Wednesday, October 31, 2012

enthrone & uproar

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 4:4
So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the Lord Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim. And Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

1 SAMUEL 4:6
Hearing the uproar, the Philistines asked, "What's all this shouting in the Hebrew camp?"

----- Words Explanation -----
enthrone:
to make someone the new king, queen, or bishop in a formal ceremony

uproar:
a lot of very loud noise, made especially by people shouting





Friday, October 26, 2012

contemptible & attest

----- Words Excerpt from -----
SAMUEL 3:13
For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons made themselves contemptible, and he failed to restrain them.

SAMUEL 3:20
And all Israel from Dan to Beersheba recognized that Samuel was attested as a prophet of the Lord.


----- Words Explanation -----
contemptible:
 very bad and deserving no respect;

attest:
1. to give proof or be evidence that something is true;
2. to state formally that you believe something is true, correct, or real 




Thursday, October 25, 2012

crust & tingle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
SAMUEL 2:36
Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a crust of bread and plead, "Appoint me to some priestly office so I can have food to eat."

SAMUEL 3:11
And the Lord said to Samuel:"See, I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears of it tingle.


----- Words Explanation -----
crust:
1. the thin, usually hard or crisp outer part of a loaf or slice of bread
2.  the thin outermost layer of Earth, approximately one percent of Earth's volume, that varies in thickness and has a different composition from the interior.
3. to cover something with a crust or become covered with a crust

tingle:
1. if you tingle with a particular feeling, you feel it very strongly
2. if a part of your body tingles, it stings slightly, for example because it is very cold or very hot




disdain & prime

----- Words Excerpt from -----
SAMUEL 2:30
"Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares:' 

SAMUEL 2:33
Every one of you that I do not cut off from my altar will be spared only to blind your eyes with tears and to grieve your heart, and all your descendants will die in the prime of life.

----- Words Explanation -----
disdain:
1. to think that someone or something is not important and does not deserve any respect
2. if you disdain to do something, you refuse to do it because you think it is unimportant

prime:
1. the stage in your life when you are most active or most successful
2.  to prepare someone to behave or react in a particular way
3. to get a weapon or bomb ready to fire or explode
4. to prepare a surface for paint or some other substance
5.   most important; having the most influence



Tuesday, October 23, 2012

mediate & stature

----- Words Excerpt from -----
SAMUEL 2:25
If a man sins against another man, God may mediate for him; but if a man sins against the Lord, who will intercede for him?" His sons, however, did not listen to their father's rebuke, for it was the Lord's will to put them to death.

SAMUEL 2:26
And the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favor with the Lord and with men.

----- Words Explanation -----
mediate:
 to try to end a disagreement between two people or groups; to find an agreement or solution that settles a disagreement

stature:
1. someone's height
2.  the amount of public respect or popularity that someone or something has




Monday, October 22, 2012

prong & caldron

----- Words Excerpt from -----
SAMUEL 2:13
Now it was the practice of the priests with the people that whenever anyone offered a sacrifice and while the meat was being boiled, the servant of the priest would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand.

SAMUEL 2:14
He would plunge it into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot, and the priest would take for himself whatever the fork brought up. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh.


----- Words Explanation -----
prong:
1. a long sharp point, especially one of the points on a fork;
2. any of the separate stages of a plan or activity;

caldron/cauldron:
1. a large metal pot in which liquids are boiled
2.  a large round metal container used for cooking over a fire



Friday, October 19, 2012

distill & taboo

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Food Rules - Michael Pollan
This dietary wisdom is the distillation of an evolutionary process involving many people in many places figuring out what keeps people healthy (and what doesn't), and passing that knowledge down in the form of food habits and combinations, manners and rules and taboos, and everyday and seasonal practices, as well as memorable sayings and adages.


