Thursday, February 28, 2013

sycamore & subordinate

1 KINGS 11:27
The king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar as plentiful as sycamore-fig trees in the foothills.

1 KINGS 11:11
So the Lord said to Solomon, "Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates.

sycamore fig, a fig tree with edible fruit;

1. someone who has less power or authority than someone else;
2. if one thing is subordinated to another thing, it is considered to be less important than the other thing;
3. subordinate clause:
a group of words that gives extra information about a sentence but cannot form a sentence by itself. For example, in the sentence "Marla stayed at home because she was tired," "because she was tired" is a subordinate clause. 

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

ape & baboon

1 KINGS 10:22
The king had a fleet of trading ships at sea along with the ships of Hiram. Once every three years it returned, carrying gold, silver and ivory, and apes and baboons

1. a large monkey without a tail that can stand nearly straight and walk on two feet. Chimpanzees and gorillas are apes. 
2. an insulting word for a man who is rude or stupid 
3. to copy someone, especially the way they behave or speak

a type of large monkey from Africa or South Asia that lives on the ground 

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

inlay & goblet

1 KINGS 10:18
Then the king made a great throne inlaid with ivory and overlaid with fine gold.

1 KINGS 10:21
All King Solomon's goblets were gold, and all the household articles in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. Nothing was made of silver, because silver was considered of little value in Solomon's days.

(Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Art Terms) to decorate (an article, esp of furniture, or a surface) by inserting pieces of wood, ivory, etc., into prepared slots in the surface

a large wine glass with a tall stem 

Monday, February 25, 2013

retinue & revenue

1 KINGS 10:13
King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for, besides what he had given her out of his royal bounty. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.

1 KINGS 10:14
The weight of the gold that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents, not including the revenues from merchants and traders and from all the Arabian kings and the governors of the land.

a group of people who travel with and take care of an important or rich person;

income from business activities or taxes;

Sunday, February 24, 2013

caravan & almugwood

1 KINGS 10:2
Arriving at Jerusalem with a very great caravan -- with camels carrying spices, large quantities of gold, and precious stones -- she came to Solomon and talked with him about all that she had on her  mind.

1 KINGS 10:11
Hiram's ships brought gold from Ophir; and from there they brought great cargoes of almugwood and precious stones.

1. a group of people and vehicles or animals traveling together, especially in a desert 
2. a trailer; a vehicle that Romanies live in, sometimes pulled by a horse 

Almug, or red sandalwood, is a beautiful pleasant-smelling wood that Solomon imported for the pillars of the Temple

Saturday, February 23, 2013

byword & scoff

1 KINGS 9:7
then I will cut off Israel from the land I have given them and will reject this temple I have consecrated for my Name. Israel will then become a byword and an object of ridicule among all peoples. And though this temple is now imposing, all who pass by will be appalled and will scoff and say, 'Why has the Lord done such a thing to this land and to this temple?'

if someone or something is a byword for a particular quality, they have a strong reputation for that quality.

1. to laugh or say things to show that you think someone or something is stupid or deserves no respect 
2. to express derision or scorn about somebody or something
3. to eat food quickly and hungrily or greedily 

Friday, February 22, 2013

smelt & single

1 KINGS 8:51
for they are your people and your inheritance, whom you brought out of Egypt, out of that iron-smelting furnace.

1 KINGS 8:53
For you singled them out from all the nations of the world to be your own inheritance, just as you declared through your servant Moses when you, O Sovereign Lord, brought our fathers out of Egypt.

1. To melt or fuse (ores) in order to separate the metallic constituents.
2. A past tense and a past participle of smell;

1. To choose or distinguish from others. Often used with out: 
2. ......

Thursday, February 21, 2013

tong & supplication

1 KINGS 7:49
the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary);
the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;

1 KINGS 8:30
Hear the supplication of your servant and of your people Israel when they pray toward this place. Hear from heaven, your dwelling place, and when you hear, forgive.

1. to lift or move something with tongs;
2. to curl the hair with curling tongs 

1. a humble and sincere appeal to somebody who has the power to grant a request 
2. the addressing of humble and sincere appeals to somebody with the power to grant them 

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

burnish & floral

1 KINGS 7:45
the pots, shovels and sprinkling bowls. 
All these objects that Huram made for King Solomon for the temple of the Lord were of burnished bronze.

