Thursday, January 31, 2013

immolate & chimera

Quotations:
The crowd: study of the popular mind

Behind the immolated chimeras they came face to face with the blind and silent forces of nature, which are inexorable to weakness and ignore.

Definitions:
immolate:
to kill someone by burning them;

chimera:
a plan or course of action that is not possible to achieve 






Wednesday, January 30, 2013

amend & decimate

Quotations:
2 SAMUEL 21:3
David asked the Gibeonites, "What shall I do for you? How shall I make amends so that you will bless the Lord's inheritance?"

2 SAMUEL 21:5
They answered the king, "As for the man who destroyed us and plotted against us so that we have been decimated and have no place anywhere in Israel, let seven of his male descendants be given to us to be killed and exposed before the Lord at Gibeah of Saul -- the Lord's chosen one.

Definitions:
amend:
to make changes to a document, law, agreement, etc., especially in order to improve it;

decimate:
to spoil or destroy something, for example by getting rid of a lot of people 

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

wallow & batter

Quotations:
2 SAMUEL 20:12
Amasa lay wallowing in his blood in the middle of the road, and the man saw that all the troops came to a halt there. When he realized that everyone who came up to Amasa stopped, he dragged him from the road into a field and threw a garment over him.

2 SAMUEL 20:15
All the troops with Joab came and besieged Sheba in Abel Beth Maacah. They built a siege ramp up to the city, and it stood against the outer fortifications. while they were battering the wall to bring it down, a wise woman called from the city, "Listen!Listen! Tell Joab to come here so I can speak to him."

Definitions:
wallow:
1. to lie down and roll around in water, dirt, or mud like a pig 
2. to spend a lot of time feeling a negative emotion, especially because you want sympathy from other people 

batter:
1. to deliberately hit someone many times; to hit something very hard several times ;
2. a player who tries to hit the ball in baseball;
3. a liquid mixture of milk, flour, and eggs, that is used in cooking; a thick mixture of flour, eggs, sugar, and shortening fat, used for making cakes 

Monday, January 28, 2013

lofty & brink

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Whoever trusts in them may rapidly attain a lofty destiny, but to do so is to be perpetually skirting the brink of a Tarpeian rock, with the certainty of one day being precipitated from it.


----- Words Explanation -----
lofty:
1. someone who has a lofty manner or attitude behaves in a way that shows they think they are better than other people;
2. a lofty building or structure is very tall 

brink:
1. the point in time when something very bad or very good is about to happen 
2. the top of a very steep cliff




quarter & provide for

Quotes:
2 SAMUEL 19:11
King David sent this message to Zadok and Abiathar, the priests:"Ask the elders of Judah, 'Why should you be the last to bring the king back to his palace, since what is being said throughout Israel has reached the king at his quarters?

2 SAMUEL 19:32
Now Barzillai was a very old man, eighty years of age. He had provided for the king during this stay in Mahanaim, for he was a very wealthy man. The king said to Barzillai, "Cross over with me and stay with me in Jerusalem, and I will provide for you."

Explanations:
quarter:
1. part of a town where you find particular buildings, activities, or people 

provide for:
to take care of someone by making money in order to buy the things that they need 

Sunday, January 27, 2013

jeopardy & come what may

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 18:13
And if I had put my life in jeopardy -- and nothing is hidden from the king -- you would have kept your distance from me.

2 SAMUEL 18:22
Ahimaaz son of Zadok again said to Joab, "Come what may, please let me run behind the Cushite."


----- Words Explanation -----
jeopardy:
1. the risk of loss, harm, death, or destruction 
2. the risk of being convicted when put on trial for a crime. 

come what may:
despite anything that may happen



Friday, January 25, 2013

brook & pottery

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 17:20
When Absalom's men came to the woman at the house, they asked, "Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?"
The woman answered them, "They crossed over the brook." The men searched but found no one, so they returned to Jerusalem.

2  SAMUEL 17:27
When David came to Mahanim, Shobi son of Nahash from Rabbah of the Ammonites, and Makir son of Ammiel from Lo Debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim brought bedding and bowls and articles of pottery. They also brought wheat and barley, flour and roasted grain, beans and lentils,


----- Words Explanation -----
brook:
a small freshwater stream 

pottery:
1. objects such as plates and cups that are made out of clay and baked in an oven so that they become hard;
2. the activity of making pottery; 
3. a factory where pottery is made 




frustrate & without fail

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 17:14
Absalom and all the men of Israel said, "The advice of Hushai the Arkite is better than that of Ahithophel." For the Lord had determined to frustrate the good advice of Ahithophel in order to bring disaster on Absalom.

2 SAMUEL 17:16
Now send a mseeage immediately and tell David, 'Do not spend the night at the fords in the desert; cross over without fail, or the king and all the people with him will be swallowed up.'


