Wednesday, December 31, 2014

cop & polling day

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w go out of one's way; cop; polling day; 47:21] I think often, unfortunately, a lot of the people who argue for voluntary voting are the same people who, like in the United States, go out their way, go out their way to keep people off the rolle and to make it difficult for people to vote. I think compulsory voting is very important. It means that you can actually debate the issues and don't have to worry about, you know, the get out of the vote which is the obsession. You win an election is in many countries by getting people to vote rather than what they vote for and issues, and the truth is that, you know, you cop results in this country and you know I think, you know, unfortunately, we did not win the last election, but you cop it, because you know that everyone got their say on polling day.​

Definitions:
cop:
1. to receive or suffer sth unpleasant;
2. police officer;

polling day:
a day on which people vote in an election;

poll:
1. the process of voting at an election;
2. the process of counting the votes;
3. the process of questioning people who are representative of a larger group in order to get information about the general opinion

Tuesday, December 30, 2014

self-obsessed & go out of one's way

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w self-obsessed 47:01] So, in spite of your view that a lot of young people are immature, self-obsessed, narcissistic, you still think they should get a vote? 

 [w go out of one's way; cop; polling day; 47:21 I think often, unfortunately, a lot of the people who argue for voluntary voting are the same people who, like in the United States, go out their way, go out their way to keep people off the rolle and to make it difficult for people to vote. I think compulsory voting is very important. It means that you can actually debate the issues and don't have to worry about, you know, the get out of the vote which is the obsession. You win an election is in many countries by getting people to vote rather than what they vote for and issues, and the truth is that, you know, you cop results in this country and you know I think, you know, unfortunately, we did not win the last election, but you cop it, because you know that everyone got their say on polling day.

Definitions:
self-obsessed:
the act of being constantly preoccupied with the thought of yourself and everything in this world that involves you or should involve you. A self-obsessed individual is someone who just can't help thinking and talking about themselves.

go out of one's way:
1. to make an effort to do something; to accept the bother of doing something. 
2. to travel an indirect route or an extra distance in order to do something.


Monday, December 29, 2014

parrot & arbitrary

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w apathetic; deface; ballot; plank; referendum; parrot; arbitrary; 45:57] Well, the thing that many of us applaud Australia is the compulsory voting. When you live in a society where everyone is really apathetic. Well, you know, if you want to make protest you could perhaps deface the ballot paper, you don't have to vote -- if you want to, you go and make some kind of statement, but at least you're making a statement. People have died to get the vote. People have chained themselves to get the vote. Women were force raped to get the vote and so don't knock it. You know, and I just really think that it is the absolute plank of a healthy democracy. I feel very strongly about this. And what's so interesting about the voting age is, as I'm sure many people are familiar with the famous Scottish referendum that we had last September, yeah, where the voting age was  reduced to 16, and again, the same kind of questions arose. At what age are you a responsible, accountable adult,  or what stage are you just parroting the views of your parents? And I think the answer is, as Laura said, is obviously you can have very mature 16-year-old, you can have completely immature 30-year-old. So I'm afraid that's what democracy is. That's why I would agree with James there that you have to have some arbitrary age and why not have the age when you can die for you country. It seems a good one to me.

Definitions:
parrot:
to copy or repeat what someone says without thinking about it or understanding it properly;

arbitrary:
1. not seeming to be based on a reason, system or plan and sometimes seeming unfair;
2. using power without restriction and without considering other people;

ballot & plank

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w apathetic; deface; ballot; plank; referendum; parrot; arbitrary; 45:57] Well, the thing that many of us applaud Australia is the compulsory voting. When you live in a society where everyone is really apathetic. Well, you know, if you want to make protest you could perhaps deface the ballot paper, you don't have to vote -- if you want to, you go and make some kind of statement, but at least you're making a statement. People have died to get the vote. People have chained themselves to get the vote. Women were force raped to get the vote and so don't knock it. You know, and I just really think that it is the absolute plank of a healthy democracy. I feel very strongly about this. And what's so interesting about the voting age is, as I'm sure many people are familiar with the famous Scottish referendum that we had last September, yeah, where the voting age was  reduced to 16, and again, the same kind of questions arose. At what age are you a responsible, accountable adult,  or what stage are you just parroting the views of your parents? And I think the answer is, as Laura said, is obviously you can have very mature 16-year-old, you can have completely immature 30-year-old. So I'm afraid that's what democracy is. That's why I would agree with James there that you have to have some arbitrary age and why not have the age when you can die for you country. It seems a good one to me.

Definitions:
ballot:
1. the piece of paper on which sb marks who they are voting for;
2. the system of voting in writing and usually in secret; 
3. to total number of votes in an election;

plank:
1. a main point in the policy of an organization, especially a political party;
2. a long narrow flat piece of wood that is used for making floors etc.

Sunday, December 28, 2014

apathetic & deface

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w apathetic; deface; ballot; plank; referendum; parrot; arbitrary; 45:57] Well, the thing that many of us applaud Australia is the compulsory voting. When you live in a society where everyone is really apathetic. Well, you know, if you want to make protest you could perhaps deface the ballot paper, you don't have to vote -- if you want to, you go and make some kind of statement, but at least you're making a statement. People have died to get the vote. People have chained themselves to get the vote. Women were force raped to get the vote and so don't knock it. You know, and I just really think that it is the absolute plank of a healthy democracy. I feel very strongly about this. And what's so interesting about the voting age is, as I'm sure many people are familiar with the famous Scottish referendum that we had last September, yeah, where the voting age was  reduced to 16, and again, the same kind of questions arose. At what age are you a responsible, accountable adult,  or what stage are you just parroting the views of your parents? And I think the answer is, as Laura said, is obviously you can have very mature 16-year-old, you can have completely immature 30-year-old. So I'm afraid that's what democracy is. That's why I would agree with James there that you have to have some arbitrary age and why not have the age when you can die for you country. It seems a good one to me.

