Saturday, January 31, 2015

tree-hugger & fair enough

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Ben Elton: [well off; stance; demonise; engulf; get one's line; Greenie tree-hugger; fair enough; 16:26] Do you not feel it is a bit depressing this idea that we wait on other people's opinions to form our own? As a first world nation with still an extraordinarily lucky lifestyle, to point at a developing nation which is only now beginning to gather about itself the luxuries that even quite less well off people still take for granted, and say :"You're not doing anything, why should we?" . I think in terms of a moral and a historical stance, it's going to be very very difficult to defend even in 10 years, let alone in 20 years. You then say also Australians, they got bored of the climate debate about 2007; they didn't really want to talk about it; they are worried about the mortgage. Of course they are. Everyone is. Nobody expects the individual in the street to be able to volunteer to put 20 years ahead economy in the same context of their economy tomorrow, when they are trying to feed their children. That's why we have leaders. That's why we ask for leadership from our politicians. Now it seems to me that Mr. Abbott has constantly followed. He has taken very easy choices, like demonising the carbon tax which was a phrase that was used over and over again. Never once did I hear him actually discussing the reason we talking about carbon emissions. Another: we have this extraordinarily good idea,an obvious idea, the world is one globe, developing nations particularly with low-lying line land, are about to  be engulfed by a series of tsunamis. There's a suggestion that first world should form a fund to perhaps help, since we all live on the same planet and these actions are happening from our carbon burning. Immediately, Tony has got his line: it's Bob Brown Bank. I'll say that over and over again. I won't engage the issue; I won't discuss it; I won't look at the morals; I won't look at the science. I'll say Bob Brown, Bob Brown, Bob Brown, and hopefully, enough of a percent of electorate in our first past the post system, will listen and go, oh, yeah, Greenie tree-hugger and I know what you are talking about. Fair enough, that's a lot of old rubbish.

Definitions:
tree-hugger:
<informal,disapproving>someone who wants to protect the environment, especially forests. this word shows that you think people like this are silly and annoying

fair enough:
used for saying that something seems reasonable but you do not agree with it completely and you would have been happier with something better.

line & greenie

​​
Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Ben Elton: [well off; stance; demonise; engulf; get one's line; Greenie tree-hugger; fair enough; 16:26] Do you not feel it is a bit depressing this idea that we wait on other people's opinions to form our own? As a first world nation with still an extraordinarily lucky lifestyle, to point at a developing nation which is only now beginning to gather about itself the luxuries that even quite less well off people still take for granted, and say :"You're not doing anything, why should we?" . I think in terms of a moral and a historical stance, it's going to be very very difficult to defend even in 10 years, let alone in 20 years. You then say also Australians, they got bored of the climate debate about 2007; they didn't really want to talk about it; they are worried about the mortgage. Of course they are. Everyone is. Nobody expects the individual in the street to be able to volunteer to put 20 years ahead economy in the same context of their economy tomorrow, when they are trying to feed their children. That's why we have leaders. That's why we ask for leadership from our politicians. Now it seems to me that Mr. Abbott has constantly followed. He has taken very easy choices, like demonising the carbon tax which was a phrase that was used over and over again. Never once did I hear him actually discussing the reason we talking about carbon emissions. Another: we have this extraordinarily good idea,an obvious idea, the world is one globe, developing nations particularly with low-lying line land, are about to  be engulfed by a series of tsunamis. There's a suggestion that first world should form a fund to perhaps help, since we all live on the same planet and these actions are happening from our carbon burning. Immediately, Tony has got his line: it's Bob Brown Bank. I'll say that over and over again. I won't engage the issue; I won't discuss it; I won't look at the morals; I won't look at the science. I'll say Bob Brown, Bob Brown, Bob Brown, and hopefully, enough of a percent of electorate in our first past the post system, will listen and go, oh, yeah, Greenie tree-hugger and I know what you are talking about. Fair enough, that's a lot of old rubbish.

Definitions:
​line:
an attitude or a belief, especially one that sb states publicly;

greenie:
a conservationist or environmentalist;


gee & follow through

Quotations: 27Jan2015
qanda_2014_ep42

Sarrah Le Marquand: [extrapolate; now that; gee; follow through; 15:40]Yes, I do. Because I think if you keep saying, well, why would we take action, a bit like what Bill Shorten said this week about why he wouldn't confront Vladimir Putin at G20, and he said: well, Russa doesn't care about Australia. I think a lot of people have extrapolated that sort of view to our action or lack of action on climate change. It had to be led by American and China. Now that that's happened, it's removed a variable or an obstacle from the table. So, I don't think anyone knows what's going to say. To say that we - it's been a game-changer this weekend is a bit like saying: "Gee it was very hot in Brisbane so all the world leaders went back determined to tackle climate change." It's a lot more complicated. They've got to return to their home nations and actually, you know, follow through all the nice words have talked about. That hasn't happened yet obviously.

