Sunday, March 31, 2013

mason & assassin

Quotations:
2 KINGS 12:12
the masons and stonecutters. They purchased timber and dressed stone for the repair of the temple of the LORD, and met all the other expenses of restoring the temple.

2 KINGS 14:6
Yet he did not put the sons of the assassins to death, in accordance with what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses where the LORD commanded:'Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their fathers; each is to die for this own sins.

Definitions:
mason:
 someone whose job is to cut stones into pieces that can be used in building

assassin:
 someone who kills a famous or important person, especially for political reasons, or someone who is paid to kill a particular person;

chest & bore

Quotations:
2 KINGS 12:9
Jehoiada the priest took a chest and bored a hole in its lid. He placed it beside the altar, on the right side as one enters the temple of the LORD. The priests who guarded the entrance put into the chest all the money that was brought to the temple of the LORD.

Definitions:
chest:
1. a large strong heavy box used for moving or storing things;
2.  the upper front part of your body between your neck and your stomach; used for referring to health problems in the area of your chest, especially in your lungs

bore:
1. to make a deep hole in something hard;
2. to make someone feel impatient or dissatisfied, especially by talking to them about things that are not very interesting
3.  the gauge of a gun

Friday, March 29, 2013

spasmodic & tug

Quotations:

Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
The frantic beast tugs and draws the load, trembling all over, gasping for breath, moving sideways, with a sort of unnatural spasmodic action — it's awful in Nekrassov.

Definitions:
spasmodic:
1. caused by or relating to the spasm of a muscle;
2. happening for short periods and not often.

tug:
to pull someone or something by making a short strong movement;

Thursday, March 28, 2013

latrine & treason

Quotations:
2 KINGS 10:27
They demolished the sacred stone of Baal and tore down the temple of Baal, and people have used it for a latrine to this day.

2 KINGS 11:14
She looked and there was the king, standing by the pillar, as the custom was. The officers and the trumpeters were beside the king, and all the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets. Then Athaliah tore her robes and called out, "Treason! Treason!"

Definitions:
latrine:
a toilet outside, for example in a military camp.

treason:
the crime of helping your country's enemies or of trying to destroy your country's government.

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

birch & twig

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
The papa was glad that the birch was covered with twigs.

Definitions:
birch:
a tall tree with thin branches and an outer layer that comes off in thin strips like paper

twig:
 a very small thin branch from a tree or bush

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

slump & eunuch

Quotations:
2 KINGS 9:24
Then Jehu drew his bow and shot Joram between the shoulders. The arrow pierced his heart and he slumped down in his chariot.

2 KINGS 9:32
He looked up at the windows and called out, "Who is on my side? Who?" Two or three eunuchs looked down at him.

Definitions:
slump:
1. to suddenly fall or sit because you are very tired or unconscious;
2. to be suddenly reduced to a much lower level
3. a period when an economy is much less successful than before and many people lose their jobs; a period when a player, team, etc. is much less successful than before.

eunuch:
 a man whose testicles have been removed, especially, in the past, a man whose job was guarding women in a harem.

Monday, March 25, 2013

feat & hitch

Quotations:
2 KINGS 8:13
Hazael said, "How could your servant, a mere dog, accomplish such a feat?"

2 KINGS 9:21
"Hitch up my chariot," Joram ordered. And when it was hitched up, Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah rode out, each in his own chariot, to meet Jehu. They met him at the plot of ground that had belonged to Naboth the Jezreelite.

Definitions:
feat:
 something impressive and often dangerous that someone does

hitch:
1. to fasten something such as a trailer to the back of a car; to fasten a horse to something such as a post or wagon
2. to travel by asking other people to take you in their car, by standing on the side of a road and holding out your thumb or a sign
3.  to move a part of your body or something that you are carrying to a higher position

Sunday, March 24, 2013

philanthropist & gratis

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Illustrated) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
That pamphlet is translated into Russian by some Russian philanthropists of aristocratic rank and evangelical aspirations, and has been distributed gratis for the enlightenment of the people.

Definitions:
philanthropist:
someone who believes in helping people, especially by giving money to those who need it;

gratis:
done or provided free;

headlong & dash

Quotations:
2 KINGS 7:15
They followed them as far as the Jordan, and they found the whole road strewn with the clothing and equipment the Arameans had thrown away in their headlong flight.

2 KINGS 8:12
"Why is my lord weeping?" asked Hazael.
"Because I know the harm you will do to the Israelites," he answered. "You will set fire to their fortified places, kill their young men with the sword, dash their little children to the ground, and rip open their pregnant women."