Definitions:
apathetic:
showing no interest or enthusiasm;

deface:
1. to spoil the appearance of something, especially intentionally;
2. to deliberately damage something valuable by writing on it or breaking it;

Friday, December 26, 2014

ideological & fractionally

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w ideological] Well, no, no, no, I don't argue that drives their policy either. I think it's ideological. I think it's ideological the difference between the two approaches. 

 [w fractionally 42:51] When you actually start countries at the same point, if you start Australia and the US over the generation, the 30-year period. That's under consideration from 1990 to 2020, the US and Australia are almost identical. So the US had a large rise in emissions and then a drop, Australia had a - is almost, almost at exactly the same emissions, only fractionally above where we are 25 years ago. So we've done a tremendous job, but we can do more going forwards.

Definitions:
ideological:
based on, or relating to, an ideology;

ideology:
a set of beliefs, values, and opinions that shapes the way a person or a group such as a social class thinks, acts, and understands the world

fractionally:
to a very small degree.

Thursday, December 25, 2014

crystal ball & put a premium on

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w crystal ball; premium; 20:24]Well, I haven't got crystal ball, but I applaud the government for doing that and I'm glad that you cite us as a, I've got here, I did some homework, 15% by 2020 of renewables. And I think our government puts a premium on the science. We're very sensitive to the science and technology. And that's why I ask these politicians again, both of you, is there any conflict of interest at all, for example with coal industry or not? Is it purely science? No one has answered this, yeah, please answer me. I'm an outsider and I am just innocently asking the question.

Definitions:
crystal ball:
a clear glass ball used by people who claim they can predict what will happen in the future by looking into it.

put/place/set a premium on something/somebody:
to think that sb/sth is particularly important or valuable.

Wednesday, December 24, 2014

cover & Orwellian

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w cover; Orwellian 38:35] Well, I mean Greg provides a cover. Comes here and talks about climate change and actions af if something is actually happening. It's Orwellian. The fact is, the fact is: this is a government that is tearing down the structures. They would have gotten rid of the climate change authority if they could have. They want to trash renewable energy target. They are not ...

Definitions:
cover:
1. a false identity or a pretext that provides protection for somebody such as a spy or detective
2. protection provided, especially to an attacking force, by other forces located nearby or in the air;
....

Orwellian:
used to describe a political system in which a government tries to have complete control over people's behaviour and thoughts.

Tuesday, December 23, 2014

substantially & get on board

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w substantially 36:55] And are they going to be substantially beyond the 5% reduction by 2020 that you've already committed to.

 [w get on board 37:42] And so if the other major trading partners, the other countries is agree to an 80% reduction, for example, by 2050, and equivalent reductions to the EU, 40% by 2030, would you be agreeing to get on board with those kind of targets?

Definitions:
substantially:
very much; in most details, even if not completely;

get on board:
to agree; to go along with;

preempt & with regard to

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w preempt; with regard to 36:18] Yeah, you can understand that I won't pre-empt my colleagues or suddenly announce them this evening. But what I can guarantee is that firstly, we're doing our best to help play a leadership role with regard to the great forests and the protections; secondly, to help develop some of the technology to reduce emissions from the existing power stations; and then thirdly we pay a ... in terms of targets.

Definitions:
preempt:
1. to do something that makes it pointless or impossible for somebody else to do what he or she intended;
2. to do or say something that stops someone else's plan or action
3. to do or say sth before sb else does


with regard to:
concerning a particular subject;

Sunday, December 21, 2014

lead up to & biodiveristy

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w in the lead up to; biodiversity; 35:34] Sure. Look, obviously, as you say, in the lead up to Paris conference which is at the end of 2015, we will be talking publicly. We'll go through a process of discussion between now and then, it starts, tomorrow, in fact, Australian is hosting an Asia-Pacific rainforest summit, working with countries from around the region in protecting the great forests of the region which reduces emissions improves biodiversity and it protects local communities, right here, in Sydney. We are the International host of that, and that then flows onto the world parks congress. So, we are engage in ...

Definitions:
lead up to:
1. lead up to something if events, problems, actions etc lead up to an important event, they happen one after another in a way that makes it possible for the event to happen;
2. lead up to something to gradually direct a conversation towards a particular subject, especially one that is difficult or embarrassing

biodiversity:
the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a balanced environment

Saturday, December 20, 2014

ballpark & come up with

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w ballpark; come up with; 36:07] Do you currently have even ballpark figures for the kind of targets that Australia will need to reach in 2030 and in 2050, which you are going to have to come up with around March or April next year.

Definitions:
ballpark:
1. an area or a range within which an amount is likely to be correct or within which sth can be measured;
2. a place where baseball is played;

come up with:
1. to think of something such as an idea or a plan;
2. to produce or provide something that people want;

Friday, December 19, 2014

delegate & across the board

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w delegate; across the board; 34:44]When I was at the United Stations, I was able to work with youth delegates from all around the world, and across the board, from young people developing countries to developed countries, we're saying that we really need urgent action on climate change, and we need international community to come together. So something that I'm really hoping to see is Australia continue to engage really meaningfully in these UN negotiations, and part of that should be an increased investment in renewable energy.

Definitions:
delegate:
a person who is chosen or elected to represent the views of a group of people and vote and make decisions for them;

across the board:
including all parts of something;

Thursday, December 18, 2014

rent-seeking & rule out

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w bailout; rent-seeking 31:35] On the negative side though I worry that it encourages business to think of government as a customer or a source of finance. Now, earlier this year the Abbott government made, in my view, an excellent decision to refuse a bailout to Qantas, but Qantas has recently said that they will be seeking funds through the Emissions reduction fund to buy a whole new fleet of planes that are more energy efficient. It will be quite ironic if the government refused to bailout for Qanats for jobs but turned around and gave bailout for the environment. This is the kind of, you know, industrial scale rent-seeking that these kinds of policies encourage that is very damaging.

