Sunday, June 30, 2013

Esther & mosaic

Esther 1:6
The garden had hangings of white and blue linen, fasten with cords of white linen and purple material to silver rings on marble pillars. There were couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl and other costly stones.

a book of the Bible that tells the story of Esther who, the Jewish queen of Persia, is described as having rescued her Jewish subjects from massacre.

1. a pattern or picture made of many small colored pieces of stone, glass, etc.

Saturday, June 29, 2013

ramble & methodically

By my rambling digressions I perceive myself to be grown old. I us'd to write more methodically. But one does not dress for private company as for a public ball. It is perhaps only negligence.

1. a speech or piece of writing that is long and confusing;
2. a long walk in the countryside for enjoyment;
3. to talk for a long time in a confused way, especially about other things instead of the subject that you should be talking aboout

always careful to do things in a thorough and organized way; done in a thorough and organized way;

Friday, June 28, 2013

tranquillity & chastity

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin:
These names of virtues, with their precepts, were: 
1. TEMPERANCE. Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation.
 2. SILENCE. Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling conversation. 
3. ORDER. Let all your things have their places; let each part of your business have its time. 
4. RESOLUTION. Resolve to perform what you ought; perform without fail what you resolve. 
5. FRUGALITY. Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing.
 6. INDUSTRY. Lose no time; be always employ'd in something useful; cut off all unnecessary actions. 
7. SINCERITY. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly. 
8. JUSTICE. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty. 
9. MODERATION. Avoid extremes; forbear resenting injuries so much as you think they deserve. 
10. CLEANLINESS. Tolerate no uncleanliness in body, cloths, or habitation. 11. TRANQUILLITY. Be not disturbed at trifles, or at accidents common or unavoidable. 
12. CHASTITY. Rarely use venery but for health or offspring, never to dullness, weakness, or the injury of your own or another's peace or reputation. 13. HUMILITY.  Imitate Jesus and Socrates.

a state of being tranquil, also tranquillity in British English.

a way of life that does not include any sexual activity, especially for religious reasons.

Thursday, June 27, 2013

commend & choir

Nehemiah 11:2
The people commended all the men who volunteered to live in Jerusalem.

Nehemiah 12:31
I had the leaders of Judah go up on top of the wall. I also assigned two large choirs to give thanks. One was to proceed on top of the wall to the right, toward the Dung Gate.

1. to praise someone or something formally or publicly;
2. to tell someone that a person or thing is good, useful, or suitable;

a group of singers who perform together, for example in a church or school;

Wednesday, June 26, 2013

forgo & ground

Nehemiah 10:31
When the neighbouring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on any holy day. Every seventh year we will forgo working the land and will cancel all debts.

Nehemiah 10:37
Moreover, we will bring to the storerooms of the house of our God, to the priests, the first of our ground meal, of our grain offerings, of the fruit of all our trees and of our new wine and oil. And we will bring a tithe of our crops to the Levites, for it is the Levites who collect the tithes in all the towns where we work.

to decide not to do or not to have something.

1. crushed, especially for use in cooking
2. happening on the surface of the earth, especially in comparison with things happening in the air

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

admonish & merchandise

Nehemiah 9:26
"But they were disobedient and rebelled against you; they put your law behind their backs. They killed your prophets, who had admonished them in order to turn them back to you; they committed awful blasphemies.

Nehemiah 10:31
"When the neighbouring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on any holy day. Every seventh year we will forgo working the land and will cancel all debts.

1. to tell someone that you do not approve of what they have done;
2. to advise someone to do something;

goods that people buy and sell

Monday, June 24, 2013

myrtle & withhold

Nehemiah 8:14
They found written in the Law, which the LORD had commanded through Moses, that the Israelites were to live in booths during the feast of the seventh month and that they should proclaim this word and spread it throughout their towns and in Jerusalem:"Go out into the hill country and bring back branches from olive and wild olive trees, and from myrtles,palms and shade trees, to make booths" --as it is written.

