Tuesday, April 30, 2013

outlying & scribe

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 27:25
Azmaveth son of Adiel was in charge of the royal storehouses. Jonathan son of Uzziah was in charge of the storehouses in the outlying districts, in the towns, the villages and the watchtowers.

1 CHRONICLES 27:32
Jonathan, David's uncle, was a counsellor, a man of insight and a scribe. Jehiel son of Hacmoni took care of the king's sons.

Definitions:
outlying:
existing outside and away from a particular place

scribe:
Same as scriber; someone whose job was to copy documents and books before printing was invented

Monday, April 29, 2013

pertain & overseer

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 26:32
Jeriah had twenty-seven hundred relatives, who were able men and heads of families, and King David put them in charge of the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh for every matter pertaining to God and for the affairs of the king.

1 CHRONICLES 27:25
The King's overseers
Azmaveth son of Adiel was in charge of the royal storehouses. Jonathan son of Uzziah was in charge of the storehouses in the outlying districts, in the towns, the villages and the watchtowers.

Definitions:
pertain:
1. to have relevance, reference, or a connection to something
2. to be part of something or belong to something, especially as an attribute or accessory

overseer:
someone whose job is to watch something in order to check that it works in the way that it should

Sunday, April 28, 2013

penitence & poignant

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
With tears of penitence and poignant, tender anguish, he will exclaim: 'Others are better than I, they wanted to save me, not to ruin me!' Oh, this act of mercy is so easy for you, for in the absence of anything like real evidence it will be too awful for you to pronounce: 'Yes, he is guilty.'

Definitions:
penitence:
someone who is sorry for something bad that they have done and who wants to change their behaviour, especially because of their religious beliefs.

poignant:
1. causing a sharp sense of sadness, pity, or regret;
2. having an often pleasurably strong sharp smell or taste.

Saturday, April 27, 2013

lunatic & heartrending

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
"Where have you taken him away? Where have you taken him?" the lunatic cried in a heart-rending voice. Nina, too, broke into sobs. Kolya ran out of the room, the boys followed him. At last Alyosha too went out.

Definitions:
lunatic:
1. sb. who behaves in an extreme or dangerous way
2.  <dated>an offensive term for sb. who has a mental illness

heartrending:
  very distressing; break the heart

Friday, April 26, 2013

sheath & fame

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 21:27
Then the LORD spoke to the angel, and he put his sword back into its sheath.

1 CHRONICLES 22:5
David said, "My son Solomon is young and inexperienced, and the house to be built for the LORD should be of great magnificence and fame and splendour in the sight of all the nations.

Definitions:
sheath:
1. a cover used for carrying a knife or a sword; something that surrounds and protects another thing
2. a dress that fits tightly around a woman's body

fame:
the state of being famous

Thursday, April 25, 2013

subjugate & sanction

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 20:4
In the course of time, war broke out with the Philistines, at Gezer. At that time Sibbecai the Hushathite killed Sippai, one of the descendants of the Rephaites, and the Philistines were subjugated.

Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
"No, I won't show it to you. Even if she sanctioned it, I wouldn't. 

Definitions:
subjugate:
to defeat a place or a group of people and force them to obey you

sanction:
1. to give official approval or permission for an action; to show approval for a particular behavior or belief;
2. an official order to stop communication, trade, etc. with a country that has broken international law;
3. a threat to punish someone for breaking a rule

Wednesday, April 24, 2013

neat & better

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
"A glass and a half of neat spirit — is not at all bad, don't you think? You might see the gates of heaven open, not only the door into the garden?"

"If my betters think fit to make game of me, it is my duty to suffer it." 

Definitions:
neat:
a neat alcoholic drink is served without any ice and is not mixed with any other liquid
...

better:
 Usually, betters. those superior to oneself.
....

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

stuffy & din

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
The stuffy workshop, the din of machinery, work all day long, the vile language and the drink, the drink — is that what a little child's heart needs?