Definitions:
headlong:
1. happening or done very quickly and without careful thought.
2. a headlong fall is one in which your head hits something before the rest of your body.

dash:
1. to throw or hit something very violently onto a surface, usually so that it breaks; if water dashes against something, it hits it violently;
2. to run or go somewhere very quickly because you are in a hurry;

Friday, March 22, 2013

pod & plight

Quotations:
2 KINGS 6:25
There was a great famine in the city; the siege lasted so long that a donkey's head sold for eighty shekels of silver, and a quarter of a cab of seed pods for five shekels.

2 KINGS 7:13
One of his officers answered, "Have some men take five of the horses that are left in the city. Their plight will be like that of all the Israelites left here -- yes, they will only be like all these Israelites who are doomed. So let us send them to find out what happened.

Definitions:
pod:
the long narrow part of a bean plant or similar plant that holds the seeds;

plight:
a sad, serious, or difficult situation;

Thursday, March 21, 2013

reaper & axhead

Quotations:
2 KINGS 4:18
The child grew, and one day he went out to his father, who was with the reapers. "My head! My head!" he said to this father.

2 KINGS 6:5
As one of them was cutting down a tree, the iron axhead fell into the water. "Oh, my lord," he cried out, "it was borrowed."

Definitions:
reaper:
in the past, a person or machine that cut and gathered a crop such as wheat;

axhead:
axe head, the cutting head of an axe.

Wednesday, March 20, 2013

creditor & well-to-do

Quotations:
2 KINGS 4:1
The wife of a man from the company of the prophets cried out to Elisha, "Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that he revered the Lord. But now his creditor is coming to take my two boys as his slaves.

2 KINGS 4:8
One day Elisha went to Shunem. And a well-to-do woman was there, who urged him to stay for a meal. So whenever he came by, he stopped there to eat.

Definitions:
creditor:
 a person or company that is owed money by another person or company.

well-to-do:
rich.

Tuesday, March 19, 2013

jeer & ditch

Quotations:
2 KINGS 2:23
From there Elisha went up to Gethel. As he was walking along the road, some youths came out of the town and jeered at him. "Go on up, you baldhead!" they said. "Go on up, you baldhead!"

2 KINGS 3:16
and he said, "This is what the Lord says: Make this valley full of ditches.

Definitions:
jeer (at):
to shout or laugh at someone in an unkind way that shows you have no respect for them;

ditch:
1. a long narrow hole dug along the side of a road or field, usually so that water can run into it;
2. if an aircraft ditches, or if the pilot ditches it, it comes down in the ocean in an emergency;
3. to get rid of someone or something because you no longer like or need them; to end a sexual or romantic relationship with someone in a sudden and unkind way.

lattice & whirlwind

Quotations:
2 kings 1:2
Now Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria and injured himself. So he sent messengers, saying to them, "Go and consult Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, to see if I will recover from this injury.

2 kings 2:1
When the Lord was about to take Elijah up to heaven in a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal.

Definitions:
lattice:
a structure consisting of narrow pieces of wood, plastic, metal, etc. crossed over each other with spaces between them

whirlwind:
1. a very powerful dangerous wind that spins extremely fast, carrying away anything in its path;
2. something that happens very quickly and unexpectedly, so that the people involved have little control of what happens and how they feel


slap & deputy

Quotations:
1 KINGS 22:24
Then Zedekiah son of Kenaanah went up and slapped Micaiah in the face. "Which way did the spirit from the Lord go when he went from me to speak to you?" he asked.

1 KINGS 22:47
There was then no king in Edom; a deputy ruled.

Definition:
slap:
1. to hit someone or something quickly with the palm of the hand or a flat object, making a loud noise; to hit a surface with a sound like someone slapping something;
2. to put something down quickly and noisily; to put something on a surface quickly and without much attention

deputy:
 someone whose job is the second most important in a department or organization, and who takes the responsibilities of the most important person in some situations; used in job titles.

Sunday, March 17, 2013

protrude & articulate

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky- The brothers Karamazov
The man was standing with his neck outstretched and his lips protruding, with a pale and frenzied face. His lips were moving as though trying to articulate something;

Definitions:
protrude:
to be farther forwarder than the rest of something.

articulate:
1. to pronounce something or speak clearly.
2. to express thoughts, ideas or feelings coherently.

sulk & meekly

Quotations:
1 KINGS 21:4
So Ahab went home, sullen and angry because Naboth the Jezreelite had said, "I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers." He lay on his bed sulking and refused to eat.