Nehemiah 9:20
You gave your good Spirit to instruct them.You did not withhold your manna from their mouths, and you gave them water for their thirst.

a bush with shiny leaves, white flowers, and dark purple fruit

to deliberately not give something to someone

Sunday, June 23, 2013

poultry & intimidate

Nehemiah 5:18
Each day one ox, six choice sheep and some poultry were prepared for me, and every ten days an abundant supply of wine of all kinds. In spite of all this, I never demanded the food allotted to the governor, because the demands were heavy on these people.

Nehemiah 6:12
I realized that God had not sent him, but that he had prophesied against me because Tobiah and Sanballat had hired him. He had been hired to intimidate me so that I would commit a sin by doing this, and then they would give me a bad name to discredit me.

birds such as chickens that are used for meat or eggs; meat from birds such as chickens;

to deliberately make someone feel frightened, especially so that they will do what you want; to frighten someone or make them feel nervous

Saturday, June 22, 2013

ponder & usury

Nehemiah 5:6
When I heard their outcry and these charges, I was very angry. I pondered them in  my mind and then accused the nobles and officials. I told them, "You are exacting usury from your own countrymen!"

<formal>to think carefully about something for a long time before reaching a decision

the practice of making people pay interest when you lend them money;

Friday, June 21, 2013

incensed & feeble

Nehemiah 4:1
When Sanballat heard that we were rebuilding the wall, he became angry and was greatly incensed. He ridiculed the Jews, and in the presence of his associates and the army of Samaria, he said, "What are those feeble Jews doing? Will they restore their wall? Will they offer sacrifices? Will they finish in a day? Can they bring the stones back to life from those heaps of rubble -- burned as they are?

extremely angry;

1. physically weak, especially because you are old or sick
2. not strong enough to be seen or heard clearly;
3. not good enough to achieve the intended result

Thursday, June 20, 2013

ascent & armory

Nehemiah 3:19
Next to him, Ezer son of Jeshua, ruler of Mizpah, repaired another section, from a point facing the ascent to the armory as far as the angle.

1. a slope, or the path that someone uses to climb a slope;
2. a climb upward, especially up a hill or mountain
3. the process of moving to a higher level or position

1. a building where weapons are kept; 
2. the amount or types of weapons that a country has

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

cavalry & mount

Nehemiah 2:9
So I went to the governors of Trans-Euphrates and gave them the king's letters. The king had also sent army officers and cavalry with me.

Nehemiah 2:12
I set out during the night with a few men. I had not told anyone what my God had put in my heart to do for Jerusalem. There were no mounts with me except the one I was riding on.

in the past, the part of an army consisting of soldiers who rode horses; used in the names of some groups in modern armies;

1. a horse that people ride
2. a piece of stiff paper or card on which you attach a picture, photograph, etc.
3. a base on which something such as a large heavy gun is fixed

Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Nehemiah & safe-conduct

Nehemiah 2:7
I also said to him, 'If it pleases the king, may I have letters to the governors of Trans-Euphrates, so that they will provide me safe-conduct until I arrive in Judah?

a book of the Bible that describes the rebuilding of Jerusalem in the 5th century and the reforms undertaken after its completion, traditionally attributed to Nehemiah

official protection from harm or immunity from arrest for somebody passing through a dangerous area such as enemy territory in wartime

Monday, June 17, 2013

pillage & forfeit

EZRA 9:7
From the days of our forefather until now, our guilt has been great. Because of our sins, we and our kings and our priests have been subjected to the sword and captivity, to pillage and humiliation at the hand of foreign kings, as it is today.

