Tuesday, January 31, 2012

adulterer & adulteress

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 20:10
If a man commits adultery with another man's wife -- with the wife of his neighbour -- both the adulterer and the adulteress must be put to death.


----- Words Explanation -----
adulterer:
 a married person who has sex with someone who is not their husband or wife

adulteress:
A female adulterer;

adultery:
 sex that takes place between a married person and someone who is not their husband or wife





Monday, January 30, 2012

revere & mistreat

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:32
Rise in the presence of the aged, show respect for the elderly and revere your God. I am the Lord.

Leviticus 19:33
When an alien lives with you in your land, do not mistreat him.


----- Words Explanation -----
revere:
to have a lot of respect and admiration for someone or something

mistreat:
to treat someone in an unfair or cruel way



Sunday, January 29, 2012

reverence & medium

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:30
Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the Lord.

Leviticus 19:31
Do not turn to mediums or seek out spiritists, for you will be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God.

----- Words Explanation -----
reverence:
1. a strong feeling of respect and admiration for sb. or sth.
2. to regard sb. or sth. with deep respect

medium:
1. someone who claims to be able to communicate with the spirits of dead people
2.  a way of communicating information and ideas, especially to a lot of people, for example newspapers or television; a particular type of art used as a way of expressing ideas or feelings
3. a substance that something grows in, exists in, or moves through; a particular substance that artists use for creating their work, for example paint, wood, or stone; a substance or an object on which computer information is stored or printed
4. something between small and large in size, especially a piece of clothing
5. average in degree, strength, or amount, or size;

Saturday, January 28, 2012

tattoo & degrade

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 20:28
Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the Lord.

Leviticus 20:29
Do not degrade your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the land will turn to prostitution and be filled with wickedness.


----- Words Explanation -----
tattoo:
1. a permanent picture that is drawn on a part of your body by putting ink into your skin with a needle
2.   a military event where soldiers march and perform to music; a signal that tells soldiers to return to their buildings at night, played on a drum or a bugle

degrade:
1. to treat someone in a way that makes them stop respecting themselves or that makes other people stop respecting them
2.  if a substance degrades, it separates into the different substances that it consists of


Friday, January 27, 2012

mate & due

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:19
Keep my decrees. Do not mate different kinds of animals. Do not plant your field with two kinds of seed. Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material.

Leviticus 19:20
If a man sleeps with a woman who is a slave girl promised to another man but who has not been ransomed or given her freedom, there must be due punishment. Yet they are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed.

----- Words Explanation -----
mate:
1. to come together or bring animals together to breed
2.  to combine or connect two things
3. to join two people in marriage, or become joined in marriage
4. to checkmate an opponent
5.  a sexual or marriage partner
6.  either of a pair of animals that breed together
7. Used as a friendly form of address between men or boys

due:
1. if something is due to happen, it is expected to happen or should happen; if you are due somewhere, you are expected to be there; something that is due at a particular time or date must be completed by that time or date; if a baby is due, it is expected to be born. You can also say that the mother is due
2. if money is due, it is time for it to be paid
3.  according to the usual standards or rules
4.  if something is due to someone, they should receive it
5.  someone's due is something that they have a right to receive
6.  money that someone has to pay regularly, for example to be a member of a club or union

Thursday, January 26, 2012

slander & rebuke

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:16
Do not go about spreading slander among your people. Do not do anything that endangers your neighbour's life. I am the Lord.

Leviticus 19:17
Do not hate your brother in your heart. Rebuke your neighbour frankly so you will not share in his guilt.

----- Words Explanation -----
slander:
1.  something bad that you say about someone that is not true and may damage their reputation
2.  the crime of saying something about someone that is not true and is likely to damage their reputation
3. to say something about someone that is not true and is likely to damage their reputation

rebuke:
to tell someone that they have behaved badly. The usual word is tell off.

Wednesday, January 25, 2012

partiality & favouritism

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:15
Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favouritism to the great, but judge your neighbour fairly.