Definitions:
stuffy:
1. a stuffy room is too warm and has an unpleasant smell because there is no fresh air in it;
2. if you have a stuffy nose or head, you cannot breathe well because of a cold or similar illness;

din:
a very loud unpleasant noise that lasts for a long time

Monday, April 22, 2013

wriggle & artless

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
Stupidity is brief and artless, while intelligence wriggles and hides itself.

Definitions:
wriggle:
to move, or to make something move, by twisting or turning quickly.

artless:
very sincere and willing to trust other people.

Sunday, April 21, 2013

resound & jubilant

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 16:32
Let the sea resound, and all that is in it; let the fields be jubilant, and everything in them!

Definitions:
resound:
 to produce or be filled with a loud sound that continues for a long time

jubilant:
 extremely happy because something good has happened

Saturday, April 20, 2013

splendor & ascribe

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 16:27
Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and joy in his dwelling place. Ascribe to the LORD, O families of nations, ascribe to the LORD glory and strength.

Definition:
splendor (splendour)
the impressive beauty of something, often something that looks very expensive

ascribe:
1. to believe or say that something was caused by a particular thing;
2.  to believe that something belongs to or characterizes a person or group
3. to believe or say that something was originally written or said by a particular person

Friday, April 19, 2013

wag & censorious

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
Many persons were shocked at the time and wagged their heads as they talked over it — and most of all Father Ferapont, to whom some of the censorious had hastened to report this "extraordinary" counsel on the part of the elder.

Definitions:
wag:
 1. if a person wags a finger or wags their head, they shake it several times, usually to show that they are angry
2. if a dog wags its tail, it moves its tail from one side to the other several times

censorious:
 always wanting to criticize other people or ideas and find faults in them

Thursday, April 18, 2013

balsam & petition

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 14:15
As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, move out to battle, because that will mean God has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.

1 CHRONICLES 16:4
He appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, to make petition, to give thanks, and to praise the LORD, the God of Israel.

Definitions:
balsam:
An aromatic resinous substance, such as balm, exuded by various trees and shrubs and used as a base for certain fragrances and medical...

petition:
1. a document signed by many people that asks someone in authority to do something;
2.  an official document in which you ask a court to take legal action
3.  a request made to God or to someone such as a king
4.  to ask someone in authority to do something using a petition

Wednesday, April 17, 2013

sallow & sunken

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
There was a great change in his face; he was much thinner and sallower. His eyes were sunken and there were blue marks under them.

Definitions:
sallow:
sallow skin is a pale yellow colour and does not look healthy;

sunken:
1. sunken eyes or cheeks curve inward, often showing that someone is sick or old;
2. lower than the level of the surrounding land or floor

Tuesday, April 16, 2013

club & defect

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 11:23
And he struck down an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet tall. Although the Egyptian had a spear like a weaver's rod in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear.

1 CHRONICLES 12:8
Some Gadites defected to David at his stronghold in the desert. They were brave warriors, ready for battle and able to handle the shield and spear. Their faces were the faces of lions, and they were as swift as gazelles in the mountains.

Definitions:
club:
1. to hit someone with a heavy object;
2. A heavy stick with a thick end, esp. one used as a weapon.
3. An association dedicated to a particular interest or activity.

defect:
1. to leave a country, political party, or organization and go to another one;
2. a fault in someone or something

Sunday, April 14, 2013

CHRONICLES & genealogical

Quotations:
1 CHRONICLES 4:33
and all the villages around these towns as far as Baalath. These were their settlements. And they kept a genealogical record.