 [w rule out; 33:21] Do you rule it out?

Definitions:
rent-seeking:
the activity of companies or individuals of obtaining privileges such as a monopoly right over a product or service in order to increase their income;

rule out:
to stop considering something as a possibility;

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

pariah & bailout

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w whereby;pariah; 30:00] We do know, because it's simply, we can see the action already. Already we are seeing, the fleeing of the renewable energy sector from Australia; already we are seeing increased usage of brown coal in Australia; already we are seeing a response whereby Australia is so embarrassed by its position. They don't want to debate climate change at the G20. I mean the world wants to discuss climate change and to be engaged in it. Australia's gone from a leader to a pariah.

 [w bailout; rent-seeking 31:35] On the negative side though I worry that it encourages business to think of government as a customer or a source of finance. Now, earlier this year the Abbott government made, in my view, an excellent decision to refuse a bailout to Qantas, but Qantas has recently said that they will be seeking funds through the Emissions reduction fund to buy a whole new fleet of planes that are more energy efficient. It will be quite ironic if the government refused to bailout for Qanats for jobs but turned around and gave bailout for the environment. This is the kind of, you know, industrial scale rent-seeking that these kinds of policies encourage that is very damaging.


Definitions:
pariah:
a person who is not acceptable to society and is avoided by everyone;

bailout:
an act of giving money to a company, a foreign country, etc. that has very serious financial problems.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

electorate & whereby

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41

[w pose a question; mandate; electorate 29:39] Anthony Albanese, can I just pose a question to you just on this issue. I mean, they had a mandate to get rid of the carbon tax and they very clearly said they weren't going to have an Emissions Trading Scheme, so the only policy they have left, the policy they went to the electorate with, is direct action, isn't it time to see whether that works. You can't possibly know yet, because it hasn't even started. 

 [w whereby;pariah; 30:00] We do know, because it's simply, we can see the action already. Already we are seeing, the fleeing of the renewable energy sector from Australia; already we are seeing increased usage of brown coal in Australia; already we are seeing a response whereby Australia is so embarrassed by its position. They don't want to debate climate change at the G20. I mean the world wants to discuss climate change and to be engaged in it. Australia's gone from a leader to a pariah.

Definitions:
electorate:
the people in a country or an area who have the right to vote, thought of as a group;

whereby:
because of which, by which;

Sunday, December 14, 2014

pose a question & mandate

Definitions:
qanda_2014_ep41

[w pose a question; mandate; electorate 29:39] Anthony Albanese, can I just pose a question to you just on this issue. I mean, they had a mandate to get rid of the carbon tax and they very clearly said they weren't going to have an Emissions Trading Scheme, so the only policy they have left, the policy they went to the electorate with, is direct action, isn't it time to see whether that works. You can't possibly know yet, because it hasn't even started. 

Definitions:
pose a question:
to ask a question, especially one that needs serious thought;

mandate:
1. the authority bestowed on a government or other organization by an electoral victory, effectively authorizing it to carry out the policies for which it campaigned;
2. an official command or instruction from an authority;

Saturday, December 13, 2014

nickel & sector

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w nickel 28:38]There was a system which did that. The ALP's carbon tax was accompanied by $30 billion of payments to large firms, $5.5 billion including cash payments of $250 million each to  Loy Yang, Hazelwood and Yallourn Power Stations - the dirtiest brown coal power stations in Australia; $9.2 billion to zinc, cadmium, steel, nickel, all of the major so-called polluters, then you had another &300 million to steel in addition to everything else. Enormous flows of funds. We don't provide a dollar to anybody unless they actually reduce emissions.

 [w sector 29:20] What we're seeing under your policy, right now, Greg, is brown coal increase in terms of its usage. We're seeing the renewable energy sector essentially flee from Australia.

definitions:
nickel:
a chemical element. Nickel is a hard silver-white metal used in making some types of steel and other alloys;

sector:
a part of an area of activity, especially of a country's economy;

Friday, December 12, 2014

fabricate & unequivocally

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w fabricate 28:21] What you've just done is fabricated something. Now, you can apologize. 

[w unequivocally 28:25] Actually, actually the person who unequivocally said that a carbon tax would be decent way of doing this was the prime minister, Tony Abbott.

Definitions:
fabricate:
1. to invent false information in order to trick people;
2. to make or produce goods, equipments, etc. from various different materials;

unequivocally:
expressing your opinion or intention very clearly and firmly;

Thursday, December 11, 2014

knowingly & backflip

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w knowingly 27:52] Knowingly, deliberately false.

 [w backflip 27:51] Not just ... in the Parliament you supported an Emissions Trading Scheme. You and Malcolm Turnbull supported it. Tony Abbott came in and you backflipped completely on your core beliefs.

Definitions:
knowingly:
1. if you do something knowingly, you do it deliberately even though you know that what you are doing is wrong or illegal;
2. in a way that shows you know or understand something;

backflip:
1. a completely reverse in attitude;
2. a backward somersault.