----- Words Explanation -----
frustrate:
1. to make someone feel annoyed and impatient by preventing them from doing or getting something 
2. to prevent someone or something from succeeding

without fail:
1. used for emphasizing that someone must do something
2. used for emphasizing that something always happens in the same way or at the same time 






Wednesday, January 23, 2013

pelt & scoundrel

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 16:6
He pelted David and all the king's officials with stones, though all the troops and the special guard were on David's right and left.

2 SAMUEL 16:7
As he cursed, Shimei said, "Get out, get out, you man of blood, you scoundrel!


----- Words Explanation -----
pelt:
1. to throw objects with force at someone or something 
2. if rain or snow is pelting or is pelting down, it comes down quickly in large amounts 

scoundrel:
a man who behaves in an unfair or dishonest way 


contagion & miser

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The Crowd: study of the popular mind
The second cause, which is contagion, also intervenes to determine the manifestation in crowds of their special characteristics, and at the same time the trend they are to take.

and the transformation is so profound as to change the miser into a spendthrift, the skeptic into a believer, the honest man into a criminal, and the coward into a hero.


----- Words Explanation -----
contagion:
1. a situation in which feelings or ideas spread very quickly from one person or place to another 
2. a situation in which a disease can be spread from one person or animal to another through touch or through the air; a disease that can be spread from one person to another through touch or through the air 

miser:
someone who likes to keep all their money and is unwilling to spend any 





Monday, January 21, 2013

estrange & conspiracy

----- Words Excerpt from -----
14:14
Like water spilled on the ground, which cannot be recovered, so we must die. But God does not take away life; instead, he devises ways so that a banished person may not remain estranged from him.

15:1
Absalom's Conspiracy
In the course of time, Absalom provided himself with a chariot and horses and with fifty men to run ahead of him.

----- Words Explanation -----
estrange:
to cause somebody to stop feeling friendly or affectionate towards somebody else or sympathetic towards a tradition or belief;

conspiracy:
a secret plan by a group of people to do something bad or illegal, especially in politics 






haggard & hallucination

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 13:4
He asked Amnon, "Why do you, the king's son, look so haggard morning after morning? Won't you tell me?"

The Crowd: study of the popular mind 
Before evidence so palpable the hallucination vanished.


----- Words Explanation -----
haggard:
looking very tired, worried, or sick 

hallucination:
something that you think you can see or hear that is not really there, especially because of an illness or the effect of drugs; the experience of seeing or hearing something that is not really there 




Saturday, January 19, 2013

citadel & consign

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 12:26
Meanwhile Joab fought against Rabbah of the Ammonites and captured the royal citadel.

2 SAMUEL 12:31
and brought out the people who were there, consigning them to labor with saws and with iron picks and axes, and the made them work at brickmaking. He did this to all the Ammonite towns. Then David and his entire army returned to Jerusalem.

----- Words Explanation -----
citadel:
a castle intended originally for the defense of a city, usually built on a high place 

consign:
1. to dispose of somebody or something, usually for a long time, if not permanently 
2. to address, deliver, or hand over for later delivery something for sale, safekeeping, or disposal 




Friday, January 18, 2013

broad & lotion

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 12:11
This is what the Lord says: 'Out of your own household I am going to bring calamity  upon you. Before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to one who is close to you, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight.

2 SAMUEL 12:20
Then David got up from the ground. After he had washed, put on lotion and changed his clothes, he went into the house of the Lord and worshiped. Then he went to his own house, and at his request they served him food, and he ate.


----- Words Explanation -----
broad:
Full; open: broad daylight.

lotion:
a thick liquid that you put on your skin in order to clean it or make it feel softer and less dry 





Thursday, January 17, 2013

amenable & garrulous

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Complete Works by Plato
It may prove amenable or it may be obstinate; but the fact is we are in such an extremity that we need to turn every argument over and over and test it from all sides.

Complete Works by Plato
Theaetetus, I'm afraid a garrulous man is really an awful nuisance.

----- Words Explanation -----
amenable:
willing to do something or to agree with someone; 

garrulous:
a garrulous person talks a lot;




Wednesday, January 16, 2013

humiliate & vassal

----- Words Excerpt from -----
 2 SAMUEL 10:5
When David was told about this, he sent messengers to meet the men, for they were greatly humiliated. The king said, "Stay at Jericho till your beards have grown, and then come back."

2 SAMUEL 10:19
When all the kings who were vassals of Hadadezer saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they made peace with the Israelites and became subject to them.
So the Arameans were afraid to help the Ammonites anymore.


