Tuesday, June 30, 2015

subliminal & Reclaim the Night

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [subliminal; reclaim the night movement; movement; well-intentioned; rest with; ] Well, I'm not sure that takes us any further than asking women not to walk unescorted. I think it really is -- this language is important. I'm not sure I agree with Peter. This language is a much gentler version of the subliminal messages we send from the boxing question really. Back to the Reclaim the Night movements of the 1970s, women have legitimately said you should not use language that casts any blame for these sorts of  attacks on us exercising our freedom of movement, I think that is very very important. And I think the officials you've talked about were doing their job. They were well-intentioned, providing advice, particularly to young women who are, you know, becoming independent, to keep safe, but it's very important that we all use language, particularly public officials use language that make crystal clear that the blame for these attacks rests with criminal men, not with the women exercising their freedom of movement ,rests with criminal men, and I think that it is very important for public officials to keep in mind.

Definitions:

subliminal:
affecting your mind even though you are not aware of it;

Reclaim the Night:
Take Back the Night is an international event and non-profit organization with the mission of ending sexual violence in all forms.

Monday, June 29, 2015

not on & leave it up to

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [bash; ostracise; it's not my place; not on; leave it up to;] Well, I don't know about the figures. I haven't looked at them. But I think - I agree with what's been said that it is a dead end to just focus on telling women, where they might like  to consider, being more careful, that is a dead end. But I don't think it's a mistake, I agree with Peter, using the right words, you do have to caution young girls especially. About the path they take home if they are coming home on their own. I think that's just very sensible to do. It is still a shocking problem, domestic violence and rape and we just haven't managed to deal with it, and part of it is because people who understand that someone has bashed their wife, don't then ostracise the person, say: mate, sorry, it's not what our friends do. You are behaving like that, you just can not be part of this, you know, friendship group. So, Australians tend to, I think, I can't speak for all Australians, it's not my place, but I think people tend to say: well, police will handle that and don't themselves step in as a community and say that's not on. They leave it up to the police. 

Definitions:

not on:
used for saying that something cannot be allowed or that it is impossible.

leave it up to:
If you leave something up to someone, you let them do it or you give them responsibility for it.

Sunday, June 28, 2015

ostracise & it's not my place

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [bash; ostracise; it's not my place; not on; leave it up to;] Well, I don't know about the figures. I haven't looked at them. But I think - I agree with what's been said that it is a dead end to just focus on telling women, where they might like  to consider, being more careful, that is a dead end. But I don't think it's a mistake, I agree with Peter, using the right words, you do have to caution young girls especially. About the path they take home if they are coming home on their own. I think that's just very sensible to do. It is still a shocking problem, domestic violence and rape and we just haven't managed to deal with it, and part of it is because people who understand that someone has bashed their wife, don't then ostracise the person, say: mate, sorry, it's not what our friends do. You are behaving like that, you just can not be part of this, you know, friendship group. So, Australians tend to, I think, I can't speak for all Australians, it's not my place, but I think people tend to say: well, police will handle that and don't themselves step in as a community and say that's no on. They leave it up to the police. 

Definitions:

ostracise:
to refuse to let sb be a member of a social group; to refuse to meet or talk to sb

it's not my place: 
not one's place: not one's role to do something;

Saturday, June 27, 2015

advance & bash

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14


Peter Singer: [sexual advance] I was just wondering what the evidence is that there is an epidemic of rape. I mean we do and quite properly take a wider view of rape than previous people, generations did, I mean, you know, it used to be that husband legally could not rape his wife, that there was assumed consent at  all times from a woman that she would accept sexual advances from her husband. So, that's one kind of rape that you can not compare with the past. But I think if you're talking about ... 


Amanda Vanstone: [bash; ostracise; it's not my place; not on; leave it up to;] Well, I don't know about the figures. I haven't looked at them. But I think - I agree with what's been said that it is a dead end to just focus on telling women, where they might like  to consider, being more careful, that is a dead end. But I don't think it's a mistake, I agree with Peter, using the right words, you do have to caution young girls especially. About the path they take home if they are coming home on their own. I think that's just very sensible to do. It is still a shocking problem, domestic violence and rape and we just haven't managed to deal with it, and part of it is because people who understand that someone has bashed their wife, don't then ostracise the person, say: mate, sorry, it's not what our friends do. You are behaving like that, you just can not be part of this, you know, friendship group. So, Australians tend to, I think, I can't speak for all Australians, it's not my place, but I think people tend to say: well, police will handle that and don't themselves step in as a community and say that's no on. They leave it up to the police. 