Wednesday, December 10, 2014

coalition & cadmium

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w in real terms; back up; coalition 26:22]Well. This is a bad policy. The distinction which Greg drew should be one which taxes polluters, which is what an Emissions Trading Scheme or Market-based Mechanism does, whether it's direct fixed price in the carbon price that was there leading to a Market-based Mechanism. The second is one that just gives money to the big polluters, that's Greg's scheme. $2.5 billion, and it won't work. Ross Garnaut has said that it would cost, in real terms, to meet the target, it would require about $4 billion every year, and that was backed up by Kent Henry, supported that analyses by Ross Garnaut. What worries me about the Coalition isn't-- there are two groups, one are the climate sceptics who don't believe in climate change, don't believe it's happening, don't believe that any human activity is causing global warming. That's one thing, that's understandable, but it's even worse people like Greg, who actually knows and wrote a thesis of calling for an Emission Trading Scheme about it, wrote a thesis.

[w cadmium 27:40] No, Zinc, Cadmium and Lead completely false statement on national television which you should withdraw it.

Definitions:
coalition:
a government formed by two or more political parties working together;

cadmium:
a chemical element, is a soft poisonous bluish-white metal that is used in batteries and nuclear reactors.


Tuesday, December 9, 2014

in real terms & back up

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w in real terms; back up; coalition 26:22]Well. This is a bad policy. The distinction which Greg drew should be one which taxes polluters, which is what an Emissions Trading Scheme or Market-based Mechanism does, whether it's direct fixed price in the carbon price that was there leading to a Market-based Mechanism. The second is one that just gives money to the big polluters, that's Greg's scheme. $2.5 billion, and it won't work. Ross Garnaut has said that it would cost, in real terms, to meet the target, it would require about $4 billion every year, and that was backed up by Kent Henry, supported that analyses by Ross Garnaut. What worries me about the Coalition isn't-- there are two groups, one are the climate sceptics who don't believe in climate change, don't believe it's happening, don't believe that any human activity is causing global warming. That's one thing, that's understandable, but it's even worse people like Greg, who actually knows and wrote a thesis of calling for an Emission Trading Scheme about it, wrote a thesis,

Definitions:
in real terms:
after considering all the things that affect the true value of something;

back up:
1. to provide support for a person or idea;
2. to make a copy of computer data to keep in case anything goes wrong with the original;

Monday, December 8, 2014

tonne & incentive

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w incentive; tonne; 25:07] Sure. The world has two primary systems. One of them is the electricity tax model, and in the other one is the incentives model. The UN Clean Development Mechanism, the largest, most successful system in the world is based on the incentives approach about a billion tonnes of emissions reductions being produced through the Clean Development Mechanism approach where you reduce emissions by providing incentives.

Definitions:
tonne:
a unit for measure weight, equal to 1,000 kilograms;

ton:
in United states, equal 907kg; in UK, equal to 1,016 kg

incentive:
something that encourages you to do something;

Sunday, December 7, 2014

dodgy & subsidiary

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w dodgy; subsidiary; 24:45]Look, it seems like a dodgy deal, to me, that you deal with someone who says that what you're doing is a waste of money and yet, all of a sudden, he supported it. Now, there is obviously some sort of deal been done. The subsidiary question, I suppose, is direct action evidenced anywhere in the world to be successful or this is just a hope.

Definitions:
dodgy:
1. seeming or likely to be dishonest;
2. not working well;
3. involving risk, danger or difficulty;

subsidiary:
1. having secondary importance, or occupying a subordinate position;
2. related to something else but less important than it

Saturday, December 6, 2014

dairy & piggery

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w indigenous; methane; dairy; piggery 23:06] What we've just done is invest two and half billion dollars in reducing emissions in helping indigenous communities to engage in land management, to reduce emissions from savannah wildfires, to work with farmers in capturing carbon in the landscape, to work with the agricultural producers in cleaning up emissions from waste methane from dairies and piggeries, to help energy efficiency on a grand scale.

Definitions:
dairy:
1. a place on a farm where milk is kept and where butter and cheese are made
2. a small local shop;
3. relating to, producing, or containing milk or milk products;

piggery:
a place where pigs are kept or bred;

06 Five minutes limited

6:40 change nappy - feed - breakfast - handwriting - words - listening - reading - feed - settle Ethan - (nap) - journal - listening - go to city for the Christmas party in Nicole's company - reading - dinner in the city - bath - shower 

Yesterday I have just change a new sheet because of his wet. This morning, Ethan did the same thing. I think the real reason is that I did not put on his pant during night, and he liked to scratch the nappy.

I wouldn't have had a talk with Nicole about her leaving earlier than usual and without letting us know. (When we got up at 7:00, Nicole wasn't home, she had already went to work and without any message to us) But Nicole spoke of it when we were settling Ethan. Then I said my opinion for her inconsideration, but she argued me with the points the I did not call her; I didn't consider her thoughts for working earlier, what I only cared was to respect me, I don't etc..  Then we were arguing, then I got out to the living room with Ethan, then Nicole got out to let us get in.

It's good for us to have a short time to calm down and to think about what we've done and said. After Ethan was settled to sleep, I came out to say sorry to Nicole for: 1. I lost temper again and shouted at her ; 2. I can understand your feeling; 
Nicole apologized to me.
It's good.

Thanks for the stop and apologizing to each other after we had an arguing.


Friday, December 5, 2014

indigenous & methane

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w indigenous; methane; dairy; piggery 23:06] What we've just done is invest two and half billion dollars in reducing emissions in helping indigenous communities to engage in land management, to reduce emissions from savannah wildfires, to work with farmers in capturing carbon in the landscape, to work with the agricultural producers in cleaning up emissions from waste methane from dairies and piggeries, to help energy efficiency on a grand scale.

Definitions:
indigenous:
belonging to a particular place rather than coming to it from somewhere else;

methane:
a gas without without colour or smell, that burns easily and is used as fuel.

Thursday, December 4, 2014

eventuate & cut a deal

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w eventuate 22:00] well, let's integrate technology into our school system so that we're learning how to use it appropriately, and perhaps some of these fears you mentioned might not eventuate. 