----- Words Explanation -----
humiliate:
to make someone feel very embarrassed and ashamed;

vassal:
1. someone in Europe during the Middle Ages who was loyal to a king who gave them a home and protection 
2. a person or country that depends completely on, and is controlled by, another person or country 





Tuesday, January 15, 2013

garrison & buttock

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL  8:6
He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him and brought tribute. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.

2 SAMUEL 10:4
So Hanun seized David's men, shaved off half of each man's beard, cut off their garments in the middle at the buttcoks, and sent them away.


----- Words Explanation -----
garrison:
 a group of soldiers living in and defending a particular place; the place that a group of soldiers are living in and defending

buttock:
 one of the two round parts of your body that you sit on.





Monday, January 14, 2013

revelation & in the course of time

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 7:17
Nathan reported to David all the words of this entire revelation.

2 SAMUEL 8:1 
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.

----- Words Explanation -----
revelation:
1. a message that is believed to have come from God
2.  a surprising piece of information
3.  a surprising and enjoyable experience that makes you realize something that you previously had not known
4. the process of letting people know or see something that was previously hidden or secret

in the course of time:
after some time has passed



Sunday, January 13, 2013

disrobe & vulgar

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 6:20
When David returned home to bless his household, Michal daughter of Saul came out to meet him and said, "How the king of Israel has distinguished himself today, disrobing in the sight of the slave girls of his servants as any vulgar fellow would!


----- Words Explanation -----
disrobe:
to take your clothes off; undress;

vulgar:
1. someone who is vulgar is rude, unpleasant, and offensive 
2. a vulgar joke, comment, action, etc. has a sexual meaning that is considered rude or offensive 
3. lacking the ability to judge what is attractive, appropriate, etc. 



Saturday, January 12, 2013

cymbal & irreverent

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 6:5
David and the whole house of Israel were celebrating with all their might before the Lord, with songs and with harps, lyres, tambourines, sistrums and cymbals.

2 SAMUEL 6:7
The Lord's anger burned against Uzzah because of his irreverent act; therefore God struck him down and he died there beside the ark of God.


----- Words Explanation -----
cymbal:
a simple musical instrument consisting of a thin circular piece of metal that you play by hitting it with a stick or by hitting two of them against each other. A cymbal is a percussion instrument. 

irreverent:
showing no respect for traditions, the rules of society, or religious beliefs;




terrace & sistrum

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 5:9
David then took up residence in the fortress and called it the City of David. He built up the area around it, from the supporting terraces inward.

2 SAMUEL 6:5
David and  the whole house of Israel were celebrating with all their might before the Lord, with songs and with harps, lyres, tambourines, sistrums and cymbals 

----- Words Explanation -----
terrace:
1. a flat area outside a house, restaurant, hotel, etc. used for sitting and eating meals 
2. one of a series of areas on a slope cut so that they look like wide steps, used for growing crops 
3. a row of houses all of the same type, built so that they join together; a row house 

sistrum
an ancient Egyptian percussion instrument consisting of a thin metal frame with rods or loops attached that jingle when shaken

Thursday, January 10, 2013

alarmed & ward

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 4:1
When Ish-Bosheth son of Saul heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost courage, and all Israel became alarmed.

2  SAMUEL 5:6
The king and his men marched to Jerusalem to attack the Jebusites, who lived there. The Jebusites said to David, "You will not get in here; even the blind and the lame can ward you off." They thought, "David cannot get in here." 

----- Words Explanation -----
alarmed:
Frightened or worried that something unpleasant or dangerous might happen.

ward off:
to do something to prevent someone or something from harming you;

ward:
1. a large room in a hospital with beds for people to stay in.
2. someone, especially a child, who is officially being looked after by a court of law or by someone who is not their parents. The person who looks after them is their guardian.
3. a small district that a city, town, or other area is divided into for local elections in the U.K. 





Wednesday, January 9, 2013

bier & fetter

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 4:31
Then David said to Joab and all the people with him, "Tear your clothes and put on sackcloth and walk in mourning in front of Abner." King David himself walked behind the bier.

2 SAMUEL 4:34
Your hands were not bound, your feet were not fettered. You fell as one falls before wicked men."


----- Words Explanation -----
bier:
a wooden structure for putting a coffin container for a dead body on 

fetter:
1. to put chains on a prisoner's feet ;
2. to limit someone's freedom to do what they want

Tuesday, January 8, 2013

butt & halt

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 2:23
But Asahel refused to give up the pursuit; so Abner thrust the butt of his spear into Asahel's stomach, and the spear came out through his back. He fell there and died on the spot. And every man stopped when he came to the place where Asahel had fallen and died.

2. SAMUEL 2:28
So Joab blew the trumpet, and all the men came to a halt; they no longer pursued Israel, not did they fight anymore. 