----- Words Explanation -----
partiality:
1. an unfair attitude that you show when you support one person, group, or opinion more than any others;
2.  a feeling of liking someone or something

favouritism:
 the unfair practice of giving someone help or advantages that you do not give to other people





defraud & pervert

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:13
Do not defraud your neighbour or rob him.

Leviticus 19:15
Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favouritism to the great, but judge your neighbour fairly.


----- Words Explanation -----
defraud:
to get money from a person or organization in a dishonest way;

pervert:
1. to affect something good or right in a negative way so that it becomes bad or wrong
2. to influence someone to behave sexually in a way that is considered to be wrong or not normal
3. an insulting word for someone whose sexual behavior you consider to be wrong or not normal




Monday, January 23, 2012

perversion & glean

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 19:23
Do not have sexual relations with an animal and defile yourself with it. A woman must not present herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it; that is a perversion.

Leviticus 19:9
When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.

----- Words Explanation -----
perversion:
1. sexual behavior that you consider to be wrong or not normal
2. the process of affecting something good or right in a negative way so that it becomes something bad or wrong

perverse:
determined to behave in an unreasonable way, especially by doing the opposite of what is expected or wanted

glean:
1. to pick up small amounts of the crops left in a field after they have been cut and collected by the farmer
2. to learn small pieces of information by asking questions or watching or listening carefully

Sunday, January 22, 2012

solitary & profane

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 16:22
The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a solitary place; and the man shall release it in the desert.

Leviticus 19:21
Do not give any of your children to be sacrificed to Molech, for you must not profane the name of your God. I am the Lord.


----- Words Explanation -----
solitary:
1. tending to spend a lot of time alone; in a place or situation where there are no other people; done or experienced by someone who is alone
2.  used for emphasizing that there is not even one person or thing

profane:
1. showing a lack of respect for God or religious objects, places, or beliefs
2.  not relating to religion
3.  to show a lack of respect for God or for a religious object, place, or belief



lot & scapegoat

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 16:8
He is to cast lots for the two goats -- one lot for the Lord and the other for the scapegoat.


----- Words Explanation -----
cast:
1. to throw someone or something somewhere
...

lot:
1. One of a set of objects such as straws, stones, or pieces of paper that are randomly selected as part of a decision-making process
2. An article or set of articles for sale at an auction
...

scapegoat:
1. (in the Bible) A goat sent into the wilderness after the Jewish chief priest had symbolically laid the sins of the people upon it (Lev. 16)
2.somebody who is made to take the blame for others; A person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others, esp. for reasons of expediency


Friday, January 20, 2012

lie with & semen

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 15:18
When a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen, both must bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening.

----- Words Explanation -----
lie with:
1. an old phrase meaning "to have sex with someone"
2.  if something such as responsibility or blame for something lies with someone, they are responsible for it or they should be blamed for it; if something such as power or a decision lies with someone, they have power or the right to make a decision

semen:
the liquid that contains sperm produced by the male sex organs




count off & emission

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 15:13
When a man is cleansed from his discharge, he is to count off seven days for his ceremonial cleansing; he must wash his clothes and bathe himself with fresh water, and he will be clean.

Leviticus 15:16
When a man has an emission of semen, he must bathe his whole body with water, and he will be unclean till evening.


----- Words Explanation -----
count off:
call in turn from right to left or from back to front numbers that determine some position or function;

emission:
1. An ejaculation of semen
2. The production and discharge of something, esp. gas or radiation
3. A thing emitted
4.  publication (of a book, a notice)
5.  the act of sending gas, light, or heat into the air

emit:
to send something out into the air, especially gas, light, or heat





Wednesday, January 18, 2012

scrap & discharge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 14:41
He must have all the inside walls of the house scraped and the material that is scraped off dumped into an unclean place outside the town.

Leviticus 15:2
Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'When any man has a bodily discharge, the discharge is unclean.