1 KINGS 7:49
the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right and five on the left, in front of the inner sanctuary); the gold floral work and lamps and tongs;

1. to rub metal until it shines;
2. to improve your reputation or the way you appear to other people;

made of flowers, or decorated with pictures of flowers;

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

axle & spoke

1 KINGS 7:30
Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side.

1 KINGS 7:33
The wheels were made like chariot wheels; the axles, rims, spokes and hubs were all of cast metal.

a metal bar that connects a pair of wheels on a car or other vehicle

one of several thin metal bars that connect the center of a wheel to the outside part 

Monday, February 18, 2013

hindquarter & wreath

1 KINGS 7:25
The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.

1 KINGS 7:29
On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim -- and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.

1. the back parts of an animal's body, including its back legs
2. either of the two back quarters of a carcass of beef, lamb, veal, or mutton consisting of one leg and one or two ribs 
3. the hind legs and adjoining parts of a four-legged animal

1. a circle of flowers or leaves that you put on a grave to show that you are remembering the dead person; a circle of flowers or leaves that you hang up for decoration; a circle of flowers or leaves that someone wears on their head 
2. something that is in the shape of a circle

interwoven & festoon

1 KINGS 7:17
A network of interwoven chains festooned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital.

to closely connect or mix different things together, or to be closely connected or mixed together 

1. a chain of flowers, lights, or other bright objects hanging as a decoration. 
2. to decorate something with bright and colorful objects.

eaves & capital

1 KINGS 7:9
All these structures, from the outside to the great courtyard and from foundation to eaves, were made of blocks of high-grade stone cut to size and trimmed with a saw on their inner and outer faces.

1 KINGS 7:16
He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubits high.

the bottom edge of a roof that continues out over the walls;

1. in architecture, the decorated top part of a column tall stone post that supports a building

Friday, February 15, 2013

colonnade & overhanging

1 KINGS 7:6
He made a colonnade fifty cubits long and thirty wide. In front of it was a portico, and in front of that were pillars and an overhanging roof.

a row of stone columns.

1. a part that sticks out from the edge above something; the distance by which a high part of something sticks out from the edge;
2. to stick out from an edge above something;

Thursday, February 14, 2013

identical & jamb

1 KINGS 6:25
The second cherub also measured ten cubits, for the two cherubim were identical in size and shape.

1 KINGS 7:31
For the entrance of the inner sanctuary he made doors of olive wood with five-sided jambs.

exactly the same 

the upright side of an opening such as a door or window 

partition & gourd

1 KINGS 6:16
He partitioned off twenty cubits at the rear of the temple an inner sanctuary, the Most Holy Place. The main hall in front of this room was forty cubits long. The inside of the temple was cedar, carved with gourds and open flowers. Everything was  cedar; no stone was to be seen.

1. to divide a room or vehicle with a partition
2. to divide a country into two or more separate countries 

a type of fruit with a hard thick skin. Some gourds can be cooked and eaten.; the hard shell of a gourd used as a container for water or food ;

Tuesday, February 12, 2013

beam & plank

1 KINGS 6:9
So he built the temple and completed it, roofing it with beams and cedar planks.

1. a long thick piece of wood, metal, or concrete that supports a roof;
2. a line of light or other form of energy 
3. the widest part of a ship from one side to the other

a long narrow piece of wood used for making structures such as floors 

Monday, February 11, 2013

project & clerestory

1 KINGS 6:3
The portico at the front of the main hall of the temple extended the width of the temple, that is twenty cubits, and projected ten cubits from the front of the temple. He made narrow clerestory windows in the temple.

1. to stick out past the edge or surface of something 
2. to calculate how big something will become in the future using information that is available now 
3. to send an image to a screen or other surface; to make your voice loud enough to be heard at a distance; to imagine someone or something in another place or time 

in architecture, the upper part of the wall of a church, where there is a series of windows 

Sunday, February 10, 2013

quarry & portico

1 KINGS 5:17
At the king's command they removed from the quarry large blocks of quality stone to provide a foundation of dressed stone for the temple.

1 KINGS 6:3
The portico at the front of the main hall of the temple extended the width of the temple, that is twenty cubits, and projected ten cubits from the front of the temple.

1. an open excavation from which stone or other material is extracted by blasting, cutting, or drilling. 
2. something with a square or diamond shape, e.g. a pane of glass in a latticed window 

a structure with no sides that has a roof supported by columns, usually built at the entrance to a building. 

envoy & conscript

1 KINGS 5:1
When Hiram king of Tyre heard that Solomon had been anointed king to succeed his father David, he sent his envoys to Solomon, because he had always been on friendly terms with David.

1 KINGS 5:13
King Solomon conscripted laborers from all Israel-thirty thousand men.

an official who represents their country in another country, with a rank below an ambassador; a representative of a government or organization who is sent to another country to deal with a particular situation;

to make someone join the military 

Friday, February 8, 2013

roebuck & choice

1 KINGS 4:23
ten head of stall-fed cattle, twenty of pasture-fed cattle and a hundred sheep and goats, as well as deer, gazelles, roebucks and choice fowl.

a male roe deer, especially an adult one;

1. of very high quality
2. choice language is very effective and often angry or rude 

Thursday, February 7, 2013

escort & stall-fed

1 Kings 1:38
So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites went down and put Solomon on King David's mule and escorted him to Gihon.