1 KINGS 21:27
When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and fasted. He lay in sackcloth and went around meekly.

Definitions:
sulk:
1. to show that you are angry about being treated badly by looking unhappy and not talking to anyone;
2. a short period when you show people that you are angry by refusing to talk to them or to do something with them

meek:
1. quiet, gentle, and easily persuaded by other people to do what they want.
2. showing submissiveness or lack of initiative or will. 

Thursday, March 14, 2013

napkin & dart

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky- The brothers Karamazov
But when Alyosha went in, he leapt up from the bench on which he was sitting, and, hastily wiping his mouth with a ragged napkin, darted up to Alyosha.

Definitions:
napkin:
1. a piece of cloth or paper used for protecting your clothes and wiping your mouth and hands while you are eating 
2. a thick band of soft material that women attach to the inside of their underwear during menstruation 

dart:
1. move forweard suddenly and quickly
2. if you dart a look or a glance, or if your eyes dart somewhere, you look there suddenly and for a very short time
3. a short weighted arrow with a long slender point, a tapered tubular body, and plastic or metal fins that is thrown at a dartboard in the game of darts 

pronounce & sullen

Quotations:
1 KINGS 20:40
While your servant was busy here and there, the man disappeared."
"That is your sentence," the king of Israel said. "You have pronounced it yourself."

1 KINGS 20:43
Sullen and angry, the king of Israel went to his palace in Samaria.

Definitions:
pronounce:
1. to formally state an official opinion or decision 
2. to say the sounds of letters or words 

sullen:
1. showing that you are in an unhappy mood, and do not want to talk; used about someone's expression or attitude 
2. if the sky or weather is sullen, it is dark and unpleasant 

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

shriek & infuriate

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky- The brothers Karamazov

"Do you see, do you see?" he shrieked, pale and infuriated.

Definitions:
shriek:
to shout in a loud high voice because you are frightened, excited, or surprised; to say something in a very loud high voice

infuriate:
to make someone extremely angry 

all at once & overpower

Quotations:
1 KINGS 19:5
Then he lay down under the tree and fell asleep. All at once an angel touched him and said, "Get up and eat."

1 KINGS 20:21
The king of Israel advanced and overpowered the horses and chariots and inflicted heavy losses on the Arameans.

Definitions:
all at once:
happening suddenly, usually when you are not expecting it.

overpower:
1. to defeat someone in a fight or competition 
2. to affect someone so strongly that they cannot think or behave normally;
3. if one smell or taste overpowers another, it is much stronger than the other and spoils it 

Sunday, March 10, 2013

lick & tuck

Quotations:
1 KINGS 18:38
Then the fire of the Lord fell and burned up the sacrifice, the wood, the stones and the soil, and also licked up the water in the trench.

1 KINGS 18:46
The power of the Lord came upon Elijah and, tucking his cloak into his belt, he ran ahead of Ahab all the way to Jezreel.

Definitions:
lick:
1. if something such as fire or water licks something, it touches it several times 
2. to move your tongue across something, especially in order to eat it, clean it, or make it wet 

tuck:
1. to make a fold in a piece of clothing and sew it, either for decoration or to make the clothing tighter; if a part of someone's body is tucked, they have plastic surgery to make their skin tighter and make them look younger or thinner 
2. to put something in a particular place, especially in order to keep it safe or hidden; to put an arm, leg, or other part of your body into a position where it is not sticking out or sticking up 

Saturday, March 9, 2013

devout & waver

Quotations:
1 KINGS 18:3
and Ahab had summoned Obadiah, who was in charge of his palace. (Obadiah was a devout believer in the Lord. While Jezebel was killing off the Lord's prophets, Obadiah had taken a hundred prophets and hidden them with food and water.)

1 KINGS 18:21
Elijah went before the people and said, "How long will you waver between two opinions? If the Lord is God, follow him; but if Baal is God, follow him."

Definitions:
devout:
very religious.

waver:
1. Become unsteady or unreliable.
2. Shake with a quivering motion.

Friday, March 8, 2013

faction & trivial

Quotations:
1 KINGS 16:21
Then the people of Israel were split into two factions; half supported Tibni son of Ginath for king, and the other half supported Omri.

1 KINGS 16:31
He not only considered it trivial to commit the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, but he also married Jezebel daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and began to serve Baal and worship him.