Definitions:

advance:
1. attempts to start a sexual relationship with sb;
2. ...

bash:
1. to beat or assault severely:
...

Friday, June 26, 2015

bring up & dead end

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [bring up; dead end] I know it really is and, you know, I don't think - somebody who actually thinks that about a woman's body. I wouldn't trust with the keys to my car, let alone legislating, you know, things about women's body and stuff, so that's just been brought up so many times, she should be careful and it just - it's a dead end. It's an absolute dead end to solving the problem or.

Definitions:

bring up:
1. to start discussing a subject
...

dead end:
1. a situation or course of action in which further progress or development is impossible;
2. a road or passage that has no way out at one end

Thursday, June 25, 2015

put forth & receptive

Quotations

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [put forth; receptive; ] Yeah, it's very easy, yeah it's easy to understand: he put forth this notion that if you've got pregnant from being raped, it wasn't a legitimate rape, because a woman's body would just shut down, so that you did not get pregnant. Suggesting that somehow the pregnancy indicates that some part of her was okay with what happened and then her body was receptive to that act. 


Definitions:

put forth:
1. to make something known, e.g. by stating it, publishing it, or formally submitting it for discussion;
...

receptive:
willing to listen to or to accept new ideas or suggestions;

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

one-woman & pick up on

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [one-woman; pick up on] Adrienne, this is the territory of your one-woman show "Asking For It", it's called.  and obviously it's picking up on those themes but going back to the questioner's thought: should we be asking men not to walk in the dark unescorted in case they were to rape someone?

Definitions:

one-woman:
done or controlled by one woman only;

pick up on:
1. to criticize sb for an action or behavior, often in a condescending way;
2. to notice something, and perhaps mention or question it;
...

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

deranged & prey on

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [deranged; prey on; much as we would like to;] Yeah, that's not the right language to use, but just to say, look, unfortunately there is a risk some sick, deranged person might prey on you if you do this, and we just can not - much as we would like to - we can not protect you wherever you go at whatever time you go. And that seems a reasonable thing to say.

Definitions:

deranged:
unable to behave and think normally, especially because of mental illness;

prey on:
1. to victimize or exploit somebody;
2. to hunt or kill other animals for food;

Monday, June 22, 2015

invitation & straight away

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [trip up; mayor; invitation; straight away] The choice of words sometimes trips people up and the mayor Albury made a thoughtless remark that if women are walking alone is an invitation for someone to take advantage of it. Now to be fair to him,he is a former policeman. He's seen a lot of terrible things. He did come out straight away and apologize for it. But that is - that kind of remark is not uncommon.

Definitions:

invitation:
1. an action or event that makes something unpleasant more likely to happen;
2. encouragement to do something;
...

straight away:
immediately.


Sunday, June 21, 2015

trip up & mayor

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [trip up; mayor; invitation; straight away] The choice of words sometimes trips people up and the mayor Albury made a thoughtless remark that if women are walking alone is an invitation for someone to take advantage of it. Now to be fair to him,he is a former policeman. He's seen a lot of terrible things. He did come out straight away and apologize for it. But that is - that kind of remark is not uncommon.

Definitions:

trip up: 
1. to catch your foot on sth and fall or almost fall.
2. cause sb to make a mistake.

mayor:
the head of the government of a town or city.

Saturday, June 20, 2015

unescorted & rapist

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Melissa Black: [perpetrator; unescorted] There's no doubt that everyone needs to take responsibility for their own safety. However, as a young woman, it makes me incredibly uncomfortable that people are suggesting that the rights and freedoms of potential victims - that is women - be restricted in order to prevent rape. What about the restricting the rights and freedoms of potential perpetrators? Should we be asking men to not work in the dark unescorted just in case they might rape someone?

Peter Singer: [incidence; rapist; assaulter] Yeah, Look, I don't really blame the people who have made remarks about the dangers of walking across parks at night. I mean, I think they apply to men and women. They can be dangerous places. You can't expect the state to protect you everywhere. We don't really want to have a state in which there are police in every park 24/7. So I think, you know, advising people how to stay safe, it's a reasonable sort of thing for people to do and it's not really blaming the victim. It's just trying to reduce incidence of victim. We know who is to blame. There's no question that it's the rapist, or the assaulter who is to blame. But at the same time, using a bit of common sense to avoid being a victim, I don't see anything wrong with telling people to do that.