----- Words Explanation -----
scrap:
1. to decide not to continue with something such as a plan or an event; to get rid of something
2. to take an old machine or vehicle apart and throw away all the parts that cannot be used
3.  a small piece of something such as paper or cloth; a small piece of something such as information or knowledge; small amounts of food that are left after a meal
4.  old metal or paper that can be used again after going through a special process

discharge:
1. liquid or gas that comes out of a place, or the process of coming out into water or the air; a liquid that comes out from a part of someone's body when they are sick
2.  the payment of money that you owe
3. the act of performing a duty or responsibility
4. to be not guilty and officially allowed to leave prison or a court of law; to allow or force someone to leave an official job or position
5.  to allow liquid or gas to leave a place, especially when this has harmful effects




Tuesday, January 17, 2012

forefinger & depression

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 14:15
The priest shall then take some of the log of oil, pour it in the palm of his own left hand, dip his right forefinger into the oil in his palm, and with his finger sprinkle some of it before the Lord seven times.

Leviticus 14:37
He is to examine the mildew on the walls, and if it has greenish or reddish depressions that appear to be deeper than the surface of the wall, the priest shall go out the doorway of the house and close it up for seven days.


----- Words Explanation -----
forefinger:
 the finger that is next to your thumbNext to your forefinger is your middle finger, then your ring finger, and the smallest is your little finger.

depression:
1. an area on a surface that is lower than the parts around it
2. a feeling of being extremely unhappy; a medical condition in which a person is so unhappy that they cannot live a normal life
3. a period of time when there is a lot of unemployment and poverty because there is very little economic activity;
4. a large mass of air at low pressure that usually brings colder weather and rain




Monday, January 16, 2012

contaminate & cedar

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 13:47
If any clothing is contaminated with mildew -- any woollen or linen clothing, any woven or knitted material of linen or wool, any leather or anything made of leather -- and if the contamination in the clothing, or leather, or woven or knitted material, or any leather article, is greenish or reddish, it is a spreading mildew and must be shown to the priest.

Leviticus 14:4
the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop be brought for the one to be cleansed.


----- Words Explanation -----
contaminate:
1. to make something dirty, polluted, or poisonous by adding a chemical, waste, or infection
2. to affect something or someone in a negative way

cedar:
 a tall tree with red wood and thin sharp leaves that do not fall off in the winter; the wood of a cedar tree, that has a pleasant smell




Sunday, January 15, 2012

scalp & swollen

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 13:41
If he has lost his hair from the front of his scalp and has bald forehead, he is clean.

Leviticus 13:43
The priest is to examine him, and if the swollen sore on his head of forehead is reddish-white like an infectious skin disease, the man is diseased and is unclean. 

----- Words Explanation -----
scalp:
1. the skin under the hair on your head;
2. to try to sell a ticket you have bought to someone else at a much higher price

swollen:
1. an area of your body that is swollen has increased in size as a result of an injury or an illness
2.   an area of your body that is swollen has increased in size as a result of an injury or an illness
3. 

Saturday, January 14, 2012

boil & reddish

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 13:18
When someone has a boil on his skin and it heals, and in the place where the boil was, a white swelling or reddish-white spot appears, he must present himself to the priest.


----- Words Explanation -----
boil:
1. a painful lump on your skin that has become infected and is filled with pus an unpleasant yellow liquid;
2. if a liquid boils, or if you boil it, it becomes so hot that there are bubbles in it and it starts to become a gas; if a container boils, or if you boil it, the liquid in it boils
3. to cook food in water that is boiling; to be cooked in water that is boiling; to wash clothes in water that is boiling

reddish:
 similar to red, or slightly red

Friday, January 13, 2012

fade & chronic

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 13:6
On the seventh day the priest is to examine him again, and if the sore has faded and has not spread in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only a rash. The man must wash his clothes, and he will be clean.

Leviticus 13:11
It is chronic skin disease and the priest shall pronounce him unclean. He is not to put him in isolation, because he is already unclean.