[w cut a deal 22:41] To get direct action through the Parliament, you cut a deal with him to retain the Climate Change Authority, to undertake a study on emissions trading worldwide, as you described it as an act of good faith. 

Definitions:
eventuate:
to happen as a result of something.

cut a deal:
to make a business deal.

Wednesday, December 3, 2014

time will tell & implacable

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w time will tell, 21:16] Well, I think that time will tell. Obviously everything in moderation and there is capacity compulsive for people to do damaging things to themselves with new technology, but I think, history would show in a few years time that this has been an overwhelmingly positive thing and it's been an overwhelmingly positive development and that our lives have been enriched by it.

 [w implacable 21:33]And, Laura, so, I mean, taking the point there that you are dealing with science. is it implacable?

Definitions:
time will tell:
1. it is impossible to know or judge something until some time in the future;
2. used for saying that you will know in the future whether is something is true or right;

implacable:
1. unwilling to stop opposing somebody or something;
2. that can not be changed;

Tuesday, December 2, 2014

personalise & hearken

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 20:30] And again,this tendency, and I do think, this is something that happens in the blogosphere to personalise things, you know, it always has to be a personal attack or a personal view or my opinion, and I think this,in turn, hearkens to a greater of problem of this tendency to always be self-referential.

Definitions:
personalise:
1. to design or change something so that it is suitable for the needs of a particular person;
2. to refer to particular people when discussing a general subject;

hearken:
to listen and pay attention

Monday, December 1, 2014

chop/cut someone off the knees & Blogosphere

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 20:16] So, it's a rather strange sidetracking to try and chop someone off at the knees when really we should be exploring and talking about the papers and science.

[w 20:30] And again,this tendency, and I do think, this is something that happens in the blogosphere to personalise things, you know, it always has to be a personal attack or a personal view or my opinion, and I think this,in turn, hearkens to a greater of problem of this tendency to always be self-referential.

Definitions:
chop/cut someone off the knees:
to squelch or humiliate a person suddenly and thoroughly;

blogosphere:
1. the World Wide Web environment in which bloggers communicate with each other;
2. the imaginary place on the Internet where people's blogs go so that other people can read them and react to them


Sunday, November 30, 2014

molecular & sidetrack

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 20:04] In my case, when I talk about Mind Change, it's such an umbrella issue. It embraces disciplines ranging from molecular biology through to sociology, and no single scientist ever would do that whole range things. Yeah? So, it's a rather strange sidetracking to try and chop someone off the knees when really we should be exploring and talking about the papers and science.

Definitions:
molecular:
1. relating to or made up of molecules;
2. relating to or organized from simpler parts;

molecule:
1. the smallest physical unit of a substance that can exist independently, consisting of one or more atoms held together by chemical forces;
2. a very small amount of something;

sidetrack:
to make somebody start to talk about or do something that is different from the main thing that they are supposed to be talking about or doing

Saturday, November 29, 2014

umbrella & discipline

Quotations:
[w 20:04] In my case, when I talk about Mind Change, it's such an umbrella issue. It embraces disciplines ranging from molecular biology through to sociology, and no single scientist ever would do that whole range things. Yeah?

Definitions:
umbrella:
1. including or containing a lot of specific things of the same general type;
2. a round collapsible canopy of plastic or waterproof material on a frame at the top of a handle, held in the hand to protect somebody from rain, snow or sun.

discipline:
1. an area of knowledge; 
2. a subject that people study or are taught, especially in a university;

Friday, November 28, 2014

fear-mongering & amnesty

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w -monger 17:13] Well, I just think that, you know, this kind of fear-mongering happens with all new technologies and the point about them is not the particular characteristics, but that they are new. 

 [W amnesty 18:03] So, for example we've got petition-based organisations like Change.org or even Amnesty  international, who are actually enabling young people in particular to know about issues, empathize with issues and influence issues which are happening on the other side of the world.

Definitions:
fear-mongering:
scaremongering: the process of saying or doing something in order to deliberately make people feel worried or frightened, especially so that you can gain an advantage.

amnesty:
1. an official statement that allows people who have been put in prison for crimes against the state to go free;
2. a period of time during which people can admit to a crime or give up weapons without being punished.

Thursday, November 27, 2014

buy & a means to an end

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w 16:27 buy] Every new technology attracts this kind of fear, believe or not when the paperback novel became widely available, people were terrified that the young people would get lost in them and wouldn't interact with their friends and colleagues. And the same thing happened to radio and to television, and now to the digital age. These fears often I think are overblown, human beings are incredibly adaptable and resilient, and I just don't buy this fear and scare that we can not handle it.

[w a means to an end; an end in itself 16:50] No, James, it's not. The analogy doesn't work. Because the car and the book, they existed in the real world. You lived in a three dimensional world. They were a means to an end. This can be an end in itself. Not always, of course, because people like yourself and Laura, I'm sure. You know, it's a means your end, but when it's end in itself that's why I have concerns 

Definitions:
buy:
(informal) to believe that something is true, especially something that is not very likely;
...

a means to an end:
a way of getting or achieving something that you want;

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

avert & troll

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w divulge avert 15:00] So, that's nature's way of providing you with a handbrake, not to divulge devote too much, if the person, say, is folding their arms, they are looking away, they are averting their eyes .

 [w troll 16:03]And sadly we know from the behaviour of trolls, you know, there is many examples of this, people engaging in unspeakable ways of communicating, and I would like to think, it is because they don't, they've devalued concepts like hate, they don't really know what hate means, and so on, yeah.