EZRA 10:8
Anyone who failed to appear within three days would forfeit all his property, in accordance with the decision of the officials and elders, and would himself be expelled from the assembly of the exiles.

to steal things from a place using force, especially during a war

1. to be forced to give up a right, a benefit, or something that you own, because you have broken a rule or law;
2. to lose something valuable by making a mistake or by doing something wrong;
3. something that you must give, pay, or do because you have done something wrong

Sunday, June 16, 2013

mingle & abasement

EZRA 9:2
They have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and their sons, and have mingled the holy race with the peoples around them. And the leaders and officials have led the way in this unfaithfulness.

EZRA 9:5
Then, at the evening sacrifice, I rose from my self-abasement, with my tunic and cloak torn, and fell on my knees with my hands spread out to the LORD my God and prayed:

1. to move around and talk to a lot of people, especially at a social event;
2. if smells, feelings, flavors, etc. mingle or you mingle them, they become mixed together without completely losing their individual characters

The action or fact of abasing or being abased; humiliation or degradation

Saturday, June 15, 2013

bandit & satrap

EZRA 8:31
On the twelfth day of the first month we set out from the Ahava Canal to go to Jerusalem. The hand of our God was on us, and he protected us from enemies and bandits along the way.

EZRA 8:36
They also delivered the king's orders to the royal satraps and to the governors of Trans-Euphrates, who then gave assistance to the people and to the house of God.

a thief who attacks travellers, usually with other thieves;

in ancient Persia, the governor of a province;

Friday, June 14, 2013

abate & scuttle

There were canoes on the shore, and we made signs, and hallow'd that they should fetch us; but they either did not understand us, or thought it impracticable, so they went away, and night coming on, we had no remedy but to wait till the wind should abate; and, in the meantime, the boatman and I concluded to sleep, if we could; and so crowded into the scuttle, with the Dutchman, who was still wet, and the spray beating over the head of our boat, leak'd thro' to us, so that we were soon almost as wet as he.

to gradually become less serious or extreme

1. A small opening or hatch with a movable lid in the deck or hull of a ship or in the roof, wall, or floor of a building.
2. A shallow open basket for carrying vegetables, flowers, or grain.

Thursday, June 13, 2013

magistrate & confiscation

EZRA 7:25
And you, Ezra, in accordance with the wisdom of your God, which you possess, appoint magistrates and judges to administer justice to all the people of Trans-Euphrates -- all who know the laws of your God. And you are to teach any who do not know them. Whoever does not obey the law of your God and the law of the king must surely be punished by death, banishment, confiscation of property, or imprisonment.

[Law]a judge in a lower court whose jurisdiction is limited to the trial of misdemeanors and the conduct of preliminary hearings on more serious charges. 

to officially remove someone's possessions for legal reasons or as a punishment

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

versed & relinquish

EZRA 7:6
this Ezra came up from Babylon. He was a teacher well versed in the Law of Moses, which the LORD, the God of Israel, had given. The king had granted him everything he asked, for the hand of the LORD his God was on him.

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin:
You may find friends to assist you. If you will take the debts of the company upon you; return to my father the hundred pound he has advanced; pay my little personal debts, and give me thirty pounds and a new saddle, I will relinquish the partnership, and leave the whole in your hands.

with a lot of knowledge about something

to give up your power, position, or an advantage, especially when you do not want to do this

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

edict & impale

EZRA 6:11
Furthermore, I decree that if anyone changes this edict, a beam is to be pulled from his house and he is to be lifted up and impaled on it. And for this crime his house is to be made a pile of rubble.

an official order given by a government or person in authority.

to push a pointed object through someone or something

Monday, June 10, 2013

cordial & memorandum

EZRA 5:7
The report they sent him read as follows:
To King Darius:
Cordial greetings.

EZRA 6:2
A scroll was found in the citadel of Ecbatana in the province of Media, and this was written on it:
In the first year of King Cyrus, the king issued a decree concerning the temple of God in Jerusalem:

1. friendly;
2. a sweet fruit-flavored drink that you mix with water.

1. a short written statement containing information about a particular subject, passed between officials in a government or organization;
2. memo.

