Friday, August 31, 2012

bearing & pendant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 8:18
Then he asked Zebah and Zalmunna, "What kind of men did you kill at Tabor?"
"Men like you," they answered, "each one with the bearing of a prince."

JUDGES 8:26
The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels, not counting the ornaments, the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels' necks.

----- Words Explanation -----
bearing:
1. the particular way in which someone stands, moves, or behaves
2. a part of a machine that holds a moving part 
3. an exact position, usually measured from north 

pendant:
a piece of jewelry that hangs from a chain around your neck 


Thursday, August 30, 2012

nomad & unsuspecting

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 8:11
Gideon went up by the route of the nomads east of Nobah and Jogbehah and fell down upon the unsuspecting army.


----- Words Explanation -----
nomad:
someone who belongs to a group of people who move from place to place in order to find food and water for their animals or themselves 

unsuspecting
(of a person or animal) Not aware of the presence of danger; feeling no suspicion.




Wednesday, August 29, 2012

subside & brier

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 7:3
God gave Oreb and Zeeb, the Midianite leaders, into your hands. What was I able to do compared to you?" At this, their resentment against him subsided.

JUDGES 7:7
Then Gideon replied, "just for that, when the Lord has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will tear your flesh with desert thorns and briers."


----- Words Explanation -----
subside:
1. to become weaker, less violent, or less severe 
2. if the level of flood water subsides, it becomes lower; if land subsides, it sinks to a lower level 
3. if a building subsides, it becomes damaged because the land it is on has sunk 

brier:(briar)
1. a European plant with a hard root that is used for making pipes to smoke tobacco 
2. a bush with thornssharp points on its branches





Tuesday, August 28, 2012

lap & outpost

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 7:5
So Gideon took the men down to the water. There the Lord told him, "Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink."

JUDGES 7:11
and listen to what they are saying. Afterward, you will be encouraged to attack the camp." So he and Purah his servant went down to the outposts of the camp.


----- Words Explanation -----
lap:
to drink a liquid by scooping it into the mouth with the tongue 
...

outpost:
a military camp that is far away from the army 



Monday, August 27, 2012

fleece & sift

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 6:37
look, I will place a wool fleece on the threshing floor. If there is dew only on the fleece and all the ground is dry, then I will know that you will save Israel by my hand, as you said."

JUDGES 7:4
But the Lord said to Gideon, "There are still too many men. Take them down to the water, and I will sift them for you there. If I say, 'This one shall go with you,' he shall go; but if I say, 'This one shall not go with you,' he shall not go."

----- Words Explanation -----
fleece:
1. the wool on a sheep 
2. to cheat or trick someone as a way of getting their money 

sift:
1. to pour a dry substance through a sieve to remove the large pieces 
2. to examine information, documents, etc. in order to find what you are looking for; to look in a pile of things in order to find a particular thing 





Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Socrates & confer

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The works of Plato
Socrates: "You say well, by Juno! and have found a great abundance of those that confer benefit. But what further? Can these hearers make them better, or not?


----- Words Explanation -----
Socrates:
(469–399 bc), ancient Athenian philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to reach understanding and ethical concepts by exposing and dispelling error (the Socratic method). Charged with introducing strange gods and corrupting the young, he committed suicide as required.

confer:
1. to give something such as authority, a legal right, or an honor to someone 
2. to discuss something with other people in order to reach a decision 





Tuesday, August 21, 2012

snatch & broth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 6:9
I snatched you from the power of Egypt and from the hand of all your oppressors. I drove them from from before you and gave you their land.

JUDGES 6:19
Gideon went in, prepared a young goat, and from an ephah of flour he made bread without yeast. Putting the meat in a basket and its broth in a pot, he brought them out and offered them to him under the oak.


----- Words Explanation -----
snatch:
1. to pull or take something away quickly; to quickly steal something from someone; to quickly take a person away, usually by force 
2. to quickly take the opportunity to do something
3. to manage to get something that you almost did not get 
4. a short piece of something that you hear; a short period of time when you manage to do something such as sleep 

broth:
1. soup, especially when it is considered to be good for you
2. a liquid used for giving flavor when cooking 




Monday, August 20, 2012

cleft & stronghold

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 6:2
Because the power of Midian was so oppressive, the Israelites prepared shelters for themselves in mountain clefts, caves and strongholds.