Definitions:
gee:
a word that someone use to show that they are surprised, annoyed or impressed.

follow through:
pursue to a conclusion or bring to a successful issue;

demonize & engulf

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Ben Elton: [well off; stance; demonize; engulf; get one's line; Greenie tree-hugger; fair enough; 16:26] Do you not feel it is a bit depressing this idea that we wait on other people's opinions to form our own? As a first world nation with still an extraordinarily lucky lifestyle, to point at a developing nation which is only now beginning to gather about itself the luxuries that even quite less well off people still take for granted, and say :"You're not doing anything, why should we?" . I think in terms of a moral and a historical stance, it's going to be very very difficult to defend even in 10 years, let alone in 20 years. You then say also Australians, they got bored of the climate debate about 2007; they didn't really want to talk about it; they are worried about the mortgage. Of course they are. Everyone is. Nobody expects the individual in the street to be able to volunteer to put 20 years ahead economy in the same context of their economy tomorrow, when they are trying to feed their children. That's why we have leaders. That's why we ask for leadership from our politicians. Now it seems to me that Mr. Abbott has constantly followed. He has taken very easy choices, like demonising the carbon tax which was a phrase that was used over and over again. Never once did I hear him actually discussing the reason we talking about carbon emissions. Another: we have this extraordinarily good idea,an obvious idea, the world is one globe, developing nations particularly with low-lying line land, are about to  be engulfed by a series of tsunamis. There's a suggestion that first wold should form a fund to perhaps help, since we all live on the same palnnet and these actions are happening from our carbon burning. Immediately, Tony has got his line: it's Bob Brown Bank. I'll say that over and over again. I won't engage the issue; I won't discuss it; I won't look at the morals; I won't look at the science. I'll say Bob Brown, Bob Brown, Bob Brown, and hopefully, enough of a percent of electorate in our first past the post system, will listen and go, oh, yeah, Greenie tree-hugger and I know what you are talking about. Fair enough, that's a lof of old rubbish.

Definitions:
demonize:
make into a demon;

engulf:
flow over or cover completely;

well off & stance

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Ben Elton: [well off; stance;obvious; low-lying; engulf; get one's line; 16:26] Do you not feel it is a bit depressing this idea that we wait on other people's opinions to form our own? As a first world nation with still an extraordinarily lucky lifestyle, to point at a developing nation which is only now beginning to gather about itself the luxuries that even quite less well off people still take for granted, and say :"You're not doing anything, why should we?" . I think in terms of a moral and a historical stance, it's going to be very very difficult to defend even in 10 years, let alone in 20 years. 

Definitions:
well off:
​having a lot of money; in a good situation;​


stance:
​the opinions that sb has about sth and express publicly;​

Monday, January 26, 2015

extrapolate & now that

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Sarrah Le Marquand: [extrapolate; now that; gee; follow through; 15:40]Yes, I do. Because I think if you keep saying, well, why would we take action, a bit like what Bill Shorten said this week about why he wouldn't confront Vladimir Putin at G20, and he said: well, Russa doesn't care about Australia. I think a lot of people have extrapolated that sort of view to our action or lack of action on climate change. It had to be led by American and China. Now that that's happened, it's removed a variable or an obstacle from the table. So, I don't think anyone knows what's going to say. To say that we - it's been a game-changer this weekend is a bit like saying: "Gee it was very hot in Brisbane so all the world leaders went back determined to tackle climate change." It's a lot more complicated. They've got to return to their home nations and actually, you know, follow through all the nice words have talked about. That hasn't happened yet obviously.

Definitions:
extrapolate:
to estimate sth or form an opinion about sth, using the facts that you have now and that are valid for one situation and supposing that they will be valid for the new one;