Definitions:
avert:
1. avert your eyes, gaze, face from something: to turn your eyes, etc. away from something that you do not want to see;
2. to prevent something bad or dangerous from happening.

troll:
1. a message to a discussion group on the Internet that somebody deliberately sends to make other people angry or a person who sends a message like this;
2. a creature that looks like an ugly person;
3. to wander around a particular area or place, especially in search of a sexual partner;
4. to fish by dragging a baited line through water, of from the back of a boat moving slowly

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

inverted commas & divulge

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
 [w inverted commas 14:28] Yeah, it's been shown that for those who are using social media to have friends, in inverted commas, who they have never met. That's the big difference, if you've never met someone, then there is an increase narcissism and low self-esteem which I think any of us want.

[w divulge avert 15:00] So, that's nature's way of providing you with a handbrake, not to divulge devote too much, if the person, say, is folding their arms, they are looking away, they are averting their eyes .

Definitions:
inverted commas:
quotations marks: "_"

divulge:
to give somebody information that is supposed to be secret.

Monday, November 24, 2014

fella & narcissist

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 13:14] it is interesting that the digital got her into the real world of books more than anything else. And for the little fella, he became a little bit obsessed for a short period of time on the Ipad playing soccer games and all of a sudden, we can not get him out of the backyard.  

Nicholas: [w 14:11] Has social media made my generation of children narcissist  and is today's children the most narcissistic generation ever?

Definitions:
fella:
an informal way of referring to a man;

narcissist:
1. a person who has an extreme interest in his or her own life and problems that prevents the person from caring about other people.
2. extremely self-admiring;

narcissistic:
of the nature of narcissism;

narcissism:
the habit of admiring yourself too much, especially your appearance.

Sunday, November 23, 2014

differentiate & metaphor

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 11:25] I think that perhaps for some people that would be an issue, but I think it under-estimates that the vast majority of young people who I've met this year in my consultations are actually able to differentiate between social media and their real life. 

[w 12:17]The social, I think it is generally an overwhelming good. The fact that this program is, in a sense, a metaphor. You have people here in the audience. You've got hundreds and thousands are watching on television and then you have got those who directly interacting with twitter or email.

Definitions:
differentiate:
to recognize or show that two things are not the same.

metaphor:
a word or phrase used to describe somebody or something else, in a way that is different from its normal use, in order to show that the two things have the same qualities and to make the description more powerful.

Saturday, November 22, 2014

volatile & selfie

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 10:52] And, in fact, the British government in 2013  and every can download this, commissioned a report called Future Identities suggesting, indeed, that because of social networking our identities will coming more volatile;

 [w 11:14] I mean I've got selfies taken at different points during the day which really highlight exactly who I am at any particular moment. No, but I understand the point that you are making. Susan.

Definitions:
volatile:
changing easily from one mood to another;

selfie:
A selfie is a self-portrait photograph, typically taken with a hand-held digital camera or camera phone. Selfies are often shared on social networking services such as Facebook, Instagram, or Twitter. They are usually flattering and made to appear casual. Most selfies are taken with a camera held at arm's length or pointed at a mirror, rather than by using a self-timer.

Friday, November 21, 2014

empathize & an element of

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 08:18] and I think one of the really positive things about technology that needs to be mentioned here, is that really it's able to build a movement of people who empathize with each other, even if we're not physically in front of each other.

[w 09:50]There is an element of, there is a great episode of modern family. Where they are all sitting around, around the kitchen. And they're tweeting each other, and texting each other, rather than talking to each other.

Definitions:
empathize:
to understand another person's feeling and experiences, especially because you have been in a similar situation;

an element of:
a small amount of a quality or feeling.

Thursday, November 20, 2014

beg the question & trendy

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 07:36] Again, it begs the question, like with Dominic: what do you want? what do you want, you know?  Now, if you want to be cool and trendy and connected, go right ahead, that's fine. But if what you want is to have a new idea or to digest some thoughts or to let things tick off against other boxes and so on, then it is not good, and it is not as if we have the choice. It should be both.

Definitions:
beg the question:
1. to give rise to something else that should be answered or explained;
2. to discuss a problem, issue, or fact as if it definitely exists, even though it may not exist
3. to take for granted the very point that needs to be proved, and so fail to address an issue properly

trendy:
extremely fashionable, but often silly or annoying;


Wednesday, November 19, 2014

deleterious & atrophy

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 07:24] This a peer-reviewed science paper, that multi-tasking has a deleterious effect on brain scans.​ It shows atrophy and a smaller brain region. So, it might sound good and be good to multitask. 

Definitions:
deleterious:
having a harmful and damaging effect on somebody or something.

atrophy:
the condition of losing flesh, muscle, strength, etc. in a part of the body because it does not have enough blood;

Tuesday, November 18, 2014

hyper & peer-review

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 06:50] You're embedding something, that's what thinking is,  into a bigger framework, and surely that's what knowledge is and learning, as opposed to information processing and, whilst it sounds good, to be hyper connected and to be outputting all the time. I think we should just question whether that premise is correct? 

[w 07:24] This a peer-reviewed science (period sound) paper, that multi-tasking has a deleterious effect on brain scans.

Definitions:
hyper:
behaving in an overexcited or hyperactive way;

peer-review:
Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers). It constitutes a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field. Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards of quality, improve performance, and provide credibility. In academia peer review is often used to determine an academic paper's suitability for publication. 

Monday, November 17, 2014

quill & unambiguous

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 05:39] Do you still use a quill?  I don't know how the IPA operates?

[w 05:46] But my experience and what I observe in my peers is that technology has been an overwhelmingly positive thing in our lives and I think it is an unambiguous (unbeatable verus) positive.

Definitions:
quill:
a pen made from a quill feather;

unambiguous:
clear in meaning, that can only be understood in one way;

plasticity & glassy-eyed

Quotations
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 04:11] So, Given that, this so-called plasticity of the brain, all we must explore is how it is different. 

[w 05:30] Are you just going to be glassy-eyed?