Definitions:

unescorted:
not escorted.

rapist:
a person who forces sb to have sex when they do not want to.

back out & perpetrator

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [notoriety; back out] Look, I suppose they try and excuse themselves by saying: oh, well, you know,  he has been convicted. He has paid his price. And there is an element of that that you can consider. But at the same time, people of great notoriety that they must know that they themselves act as role models for other people. You would think could lend a hand by saying, no, I'm not going to that fight, and they just backed out of showing any leadership, and they don't back out on another occasion, so it must say something about them.

Melissa Black: [perpetrator; unescorted] There's no doubt that everyone needs to take responsibility for their own safety. However, as a young woman, it makes me incredibly uncomfortable that people are suggesting that the rights and freedoms of potential victims - that is women - be restricted in order to prevent rape. What about the restricting the rights and freedoms of potential perpetrators? Should we be asking men to not work in the dark unescorted just in case they might rape someone?

Definitions:

back out:
1. to decide not to do something you agreed to do;
2. to move out backward, or cause something to move out backward;

perpetrator:
a person who commits a crime or does sth that is wrong or evil;

Friday, June 19, 2015

ringside & notoriety

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [make of; ringside] So what do you make of all of the people who turned up and you know, like I said, some of the richest, some of the most powerful, some of the most influential people in the world and in this country turned up to be ringside at that fight.

Amanda Vanstone: [notoriety; back out] Look, I suppose they try and excuse themselves by saying: oh, well, you know,  he has been convicted. He has paid his price. And there is an element of that that you can consider. But at the same time, people of great notoriety that they must know that they themselves act as role models for other people. You would think could lend a hand by saying, no, I'm not going to that fight, and they just backed out of showing any leadership, and they don't back out on another occasion, so it must say something about them.


Definitions:

ringside:
the area closest to the space in which a boxing match or circus takes place;

notoriety:
fame for being bad in some way;

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

take a dim view of & make of

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Amanda Vanstone: [dim] Okay. You are - I'm on your football club. They would take a very very very dim view of a player caught in that position.

Tony Jones: [make of; ringside] So what do you make of all of the people who turned up and you know, like I said, some of the richest, some of the most powerful, some of the most influential people in the world and in this country turned up to be ringside at that fight.

Definitions:

take a dim view of:
to disapprove of sb/sth; to not have a good opinion of sb/sth

make of:
understand; interpreter;

turn a blind eye to & role model

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [account for; turn a blind eye to;] How do we account for the fact that the fight promoters, the public broadly, the global audience, who pay most of them to actually to see this fight, turned a blind eye to all of this. 

Mark Butler: [appall, role model] I think it's appalling. Particularly for young men, sport stars are such important role model and sports like the AFL, the NRL here and frankly boxing internationally should be taking an incredibly strong stand not allow people with history like that to continue to be a role model to young men. I am appalled by that example, absolutely appalled. I'd like to think it would not happen here.


Definitions:

turn a blind eye to:
to ignore something and pretend you do not see it.


role model:
a person that you admire and try to copy.

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

call out & account for

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Mark Butler: [call out; distressing; indictment ] I agree, violence against women, violence against children needs to be called out wherever it happens and I think particularly this year we've been making some extraordinary progress in Australia in the community discussion around family violence and to see that case is just such distressing, depressing example of taking two step forward and one step backwards, but it's a terrible indictment, I think, on the sport. 

Tony Jones: [account for; turn a blind eye to;] How do we account for the fact that the fight promoters, the public broadly, the global audience, who pay most of them to actually to see this fight, turned a blind eye to all of this. 


Definitions:

call out:
1. to shout something, especially when you are trying to get someone's attention;
...

account for:
1. to provide an explanation for something;
...

Monday, June 15, 2015

line of thought & set out

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greg Hunt: [line of thought/thinking; ]Look, I actually think that's one of the very best and most powerful questions I've heard posed on this program over the years, and I have to say it  was unexpected in the best way. it's provoking a new line of thinking. We refused his visa to Australia, precisely because of the things you set out, because of that history of violence and, in particular violence against women. He was deemed by the Australian government to be unfit to enter Australia, so, effectively we did what Peter said. We ruled him out our league.  We weren't going to allow him in. I'm frankly surprised that any sport would allow somebody to have a history of violence, particularly domestic violence like that and allow them to continue. 