----- Words Explanation -----
fade:
1. if the light fades, it gets dark; if the color of something fades, or if something fades it, it gradually becomes paler; if something fades, it gradually becomes less clear or noticeable until it finally disappears; if a sound fades, it gradually becomes quieter until you cannot hear it any more; if a memory or feeling fades, it gradually becomes weaker until you do not have it anymore
2. to become less famous or less important
3. if a flower fades, it starts to die
4. if someone fades, they lose their strength and become sick or die
5. if a player or team fades, they stop performing well and do not win

chronic:
1. a chronic illness or chronic pain is serious and lasts for a long time. A serious illness or pain that lasts only for a short time is described as acute
2. a chronic problem is always happening or returning and is very difficult to solve
3.  doing something again and again, especially something harmful that you are unable or unwilling to stop doing
4. very bad


Thursday, January 12, 2012

rash & infectious

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 13:2
"When anyone has a swelling or a rash or a bright spot on his skin that may become an infectious skin disease, he must be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons who is a priest.

----- Words Explanation -----
rash:
1. an area of small red spots on your skin, caused by an illness or an allergic reaction to something that you have touched, eaten, etc.
2. a lot of instances of a particular thing taking place in a short period of time, especially something unpleasant
3.  acting or done too quickly, without considering the effects of your actions

infectious:
1. an infectious disease is one that can spread from one person to another; used about a person or animal that has an infectious disease
2. feelings or ways of behaving that are infectious make other people feel the same or behave in the same way



Wednesday, January 11, 2012

cistern & purification

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:36
A spring, however, or a cistern for collecting water remains clean, but anyone who touches one of these carcasses is unclean.

Leviticus 12:4
Then the woman must wait thirty-three days to be purified from her bleeding. She must not touch anything sacred or go to the sanctuary until the days of her purification are over.

----- Words Explanation -----
cistern:
  a container for holding water

purification:
1. the process of making something clean by removing dirty or harmful substances from it
2.  a religious act or ceremony to purify someone or something




Tuesday, January 10, 2012

skink & chameleon

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:30
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon.


----- Words Explanation -----
skink:
a small smooth insect-eating lizard with a long thin body and small limbs.

chameleon:
1. a type of small lizard with skin that changes color to match the colors around it
2. someone who changes their opinions, ideas, or behavior to fit any situation





Monday, January 9, 2012

lizard & gecko

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:29
Of the animals that move about on the ground, these are unclean for you: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard,

Leviticus 11:30
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon. 


----- Words Explanation -----
lizard:
a reptile with a long scaly body, movable eyelids, a long tapering tail, and four legs, typically living in hot dry regions

gecko:
 a type of small lizard that lives mainly in hot countries.





locust & katydid

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:22
Of these you may eat any kind of locust, katydid, cricket or grasshopper.


----- Words Explanation -----
locust:
a type of grasshopper that flies over wide areas in very large groups called swarms, often destroying crops

katydid:
a large green grasshopper with very long antennae.





Sunday, January 8, 2012

hop & weasel

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:21
There are, however, some winged creatures that walk on all fours that you may eat: those that have jointed legs for hopping on the ground.

Leviticus 11:29
Of the animals that move about on the ground, these are unclean for you: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard,


----- Words Explanation -----
hop:
1.  to move forward by jumping on one foot; if a bird or animal hops, it uses both or all feet to jump forward; to jump up or move somewhere quickly
2.  to get into, onto, or out of a vehicle quickly, usually to go a short distance; to get on an airplane, train, etc. and travel somewhere
3.  to move from one thing to another in a way that is not planned;

weasel:
1. a small thin animal with brown fur, short legs, and a long tail that hunts its food
2.  an insulting word for a dishonest person




Amulet & panacea

Excerpted from "Memoirs of extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds"


And the third consisting of the dealers in charms, amulets, philters, universal –panacea mongers, touchers for the evil, seventh sons of a seventh son, sympathetic powder compounders, homoeopathists, animal magnetisers, and all the motley tribe of quacks, empirics, and charlatans.


Amulet:

an object worn because it is believed to protect against evil, disease, unhappiness, etc.

Panacea:
disapproving something that will solve all problems or cure all illnesses.

Friday, January 6, 2012

stork & heron

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:13
These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture, the red kite, and kind of black kite, any kind of raven, the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.


----- Words Explanation -----
stork:
 a large bird with long legs and a long beak, said to bring people their new babies;

heron:
 a large bird with a long neck, long legs, and a long pointed beak that lives near water





Thursday, January 5, 2012

screech & cormorant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture, the red kite, and kind of black kite, any kind of raven, the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.