----- Words Explanation -----
cleft:
1. a narrow space in the surface of something, for example in a rock or in someone's chin 
2. The past tense and past participle of cleave 

stronghold:
1. a place where people fighting an enemy can defend or organize themselves;
2. a place where the majority of people have the same political or religious beliefs; a place where something that is no longer common can still be found;




Friday, August 17, 2012

filthy & severance

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
Many a nail, cut from the filthy foot of some unscrupulous ecclesiastic, was sold at a diamond's price, within six months after its severance from its parent toe, upon the supposition that it had once belonged to a saint or an apostle.


----- Words Explanation -----
filthy:
1. very dirty 
2. very offensive, usually because of dealing with sex in an unpleasant way 
3. filthy weather is very unpleasant, usually because there is a lot of rain or snow and wind 

severance:
1. the process of ending something such as a friendship or a relationship 
2. a situation in which money is paid to a worker who is forced to leave a company because they are no longer needed 
3. Separation; partition.





Thursday, August 16, 2012

spear & gallop

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 5:8
When they chose new gods, war came to the city gates, and not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel.

JUDGES 5:22
Then thundered the horses' hoofs -- galloping, galloping go his mighty steeds.

----- Words Explanation -----
spear:
1. a long weapon like a stick with one sharp end 
2. the long pointed part of a vegetable such as asparagus
3. to push something sharp and pointed into something else; to hit or kill a person or animal with a sharp pointed weapon such as a spear 

gallop:
1. if a horse gallops, it runs at its fastest speed; to ride a horse very fast 
2. to move, pass, or develop very quickly 
3. the fastest speed of a horse
4. an extremely fast speed 


Wednesday, August 15, 2012

oxgoad & temple

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 3:31
After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an xogoad. He too saved Israel.

JUDGES 4:21
But Jael, Heber's wife, picked up a tent peg and a hammer and went quietly to him while he lay fast asleep, exhausted. She drove the peg through his temple into the ground, and he died.


----- Words Explanation -----
oxgoad:
The goad is a traditional farming implement, used to spur or guide lifestock, usually oxen, which are pulling a plough or a cart; used also to round up cattle;
goad:
1. a sharp stick used for making animals move 
2. something that makes someone react, especially by making them feel angry 
3. to deliberately make someone feel very angry or upset so that they react 

temple:
1. the flat area on either side of your forehead next to your eyes 
2. a building used for worship in some religions, typically religions other than Christianity 
3. an institution or building considered as a guardian of, or reservation for, a particular activity 



Tuesday, August 14, 2012

plunge & porch

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 3:21
Ehud reached with his left hand, drew the sword from his right thigh and plunged it into the king's belly.

JUDGES 3:23
Then Ehud went out to the porch; he shut the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them.


----- Words Explanation -----
plunge:
1. Push or thrust quickly
2. to fall quickly from a high position; to make someone or something fall quickly from a high position; to slope downward suddenly 
3. to push a plunger into a toilet, sink, or bathtub in order to stop a pipe from being blocked 
4. to move quickly in an uncontrolled way, or to make someone or something move in this way; if a ship plunges, it moves up and down on water in an uncontrolled way
5. a quick fall from a high position; a jump or dive into water
6. a sudden reduction in the amount or level of something

porch:
1. an open area with a floor and a roof, attached to the lower level of a house 
2. a small area covered by a roof at the entrance to a house or other building 





Monday, August 13, 2012

JUDGES & tribute

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 3:15
Again the Israelietes cried out to the Lord, and he gave them a deliver  -- Ehud, a left-handed man, the son of Gera the Benjamite. The Israelites sent him with tribute to Eglon king of Moab.


----- Words Explanation -----
JUDGES:
the book of the Old Testament recounting the history of Israel under the warrior champions and national leaders known as judges from the death of Joshua to the birth of Samuel

tribute:
1. something that you do, say, or build to show that you respect and admire someone or something 
2. in the past, money or other things that one leader had to give to a more powerful leader 





Sunday, August 12, 2012

duel & scandalous

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
In England the private duel was also practiced to scandalous extent, towards the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth centuries.

----- Words Explanation -----
duel:
1. a fight between two men with guns or swords, used in the past by men of high social status to defend their honor after being insulted
2. a close competition between two people or teams 

scandalous:
1. something that is scandalous shocks you and makes you feel very angry because it seems unfair or wrong 
2. something that is scandalous is shocking because it involves immoral or dishonest behavior 




Friday, August 10, 2012

replica & devastate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 22:28
"And we said, 'If they ever say this to us, or to our descendants, we will answer: Look at the replica of the Lord's altar, which our fathers built, not for burnt offerings and sacrifices, but as a witness between us and you.'

JOSHUA 22:33
They were glad to hear the report and praised God. And they talked no more about going to war against them to devastate the country where the Reubenites and the Gadites lived.