Definitions:

line/train of thought/thinking:
a particular way of thinking that is characteristic of some individual or group;

set out:
1. to present or explain something, especially in a well-planned way;
...




Sunday, June 14, 2015

varying & get a say

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Peter Singer: [put on; get a say; varying;] Well, I think Adrienne is right. It tells us that we're not really taking this seriously enough and, you know, if it was someone who had attacked people because of their race, there is no doubt that he would be out of the sport. The sport couldn't put on somebody who made a habit of punching people because he objected to whatever race they were and the same would be true of football and any other sport. So, you know, why is it that you can punch women and the sport doesn't out you, I mean, I guess it's because these sports are male sports and you are playing against, you're boxing or playing football against people of varying races, but you're not doing it against women, and so they don't get a say in the sport perhaps.

Definitions:
varying:
not all the same.

get a say: 
have a say/have a voice in:
Have the right or power to influence or make a decision about something. 


Friday, June 12, 2015

league & turn up

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [rampant; physicality; spill out; suspend; indefinitely; league; ] I think it's an incredibly huge problem. I think when we - there are - it seems rampant throughout a lot of sports, especially sports that are male-dominated and seem to require really aggressive male physicality. I think it's no wonder it's - it may spill out past their job into other parts of their lives. But we're certainly seeing that in the States recently a little bit with the case of Ray Rice as well who was caught punching his wife and in that instant he was suspended indefinitely from the NFL, from our football league. I don't know how a man who has that many counts of being convicted for that kind of violence, particularly somebody who has spent his entire life learning how to use his hands to be destructive ...

Tony Jones: [turn up] Were you surprised at how many of the world's most powerful and richest people turned up and you know, in fact, had a huge traffic jam of private aeroplanes in the Las Vegas' airport just to see him. Well, not to just see him but to see the fight.

Definitions:

league:
1. an association of sports clubs or teams that compete with each other;
...

turn up:
1. to come or appear somewhere, especially in a casual or unplanned way; 

suspend & indefinitely

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [rampant; physicality; spill out; suspend; indefinitely; league; ] I think it's an incredibly huge problem. I think when we - there are - it seems rampant throughout a lot of sports, especially sports that are male-dominated and seem to require really aggressive male physicality. I think it's no wonder it's - it may spill out past their job into other parts of their lives. But we're certainly seeing that in the States recently a little bit with the case of Ray Rice as well who was caught punching his wife and in that instant he was suspended indefinitely from the NFL, from our football league. I don't know how a man who has that many counts of being convicted for that kind of violence, particularly somebody who has spent his entire life learning how to use his hands to be destructive ...

Definitions:

suspend: 
1. suspend sb from sth: to officially prevent sb from doing their job, going to school, etc. for a time;
...

indefinitely:
for a period of time with no fixed limit.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

physicality & spill out

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Adrienne Truscott: [rampant; physicality; spill out; suspend; indefinitely; league; ] I think it's an incredibly huge problem. I think when we - there are - it seems rampant throughout a lot of sports, especially sports that are male-dominated and seem to require really aggressive male physicality. I think it's no wonder it's - it may spill out past their job into other parts of their lives. But we're certainly seeing that in the States recently a little bit with the case of Ray Rice as well who was caught punching his wife and in that instant he was suspended indefinitely from the NFL, from our football league. I don't know how a man who has that many counts of being convicted for that kind of violence, particularly somebody who has spent his entire life learning how to use his hands to be destructive ...

Definitions:

physicality:
the quality of being physical rather than emotional or spiritual; 

spill out:
to reveal or divulge something, often unintentionally

condone & rampant

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Greer Brennan: [condone] Floyd Mayweather stood to earn over $180 million from the fight on Saturday which was watched with much excitement from fans around the world. He also has a long history of violence against women, including an attack against his child's mother, how can we, as a society, claim to take issues of domestic violence seriously, whilst at the same time condoning the actions of this man through watching and cheering for him. 

Tony Jones: Adrienne, let's start with you.