now that:
because the thing mentioned is happening or has just happened

Sunday, January 25, 2015

cause & play out

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Sarrah Le Marquand: [unfold; legacy; follow suit; wedge; over the top; cause; poll; play out;13:47] Well, to go to the original question. I think what it is going to mean domestically is going to be really interesting, to watch that unfold over the next few years, because obviously what's happened here is that Barack Obama, as we all know, his hands are tied domestically, and he has turned his attention internationally and obviously he has decided the climate change action is going to be his legacy. So, that's why his acting, what he can actually deliver is really not in his hands unfortunately. Then you look at China, well, they have no choice but to finally act on climate change. People, hundreds of thousands of people die in Beijing every year from climate pollution. So, those two big polluters had to act. Now, Tony Abbott's position, as I understand it, has always been once our (one sound) major trading partners take action on this issue, we follow suit. So, really domestically the issue has been, let's face it; it's been not a complete mess. It peaked amongst mainstream Australians just after the 2007 federal election campaign and I would say probably started to decline when Kevin Rudd abandoned the ETS at the end of 2009 and, notwithstanding the carbon tax which was obviously only something that Julia Gillard was wedged into by the Greens in forming minority government. She did not take the public with her. Yes, I actually think some of the hysteria about the carbon tax was over the top, but the fact is she didn't take the public with her, and it didn't do the cause of climate change action much good in Australian. If you poll Australians, a lot of them would say: yes, I'm concerned about the environment. Then you say to them: are you prepared to pay more for electricity? Are you prepared to sell the SUV and they say no. So, how it plays out domestically, I'll be really interested to see.

Definitions:
cause:
1. a goal, idea, or organization that you support or work for, for example in politics;
...

play out:
1. play it to the end;
2. to bring something to an end, or come to an end

Saturday, January 24, 2015

over the top & poll

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Sarrah Le Marquand: [unfold; legacy; follow suit; wedge; over the top; cause; poll; play out;13:47] Well, to go to the original question. I think what it is going to mean domestically is going to be really interesting, to watch that unfold over the next few years, because obviously what's happened here is that Barack Obama, as we all know, his hands are tied domestically, and he has turned his attention internationally and obviously he has decided the climate change action is going to be his legacy. So, that's why his acting, what he can actually deliver is really not in his hands unfortunately. Then you look at China, well, they have no choice but to finally act on climate change. People, hundreds of thousands of people die in Beijing every year from climate pollution. So, those two big polluters had to act. Now, Tony Abbott's position, as I understand it, has always been once our (one sound) major trading partners take action on this issue, we follow suit. So, really domestically the issue has been, let's face it; it's been not a complete mess. It peaked amongst mainstream Australians just after the 2007 federal election campaign and I would say probably started to decline when Kevin Rudd abandoned the ETS at the end of 2009 and, notwithstanding the carbon tax which was obviously only something that Julia Gillard was wedged into by the Greens in forming minority government. She did not take the public with her. Yes, I actually think some of the hysteria about the carbon tax was over the top, but the fact is she didn't take the public with her, and it didn't do the cause of climate change action much good in Australian. If you poll Australians, a lot of them would say: yes, I'm concerned about the environment. Then you say to them: are you prepared to pay more for electricity? Are you prepared to sell the SUV and they say no. So, how it plays out domestically, I'll be really interested to see.

Definitions:
over the top:
to do something that is more than what is considered normal or suitable;

poll:
1. to ask a large number of members of the public what they think about sth
...

Friday, January 23, 2015

follow suit & wedge

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Sarrah Le Marquand: [unfold; legacy; follow suit; wedge; over the top; cause; poll; play out;13:47] Well, to go to the original question. I think what it is going to mean domestically is going to be really interesting, to watch that unfold over the next few years, because obviously what's happened here is that Barack Obama, as we all know, his hands are tied domestically, and he has turned his attention internationally and obviously he has decided the climate change action is going to be his legacy. So, that's why his acting, what he can actually deliver is really not in his hands unfortunately. Then you look at China, well, they have no choice but to finally act on climate change. People, hundreds of thousands of people die in Beijing every year from climate pollution. So, those two big polluters had to act. Now, Tony Abbott's position, as I understand it, has always been once our (one sound) major trading partners take action on this issue, we follow suit. So, really domestically the issue has been, let's face it; it's been not a complete mess. It peaked amongst mainstream Australians just after the 2007 federal election campaign and I would say probably started to decline when Kevin Rudd abandoned the ETS at the end of 2009 and, notwithstanding the carbon tax which was obviously only something that Julia Gillard was wedged into by the Greens in forming minority government. She did not take the public with her. Yes, I actually think some of the hysteria about the carbon tax was over the top, but the fact is she didn't take the public with her, and it didn't do the cause of climate change action much good in Australian. If you poll Australians, a lot of them would say: yes, I'm concerned about the environment. Then you say to them: are you prepared to pay more for electricity? Are you prepared to sell the SUV and they say no. So, how it plays out domestically, I'll be really interested to see.

Definitions:
follow suit:
to do the same as someone else has done;

wedge:
1. to squeeze or pack something into a small space, or be squeezed or packed in this way;
...

