Wednesday, February 29, 2012

in the person of & extravagant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
The latter countries produced two great masters in the persons of Jacob Bohmen and Robert Fludd -- pretended philosophers, of whom it is difficult to say which was the more absurd and extravagant.


----- Words Explanation -----
in the person of:
used before someone's name to emphasize that they represent a larger group or institution; in the place of; acting for.

extravagant:
1. spending or costing a lot of money, especially more than is reasonable; using too much of something
2.  extreme, unusual, or unreasonable




Monday, February 27, 2012

heresy & heretic

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
The church very soon took up the question; and the Abbe Gaultier, a Jesuit, wrote a book to prove that, by their enmity to the pope, they could be no other than disciples of Luther, sent to promulgate his heresy. Their very name, he added, proved that they were heretics;


----- Words Explanation -----
heresy:
 an action or belief that opposes the official principles of a religion and is considered wrong; an action or belief that is very different from things people usually do or believe and is considered wrong;

heretic:
 someone who does or believes things that oppose the official principles of a religion





Sunday, February 26, 2012

grapevine & commotion

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Numbers 6:4
As long as he is a Nazirite, he must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine, not even the seeds or skins.

Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
At last they made their appearance in Paris, and threw all the learned, all the credulous, and all the lovers of the marvelous into commotion.


----- Words Explanation -----
grapevine:
1. a plant on which grapes grow
2.  the way in which information spreads quickly from one person to another through conversation

commotion:
1. A state of confused and noisy disturbance
2. Civil insurrection




Saturday, February 25, 2012

astray & denounce

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Numbers 5:12
Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'If a man's wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him by sleeping with another man, and this is hidden from her husband and her impurity is undetected (since there is no witness against her and she has not been caught in the act)

Numbers 5:21
here the priest is to put the woman under this curse of the oath -- "may the Lord cause your people to curse and denounce you when he causes your thigh to waste away and your abdomen swell.

----- Words Explanation -----
astray:
1. away from the right path
2. in or into an evil or undesirable course of life

denounce:
1. to criticize someone or something severely in public
2.  to tell an authority such as the police that a particular person is responsible for a crime

Friday, February 24, 2012

division & ancestral

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Numbers 1:3
You and Aaron are to number by their divisions all the men in Israel twenty years old or more who are able to serve in the army.

Numbers 1:16
These were the men appointed from the community, the leaders of their ancestral tribes. They were the heads of the clans of Israel.

----- Words Explanation -----
division:
1. one of the parts into which a large organization is divided; a large section in a military force that consists of several smaller units; one of the groups of sports teams in a league
2.  the process of separating people or things into smaller groups or parts; the process of separating something into smaller parts and sharing it among two or more people
3. a difference in the way that people within the same community or country live, how much money they have, how educated they are, etc.
4.  a calculation in mathematics of how many times a number is contained in a larger number;
5.  a disagreement between people, especially between people who belong to the same group

ancestral:
relating to something belonging to former generations of somebody's family
ancestry:
the people related to you who lived a long time ago
ancestor:
1. someone who is related to you who lived a long time ago;
2. an earlier form from which something modern has developed




Thursday, February 23, 2012

tithe & Numbers

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 27:30
A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy to the Lord.

Numbers


----- Words Explanation -----
tithe:
 a tax that people paid to the church in the past; a particular amount of money that members of some Christian churches give to the church

Numbers:
The fourth book of the Bible, relating the experiences of the Israelites in the wilderness after Moses led them out of Egypt


Wednesday, February 22, 2012

treachery & humble

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 26:40
But if they will confess their sins and the sins of their fathers -- their treachery against me and their hostility toward me, which made me hostile toward them so that I sent them into the land of their enemies -- then when their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they pay for their sin, I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land.


----- Words Explanation -----
treachery:
 treacherous behavior; a treacherous act
treacherous:
1. someone who is treacherous pretends that they support you but secretly tries to harm you, for example by helping an enemy
2. very dangerous, especially because the dangers are not obvious;

humble:
1. not proud and not thinking that you are better than other people; used about people's behavior
2.  very common or old-fashioned but still useful or important
3. to completely defeat someone who seemed better or stronger than you

Tuesday, February 21, 2012

appall & waste away

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 26:32
I will lay waste the land, so that your enemies who live there will be appalled.

Leviticus 26:39
Those of you who are left will waste away in the lands of their enemies because of their sins; also because of their fathers' sins they will waste away.


----- Words Explanation -----
appall:
to shock or offend someone very much

waste away:
to gradually become thinner and weaker over a period of time, usually because of an illness.



Monday, February 20, 2012

dole & lay waste

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 26:26
When I cut off your supply of bread, ten women will be able to bake your bread in one oven, and they will dole out the bread by weight. You will eat, but you will not be satisfied.

Leviticus 26:31
I will turn your cities into ruins and lay waste your sanctuaries, and I will take no delight in the pleasing aroma of your offerings.