Adrienne Truscott: [rampant; physicality; spill out; suspend; indefinitely; league; ] I think it's an incredibly huge problem. I think when we - there are - it seems rampant throughout a lot of sports, especially sports that are male-dominated and seem to require really aggressive male physicality. I think it's no wonder it's - it may spill out past their job into other parts of their lives. But we're certainly seeing that in the States recently a little bit with the case of Ray Rice as well who was caught punching his wife and in that instant he was suspended indefinitely from the NFL, from our football league. I don't know how a man who has that many counts of being convicted for that kind of violence, particularly somebody who has spent his entire life learning how to use his hands to be destructive ...

Definitions:

condone:
to accept behaviour that is morally wrong or to treat it as if it were not serious

rampant:
existing or spreading everywhere in a way that cannot be controlled

Monday, June 8, 2015

ethicist & performance artist

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep14

Tony Jones: [ethicist; performance art/artist;] Good evening and welcome to Q & A. I'm Tony Jones and here to answer your questions tonight, Australian Philosopher and ethicist Peter Singer; environment minister Greg Hunt; American performance artist Adrienne Truscott; Howard Government minister-turned-broadcaster Amanda Vanstone; and the Shadow minister for the environment and climate change Mark Butler. Please welcome our panel. Thank you very much and our Facebook audience suggested we talk about blaming the victim and direct action for climate change and we will. Let's go to our first question tonight comes from Greer Brennan. 

Definitions:

ethicist:
An ethicist is one whose judgment on ethics and ethical codes has come to be trusted by a specific community, and (importantly) is expressed in some way that makes it possible for others to mimic or approximate that judgement.

performance art:
an art form in which an artist gives a performance, rather than producing a physical work of art

play your cards close to your chest & centrist

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03


Malcolm Turnbull: [dumb down; lay out; play your cards close to your chest; concede;] Okay, thank you. Okay, I think firstly you have to set out a vision, set out, describe where you want to go. Well {or} you know, what's this {it sort} about; what is your goal; you've got to explain that. That's absolutely critical. Then you've got to explain honestly, not dumbing it {damning a} down, honestly, the problems that we face. You know, what is the problem about the budget? What is the problem with dealing with the NBN? Whatever, pick a topic, but explain it and lay it out factually, and then lay out what the options are and that's where - see,  {is} the honest debate we should be having with Labor Party. It's about the budget. It's one - where we say - we say, okay we all know what the budget problem is: we're spending too much, spending more than we're receiving in revenue, pretty obviously, okay? That can not {kind} go on forever, we've got to do something about it. We say, this is what we'd {we} cut this spending raise that revenue, and Labor would say: okay, now we'd {we} cut some other expenditure and raise some different revenue. Then we are going to have an honest debate. But we're not having that honest debate, because with all due respects {respect} to Katherine who is playing her cards, close to a chest, at the moment, Labor is not prepared to actually tell us either concede {consider} there is problem or tell us what their alternative policies are. I think that both - I think there is responsibility on both sides, I think government and opposition should be prepared to put their cards on the table and say and actually have a {the} debate about the measures and you never know, you never know out of that debate you might come out with a third solution that is better than either of those that {who} are originally proposed.

Tony Jones: [centrist] Okay, we've got to go, but just quickly a question on that. Are you saying it's time for less partisan more centrist leadership?

Definitions:

play/hold/keep your card close to your chest:
to keep your ideas, plans, etc. secret.

centrist:
a person with political views that are not extreme.

Sunday, June 7, 2015

dumb down & lay out

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03


Malcolm Turnbull: [dumb down; lay out; play your cards close to your chest; concede;] Okay, thank you. Okay, I think firstly you have to set out a vision, set out, describe where you want to go. Well {or} you know, what's this {it sort} about; what is your goal; you've got to explain that. That's absolutely critical. Then you've got to explain honestly, not dumbing it {damning a} down, honestly, the problems that we face. You know, what is the problem about the budget? What is the problem with dealing with the NBN? Whatever, pick a topic, but explain it and lay it out factually, and then lay out what the options are and that's where - see,  {is} the honest debate we should be having with Labor Party. It's about the budget. It's one - where we say - we say, okay we all know what the budget problem is: we're spending too much, spending more than we're receiving in revenue, pretty obviously, okay? That can not {kind} go on forever, we've got to do something about it. We say, this is what we'd {we} cut this spending raise that revenue, and Labor would say: okay, now we'd {we} cut some other expenditure and raise some different revenue. Then we are going to have an honest debate. But we're not having that honest debate, because with all due respects {respect} to Katherine who is playing her cards, close to a chest, at the moment, Labor is not prepared to actually tell us either concede {consider} there is problem or tell us what their alternative policies are. I think that both - I think there is responsibility on both sides, I think government and opposition should be prepared to put their cards on the table and say and actually have a {the} debate about the measures and you never know, you never know out of that debate you might come out with a third solution that is better than either of those that {who} are originally proposed.