Thursday, January 22, 2015

unfold & legacy

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Sarrah Le Marquand: [unfold; legacy; follow suit; 13:47] Well, to go to the original question. I think what it is going to mean domestically is going to be really interesting, to watch that unfold over the next few years, because obviously what's happened here is that Barack Obama, as we all know, his hands are tied domestically, and he has turned his attention internationally and obviously he has decided the climate change action is going to be his legacy. So, that's why his acting, what he can actually deliver is really not in his hands unfortunately. Then you look at China, well, they have no choice but to finally act on climate change. 

Definitions:
unfold:
1. to develop or expand over time;
2. to make something clear and understood by gradual exposure, or become clear and understood in this way
3. to be gradually made known; to gradually make sth known to other people

legacy:
1. something such as a tradition or problem that exists as a result of something that happened in the past;
2. money or property that is left to somebody in a will.

incidentally & expenditure

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Tanya Plibersek: [deficit, incidentally] We went through the global financial crisis. We had less debt than comparable countries. We had less unemployment. We had three AAA credit ratings, something that Liberals never achieved in their time in government. We left the economy in good shape. Since coming to government, Joe Hockey has doubled the deficit by doing things like giving $9 billion to the Reserve Bank and Tony Abbott says: "We're short of money. We're going to cut pensions. But we're going to have a $20 billion Paid Parental Leave scheme. And just incidentally, the difference between our scheme and the Liberal scheme is: we take money from 

Jon Marshall: [expenditure; 13:25] You guys constantly go on about you credit rating though, but haven't said that, you guys hid an awful lot of away. The NBN was hidden away. A lot of, a lot of forward expenditure was hidden to hide the fact there is a massive debt issue. I still don't really understand how you're planning to pay for all of this.

Definitions:
incidentally:
​used to introduce a new topic, or some extra information, or a question that you have just thought of;​

expenditure:
​an amount of money spent, as a whole or on a particular thing​


Tuesday, January 20, 2015

per capita & deficit

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Tanya Plibersek: [per capita 11:31]Great question. Thank you. Because Liberals ask it all the time. The reason is that we, per capita, are one of the largest emitters in the world, and we have a responsibility to do something about that. I'd like to speak all night about the position of the economy that we left to government. 

Tanya Plibersek: [deficit] We went through the global financial crisis. We had less debt than comparable countries. We had less unemployment. We had three AAA credit ratings, something that Liberals never achieved in their time in government. We left the economy in good shape. Since coming to government, Joe Hockey has doubled the deficit by doing things like giving $9 billion to the Reserve Bank and Tony Abbott says: "We're short of money. We're going to cut pensions. But we're going to have a $20 billion Paid Parental Leave scheme. And just incidentally, the difference between our scheme and the Liberal scheme is: we take money from ...

Definitions:
per capita:
for each person.

deficit:
the amount by which money spent or owed is greater than money earned in a particular period of time.

Monday, January 19, 2015

on earth & standing point

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

John Marshall: [on earth; standing point; 11:02] The Labor Party has left us with a massive debt that's continuing to spiral out of control. Talking to, sort of, to what Malcolm said: we are a 1% emitter, why on earth would the Labor - they love spending other people's money. They left us in a better position than Greece. That's their standing point. Why on earth do they want us to spend more money over and above our 1% position as a global emitter. It doesn't mean do nothing, but they seem intent on spending our money in a way that exceeds really our contribution.​

Definitions:
on earth:
used to add intensity to a question, often indicating surprise or disbelief on the part of the questioner;

standing point/standpoint:
an opinion or a way of thinking about ideas or situations.

Sunday, January 18, 2015

like hell & hypothesize

Quotations:

Jonathan Holmes: [like hell] The Republican Party will block an ETS, which is why there is no ETS in the United States, and they have to resort, on equivalent, to direct action. They have to rely on the executive power. Executive power can be reversed, if a different president gets in. It seems to me, the most sensible policy for the Coalition at the moment, since it doesn't have a policy to reduce emissions by more than 5%, is to hope like hell that Republicans win the White House in 2016, and then it will all go away.

Malcolm Turnbull: [hypothesize] Well, Tony, that remains to be seen. I mean, you are asking me to hypothesize about, you know, a scheme in the future ...

Definitions:
like hell:
1. very fast or very intensely;
2. ...

hypothesize:
to suggest a possible explanation for something based on the information you have, but without knowing whether the explanation is really true

Saturday, January 17, 2015

priceless & hear out

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Malcolm Turnbull: [make up; priceless; 07:44] This man is a journalist. He used to be on Media Watch and tell working journalists how to do their job and he's just making things up. It's priceless. It's unreal.

Jonathan Holmes: [hear me out; 07:53] Okay. Hear me out. Hear me out. 