Definitions:
plasticity:
the quality of being easily made into different shapes.

glassy-eyed:
having a dull, dazed, or uncomprehending expression; staring fixedly.

glassy:
1. showing no interest or emotion, for example because of illness or drugs;
2. having a highly smooth, slippery, and often reflective surface

Saturday, November 15, 2014

deputy & sleepwalk

Quotations:
qanda_2014_ep41
[w 00:38] the Deputy Director of the Institute Public Affairs James Patterson;

[w 02:23] So, let's take it that there's something that should be done, rather than that we're all just, you know, hopeless cases and, you know, we should just sleepwalk into something we don't want.

Definitions:
deputy:
a person who is the next most important person below a business manager, a head of a school, a political leader, etc. and who does the person's job when he or she is away.

sleepwalk:
to walk around while you are walking.

Friday, November 14, 2014

shadow & infrastructure

Quotations:
[00:35] The shadow minister for infrastructure Anthony Albanese.

Definitions:
shadow:
1. describes a member of the largest opposition party who speaks o? a particular area of policy and would hold a ministerial job if the party were in government;
...

infrastructure:
the basic systems and services that are necessary for a country or an organization to run smoothly, for example buildings, transport and water and power supplies.

Thursday, November 13, 2014

sardonyx & chrysoprase

Quotations:
Revelation 21:20
the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 

Definitions:
sardonyx:
a variety of onyx with alternating bands of light orange brown and white chalcedony;

chrysoprase:
a bright green semiprecious stone that is a variety of chalcedony;

Wednesday, November 12, 2014

boulder & chalcedony

Quotations:
Revelation 18:21
Then a mighty angel picked up a boulder the size of a large millstone and threw it into the sea, and said: "With such violence the great city of Babylon will be thrown down, never to be found again.

Revelation 21:19
The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald,

Definitions:
boulder:
a very large rock which has been shaped by water or the weather;

chalcedony:
a translucent or greyish semiprecious stone that is a variety of banded quartz.

Tuesday, November 11, 2014

citron & frankincense

Quotations:
Revelation 18:12
cargoes of gold, silver, precious stones and pearls; fine linen, purple, silk and scarlet cloth; every sort of citron wood, and articles of every kind made of ivory, costly wood, bronze, iron and marble;

Revelation 18:13
cargoes of cinnamon and spice, of incense, myrrh and frankincense, of wine and olive oil, of fine flour and wheat; cattle and sheep; horses and carriages; and bodies and souls of men.

Definitions:
citron:
a yellow fruit like a large lemon;

frankincense:
a substance is burnt to give a pleasant smell, especially during religious ceremonies;

Monday, November 10, 2014

wormwood & stadium

Quotations:
Revelation 8:11
the name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters that had become bitter.

Revelation 14:20
They were trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses' bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia.

Definitions:
wormwood:
a plant with a bitter flavour, used in making alcoholic and medicines;

stadium: (plural: stadia)
1. an ancient Roman or Greek measure of length, about 185 metres (originally the length of a stadium)
2. an athletic or sports ground with tiers of seats for spectators.


Sunday, November 9, 2014

quart & tribulation

Quotations:
Revelation 6::6
Then I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures, saying, "A quart of wheat for a day's wages, and three quarts of barley for a day's wages, and don't damage the oil and the vine!

Revelation 7:14
I answered, "Sir, you know." And he said, "These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

Definitions:
quart:
a unit for measuring liquids, equal to 2 pints or about 1.14 litres in the UK and Canada, and 0.94 of a litre in the US.

tribulation:
great trouble or suffering;

Saturday, November 8, 2014

carnelian & peal

Quotations:
Revelation 4:3
And the one who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian. A rainbow, resembling an emerald, encircled the throne. 

Revelation 4:5
From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. Before the throne, seven lamps were blazing. There are the seven spirits of God.

Definitions:
carnelian:
a red, brown or white stone, used in jewellery;

peal:
1. a ringing of bells, especially a change or series of changes rung on bells;
2. a set of tuned bells;
3. a loud repetitive sound, e.g. of thunder or laughter
4. to ring a bell loudly and sonorously;
5. to say something loudly and sonorously

Friday, November 7, 2014

lukewarm & salve

Quotations:
Revelations 3:16
So, because you are lukewarm - neither hot nor cold -- I am about to spit you out of my mouth.

Revelations 3:18
I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire, so you can become rich; and white clothes to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness; and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see.

Definitions:
lukewarm:
1. not hot or cold enough to be enjoyable;
2. just slightly warm, especially when expected to be hot;
3. showing or having little enthusiasm, interest, support, or conviction;

salve:
a substance that you put on a wound or sore skin to help it heal or to protect it;


Thursday, November 6, 2014

Revelation & Hades

Quotations:
Revelation 1:18
I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades. 

Definitions:
revelation:
1. a book of the Bible that includes a description of the end of the world;
2. information that is newly disclosed, especially surprising, or valuable;
...

Hades:
the place where the spirits of dead people go, according to ancient Greek stories;

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

qualm & faultfinder

Quotations:
Jude 1:12
These men are blemishes at your love feasts, eating with you without the slightest qualm -- shepherds who feed only themselves. They are clouds without rain, blown along by the wind; autumn trees, without fruit and uprooted -- twice dead.

Jude 1:16
These men are grumblers and faultfinders; they follow their own evil desires; they boast about themselves and flatter others for their own advantage.

Definitions:
qualm:
a feeling of doubt or worry about whether what you are doing is right.

faultfinder:
a person who habitually finds fault, complains, or objects, especially in a petty way.

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

John & Jude

Quotations:
1 John 2:15
Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.

Jude 1:8
In the very same way, these dreamers pollute their own bodies, reject authority and slander celestial beings.