Definitions:
faction:
1. a small group within a larger group, consisting of people with different opinions from the rest; disagreement or fighting between small groups within a larger group 
2. a story, movie, or television program that is a mixture of real and imaginary events or people 

trivial:
not very important, serious, or valuable

Thursday, March 7, 2013

agony & indiscretion

Quotations:
"No, it was all my fault. I am horribly to blame," Alyosha repeated unconsoled, hiding his face in his hands in an agony of remorse for his indiscretion.

Definitions:
agony:
a strong and unpleasant feeling, especially extreme worry or sadness.

indiscretion:
1. lack of judgment, especially in talking about things that are intended to be private.
2. something you do that shows a lack of judgment

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

depose & repulsive

Quotations:
1 KINGS 15:13
He even deposed his grandmother Maacah from her positions as queen mother, because she had made a repulsive Asherah pole. Asa cut the pole down and burned it in the Kdron Valley.

Definitions:
depose:
to force a political leader or a king or queen out of their position of power 

repulsive:
1. someone or something that is repulsive is so unpleasant that you feel slightly ill when you see them or think about them 
2. a repulsive force makes things move away from each other 

Tuesday, March 5, 2013

pretense & dung

Quotations:
1 KINGS 14:6
So when Ahihah heard the sound of her footsteps at the door, he said, "Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why this pretense? I have been sent to you with bad news.

1 KINGS 14:10
Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on the house of Jeroboam. I will cut off from Jeroboam every last male in Israel -- slave or free. I will burn up the house of Jeroboam as one burns dung, until it is all gone.

Definitions:
pretense:(pretence)
The act of pretending; a false appearance or action intended to deceive;

dung:
waste from the body of a large animal such as an elephant or a cow;

Monday, March 4, 2013

discharge & destitution

Quotations:
Complete Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky- The brothers Karamazov
He did something wrong in the army and was discharged. I can't tell you what. And now he has sunk into terrible destitution, with his family — an unhappy family of sick children, and, I believe, an insane wife.

Definitions:
discharge:
1. to be officially allowed or forced to leave an institution such as a hospital, a prison, or the army; if someone who has been accused of a crime is discharged, they are judged to be not guilty and officially allowed to leave prison or a court of law; to allow or force someone to leave an official job or position 
2. to allow liquid or gas to leave a place, especially when this has harmful effects 
...

destitution:
the state of having no money or possessions 

shrivel & maul

Quotations:
1 KINGS 13:4
When King Jeroboam heard what the man of God cried out against the altar at Bethel, he stretched out his hand from the altar and said, "Seize him!" But the hand he stretched out toward the man shriveled up, so that he could not pull it back.

1 KINGS 13:26
When the prophet who had brought him back from his journey heard of it, he said, "It is the man of God who defied the word of the Lord. The Lord has given him over to the lion, which has mauled him and killed him, as the word of  the Lord had warned him."

Definitions:
shrivel:
if something such as a plant shrivels or shrivels up, it becomes smaller and thinner than usual and it does not look fresh and healthy; to make something smaller and thinner than usual.

maul:
if an animal mauls a person or other animal, it attacks them with its claws and teeth, usually causing serious injury 

Saturday, March 2, 2013

scourge & revert

Quotations:
1 KINGS 12:11
My father laid on you a heavy yoke; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.

1 KINGS 12:26
Jeroboam thought to himself, "The kingdom will now likely revert to the house of David.

Definitions:
scourge:
1. to whip someone 
2. to cause a lot of trouble or harm to people 

revert:
1. to become once again the property of the former owner or his or her heirs 
2. to return to a former state, often one perceived as less desirable or inferior 
3. to return to an earlier topic in the course of a discussion 
4. to return to a former pattern of behavior, usually something less acceptable 
5. to acquire or develop original genetic features again 

Friday, March 1, 2013

annals & rest

Quotations:
1 KINGS 11:41
As for the other events of Solomon's reign -- all he did and the wisdom he displayed -- are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon? Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. Then he rested with his fathers and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son Succeeded him as king.

Definitions:
annals:
the official records of an organization, arranged according to their date;A record of events year by year.

rest:
1. a word meaning to be buried somewhere, used when you think it will upset someone if you say this word 
2. to put something somewhere for support, especially a part of your body; to be supported on, against, or in something 
3. if your eyes rest on someone or something, you look at that person or thing for a period of time 
4. to spend a period of time relaxing or sleeping after doing something tiring; to not use a part of your body that is tired or injured so that it can get better