----- Words Explanation -----
dole:
1. Distribute shares of something
 2. Unemployment compensation
3. A charitable gift of food, clothes, or money

lay waste:
ravage,destroy;






Saturday, February 18, 2012

affliction & avenge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 26:21
If you remain hostile toward me and refuse to listen to me, I will multiply your afflictions seven times over, as your sins deserve.

Leviticus 26:25
And I will bring the sword upon you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands.


----- Words Explanation -----
affliction:
1. a serious problem
2. Something that causes pain or suffering

afflict:
if you are afflicted by an illness or serious problem, you suffer from it

avenge:
1. to react to something wrong that has been done to you, your family, or your friends by punishing the person who did it
2.  to win a sports event against a team that has recently defeated you

Friday, February 17, 2012

abhor & hostile

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 26:11
I will put my dwelling place among you, and I will not abhor you.

Leviticus 26:21
If you remain hostile toward me and refuse to listen to me, I will multiply your afflictions seven times over, as your sins deserve.


----- Words Explanation -----
abhor:
1. to disapprove of or reject something very strongly
2. to dislike something very much, usually because you think it is immoral

hostile:
1. behaving in a very unfriendly or threatening way toward someone
2. opposing something
3. a hostile place or situation is difficult or dangerous to be in
4. done by one company to another that opposes its action

Wednesday, February 15, 2012

ruthless & grant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 25:43
Do not rule over them ruthlessly, but fear your God.

Leviticus 26:6
I will grant peace in the land, and you will lie down and no one will make you afraid. I will remove savage beasts from the land, and the sword will not pass through your country.


----- Words Explanation -----
ruthless:
 willing to make other people suffer so that you can achieve your goals

grant:
1. to allow someone to have or do what they want;
2. to admit that something is true
3. an amount of money that the government or an organization gives you for a specific purpose and does not ask you to pay back. Money that you have to pay back is called a loan;



jubilee & refund

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 25:10
Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each one of you is to return to his family property and each to this own clan.

Leviticus 25:27
he is to determine the value for the years since he sold it and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it; he can then go back to his own property.


----- Words Explanation -----
jubilee:
1. A special anniversary of an event, esp. one celebrating twenty-five or fifty years of a reign or activity;
2. (in Jewish history) A year of emancipation and restoration, celebrated every fifty years

refund:
1. money that was yours that you get again, especially because you have paid too much for something or have decided you do not want it
2. to give someone their money again, especially because they have paid too much for something or have decided they do not want it




Monday, February 13, 2012

fracture & prune

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 24:20
Fracture for fracture, eye fore eye, tooth for tooth. As he has injured the other, so he is to be injured.

Leviticus 25:4
But in the seventh year the land is to have a Sabbath of rest, a Sabbath to the Lord. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards.

----- Words Explanation -----
fracture:
1. a break in a bone
2. the act of breaking something, especially a bone
3. a break, split, or crack in an object or a material
4.  a split or division in something such as a system, organization, or agreement
5.  a break in a rock or mineral, across which there is a separation
6.  to break or crack something, especially a particular bone or a bone in a particular part of the body, or be broken or cracked

prune:
1. to remove parts of a tree or plant, for example to make it grow better
2. to get rid of something that you do not need or want, especially in order to reduce the size or cost of something
3.  [Food]a dried plum



Sunday, February 12, 2012

booth & blasphemer

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 23:42
Live in booths for seven days; All native-born Israelites are to live in booths so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.

Leviticus 24:10
A Blasphemer Stoned
Now the son of an Israelite mother and an Egyptian father went out among the Israelites, and a fight broke out in the camp between him and an Israelite.


----- Words Explanation -----
booth:
1. A small temporary tent or structure, used esp. for the sale or display of goods at a market or fair
2. an enclosed space, big enough for one person, where you can do something without other people seeing or hearing you, especially vote or make a phone call; a small enclosed space where you can buy things, look at things, or use a service;
3.  a table in a restaurant enclosed by two long seats with high backs

blasphemer:
a person who speaks disrespectfully of sacred things;

blaspheme:
  to say offensive things about God or someone's religious beliefs; to swear using God's name in a way that offends people




Saturday, February 11, 2012

leafy & poplar

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 23:40
On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and poplars, and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.


----- Words Explanation -----
leafy:
1. leafy trees or plants have a lot of leaves
2.  a leafy place contains a lot of trees and plants

poplar:
a tall thin tree, often grown in rows along the edge of roads or fields; the light-colored wood of a poplar




Friday, February 10, 2012

sheaf & frond

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 23:9
The Lord said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and say to them:'When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest.

Leviticus 23:40
On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and poplars, and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.

----- Words Explanation -----
sheaf:
1. stems of grain that have been cut and tied together
2.  a large number of pieces of paper that are kept together

frond:
a large long leaf divided into many narrow sections; a long narrow piece of seaweed




feast & proclaim

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 23:2
Speak to the Israelites and say to them :'These are my appointed feasts, the appointed feasts of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assmeblies.