1 Kings 4:23
ten head of stall-fed cattle, twenty of pasture-fed cattle and a hundred sheep and goats, as well as deer, gazelles, roebucks and choice fowl.

to go somewhere with someone in order to be certain that they arrive at the right place 

To lodge and feed (an animal) in a stall for the purpose of fattening.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

sledge & kings

2 SAMUEL 24:22
Araunah said to David, "Let my lord the king take whatever pleases him and offer it up. Here are oxen for the burnt offering, and here are threshing sledges and ox yokes for the wood.

1 KINGS 1:1
When King David was old and well advanced in years, he could not keep warm even when they put covers over him.

1. a long heavy hammer that you swing with both hands 
2. a sled 
3. to ride on a sled.

either of the two books called I and II Kings recounting the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel

Tuesday, February 5, 2013

incite & overrule

2 SAMUEL 24:1
Again the anger of the Lord burned against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, "Go and take a census of Israel and Judah."

2 SAMUEL 24:4
The king's word, however, overruled Joab and the army commanders; so they left the presence of the king to enroll the fighting men of Israel.

to encourage people to be violent or commit crimes by making them angry or excited.

to officially change a decision that someone else has made. 

Monday, February 4, 2013

cringe & exploit

2 SAMUEL 22:44
"You have delivered me from the attacks of my people; you have preserved me as the head of nations. People I did not know are subject to me, and foreigners come cringing to me; as soon as they hear me, they obey me.

2 SAMUEL 23:17
"Far be it from me, O Lord, to do this!" he said. "Is it not the blood of men who went at risk of their lives?" And David would not drink it.
Such were the exploits of the three mighty men.

1. to move back slightly from something that is unpleasant or frightening 
2. to feel embarrassed or ashamed about something 
3. a quick slight movement away from something that is unpleasant or frightening 
4. a feeling that you get when you are embarrassed or ashamed about something 

1. something unusual that someone does that you think is brave, exciting, or entertaining 
2. to treat someone unfairly in order to get some benefit for yourself
3. to use a situation so that you get benefit from it, even if it is wrong or unfair to do this
4. to use natural resources such as trees, water, or oil so that you gain as much as possible 

Sunday, February 3, 2013

haughty & scale

2 SAMUEL 22:28
You save the humble, but your eyes are on the haughty to bring them low.

2 SAMUEL 22:30
With your help I can advance against a troop; with my God I can scale a wall.

proud and unfriendly 

1. to climb to or over the top of a high steep object such as a mountain or a wall ;
2. to remove scales from fish; to remove scale from teeth ;
3. Same as scale insect. boiler scale;
4. the size of something, especially when it is big; the rate at which something is produced, developed, etc.
5. a set of people or things arranged in order from the highest level to the lowest or from the lowest level to the highest; a range of measurements in a particular system; a list showing the amount of money that someone should be paid for a particular job, according to their qualifications, experience, etc.; a set of marks, usually lines and numbers, on a piece of equipment or a drawing, used for measuring something ;
6. the relationship between the actual distance or size of something and how it is shown on a map or in a drawing or model ;
7. a piece of equipment used for weighing people or things;

Saturday, February 2, 2013

canopy & lay bare

2 SAMUEL 22:12
He made darkness his canopy around him -- the dark rain clouds of the sky.

2 SAMUEL 22:16
The valleys of the sea were exposed and the foundations of the earth laid bare at the rebuke of the Lord, at the blast of breath from his nostrils.

1. a transparent cover over the front part of an airplane where the pilot sits 
2. a mass of leaves and branches that form a cover high above the ground 
3. a cloth cover above something such as a bed or chair

lay bare:

1. a part of your body that is bare is not covered by any clothes. When someone is not wearing any clothes at all, they are naked or nude; 
2. bare walls, surfaces, etc. have no covering or decoration; bare trees or areas of land have nothing growing on them ;
3. to remove something that hides or covers something such as a part of your body ;
4. if you bare yourself or bare your soul, you tell someone your most private thoughts. 

Friday, February 1, 2013

swirl & coil

2 SAMUEL 22:5
The waves of death swirled about me; the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me.

2 SAMUEL 22:6
The cords of the grave coiled around me; the snares of death confronted me.

to move quickly in circles, or to make something move in this way 

wind or twist into a continuous circular or spiral shape;curl round and round;