Definitions:

dumb down:
to make something less intellectually challenging; To convey some subject matter in simple terms, avoiding technical or academic language, especially in a way that is considered condescending.

lay out:
to present a proposal, some information, etc. to sb for them to think about and decide on

Saturday, June 6, 2015

carp & problematic

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03

Tony Jones: [carp; sideline] So, I guess to put it to you and to pick up Bryan's point about courage. Are we going to see courage from the Opposition or just the usual small target carping from the sidelines.

Katherine King: [problematic] Yeah. Well, I think that if anything of, you know, our previous time in government and I suspect the Liberal Party are learning this hard and fast too. I think the issue around, you know, not breaking promises is pretty fundamental. I think people are prepared to reform, but what they're not prepared to accept is that you say one thing and then do completely the opposite, and I think that's problematic. But I do think, you know, the question is a very very important one and in fact Malcolm and I were talking briefly about this before we came on stage. And I think there is some damage that we have done to each other by our constant carping at each other -- not personally. but at parties -- which is damaging politics in this country. And I don't know how we step back from that, and I think that it probably takes a different leader from your part, I suspect, at some pointa less pugilistic sort of leader, to be able to do that, to actually start to work with each other on common problems. Now we're seeing that in national security is very important issue that you can have bipartisan work on. But I think we've got a bit of thinking to do as a political body about how we want to be as politicians and how we actually behave. 

Definitions:

carp: 
to complain a lot, especially about things that are not important;

problematic:
full of problems and not certain to be successful;

Friday, June 5, 2015

get mired down in & menacing

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03

Bryan Stevenson: [posture;come into prominence; expedient; get mired down; menacing; ] Well, I think the questioner actually has it exactly right. I think that there are two styles of leadership. One is to say "I am the best leader when I compare myself to the other potential candidates, I am better than they are." And it's not really a forward looking kind of leadership. It's a leadership rooted in the politics and posturing who has power and who is trying to get it and who is going to keep it. And we've seen it in the States, you know, I think Barack Obama  came to prominence because he said I'm going to be a different kind of leader, I have this vision, I have this hope, but our system is very very corruptive. It very much is about compromise. I actually think great leadership comes from people show courage. You know, I would like to say politicians do things that are not politically expedient that require a vision, that sort of reflect a belief in things, they haven't necessarily seen and that are difficult and it's hard to, in an electoral system, be courageous. But ultimately that's what the best presidents, the best leaders do and, I think that, you know, what's interesting to me right now, just globally, I think, the comments have been made earlier are rightWe are in a point now where everybody is so fragile and so determined to hold onto power that they forfeit leadership. And we need leadership. There are a lot of menacing challenges going on around the world. There are economic tensions. The world is getting smaller, and so our governance actually has to get bigger. We cannot afford to get mired down in the local politics of any given nation. We've got to begin to understand what it takes to provide the kind resources and support for peoples around the world. Many of whom have no had power before. And that's the challenge I think we have in America. I think that's the challenge we have in Australia. You need people to actually stand, even if everybody else is sitting; you need people who will speak even if everybody else is quiet, and that conviction, that leadership is what I think unites a nation and makes people believe in governance again.