----- Words Explanation -----
screech:
1.  to make a loud, high, and unpleasant cry, especially when you are upset
2. to make a loud, high, and unpleasant noise

cormorant:
 a large dark-colored bird with a long neck that lives near the ocean and eats fish




Wednesday, January 4, 2012

owl & osprey

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:13
These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture, the red kite, and kind of black kite, any kind of raven, the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.


----- Words Explanation -----
owl:
1. a large bird with a big head and eyes and a small sharp beak. owls hunt small animals at night and make a sound called hooting
2. somebody whose habits or qualities resemble those attributed to owls, e.g. wisdom, solemnity, or staying up late

osprey:
 a large dark brown and white bird that eats fish





Tuesday, January 3, 2012

vulture & kite

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:13
These are the birds you are to detest and not eat because they are detestable: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture, the red kite, and kind of black kite, any kind of raven, the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.


----- Words Explanation -----
vulture:
1. a large bird that eats the bodies of dead animals
2. someone who tries to gain an advantage from weaker people

kite:
1. a bird of preybird that kills other animals for food similar to a small hawk
2. a toy that flies in the air while you hold it by a long string
3. a check that someone writes without having enough money to pay it
4.  to use a bad check in order to cheat someone



Monday, January 2, 2012

fin & scale

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:9
Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams, you may eat any that have fins and scales.


----- Words Explanation -----
fin:
1. a flexible organ, sometimes paddle-shaped or fan-shaped, extending from the body of a fish or other water animal and helping in balance and propulsion
2. an ornamental extension on the body of a motor vehicle, especially on the rear fender
3.  a wing-shaped often movable blade attached low on the hull of a vessel such as a submarine that helps to control and stabilize it
4. a fixed vertical surface at the tail of an aircraft that gives stability and to which the rudder is attached

scale:
1. Each of the small, thin horny or bony plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles, typically overlapping one another
2. the size of something, especially when it is big; the rate at which something is produced, developed, etc.
3.  a set of people or things arranged in order from the highest level to the lowest or from the lowest level to the highest; a range of measurements in a particular system; a list showing the amount of money that someone should be paid for a particular job, according to their qualifications, experience, etc.; a set of marks, usually lines and numbers, on a piece of equipment or a drawing, used for measuring something
4. a series of musical notes in a fixed order from the lowest to the highest or the highest to the lowest



Sunday, January 1, 2012

cud & coney

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 11:2
Say to the Israelites: 'Of all the animals that live on land, these are the ones you may eat: You may eat any animal that has a split hoof completely divided and that chews the cud.

Leviticus 11:5
The coney, though it chews the cud, does not have a split hoof; it is unclean for you.


----- Words Explanation -----
cud:
 food that animals such as cows and sheep bring back into their mouths to chew again after they have swallowed it

coney
1. a rabbit, especially the common domesticated European rabbit;
2. rabbit fur used for coats and other articles of clothing.



Dudgeon & Steed

Excerpted from "Memoirs of extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds"

--The earl in high dudgeon remounted his steed, but Albert at last prevailed upon him to take his seat at the table.

Dudgeon:
a feeling of offense or deep resentment.

Steed:
literary a horse which is ridden.

Aperture & inferior

Excerpted from "Memoirs of extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds"

--He was a great enthusiast in his art, and compared the incredulous to little children shut up in a narrow room, without windows or aperture, who, because they saw nothing beyond, denied the existence of the great globe itself.

--He thought that a preparation of gold would cure all maladies, not only in man, but in the inferior animals and plants.

Aperture:
a small and often narrow opening, esp. one that allows light into a camera.

Inferior:
not good, or not as good as someone or something else, or specialized lower.

 

Sublimate & precipitate

 

From "Memoirs of extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds"

I am their crude and their sublimate, their precipitate; their male and their female, sometimes their hermaphrodite – what they list to style me!

Sublimate:

Divert or modify into a culturally higher or socially more acceptable activity;

 

Precipitate:

1.      Cause to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely;

Cause a substance to be deposited in solid form from a solutio