Definitions:
priceless:
1. extremely amusing
2. extremely valuable or important

hear me out/hear out:
to continue listening until somebody or something has finished


Friday, January 16, 2015

fig leaf & make up

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Tanya Plibersek: [fig leaf 07:13] Well, Malcolm has already said that the direct action is a fig leaf to hide inaction on climate change.

Malcolm Turnbull: [make up; priceless; 07:44] This man is a journalist. He used to be on Media Watch and tell working journalists how to do their job and he's just making things up. It's priceless. It's unreal.

Definitions:
fig leaf:
1. a leaf of a fig tree, traditionally used for covering the sex organs of naked bodies in paintings and on statues;
2. a thing that is used to hide an embarrassing fact or situation

make up:
1. to invent an excuse, fact or story;



Thursday, January 15, 2015

dichotomy & wind turbine

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Tanya Plibersek: [trajectory; dichotomy; wind turbine; 05:39]What's happening in Australia is not only that we are not taking action. We are actually taking action in the wrong direction. We are going backwards on climate change. We had a Prime Minister boasting to world leaders that we are getting rid of an effective price on carbon pollution. We saw when we introduced the price on carbon pollution as 7% decline in emissions from national electricity market. Since getting rid of price on carbon, we are headed on a trajectory that would see an increase of 2% in the first year, and we had Tony Abbott put up this false dichotomy: you can either look after the environment or you can look after the economy. In fact, what we're seeing is our weakness, your government trying to get rid of the renewable energy target, our weakness on putting price on carbon, we're seeing a decline in the investment. We've seen Australia fall from the 4th most attractive destination for renewable energy investment to the 8th most in a year. And we've seen job losses, like the hundred jobs that were lost in Victoria from the factory that makes the towers for the wind turbines. We saw employment in green jobs double while we were in government. We saw solar panels go from 7.5 thousand roofs to a million roofs across Australia.

Definitions:
dichotomy:
the separation that exists between two groups or things that are completely opposite to and different from each other;

wind turbine:
a type of modern windmill used for producing electricity.

turbine:
a machine or an engine that receives its power from a wheel that is turned by the pressure of water, air or gas.

Wednesday, January 14, 2015

reinsurance & trajectory

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42

Malcolm Turnbull: [reinsurance, 05:13] I mean, ask any insurance company, ask any the big reinsurance (insurance) company. I mean,  of course it's ..

Tanya Plibersek: [trajectory; dichotomy; wind turbine; 05:39]What's happening in Australia is not only that we are not taking action. We are actually taking action in the wrong direction. We are going backwards on climate change. We had a Prime Minister boasting to world leaders that we are getting rid of an effective price on carbon pollution. We saw when we introduced the price on carbon pollution as 7% decline in emissions from national electricity market. Since getting rid of price on carbon, we are headed on a trajectory that would see an increase of 2% in the first year, and we had Tony Abbott put up this false dichotomy: you can either look after the environment or you can look after the economy. In fact, what we're seeing is our weakness, your government trying to get rid of the renewable energy target, our weakness on putting price on carbon, we're seeing a decline in the investment. We've seen Australia fall from the 4th most attractive destination for renewable energy investment to the 8th most in a year. And we've seen job losses, like the hundred jobs that were lost in Victoria from the factory that makes the towers for the wind turbines. We saw employment in green jobs double while we were in government. We saw solar panels go from 7.5 thousand roofs to a million roofs across Australia.

Definitions:
reinsurance:
the practice of one insurance company buying insurance from another company against any losses that result from claims that are made against it;

trajectory:
the curved path of sth that has been fired, hit or thrown into the air;

in one fell swoop & tilt

Quotations:

qanda_2014_ep42

Ben Elton: [in one fell swoop 04:00] And the critical thing to understand is that we have a Prime Minister who stands before the world and says he wants to talk about economic growth but he is not prepared to talk about climate change. The two are not mutually exclusive. This man has children. He knows, he knows about Newton's third law of mechanics. Every action has an equal and opposite reaction. The combined energy of the sun is locked into a battery in the air, we suck billions of years of energy out in one fell swoop, and set fire to it, that is going to have consequences. And in front of the world, our Prime Minister sought over and over again to dodge those issues. Now, I know you feel very strongly about these issues. But you are forced to hide some of that, because of the party that you represent.

Ben Elton: [tilt at 04:43] I know and I think you've done a good job and and I wish you'd have a tilt at the leadership. The fact is - this is a crisis. Tony has children. Why? He is not stupid?

Definitions:
in one fell swoop:
with one sudden action, or on one single occasion.

tilt:(have a tilt at)
1. a spoken or written attack on somebody or something;
...

