levels. So Australia must do its fair share. We per capita are the heaviest polluters in the OECD, so we need to do some heavy lifting there, in line with what is being proposed in American and many European countries as well. And we need to have independent advice, not tossed around just in the Parliament, but independent expert advice from bodies like the Climate Change Authority about what those reduction targets should be over the course of the period that you're talking about. 

Definitions:

scenario:
1. an imagined situation or prospects that could possibly happen;

in line with:
in agreement or conformity with something

tenet & Celsius

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [come across;division; tenet; Celsius; scenario; pre-industrial; in line with; tossed around;] I am tempted to go down that path about the auction a couple of weeks ago. But I am not going to. I'm going to try and answer this question. And if I get time I would like to respond the auction. Look, there are no climate change deniers in my party or not that I've come across at least. The challenge for us is how we translate a couple of very fundamental beliefs into practical legislation in the Parliament. And Australia unfortunately has a level of division around the basic tenets of what is needed to deal with climate change that many other countries just don't have. If you look at the UK general election, they very happily aren't having the level of debate we still have here. What we need is a substantial agreement around the need for Australia to do its fair share to ensure the global warming does not exceed two degree Celsius and that is the most fundamental tenet of climate change policy, and yet still we don't have that in Australia. The energy policy white paper that the Government released only a few weeks ago is predicted on a four degree warming scenario. It looks at the economic gains that will be able to be achieved by Australia through a 4 degree scenario. So, we need to get back to at least agreeing about the most basic tenets. Two degrees must be the limit of global warming above pre-industrial levels. So Australia must do its fair share. We per capita are the heaviest polluters in the OECD, so we need to do some heavy lifting there, in line with what is being proposed in American and many European countries as well. And we need to have independent advice, not tossed around just in the Parliament, but independent expert advice from bodies like the Climate Change Authority about what those reduction targets should be over the course of the period that you're talking about. 

Definitions:

tenet:
one of the principles or beliefs that a theory or larger set of beliefs is based on;

Celsius:
a system for measuring temperature that is part of the metric system, in which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees

Monday, August 10, 2015

uptake & deliver

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [stage; tonne; reafforestation; deforestation; disbelief; I'm focused on; uptake; deliver; ] Sure, look very briefly the answer is, just of 10 days ago we staged an emissions deduction auction. We acquired the largest reduction in emissions in Australian history 47 million tonnes, and this is reducing emissions through the lowest cost projects around the country, more than 30 million tonnes of that was through on farm work, through forestry projects, reafforestation, through avoided deforestation, great environmental outcomes. But also real reductions in emissions in a way that we've never seen before on such scale in Australia. So that presumption to your question is one which doesn't apply. It's not about belief or disbelief. It's only now, that boat has long sailed. We are right in the space of, only now being focused on what will deliver the great results at the fastest possible pace which is what I'm focused on and for me this has been the work of my life and I am absolutely delighted that there has been such a huge uptake, delivering huge deduction in the missions. 


Definitions:

uptake:
1. the use that is made of sth that has become available;
2. ...

deliver:
1. to do what has been promised;
2. to provide or produce something;
...

Sunday, August 9, 2015

uninhabitable & reafforestation

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Youll: [amenable; carbon dioxide; denier; uninhabitable]  I'm a grandfather of three children under four. There is a very good chance that they, unlike most of us here, will be alive at the end of this century. There is also very high probability that the Earth's climate will have become much less amenable to all forms of life by then, unless we start now to make some big changes in the amount of carbon dioxide we output, suggesting say 50% by 1930 and 100% by - sorry, 2030 and 100% by 2050. My question to those on the panel that can actually do something about this, Mark Butler and Greg Hunt, how are you going to convince the climate change deniers in your party that serious changes in the way we make energy have to be made now to avoid the risk of the earth becoming uninhabitable for my grandchildren and yours?

Greg Hunt: [stage; tonne; reafforestation; deforestation; disbelief; I'm focused on; uptake; deliver; ] Sure, look very briefly the answer is, just of 10 days ago we staged an emissions deduction auction. We acquired the largest reduction in emissions in Australian history 47 million tonnes, and this is reducing emissions through the lowest cost projects around the country, more than 30 million tonnes of that was through on farm work, through forestry projects, reafforestation, through avoided deforestation, great environmental outcomes. But also real reductions in emissions in a way that we've never seen before on such scale in Australia. So that presumption to your question is one which doesn't apply. It's not about belief or disbelief. It's only now, that boat has long sailed. We are right in the space of, only now being focused on what will deliver the great results at the fastest possible pace which is what I'm focused on and for me this has been the work of my life and I am absolutely delighted that there has been such a huge uptake, delivering huge deduction in the missions. 