Definitions:

get/be/become mired down in sth:
to be involved in a difficult situation, especially for a long period of time.

menacing:
seeming likely to cause you harm or danger

Wednesday, June 3, 2015

prominence & expedient

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03

Bryan Stevenson: [posture;come into prominence; expedient; get mired down; menacing; ] Well, I think the questioner actually has it exactly right. I think that there are two styles of leadership. One is to say "I am the best leader when I compare myself to the other potential candidates, I am better than they are." And it's not really a forward looking kind of leadership. It's a leadership rooted in the politics and posturing who has power and who is trying to get it and who is going to keep it. And we've seen it in the States, you know, I think Barack Obama  came to prominence because he said I'm going to be a different kind of leader, I have this vision, I have this hope, but our system is very very corruptive. It very much is about compromise. I actually think great leadership comes from people show courage. You know, I would like to say politicians do things that are not politically expedient that require a vision, that sort of reflect a belief in things, they haven't necessarily seen and that are difficult and it's hard to, in an electoral system, be courageous. But ultimately that's what the best presidents, the best leaders do and, I think that, you know, what's interesting to me right now, just globally, I think, the comments have been made earlier are rightWe are in a point now where everybody is so fragile and so determined to hold onto power that they forfeit leadership. And we need leadership. There are a lot of menacing challenges going on around the world. There are economic tensions. The world is getting smaller, and so our governance actually has to get bigger. We cannot afford to get mired down in the local politics of any given nation. We've got to begin to understand what it takes to provide the kind resources and support for peoples around the world. Many of whom have no had power before. And that's the challenge I think we have in America. I think that's the challenge we have in Australia. You need people to actually stand, even if everybody else is sitting; you need people who will speak even if everybody else is quiet, and that conviction, that leadership is what I think unites a nation and makes people believe in governance again.

Definitions:

prominence:
the state of being important, well known or noticeable;
come into prominence:
to become notable; to become renowned;

expedient:
an action that is useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right;

Tuesday, June 2, 2015

seep & posture

​​
Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03

Tony Jones: [inadequacy;cynicism; seep;] Actually, Bryan, I can bring you in at that point. I was going to bring you in later but he's obviously raised the issue, the power of nope. I mean, Obama raised such high expectations in America, oppositional politics and his own inadequacies as a manager, you could say, have caused terrible cynicism now to seep into American politics, as it has in other countries, what do you say, what are your reflections on this idea?

Bryan Stevenson: [posture;come into prominence; ultimately; get mired down; menacing; ] Well, I think the questioner actually has it exactly right. I think that there are two styles of leadership. One is to say "I am the best leader when I compare myself to the other potential candidates, I am better than they are." And it's not really a forward looking kind of leadership. It's a leadership rooted in the politics and posturing who has power and who is trying to get it and who is going to keep it. And we've seen it in the States, you know, I think Barack Obama  came to prominence because he said I'm going to be a different kind of leader, I have this vision, I have this hope, but our system is very very corruptive. It very much is about compromise. I actually think great leadership comes from people show courage. You know, I would like to say politicians do things that are not politically expedient that require a vision, that sort of reflect a belief in things, they haven't necessarily seen and that are difficult and it's hard to, in an electoral system, be courageous. But ultimately that's what the best presidents, the best leaders do and, I think that, you know, what's interesting to me right now, just globally, I think, the comments have been made earlier are rightWe are in a point now where everybody is so fragile and so determined to hold onto power that they forfeit leadership. And we need leadership. There are a lot of menacing challenges going on around the world. There are economic tensions. The world is getting smaller, and so our governance actually has to get bigger. We cannot afford to get mired down in the local politics of any given nation. We've got to begin to understand what it takes to provide the kind resources and support for peoples around the world. Many of whom have no had power before. And that's the challenge I think we have in America. I think that's the challenge we have in Australia. You need people to actually stand, even if everybody else is sitting; you need people who will speak even if everybody else is quiet, and that conviction, that leadership is what I think unites a nation and makes people believe in governance again.

Definitions:

seep:
to flow slowly and in small quantities through sth or into sth;

posture:
1. to do things only because you want people to notice you, admire you, or be afraid of you;
...



Monday, June 1, 2015

inadequacy & cynicism

Quotations:

qanda_2015_ep03

Tony Jones: [inadequacy;cynicism; seep;] Actually, Bryan, I can bring you in at that point. I was going to bring you in later but he's obviously raised the issue, the power of nope. I mean, Obama raised such high expectations in America, oppositional politics and his own inadequacies as a manager, you could say, have caused terrible cynicism now to seep into American politics, as it has in other countries, what do you say, what are your reflections on this idea?

Definitions:

inadequacy:
the state of not being enough or good enough

cynicism:
1. the belief that people care only about themselves and are not sincere or honest;
2. the beliefs or philosophy of the ancient Greek Cynics;
3. the state or fact of having cynical attitudes or beliefs, or a cynical character or quality;
4. the belief that things will not be successful or useful