----- Words Explanation -----
distill:
to make a liquid more pure by heating it until it becomes a gas and then making it colder so that it becomes a liquid again; to use this process to make an alcoholic drink such as whiskey; to obtain liquid from a plant using a similar process 

distillation:
1. [Chemistry]the process of separating, concentrating, or purifying liquid by boiling it and then condensing the resulting vapor (Alcoholic liquors, such as, whiskey and vodka are made in this way) 
2. something that consists of the essential points, aspects, or implications of something larger or longer 

taboo:
1. something that people do not do or talk about because it is very offensive or shocking 
2. something that is not allowed by a particular religion; the system in some religions in which certain actions must not be done and certain objects must not be touched because they have great spiritual importance 





Thursday, October 18, 2012

SAMUEL & pine

----- Words Excerpt from -----
SAMUEL 2:5
Those who were full hire themselves out for food, but those who were hungry hunger no more. She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has had many sons pines away.


----- Words Explanation -----
SAMUEL:
either of two books of the Bible that describe the history of the Israelites from the birth of Samuel to the end of the reign of King David, traditionally attributed to Samuel

pine:( pine away)
1. to feel very sad because you cannot be with someone who you love
2. [Plant]a tall tree with thin sharp leaves called needles that do not fall off in winter, and hard brown fruits called cones


Wednesday, October 17, 2012

shawl & endanger

----- Words Excerpt from -----
RUTH 3:15
He also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out."  When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and put it on her. Then he went back to town.

RUTH 4:6
At this, the kinsman-redeemer said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."


----- Words Explanation -----
shawl:
a large piece of material that is worn by a woman around her shoulders or on her head ;

endanger:
to put someone or something into a situation where they might be harmed or damaged ;





Tuesday, October 16, 2012

winnow & startle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
RUTH 3:2
Is not Boaz, with whose servant girls you have been, a kinsman of ours? Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.

RUTH 3:8
In the middle o the night something startled the man, and he turned and discovered a woman lying at his feet.


----- Words Explanation -----
winnow:
to remove the outer cover from grain 

startle:
to make a person or animal feel suddenly frightened or surprised by doing something that they do not expect 





Friday, October 12, 2012

Ruth & cling

----- Words Excerpt from -----
RUTH 1:14
At this they wept again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-by, but Ruth clung to her.


----- Words Explanation -----
Ruth:
 in the Bible, a Moabite widow who left her own people to live with her mother-in-law Naomi, married Boaz, and was an ancestor of King David;
a book of the Bible that tells the story of Ruth

cling:
1. to hold onto someone or something tightly with your hands or arms, for example because you are afraid; to stay very close to someone, usually because you want them to protect you
2. to stick to or fit very tightly on something
3. to keep believing that something is right or real, even though other people do not




Thursday, October 11, 2012

advisory & pyramid

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Food Rules  an eater's manual -- Michael Pollan
Most of us have come to rely on experts of one kind or another to tell us how to eat -- doctors and diet books, media accounts of the latest findings in nutritional science, government advisories and food pyramids, the proliferating health claims on food packages. 


----- Words Explanation -----
advisory:
1. An official announcement, typically a warning about bad weather conditions
2. Having or consisting in the power to make recommendations but not to take action enforcing them

pyramid:
a large stone structure with a square base and walls with three sides that meet at a point on the top of the structure. The most famous ones, known as the Pyramids, were built in ancient Egypt in order to bury kings.




Wednesday, October 10, 2012

interrogate & lyre

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The complete works of Plato
There is one excellent argument, said Cebes, namely that when men are interrogated in the right manner, they always give  the right answer of their own accord, and they could not do this if they did not possess the knowledge and the right explanation inside them.

Things such as this: to know a man is surely a different knowledge from knowing a lyre. 

----- Words Explanation -----
interrogate:
1. to ask someone, for example a prisoner or criminal, a lot of questions in an angry or threatening way, in order to get information;
2. to get information from a computer by using a special program;

lyre:
an ancient Greek musical instrument with strings and shaped like the letter U 



Tuesday, October 9, 2012

casualty & valiant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 20:31
The Benjamites came out to meet them and were drawn away from the city. They began to inflict casualties on the Israelites as before, so that about thirty men fell in the open field and on the roads -- the one leading to Bethel and the other to Gibeah.

JUDGES 20:44
Eighteen thousand Benjamites fell, all of them valiant fighters. 