Definitions:

uninhabitable:
not fit to live in

reafforestation:(reforestation)
the process of putting new trees in the ground in an area where trees used to grow;

Saturday, August 8, 2015

amenable & carbon dioxide

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Youll: [amenable; carbon dioxide; denier; uninhabitable]  I'm a grandfather of three children under four. There is a very good chance that they, unlike most of us here, will be alive at the end of this century. There is also very high probability that the Earth's climate will have become much less amenable to all forms of life by then, unless we start now to make some big changes in the amount of carbon dioxide we output, suggesting say 50% by 1930 and 100% by - sorry, 2030 and 100% by 2050. My question to those on the panel that can actually do something about this, Mark Butler and Greg Hunt, how are you going to convince the climate change deniers in your party that serious changes in the way we make energy have to be made now to avoid the risk of the earth becoming uninhabitable for my grandchildren and yours?

Definitions:

amenable:
1. responsive to suggestion and likely to cooperate;
2. capable of being treated or dealt with in a particular way;

carbon dioxide:
a gas breathed out by people and animals from the lungs or produced by burning carbon;

dioxide:
a substance formed by combining two atoms of oxygen and one atom of another chemical element

Friday, August 7, 2015

tug & lead

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [peak lobby; autistic;tug; lead] Oh, Tony, I do some work with Vision 20/20 which is a peak lobby group to bring together a whole range groups working on preventable blindness and it's true that for very small amount of money you can prevent blindness in indigenous communities and in third world countries and the Australian government does some of that in some of its aid program and does some of that type of work in indigenous communities. But I don't think you can say: well, you're already blind and there's nothing we can do about you, so we do not really care, you know, I think the guide dogs do a terrific job but it isn't inexpensive. They do tremendous work training dogs to do with autistic children, and just give you an idea how hard can be if you've got an autistic kid, if they get frightened in the traffic. They might just run out into the road. So, they can train a dog that when it feels the tug on the lead attached to the kid, the dog will just sit down, so that means that family can go shopping can go on picnics. So, you know, don't stop giving to guide-dogs.

Definitions:

tug:
to pull sth hard, often several times;

lead:
a long piece of leather, chain or rope used for holding and controlling a dog.

Thursday, August 6, 2015

lobby & autistic

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [peak lobby; autistic;tug; lead] Oh, Tony, I do some work with Vision 20/20 which is a peak lobby group to bring together a whole range groups working on preventable blindness and it's true that for very small amount of money you can prevent blindness in indigenous communities and in third world countries and the Australian government does some of that in some of its aid program and does some of that type of work in indigenous communities. But I don't think you can say: well, you're already blind and there's nothing we can do about you, so we do not really care, you know, I think the guide dogs do a terrific job but it isn't inexpensive. They do tremendous work training dogs to do with autistic children, and just give you an idea how hard can be if you've got an autistic kid, if they get frightened in the traffic. They might just run out into the road. So, they can train a dog that when it feels the tug on the lead attached to the kid, the dog will just sit down, so that means that family can go shopping can go on picnics. So, you know, don't stop giving to guide-dogs.

Definitions:

lobby:
a group of people who try to influence politicians on a particular issue;

autistic:
showing evidence of autism, e.g. failure to use language and perceive surroundings in the expected way;

Wednesday, August 5, 2015

swing & peak

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [swing] I was actually swinging that model back to our conversation about rape, because I thought if you put that model to language, if language was currency, then you'd get far better value of preventing rape i.e. preventing blindness, if you addressed it from that side, so I feel like there is a similar thing. Like, in that case, sort of telling - using language of public officials to say that women shouldn't do a certain thing to avoid getting rapes seems like a similar model, you are not getting very good value for that conversation about how you can solve that. That's where my head went on that one. But I would love to think that I earned enough money that I could give away a third of mine. 

Amanda Vanstone: [peak lobby; autistic;tug; lead] Oh, Tony, I do some work with Vision 20/20 which is a peak lobby group to bring together a whole range groups working on preventable blindness and it's true that for very small amount of money you can prevent blindness in indigenous communities and in third world countries and the Australian government does some of that in some of its aid program and does some of that type of work in indigenous communities. But I don't think you can say: well, you're already blind and there's nothing we can do about you, so we do not really care, you know, I think the guide dogs do a terrific job but it isn't inexpensive. They do tremendous work training dogs to do with autistic children, and just give you an idea how hard can be if you've got an autistic kid, if they get frightened in the traffic. They might just run out into the road. So, they can train a dog that when it feels the tug on the lead attached to the kid, the dog will just sit down, so that means that family can go shopping can go on picnics. So, you know, don't stop giving to guide-dogs.