Sunday, June 9, 2013

detriment & standstill

EZRA 4:22
Be careful not to neglect this matter. Why let this threat grow, to the detriment of the royal interests?

EZRA 4:24
Thus the work on the house of God in Jerusalem came to a standstill until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.

<formal>harm caused to something as a result of something else;

a situation in which something stops moving or happening

Saturday, June 8, 2013

vestment & sedition

EZRA 3:10
When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, the priests in their vestments and with trumpets, and the Levites (the sons of Asaph) with cymbals, took their places to praise the LORD, as prescribed by David king of Israel.

EZRA 3:19
I issued an order and a search was made, and it was found that this city has a long history of revolt against kings and has been a place of rebellion and sedition.

a robe worn by a priest, or a piece of clothing worn with it.

the use of words or actions that are intended to encourage people to oppose a government.

Friday, June 7, 2013

EZRA & inventory

EZRA 1:9
This was the inventory:
gold dishes
silver dishes
silver pans
gold bowls
matching silver bowls
other articles

In the Bible, a Hebrew high priest who lived in the 5th century . He led the Jews back to Jerusalem from their exile in Babylon and founded a Jewish nation.

1. all the goods available for sale in a store at a particular time;
2. a list giving details of all the things in a place;

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

joist & wardrobe

They also gave money to the carpenters and builders to purchase dressed stone, and timber for joists and beams for the buildings that the kings of Judah had allowed to fall into ruin.

Hilkiah and those the king had sent with him went to speak to the prophetess Huldah, who was the wife of Shallum son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe. She lived in Jerusalem, in the Second District.

a long thick piece of wood or metal that is used to support a floor or ceiling in a building.

1. the department in a theatre or television company that takes care of the clothes that actors wear;
2. a large piece of furniture where you can hang your clothes
3. the clothes that someone has; the clothes that someone has for a particular activity or time of year

scrivener & conveyancer

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin:
The two first were clerks to an eminent scrivener or conveyancer in the town, Charles Brogden;

in former times, somebody whose job involved writing or making handwritten copies of documents, books, or other texts.

the branch of law concerned with the preparation of documents for the conveyance of property.
somebody whose job is to prepare documents for the conveyance of property.

Monday, June 3, 2013

lampoon & parsimony

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin:
therefore, seeing no prospect of an accommodation between my brother and me, he gave his consent to my returning again to Philadelphia, advised me to behave respectfully to the people there, endeavour to obtain the general esteem, and avoid lampooning and libelling, to which he thought I had too much inclination; telling me, that by steady industry and a prudent parsimony I might save enough by the time I was one-and-twenty to set me up;

to publicly criticize someone or something by making jokes about them;

great frugality or unwillingness to spend money;

Sunday, June 2, 2013

expostulate & milliner

The autobiography of Benjamin Franklin:
-- I printed a small number. It occasioned my being more considered by Mr. Palmer as a young man of some ingenuity, though he seriously expostulated with me upon the principles of my pamphlet, which to him appeared abominable.

-- In our house there lodged a young woman, a milliner, who, I think, had a shop in the Cloisters.

to express strong disagreement;

someone whose job is to make or sell hats for woman;

Saturday, June 1, 2013

conundrum & courtship

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin:
-- When he came to explain with me upon the doctrines, I found several conundrums which I objected to, unless I might have my way a little too, and introduce some of mine.

-- I had made some courtship during this time to Miss Read. I had a great respect and affection for her, and had some reason to believe she had the same for me; but, as I was about to take a long voyage, and we were both very young, only a little above eighteen, it was thought most prudent by her mother to prevent our going too far at present, as a marriage, if it was to take place, would be more convenient after my return, when I should be, as I expected, set up in my business.

a difficult problem that seems to have no solution;

1. the period of time when a man and a woman have a romantic relationship with each other, before they get married
2. the behavior of animals who are trying to attract a sexual partner