Definitions:
John:
a name for three books of the Bible, originally written as letters and traditionally attributed to St. John.

Jude:
a book of the Bible, originally a letter, probably written in the late 1st century , and traditionally attributed to St. Jude.

Monday, November 3, 2014

sow & deluge

Quotations:
2 Peter 2:22
Of them the proverbs are true: "A dog returns to its vomit," and "A sow that is washed goes back to her wallowing in the mud."

2 Peter 3:6
By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed.

Definitions:
sow:
​1. the adult female of several animals such as the bear, mink, badger, guinea pig, and hedgehog;
2. to scatter or plant seed on an area of land in order to grow crops;

deluge:
1. to fill or cover a place with water;
2. to overwhelm somebody with a large amount of something;
3. to flood or soak somebody or something with heavy rain or a sudden torrent of water;


Sunday, November 2, 2014

eyewitness & celestial

Quotations:
2 Peter 1:16
We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty.

2 Peter 2:10
This is especially true of those who follow the corrupt desire of the sinful nature and despise authority. Bold and arrogant, these men are not afraid to slander celestial beings;

Definitions:
eyewitness:
a person who has seen a crime, accident, etc. and can describe it afterwards.

celestial:
of the sky or of the heaven.

Saturday, November 1, 2014

meddler & nearsighted

Quotations:
1 Peter 4:15
If you suffer, it should not be as a murderer or thief or any other kind of criminal, or even as a meddler. 

2 Peter 1:9
But if anyone does not have them, he is nearsighted and blind, and has forgotten that he has been cleansed from his past sins.

Definitions:
meddler:
a person who tries to get involved in something that does not concern them.

nearsighted: (short-sighted, myopic)
1. unable to see clearly objects that are far away;
2. showing a lack of foresight or long-term planning.


Friday, October 31, 2014

carouse & plunge

Quotations:
1 Peter 4:3
For you have spent enough time in the debauchery, lust, drunkenness, orgies, carousing and detestable idolatry.

1 Peter 4:4
They think it strange that you don't plunge with them into the same flood of dissipation, and they heap abuse on you.

Definitions:
carouse:
to spend time drinking alcohol, laughing and enjoying yourself in a noisy way with other people;

plunge:
1. to become involved in something with great enthusiasm;
2. to begin a course of action suddenly and in a reckless or impetuous way;
...

Thursday, October 30, 2014

retaliate & adornment

Quotations:
1 Peter 2:23
When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.

1 Peter 3:3
Your beauty should not come from outward adornment, such as braided hair and the wearing of gold jewelry and fine clothes.

Definitions:
retaliate:
1. to deliberately harm somebody in response or revenge for a harm he or she has done;
2. to do something harmful or unpleasant to someone because they have done something harmful or unpleasant to you;

adornment:
1. decoration, or a single decoration;
2. the process of decorating something;

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

corrode & Peter

Quotations:
James 5:3
Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded wealth in the last days.

1 Peter 1:3
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade -- kept in heaven for you,

Definitions:
corrode:
to destroy something slowly, especially by chemical action; to be destroyed in this way;
corrosion:
a process by which something, especially a metal, is destroyed progressively by chemical action, as iron is when it rusts.

Peter:
either of two books of the Bible, originally letters, attributed to St. Peter.

rein & shabby

Quotations:
James 1:26
If anyone considers himself religious and yet does not keep a tight rein on his tongue, he deceives himself and his religion is worthless.

James 2:2
Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in shabby clothes also comes in.

Definitions:
rein:
1. any means of guiding, controlling, or restraining somebody or something;
2. a strap, or each half of a strap, by which a horse is controlled by its rider or by the driver of a coach or cart it is pulling;
...

shabby:
1. in poor condition because they have been used a lot;
2. badly dressed in clothes that have been worn a lot;
3. unfair or unreasonable.

Monday, October 27, 2014

architect & James

Quotations:
Hebrews 11:10
For he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God. 

James 1:2
Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance.

Definitions:
architect:
1. a person whose job is designing buildings, etc.
2. a person who is responsible for planning or creating an idea, an event or a situation;

James:
a book of the Bible, originally a letter and traditionally attributed to James, a brother of Jesus Christ

Sunday, October 26, 2014

binding & obsolete

Quotations:
Hebrews 2:2
For if the message spoken by angels was binding, and every violation and disobedience received its just punishment, how shall we escape if we ignore such a great salvation?

Hebrews 8:13
By calling this covenant "new", he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear.

Definitions:
binding:
if an agreement, contract, decision, etc. is binding, you must do what it says.

obsolete:
superseded by something newer, though possibly still in use; out of date;

Saturday, October 25, 2014

spontaneous & Hebrews

Quotations:
Philemon 1:14
But I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that any favor you do will be spontaneous and not forced.

Hebrews 2:2
For if the message spoken by angels was binding, and every violation and disobedience received its just punishment,

Definitions:
spontaneous:
1. resulting from internal or natural processes, with no apparent external influence;
2. arising from natural impulse or inclination, rather than from planning or in response to suggestions from others;

Hebrews:
a book of the Bible, originally a letter and thought to have been written towards the end of the 1st century.

Friday, October 24, 2014

warp & Philemon

Quotations:
Titus 3:11
You may be sure that such a man is warped and sinful; he is self-condemned. 

Philemon 1:14
But I did not want to do anything without your consent, so that any favor you do will be spontaneous and not forced.

Definitions:
warp:
1. to affect someone in a way that makes them have strange opinions or thoughts;
2. to become twisted or out of shape, or make something become twisted or out of shape
...

Philemon:
a book of the Bible, originally a letter, that appeals to Philemon to take pity on his slave who had escaped and converted to Christianity, traditionally attributed to St. Paul.