Definitions:

swing:
to turn or change direction suddenly;

peak:
relating to the maximum use of something or the maximum demand on something;

consensus & guide-dog

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [evaluator; accost; badge; consensus;] I think they boosted them. I think they are up to half a dozen or so now, but it's a very small slice. Yes. Givewell, and which you can find at Givewell.org, is a very rigorous evaluator and would, I guess, say you shouldn't be giving to people who just accost you on the street, you should be researching the charities, checking them and unless they are on their list of ones that they have said that have demonstrated their effectiveness, not that the others necessarily aren't effective, but  just they haven't been transparent enough or produced the information to show that they are effective. This charity that I'm wearing badge for today thelifeyoucansave.orgthat I've been involved with is a little bit broader, so if we feel that Givewell is so tough that it misses out things that are good but can't be evaluated. So, if you go there that will give you another list of organizations you can support and it's also you can get involved with it and help us to promote these ideas that we've been talking about and I'm pleased to say we've had a lot of consensus on about trying to live a more ethical life.

Tony Jones: [guide-dog] So, you make quite strong value judgements on different types of charities, don't you and I saw, for example, you make the case that it's not an effective charity to give to the group which creates or which train guide dogs for the blind which surprised me enormously. So perhaps you should explain how you came to that conclusion.

Definitions:

consensus:
agreement among all the people involved.

guide-dog:
a dog trained to guide a blind person.

Monday, August 3, 2015

accost & badge

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [evaluator; accost; badge; consensus;] I think they boosted them. I think they are up to half a dozen or so now, but it's a very small slice. Yes. Givewell, and which you can find at Givewell.org, is a very rigorous evaluator and would, I guess, say you shouldn't be giving to people who just accost you on the street, you should be researching the charities, checking them and unless they are on their list of ones that they have said that have demonstrated their effectiveness, not that the others necessarily aren't effective, but  just they haven't been transparent enough or produced the information to show that they are effective. This charity that I'm wearing badge for today thelifeyoucansave.orgthat I've been involved with is a little bit broader, so if we feel that Givewell is so tough that it misses out things that are good but can't be evaluated. So, if you go there that will give you another list of organizations you can support and it's also you can get involved with it and help us to promote these ideas that we've been talking about and I'm pleased to say we've had a lot of consensus on about trying to live a more ethical life.

Definitions:

accost:
to go up to sb and speak to them, especially in a way that is rude or threatening.

badge:
a small piece of metal or plastic, with a design or words on it, that a person wears to show that they belong to an organization, support sth, have achieved sth, have a particular rank, etc.

Sunday, August 2, 2015

bureaucratic & money-grubbing

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Jay Mahendra Raj: [adjusted; bump into; bureaucratic; money-grubbing/grabbing;] Thanks Tony. The US-based organization GiveWell evaluates the effectiveness of charities through measures such as quality adjusted life years. So, my question is the next time I bump into someone on the street who's asking for a donationwhat sort of question should I be asking them to make sure that my money is going towards an effective charity and not a bureaucratic money-grubbing machine.

Definitions:

bureaucratic:
connected with a bureaucracy or bureaucrats and involving complicated official rules which may seem unnecessary.

money-grubbing:
trying to get a lot of money.

Oxfam & bump into

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [Oxfam] On the question of giving, you're watching Q&A and that means you're interested in the world, that also means thousands of you're watching with a phone or a computer in your hand, so why not use that device to make a difference to some of the millions of people affected by the earthquake in Nepal. Transferring a small amount of your wealth can make a big difference to some of the poorest people in the world. If you can afford to give, please SMS the word "Nepal" to the number that's now showing on your screen to find out how to make a donation to Oxfam, or look for the qanda_tweet that will link you to the ABC appeals  page and show you how to donate to charities working in Nepal. Well, our next question on similar subject comes from Jay Mahendra Raj.

Jay Mahendra Raj: [adjusted; bump into; bureaucratic; money-grubbing/grabbing;] Thanks Tony. The US-based organization GiveWell evaluates the effectiveness of charities through measures such as quality adjusted life years. So, my question is the next time I bump into someone on the street who's asking for a donationwhat sort of question should I be asking them to make sure that my money is going towards an effective charity and not a bureaucratic money-grubbing machine.

Definitions:

Oxfam:
an international charity dedicated to providing poverty and disaster relief;

bump into:
to meet someone unexpectedly;

Saturday, August 1, 2015

out of interest & joggers

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [out of interest] Do people still wear sneakers? Just out of interest.  I'm just going, look ...

Amanda Vanstone: [joggers] Joggers, okay?

Definitions:

out of interest:
used for saying that you are asking a question because you are interested in finding out the answer and not for any other reason;

joggers:
loose-fitting pants with an elasticized waist and ankles, used for jogging.