----- Words Explanation -----
feast:
1. a religious festival such as Christmas or Passover
2. a large meal; a large meal for a lot of people, usually in order to celebrate something

proclaim:
1. to state something publicly; used about a sign or notice that tells people something
2. to announce something officially; to announce officially that a new country exists




Wednesday, February 8, 2012

wart & stunt

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 22:22
Do not offer to the Lord the blind, the injured or the maimed, or anything with warts or festering or running sores. Do not place any of these on the altar as an offering made to the Lord by fire.

Leviticus 22:23
You may, however, present as a freewill offering an ox or a sheep that is deformed or stunted, but it will not be accepted in fulfilment of a vow.


----- Words Explanation -----
wart:
a small hard lump that grows on your skin caused by a virus;

stunt:
1. Retard the growth or development of
2. Frustrate and spoil
3. something dangerous, for example jumping from a building, that is done to entertain people, often as part of a movie
4. something dangerous or stupid that you do, often to impress someone; something silly or unusual that is done to get public attention




blemish & maim

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 22:21
When anyone brings from the herd or flock a fellowship offering to the Lord to fulfil a special vow or as a freewill offering, it must be without defect or blemish to be acceptable.

Leviticus 22:22
Do not offer to the Lord the blind, the injured or the maimed, or anything with warts or festering or running sores.  Do not place any of these on the altar as an offering made to the Lord by fire.

----- Words Explanation -----
blemish:
1. a mark or spot that spoils the appearance of something; a mark on someone's skin, such as a pimple or a scar.
2. a mistake or dishonest action that spoils someone's reputation or career;
3. to spoil the appearance of something
4.  to spoil someone's reputation or career

maim:
to injure someone seriously, especially permanently.





Monday, February 6, 2012

corpse & contempt

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 22:4
If a descendant of Aaron has an infectious skin disease or a bodily discharge, he may not eat the sacred offerings until he is cleansed. He will also be unclean if he touches something defiled by a corpse or by anyone who has an emission of semen.

Leviticus 22:9
The priests are to keep my requirements so that they do not become guilty and die for treating them with contempt. I am the Lord, who makes them holy.


----- Words Explanation -----
corpse:
1. the body of a dead person
2. [Drama]<slang>to become unable to speak lines because of involuntary laughing, or make an actor on stage unable to speak his or her lines because of involuntary laughing

contempt:
1. a feeling that someone or something is unimportant and deserves no respect
2. contempt of court
3. a failure to show appropriate respect for something that other people consider to be important



Sunday, February 5, 2012

running sore & testicle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 21:20
or who is hunchbacked or dwarfed, or who has any eye defect, or who has festering or running sores or damaged testicles.


----- Words Explanation -----
running sore:
1. a painful infected part of your body that has pus coming out of it
2. a problem that is difficult to deal with and likely to become worse

testicle:
one of two round male sex organs that hang in a bag of skin behind the penis



Saturday, February 4, 2012

hunchback & fester

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 21:20
or who is hunchbacked or dwarfed, or who has any eye defect, or who has festering or running sores or damaged testicles.


----- Words Explanation -----
hunchback:
 <offensive>someone who has a large round part on their back that is caused by an unusual curve in their spine. You may see or hear this word but do not use it;

fester:
1. to produce pus because of an infection or ulceration, usually of the skin
2. to become increasingly intense or worse because no one has dealt with it
3. to be in or enter a state of decline; to decay
4. a small sore or ulcer containing or discharging pus



Friday, February 3, 2012

cripple & dwarf

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 21:19
no man with a crippled foot or hand;

Leviticus 21:20
or who is hunchbacked or dwarfed, or who has any eye defect, of who has festering or running sores or damaged testicles.


----- Words Explanation -----
cripple:
1. an offensive word for someone who is physically disabled, especially someone who is unable to walk
2. to make someone physically disabled, especially unable to walk; to make a part of someone's body very painful, especially when they walk
3. to damage something severely, or to prevent it from working properly

dwarf:
1. a dwarf tree, plant, or animal is much shorter or smaller than others of the same type
2. to make something seem small or unimportant
3. to make someone seem small
4. an imaginary creature in children's stories that looks like a very small old man
5. an offensive word for a person affected with the medical condition of dwarfism
6. a very small star that does not shine brightly




Thursday, February 2, 2012

disfigure & deform

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 21:18
No man who has any defect may come near: no man who is blind or lame, disfigured or deformed;


----- Words Explanation -----
disfigure:
to spoil the appearance of someone or something

deform:
 to change shape, or to make something change its shape, in a way that is not attractive or good




Wednesday, February 1, 2012

abhor & nation

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 20:23
You must not live according to the customs of the nations I am going to drive out before you. Because they did all these things, I abhorred them.

Leviticus 20:24
But I said to you, "You will posses their land; I will give it to you as an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey." I am the Lord your God, who has set you apart from the nations.

----- Words Explanation -----
abhor:
1. to disapprove of or reject something very strongly;
2. to dislike something very much, usually because you think it is immoral

nation:
1. the people of a particular country; a group of people who share the same culture and languages but do not have their own country
2.   a country that has its own land and government