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

it remains to be seen & bipartisan

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Malcolm Turnbull: [address; arrest; promising; remain; bipartisan; 01:40] Well, I hope the announcement by President Xi and President Obama is going to put pressure on the entire global community, to do more on climate change - the entire global community. The reality is that the climate change effort, you know, the global effort to address climate change and, seek to slow and hopefully arrest global warming, has always been waiting for a deal between China and the United States. Now, I think this is a very promising announcement and the government has welcome it and I welcome it, and you know, Tanya's side welcome it. Everyone is pleased. How far it will actually go remains to be seen. Is it really going to happen; you know, how much ability does Obama have to really deliver, all of those are very good questions. But it is a very positive step. Now as far as the cuts in emissions that are the Australian government's policy which is 5% from 2000 levels by 2020, that is a bipartisan commitment, that doesn't sound like a huge number but it actually is, when you compare it to business as usual, because our economy has been growing rapidly since 2000. So our cuts to 2020 in short are very comparable to those the American president has been talking about.

Definitions:
remain:(it remains to be seen)
It's still unclear.

bipartisan:
involving two political parties.

Monday, January 12, 2015

arrest & promising

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Malcolm Turnbull: [address; arrest; promising; remain; bipartisan; 01:40] Well, I hope the announcement by President Xi and President Obama is going to put pressure on the entire global community, to do more on climate change - the entire global community. The reality is that the climate change effort, you know, the global effort to address climate change and, seek to slow and hopefully arrest global warming, has always been waiting for a deal between China and the United States. Now, I think this is a very promising announcement and the government has welcome it and I welcome it, and you know, Tanya's side welcome it. Everyone is pleased. How far it will actually go remains to be seen. Is it really going to happen; you know, how much ability does Obama have to really deliver, all of those are very good questions. But it is a very positive step. Now as far as the cuts in emissions that are the Australian government's policy which is 5% from 2000 levels by 2020, that is a bipartisan commitment, that doesn't sound like a huge number but it actually is, when you compare it to business as usual, because our economy has been growing rapidly since 2000. So our cuts to 2020 in short are very comparable to those the American president has been talking about.

Definitions:
arrest:
1. to stop a process or a development;
2. to make sb notice and pay attention to it;
3. if sb arrests, their hearts stops beating;
...

promising:
showing signs of being good or successful.

Sunday, January 11, 2015

hashtag & address

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep42
Tony John: [host; hashtag 00:25] Thank you and good evening. Welcome to Q&A and I'm Tony Johns. Joining us tonight: former Media Watch host Jonathan Holmes; the minister for communications Malcolm Turnbull; Daily Telegraph opinion editor Sarrah Le Marquand; comedian, author and co-writer of The Young Ones Ben Elton, and the Deputy Opposition Leader Tanya Plibersek. Please welcome our panel. And you can join the twitter conversation by using the #qanda hashtag. If you've got a live question, at @qanda to help us find it. Our facebook followers want us (wanted) to see the discuss Tony Abbott's G20 performance, international action on climate change and ABC funding. Well, our first question tonight comes from Greg Noonan.

Malcolm Turnbull: [address; arrest; promising; remain; bipartisan; 01:40] Well, I hope the announcement by President Xi and President Obama is going to put pressure on the entire global community, to do more on climate change - the entire global community. The reality is that the climate change effort, you know, the global effort to address climate change and, seek to slow and hopefully arrest global warming, has always been waiting for a deal between China and the United States. Now, I think this is a very promising announcement and the government has welcome it and I welcome it, and you know, Tanya's side as Sarah welcome it. Everyone is pleased. How far it will actually go remains to be seen. Is it really going to happen; you know, how much ability does Obama have to really deliver, all of those are very good questions. But it is a very positive step. Now as far as the cuts in emissions that are the Australian government's policy which is 5% from 2000 levels by 2020, that is a bipartisan commitment, that doesn't sound like a huge number but it actually is, when you compare it to business as usual, because our economy has been growing rapidly since 2000. So our cuts to 2020 in short are very comparable to those the American president has been talking about.