----- Words Explanation -----
butt:
 1. the end of the handle of a gun or tool 
2. the part of a cigarette or cigar that is left after you have finished smoking it;
3. if a person or animal such as a goat butts someone or something, they hit them with the top of their head 

halt:
1. an end or temporary stop 
2. to stop moving, or to stop a person or vehicle from moving 





Monday, January 7, 2013

throe & swift

----- Words Excerpt from -----
2 SAMUEL 1:9
Then he said to me, 'Stand over me and kill me! I am in the throes of death, but I'm still alive.'

2  SAMUEL 1: 23
"Saul and Jonathan -- in life they were loved and gracious, and in death they were not parted. They were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

----- Words Explanation -----
throe:
a spasm of pain

swift:
happening or done very quickly or suddenly

Sunday, January 6, 2013

menace & circumspect

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The Crowd:study of the popular mind by Gustave Le Bon
-- the power of the crowd is the only force that nothing menaces, and of which the prestige is continually on the increase;

--The philosopher who studies social phenomena should bear in mind that side by side with their theoretical value they possess a practical value, and that this latter, so far as the evolution of civilisation is concerned, is alone of importance. The recognition of this fact should render him very circumspect with regard to the conclusions that logic would seem at first to enforce upon him.

----- Words Explanation -----
menace:
to threaten someone or something;

circumspect:
 thinking carefully about something before you say or do it





Saturday, January 5, 2013

fierce & couch

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 28:18
Because you did not obey the Lord or carry out his fierce wrath against the Amalekites, the Lord has done this to you today.

1 SAMUEL 28:23
He refused and said, "I will not eat."
But his men joined the woman in urging him, and he listened to them. He got up from the ground and sat on the couch.


----- Words Explanation -----
fierce:
1. involving very strong feelings such as determination, anger, or hate;
2. fierce weather is very strong or severe 

couch:
1. a long low comfortable seat that two or three people can sit on 
2. a long piece of furniture like a bed that someone lies on while talking about their mental problems with a psychiatrist;






Friday, January 4, 2013

odious & bring about

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 27:12
Achish trusted David and said to himself, "He has become so odious to his people, the Israelites, that he will be my servant forever."

1 SAMUEL 28:9
But the woman said to him, "Surely you know what Saul has done. He has cut off the mediums and spiritists from the land. Why have you set a trap for my life to bring about my death?"


----- Words Explanation -----
odious:
very unpleasant 

bring about:
to make something happen, especially to cause changes in a situation 





Thursday, January 3, 2013

partridge & triumph

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 26:20
Now do not let my blood fall to the ground far from the presence of the Lord. The king of Israel has come out to look for a flea - as one hunts a partridge in the mountains.

1 SAMUEL 26:25
Then Saul said to David, "May you be blessed, my son David; you will do great things and surely triumph."


----- Words Explanation -----
partridge:
1. a fat brown bird that is hunted for sport and food; 
2. the meat from a partridge;

triumph:
1. to win a great victory, or to have a great success ;
2. a great victory or success; 
3. the proud or excited feeling that you get when you have won something or have been successful.





Wednesday, January 2, 2013

scout & jug

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 26:3
Saul made his camp beside the road on the hill of Hakilah facing Jeshimon, but David stayed in the desert. When he saw that Sual had followed him there, he sent out scouts and learned that Saul had definitely arrived.

1 SAMUEL 26:11
But the Lord forbid that I should lay a hand on the Lord's anointed. Now get the spear and water jug that are near his head, and let's go.


----- Words Explanation -----
scout
a person or vehicle sent out by an army to get information about the position and movements of the enemy 

jug:
a large container for liquids with a very narrow top that can be closed by a cork 




Tuesday, January 1, 2013

stagger & fail

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 25:30
When the Lord has done for my master every good thing he promised concerning him and has appointed him leader over Israel, my master will  not have on his conscience the staggering burden of needless bloodshed or of having avenged himself. And when the Lord has brought my master success, remember your servant.

1 SAMUEL 25:37
Then in the morning, when Nabal was sober, his wife told him all these things, and his heart failed him and he became like a stone.


----- Words Explanation -----
stagger:
1. (of a blow or shock) cause to walk or move unsteadily; (of news,etc.) shock deeply; cause worry or confusion to
2.  walk or move unsteadily (from weakness, a heavy burden, drunkenness, etc.)
3.  to continue doing sth. despite great difficulty
4. arrange (times of events, or objects) so that they do not all occur together

fail:
1.  if a quality or ability fails you, you suddenly lose it
2. if something such as a machine or an organ in your body fails, it no longer works correctly; if someone's health is failing, they are becoming weak and less able to do things; if something such as a business or a relationship fails, it has a lot of problems and can no longer continue; if crops fail, they do not finish growing and cannot be used for food; if the rains fail, it does not rain during the usual season or time of the year