Definitions:
CHRONICLES:
1. (Christian Religious Writings / Bible) (functioning as singular) either of two historical books (I and II Chronicles) of the Old Testament;
2. chronicle: a record of events that happened in the past, in the order in which they happened

genealogical:
genealogy:
1. the history of one family, showing how all the people are related to each other;
2. the study of the history of families using historical documents to discover the relationships between people;

Saturday, April 13, 2013

artisan & presentiment

Quotations:
2 KINGS 24:14
He carried into exile all Jerusalem: all the officers and fighting men, and all the craftsmen and artisans -- a total of ten thousand. Only the poorest people of the land were left.

Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
"How could I dare laugh at you? I am in no laughing humour with this fear on me. I feel I am going to have a fit. I have a presentiment. Fright alone will bring it on."

Definitions:
artisan:
 a worker who has special skill and training, especially one who makes things;

presentiment:
a feeling that something is going to happen, especially something bad

Friday, April 12, 2013

rubble & assessment

Quotations:
2 KINGS 23:12
He pulled down the altars the kings of Judah had erected on the roof near the upper room of Ahaz, and the altars Manasseh had built in the two courts of the temple of the LORD. He removed them from there, smashed them to pieces and threw the rubble into the Kidron Valley.

2 KINGS 23:35
Jehoiakim paid Pharaoh Neco the silver and gold he demanded. In order to do so, he taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments.

Definitions:
rubble:
 broken pieces of stone and brick from buildings, walls, etc. that have been destroyed

assessment:
1. an official valuation of property, used as a basis for levying a tax.
2. the act of assessing; appraisal; evaluation.
3. an amount assessed as payable.

billiards & cue

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
But by the end of the third game, Pyotr Ilyitch felt no more desire for billiards; he laid down the cue, and without having supper as he had intended, he walked out of the tavern.

Definitions:
billiards:
 a game played on a special table in which two people use cues long sticks to hit balls into pockets holes at the edge of the table;

cue:
1. a long thin stick that you use for hitting the ball in games such as pool and billiards;
2.  to give someone, usually an actor or other performer, a signal to do or say something

Thursday, April 11, 2013

pagan & constellation

Quotations:
2 KINGS 23:5
He did away with the pagan priests appointed by the kings of Judah to burn incense on the high places of the towns of Judah and on those around Jerusalem -- those who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and moon, to the constellations and to all the starry hosts.

Definitions:
pagan:
someone who believes in a religion that is not one of the main modern religions. This word was used especially in the past by Christians to criticize people whose religion was not Christianity. 

constellation:
A group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is traditionally named after its apparent form or identified with a mythological figure. Modern astronomers divide the sky into eighty-eight constellations with defined boundaries

Tuesday, April 9, 2013

plumb & loll

Quotations:
2 KINGS 21:13
I will stretch out over Jerusalem the measuring line used against Samaria and the plumb line used against the house of Ahab. I will wipe out Jerusalem as one wipes a dish, wiping it and turning it upside down.

Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
The one on the sofa was lolling backwards, smoking a pipe.

Definitions:
plumb:
1. plumb bob: the metal bob of a plumb line;
2. Install and connect water and drainage pipes in (a building or room);
3.  completely straight.

loll:
1. to sit, stand, or lie in a relaxed position,
2. if your tongue or your head lolls, it hangs down in an uncontrolled way.

Monday, April 8, 2013

bit & poultice

Quotations:
2 KINGS 19:28
Because you rage against me and your insolence has reached my ears, I will put my hook in your nose and my bit in your mouth, and I will make you return by the way you came.

2 KINGS 20:7
Then Isaiah said, "Prepare a poultice of figs." They did so and applied it to the boil, and he recovered.

Definitions:
bit:
1. a piece of metal put in a horse's mouth so that a rider can control it
2.a small piece of something; a particular aspect of something; a part of something

poultice:
 a soft wet substance that you put on an injury or painful part of someone's body

underling & canticle

Quotations:
2 KINGS 19:6
Isaiah said to them, "Tell your master, 'This is what the Lord says: Do not be afraid of what you have heard -- those words with which the underlings of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.

Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
When a monk's body is carried out from the cell to the church and from the church to the graveyard, the canticle "What Earthly Joy..." is sung. If the deceased was a priest as well as a monk the canticle "Our Helper and Defender" is sung instead. 

Definitions:
underling:
 an insulting word for someone who is less important or has lower status in an organization than someone else.

canticle:
a song or chant, especially a hymn containing words derived from the Bible, used in the Christian liturgy.

Saturday, April 6, 2013

splinter & repulse

Quotations:
2 KINGS 18:21
Look now, you are depending on Egypt, that splintered reed of a staff, which pierces a man's hand and wounds him if he leans on it!

2 KINGS 18:24
How can you repulse one officer of the least of my master's officials, even though you are depending on Egypt for chariots and horsemen?

Definitions:
splinter:
1. to break into small sharp pieces, or to make something do this;
2. if a group splinters, it separates from a larger group, usually because of a disagreement;

repulse:
1. to force an army or other group of people to move back and stop attacking you;
2. if someone or something repulses you, they are so unpleasant that you feel slightly sick when you see them or think about them
3. to refuse someone's offer of help or friendship in an unpleasant way

Friday, April 5, 2013

officiate & aqueduct

Quotations:
2 KINGS 17:32
They worshipped the LORD, but they also appointed all sorts of their own people to officiate for them as priests in the shrines at the high places.

2 KINGS 18:17
The king of Assyria sent his supreme commander, his chief officer and his field commander with a large army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem. They came up to Jerusalem and stopped at the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the road to the Washerman's Field.

Definitions:
officiate:
1. to preside in an official capacity, especially at a religious ceremony;
2. to be in charge of a game or competition and check that the players obey the rules.

aqueduct:
a structure like a bridge that takes water across a valley.

Thursday, April 4, 2013

bigot & melancholy

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
The frantic outcries of bigots could not shake him, but his heart was suddenly filled with melancholy for some special reason and he felt that

Definitions:
bigot:
1. someone who is bigoted;
2. someone who is bigoted has opinions that most people think are unreasonable, especially about politics, race, or religion, and refuses to consider other people's opinions

melancholy:
<literary>feeling or making sb. feel a thoughtful or gentle sadness

deference & traitor

Quotations:
2 KINGS 16:18
He took away the Sabbath canopy that had been built at the temple and removed the royal entryway outside the temple of the LORD, in deference to the king of Assyria.

2 KINGS 17:4
But the king of Assyria discovered that Hoshea was a traitor, for he had sent envoys to So king of Egypt, and he no longer paid tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore Shalmaneser seized him and put him in prison.

Definitions:
deference:
behaviour that shows you respect someone and are willing to accept their opinion or decision;
in deference to:
out of respect or courtesy to somebody or something;

traitor:
someone who is not loyal to their friends, family, or employer;

Tuesday, April 2, 2013

exact & deport

Quotations:
2 KINGS 15:20
Menahem exacted this money from Israel. Every wealthy man had to contribute fifty shekels of silver to be given to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria withdrew and stayed in he land no longer.

2 KINGS 15:29
In the time of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maacah, Janoah, Kedesh and Hazor. He took Gilead and Galilee, including all the land of Naphtali, and deported the people to Assyria.

Definitions:
exact:
1. to get something from someone by threatening or forcing them or using your authority;
2. doing things very carefully, making certain that all the details are correct

deport:
 to send someone out of a country, usually because they do not have a legal right to be there.

Monday, April 1, 2013

hostage & amiable

Quotations:
2 KINGS 14:14
He took all the gold and silver and all the articles found in the temple of the LORD and in the treasuries of the royal palace. He also took hostages and returned to Samaria.

Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky:
"Receiving this amiable greeting, he stood still in silence and with an ironical air watched his son going upstairs, till he passed out of sight."

Definitions:
hostage:
a person who is the prisoner of someone who threatens to kill them if they do not get what they want.

amiable:
friendly and pleasant;