Definitions:
hashtag:
a word or phrase preceded by a hash sign (#), used on social media sites such as Twitter to identify messages on a specific topic.

address:
1. address (yourself to) sth, to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to deal with it;
2. to make a formal speech to a group of people;

Saturday, January 10, 2015

imminent & host

Quotations:

qanda_2014_ep41
 [w imminent] I thought you're quite scary. That's all we have time for tonight, please thank our panel:  Baroness Susan Greenfield, Anthony Albanese, James Paterson, Laura John and Greg Hunt. Thank you. Next week. Thank you. Next week on Q&A with government's decision on ABC funding imminent. We're joined by the minister for communications Malcolm Turnbull, the Deputy Opposition Leader Tanya Plibersek, former Media Watch host Jonathan Holmes, Daily Telegraph opinion editor Sarrah Le Marquand and comedian and author Ben Elton. So until next week's Q&A. Good night. 

qanda_2014_ep42
Tony John: [host; hashtag 00:25] Thank you and good evening. Welcome to Q&A and I'm Tony Johns. Joining us tonight: former Media Watch host Jonathan Holmes; the minister for communications Malcolm Turnbull; Daily Telegraph opinion editor Sarrah Le Marquand; comedian, author and co-writer of The Young Ones Ben Elton, and the Deputy Opposition Leader Tanya Plibersek. Please welcome our panel. And you can join the twitter conversation by using the #qanda hashtag. If you've got a live question, at @qanda to help us find it. Our facebook followers want us (wanted) to see the discuss Tony Abbott's G20 performance, international action on climate change and ABC funding. Well, our first question tonight comes from Greg Noonan.

Definitions:
imminent:
likely to happen very soon;

host:
1. a person who introduces a television or radio show, and talks to guests;
2. a country, a city or an organization that holds and arranges a special event;
...


Friday, January 9, 2015

market-oriented & Stalinist

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41

 [w market-oriented; Stalinist; 1:00:06] Well, I have, on economic policy. I'm very much a market-oriented the economist, I believe that markets can be democratic mechanisms, that's why I support the emissions trading Scheme rather than the Stalinist command-style like Greg Hunt.

Definitions:
market-oriented:
a mixed economy, etc.that relies on the free market to allocate resources with a minimal amount of government involvement.

Stalinist:
Stalinism:
the political principles and economic policies developed by Joseph Stalin from Marxist-Leninist thought, which included centralized autocratic rule and total suppression of dissent

Thursday, January 8, 2015

hard-wired & end up

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41

[w, for want of a better term/word; hard-wired; 57:30] I guess, I guess I'm not very well placed to judge. I gather by the tone of the question there is something defective with my brain, so I'm probably not very capable of accessing it. In all seriousness, this is a really interesting area of study. Jonathan Haidt wrote a book about this a couple of years ago which found that one of the reasons why progressives and conservatives, for want of a better term, don't connect don't always line up and can't communicate with each other is that they have very different value bases. They think about things from very different point of view, and so sometimes will see people on the opposite side of ideological divide, and can't understand why they have the position they do, just assume that they must be badly motivated. It must be because they are being donated to by coal companies, for example. But the truth is, actually, we just approach things from a different value's perspective and that's kind of hard-wired in us. 

[w end up 58:22] How did you end up as a progressive? Was it nature or nurture?

Definitions:
hard-wired:
1. behavior that is hard-wired is caused by your genes and the way that your brain is made, rather than learned from experience;
2. a hard-wired computer system or other system cannot be changed by the user because it has been built to operate in a particular way.

end up:
1. to become something eventually;
2. to arrive at a destination at long last;

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

with due respect & for want of a better term/word

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w with due respect/regard to; ]Except, except, with due respect to greg. The asset recycling fund is itself recycled. It's money that was taken from the building Australia fund that was already in the budget for public transport, and been renamed, the $5 billion renamed, asset recycling fund. It's not any new money. There's no new money here. 

 [w, for want of a better term/word; hard-wired; 57:30] I guess, I guess I'm not very well placed to judge. I gather by the tone of the question there is something defective with my brain, so I'm probably not very capable of accessing it. In all seriousness, this is a really interesting area of study. Jonathan Haidt wrote a book about this a couple of years ago which found that one of the reasons why progressives and conservatives, for want of a better term, don't connect don't always line up and can't communicate with each other is that they have very different value bases. They think about things from very different point of view, and so sometimes will see people on the opposite side of ideological divide, and can't understand why they have the position they do, just assume that they must be badly motivated. It must be because they are being donated to by coal companies, for example. But the truth is, actually, we just approach things from a different value's perspective and that's kind of hard-wired in us. 


Definitions:
with due respect:
used when you are going to disagree with someone or criticize someone, in order to sound more polite

for want of a better term/word:
if you say that you are using a particular word for want of a better word, you mean that it is not quite exact or suitable but there is no better one

Tuesday, January 6, 2015

rolling stock & open up

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41

[w, all up; rolling stock; open up; 55:47] We've got a, at the moment, as I say, the states are looking immediately at the asset recycling fund for a second rail tunnel in terms of Sydney. I mentioned the Tullamarine to Melbourne rail project. What we see is because of the money the $3 billion all up which is going to East-West Link in Melbourne, that's allowed the state to be able to invest $3.9 billion announced on the weekend with regards to rolling stock and rail. So, if you are providing money for transport, it can both direct for rail or it can open up space for rail and you need both.