----- Words Explanation -----
replica:
an accurate copy of something 

devastate:
1. to seriously damage or completely destroy something;
2. to make someone feel very shocked and upset; 





Thursday, August 9, 2012

withstand & imposing

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 21:44
The Lord gave them rest on every side, just as he had sworn to their forefathers. Not one of their enemies withstood them; the Lord handed all their enemies over to them.

JOSHUA 22:10
When they came to Geliloth near the Jordan in the land of Canaan, the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh built an imposing altar there by the Jordan.

----- Words Explanation -----
withstand:
to be strong enough not to be harmed or destroyed by something.

imposing:
large and impressive




Wednesday, August 8, 2012

invincible & butchery

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
The king endeavored to persuade the generous boy from his enterprise, urging the great strength, tried skill, and invincible courage of the challenger; but he persisted in his resolution, to the great sorrow of all the court, who said it was a cruel thing to permit so brave and beautiful a child to rush to such butchery and death.


----- Words Explanation -----
invincible:
1. too strong to be defeated;
2. too strong to be changed;

butchery:
1. the cruel and violent killing of a lot of people 
2. the work of cutting up animals to be sold as meat 


Tuesday, August 7, 2012

conviction & dislodge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 14:7
I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh Barnea to explore the land. And I brought him back a report according to my convictions, but my brothers who went up with me made the hearts of the people melt with fear. I, however, followed the Lord my God wholeheartedly. 

JOSHUA 15:63
Judah could not dislodge the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live  there with the people of Judah.

----- Words Explanation -----
conviction:
1. a strong belief or opinion about something
2. the feeling or appearance of being confident or very certain about something 
3. a decision by a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime

dislodge:
1. to force something out of its position or out of the position where it is fixed 
2. to force someone out of a position of power 





Monday, August 6, 2012

exterminate & lot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 11:20
For it was the Lord himself who hardened their hearts to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

JOSHUA 14:2
Their inheritances were assigned by lot to the nine-and-a half tribes, as the Lord had commanded through Moses.


----- Words Explanation -----
exterminate:
to kill or destroy sb. or sth. completely 

lot:
1. any object, such as a straw or slip of paper, drawn from others at random to make a selection or choice (esp in the phrase draw or cast lots);
2. a small area of land used for a particular purpose
3. a group or set of people or things; a particular group of people
...



Sunday, August 5, 2012

mound & wage

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 11:13
Yet Isreal did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds -- except Hazor, which Joshua burned.

JOSHUA 11:18
Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time.


----- Words Explanation -----
mound:
1. a small hill, especially one that has been made by people; the small hill where the pitcher stands to throw the ball in baseball 
2. a pile of something such as earth or stones; an amount of something in a pile 


wage:
1. to start and to continue a war or a fight 
2. an amount of money that you earn for working, usually according to how many hours or days you work each week or month; relating to wages 




Friday, August 3, 2012

sample & ratify

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 9:14
The men of Israel sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the Lord.

JOSHUA 9:15
Then Joshua made a treaty of peace with them to let them live, and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath.


----- Words Explanation -----
sample:
1. to test a small amount of something in order to get information about the whole thing; to taste a small amount of food and drink in order to see what it is like 
2. to use a group of people in order to get information about a larger group or about the whole population
3. to try doing a new activity for a time 
4. an example or small amount of something that shows you what all of it is like; a small amount of a product that is given to people to try; made as a sample 
...

ratify:
to make an agreement official by signing it or formally accepting it.






Thursday, August 2, 2012

delegation & wineskin

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 9:3
However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai, they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loaded with worn-out sacks and old wineskins, cracked and mended.


----- Words Explanation -----
delegation:
1. a group of people who represent a country, government, or organization 
2. the process of giving some of your work, duties, or responsibilities to a more junior person or organization 

wineskin:
a container for wine made from the skin of a sheep or goat sewn into a bag 

Wednesday, August 1, 2012

javelin & ruse

--- excerpt from --
JOSHUA 8:18
Then the Lord said to Joshua, "Hold out toward Ai the javelin that is
in your hand, for into your hand I will deliver the city." So Joshua
held out his javelin toward Ai.

JOSHUA 9:3
However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to
Jericho and Ai, they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation
whose donkeys were loaded with worn-out sacks and old wineskins,
cracked and mended.

-- explanation --
javelin:
a long pointed stick that is thrown in a sports competition; a sports
competition in which someone throws a javelin as far as they can;

ruse:
a plan or trick used for hiding your true intentions