----- Words Explanation -----
casualty:
1. someone who is injured or killed in an accident or military action;
2. someone or something that is damaged or suffers as a result of something else;
3.  an emergency room in a hospital

valiant:
very brave and determined, especially in a difficult situation





Monday, October 8, 2012

sling & station

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 20:16
Among all these soldiers there were seven hundred chosen men who were left-handed, each of whom could sling a stone at a hair and not miss.

JUDGES 20:22
But the men of Israel encouraged one another and again took up their positions where they had stationed themselves the first day.


----- Words Explanation -----
sling:
1. to throw something somewhere with force or in a careless way
2. a set of belts and ropes used for supporting something heavy while it is being lifted; a piece of cloth used for supporting your arm if it is injured; a piece of cloth or a frame with a part that you tie round your neck, used for carrying a baby against your body; a cloth band attached to a weapon and used for carrying it 

station:
1. to send someone to a particular country or place in order to do a job, especially for the military 
2. a building or place where buses, trains, or other public vehicles stop so that passengers can get on or off
3. a company that broadcasts television or radio programs; a signal on a radio or television from a particular broadcasting company; the building where a radio or television company broadcasts from.




Friday, October 5, 2012

lewd & mobilize

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 20:6
I took my concubine, cut her into pieces and sent one piece to each region of Israel's inheritance, because they committed this lewd and disgraceful act in Israel. Now, all you Israelites, speak up and give your verdict;

JUDGES 20:15
At once the Benjamites mobilized twenty-six thousand swordsmen from their towns, in addition to seven hundred chosen men from those living in Gibeah.


----- Words Explanation -----
lewd:
referring to sex in a rude or unpleasant way;

mobilize:
1. if you mobilize a group of people, or if they mobilize, they come together in order to achieve something; if an army or large group of police officers mobilize, or if a government mobilizes them, they prepare to do something such as fight a war
2. to start to use all the money, support, etc. that is available in order to achieve something
3. to encourage people to support an idea or plan

Thursday, October 4, 2012

vile & threshold

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 19:23
The owner of the house went outside and said to them, "No, my friends, don't be so vile. Since this man is my gust, don't do this disgraceful thing.

JUDGES 19:27
When her master  got up in the morning and opened the door of the house and stepped out to continue on his way, there lay his concubine, fallen in the doorway of the house, with her hands on the threshold.


----- Words Explanation -----
vile:
1. extremely unpleasant
2. shocking and morally bad

threshold:
1. the floor at the entrance to a room or building
2. a limit at which an arrangement changes. For example a tax threshold is the level of income or profit at which you start to pay a tax; a level at which something happens. For example, your hearing threshold is the level of sound that you can hear, and your pain threshold is the level of pain that you can feel without suffering or complaining;

Wednesday, October 3, 2012

prevail & pound

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 19:4
His father-in-law, the girl's father, prevailed upon him to stay; so he remained with him three days, eating and drinking,  and sleeping there.

JUDGES 19:22
While they were enjoying themselves, some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, "Bring the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him."

----- Words Explanation -----
prevail:
1. prevail upon/on someone, to ask or persuade someone to do something
2. to be the strongest influence or element in a situation
3. to defeat someone in a game, competition, argument, etc.

pound:
1. to hit something several times with a lot of force; to hit something hard many times so that it breaks into small pieces or becomes a smooth thick substance
2. if your heart pounds, it beats strongly and quickly because you are nervous, excited, or afraid; if your head pounds, you have a pain in it that feels like someone is hitting it continuously
3. to continuously attack a place with bombs or other large weapons for a long period of time



Monday, October 1, 2012

fable & reconcile

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The complete works of Plato
I think that if Aesop had noted this he would have composed a fable that a god wished to reconcile their opposition but could not do so, so he joined their two heads together, and  therefore when a man has the one, the other follows later.


----- Words Explanation -----
fable:
a traditional story, usually about animals, that teaches a moral lesson

reconcile:
1.  to find a way to make ideas, beliefs, needs, etc. that are opposed to each other capable of existing together
2. if you reconcile two people or groups, or if they reconcile, they become friendly again after a disagreement
3.  to make someone accept a situation even though they do not like it
4. to make two sets of numbers add up to the same total