Definitions:
rolling stock:
the engines, trains, etc. that are used on a railway/railroad

open up: 
1. to make something more accessible or available to a wider range of people, or become more accessible
2. to make an opening in something, especially in order to get access

Monday, January 5, 2015

representation & all up

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41

[w representation] No, I don't think that's a  fair representation.

[w, all up; rolling stock; open up; 55:47] We've got a, at the moment, as I say, the states are looking immediately at the asset recycling fund for a second rail tunnel in terms of Sydney. I mentioned the Tullamarine to Melbourne rail project. What we see is because of the money the $3 billion all up which is going to East-West Link in Melbourne, that's allowed the state to be able to invest $3.9 billion announced on the weekend with regards to rolling stock and rail. So, if you are providing money for transport, it can both direct for rail or it can open up space for rail and you need both.

Definitions:
representation:
1. the act of presenting sb/sth in a particular way; something that shows or describes sth;
2. formal statements made to sb in authority, especially in order to make your opinion known or to protest.
...

all up:
1. at or very near an end :  with death, defeat, or failure hopelessly or unalterably approaching —used predicatively and in impersonal constructions with it.
2.  total inclusive of the weight of machine, necessary flight accessories, crew, passengers, and cargo 

Sunday, January 4, 2015

divide & oft-

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41

[w divide] Now. Greg Hunt. Is there a philosophical debate here now between rail and roads. You are a government that believes heavily in roads - I'm not sure if this is true or not, but you don't seem to believe in rail to the same degree. Tell us, if there is a philosophical divide?

 [w oft- 55:20] It goes down to the issue of, well, for example, whether the Prime Minister's oft-stated comments about, a man, a humble man being king in his car, and he is equally oft-stated the comments in battleland, suggesting that public transport is not a really great way to spend money, because it's dominated by the unions.

Definitions:
divide:
1. an important difference or disagreement between two people or groups;
2. to separate or split something into two or more parts, or be separated or split into parts

oft-:
often used with the past participle of many verbs.

Saturday, January 3, 2015

down the track & wind up

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w down the track; 52:46] I mean, do you think it's a good idea for him to scrap a project which is so far down the track?

[w wind up 53:21] Okay, well, I'm sorry. I'm going to have to get you to wind up so we can hear from Greg Hunt.

Definitions:
down the track:
idiomatic - Further along, in terms of time or progress. 

wind up:
1. to conclude something or to bring an activity to an end;
2. to make somebody nervous or irritated, usually deliberately;
3. to close down a business, bringing trading to an end;
4. tighten the spring of a clock to make it function;


Friday, January 2, 2015

inject & funnel

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w inject 49:50]Okay. My question is for Anthony Albanese. I live in St. Peters, Sydney where homes in your electorate, are about to be destroyed to make way for roads that support multi-billion dollar WestConnex motorway project. This motorway will devastate communities throughout Sydney, much as the East-West Link is set to do in Melbourne. Why do governments inject huge amounts of money into these projects, claiming the end result will ease traffic congestion, when all the evidence shows building bigger roads is not the solution.

[w funnel]I certainly don't think that funnelling traffic on the - for those people who know Sydney in this audience and national audience, funnelling traffic into what is the most congested areas of Sydney just to the West of the airport, does not make any sense and I've asked a briefing.  I've written -- the NSW minister chose to give that correspondence to The Telegraph and make it public. But I want to see effective infrastructure investment. So, I don't agree in opposing all road investment, just as I don't agree ...

Definitions:
inject:
1. to give money to an organization, a project, etc. so that it can function;
2. to put a drug or other substance into a person's or an animal's body;

funnel:
1. to move into and through a narrow space, or direct something into and through a narrow space
2. to direct or channel all of something from one place or use to another
3. to form something into the shape of a funnel

Thursday, January 1, 2015

reflect on & vibrant

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w reflect on 48:8] You know, we started with a question about whether the voting age should be increased? Do you want to reflect on that or do you think  ...

 [w vibrant; 48:45]Yeah. Look, obviously I respect the question but I disagree. I think that people who are 18, 19, and 20 are full of life and ideas and there is no question that some will have influence from their parents, but these are some of the most vibrant minds in our society and it's an age which reflects the end of school, and an age which reflects the ability to drive to drink and to fight for your country. 

Definitions:
reflect on:
to think carefully and deeply about sth;

reflect:
1. to express or be an indicator of something;
2. if a surface reflects something, you can see the image of that thing on the surface

vibrant:
1. full of life and energy;
2. very bright and strong;
3. loud and powerful;