Monday, December 31, 2012

surly & dealing

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 25:3
His name was Nabal and his wife's name was Abigail. She was an intelligent and beautiful woman, but her husband, a Calebite, was surly and mean in his dealings. 

----- Words Explanation -----
unfriendly and rude 

1. the particular way in which you do business with or behave toward other people
2. 1the business of buying and selling 

Friday, December 28, 2012

flea & vindicate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 24:14
"Against whom has the king of Israel come out? Whom are you pursuing? A dead dog? A flea? 

1 SAMUEL 24:15
May the Lord be out judge and decide between us. May he consider my cause and uphold it; may he vindicate me by delivering me from your hand.

----- Words Explanation -----
a small jumping insect that lives on animals and bites them 

to prove that someone is right, or that something they said, did, or decided was right, especially when most people believed they were wrong; to prove that someone who was accused of a crime or dishonest act is not guilty;

Wednesday, December 26, 2012

bent on & evildoer

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 24:9
He said to Saul, "Why do you listen when men say, 'David is bent on harming you'?

1 SAMUEL 24:13
As the old saying goes, 'From evildoers come evil deeds,' so my hand will not touch you.

----- Words Explanation -----
bent on:
bent on doing something is that determined to do or have something; fixed in your purpose;

somebody who does evil acts 

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

carry off & conscience-stricken

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 23:5
So David and his men went to Keilah, fought the Philistines and carried off their livestock. He inflicted heavy losses on the Philistines and saved the people of Keilah.

1 SAMUEL 24:5
Afterward, David was conscience-stricken for having cut off a corner of his robe.

----- Words Explanation -----
carry off:
1. to remove forcefully
2. to manage or handle (a situation) successfully

feeling guilty about something wrong you have done 

Monday, December 24, 2012

bodyguard & loot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 22:14
Ahimelech answered the king, "Who of all your servants is as loyal as David, the king's son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard and highly respected in your household?

1 SAMUEL 23:1
When David was told, "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors," he inquired of the Lord, saying, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?"
The Lord answered him, "Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah."

----- Words Explanation -----
a person or group of people whose job is to protect an important person from being physically attacked.

to steal valuables from a place during a time of disorder or confusion, e.g. during wartime or a riot 

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

saliva & conspire

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 21:13
So he pretended to be insane in their presence; and while he was in their hands he acted like a mad-man, making marks on the doors of the gate and letting saliva run down his beard.

1 SAMUEL 22:8
Is that why you have all conspired against me? No one tells me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. None of you is concerned about me or tells me that my son has incited my servant to lie in wait for me, as he does today.

----- Words Explanation -----
 the liquid produced by glands in your mouth

 to secretly plan with someone to do something bad or illegal

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

sound & flare

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 20:12
Then Jonathan said to David: "By the Lord, the God of Israel, I will surely sound out my father by this time the day after tomorrow! If he is favorably disposed toward you, will I not send you word and let you know?

1 SAMUEL 20:30
Saul's anger flared up at Jonathan and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! Don't I know that you have sided with the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of the mother who bore you?

----- Words Explanation -----
sound (out):
to try to find out someone's opinions, ideas, feelings, etc. by talking to them;

1. to suddenly become angry or violent 
2. to suddenly burn or shine brightly 

Thursday, December 13, 2012

earnestly & inkling

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 20:6
If your father misses me at all, tell him, 'David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.

1 SAMUEL 20:9
"Never!" Jonathan said. "If I had the least inkling that my father was determined to harm you, wouldn't I tell you?"

----- Words Explanation -----
earnest: (earnestly)
 serious, determined, and meaning what you say

a slight idea or small piece of information that tells you that something might exist or be happening 

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

elude & elapse

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 18:11
Saul had a spear in his hand and he hurled it, saying to himself, "I'll pin David to the wall." But David eluded him twice.

1 SAMUEL 18:26
When the attendants told David these things, he was pleased to become the king's son-in-law. So before the allotted time elapsed, David and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented the full number to the king so that he might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal in marriage.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to manage to escape or hide from someone or something 
2. if a fact, idea, or word eludes you, you cannot remember or understand it 

if time elapses, it passes

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

refrain & gall

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 18:8
Saul was very angry; this refrain galled him. "They have credited David with tens of thousands," he thought, "but me with only thousands. What more can he get but the kingdom?"

----- Words Explanation -----
1.  A phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza.
2. A repeated utterance or theme.
3.   to stop yourself from doing something. This word is often used in official announcements or signs

1. to make someone feel annoyed or angry, especially because something is not fair;
2. To damage or break the surface of by or as if by friction;

Monday, December 10, 2012

strew & lute

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 17:52
Then the men of Israel and Judah surged forward with a shout and pursued the Philistines to the entrance of Gath and to the gates of Ekron. Their dead were strewn along the Shaaraim road to Gath and Ekron.

1 SAMUEL 18:6
When the men were returning home after David had killed the Philistine, the women came out from all the towns of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing, with joyful songs and with tambourines and lutes.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to scatter something, especially carelessly or untidily
2.  to cover an area with loosely or carelessly scattered objects or material

1.  a plucked musical instrument of the 14th to the 17th centuries resembling the guitar but with a flat, pear-shaped body
2. a substance, e.g. clay or cement, used in the construction industry for sealing apertures, joints, or porous surfaces

Friday, December 7, 2012

conceit & scabbard

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 17:28
When Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger at him and asked, "Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the desert? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is, you came down only to watch the battle."

1 SAMUEL 17:51
David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine's sword and drew it from the scabbard. After he killed him, he cut off his head with the sword. 
When the Philistine saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran.

----- Words Explanation -----
1.  someone who is conceited behaves in a way that shows they think they are very intelligent, skillful, or attractive. This word shows that you do not like people like this.
2. a clever and unusual idea or way of comparing things, especially in poetry;

 a cover for the blade of a sword or dagger

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

defy & defiance

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 17:10
Then the Philistine said, "This day I defy the ranks of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other."

1 SAMUEL 17:23
As he was talking with them, Goliath, the Philistine champion from Gath, stepped out from his lines and shouted his usual defiance, and David heard it.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to refuse to obey someone or something
2. Appear to be challenging (someone) to do or prove something
3. Challenge to combat

refusal to obey a person or rule

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

rank & subject

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 17:8
Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose a man and have him come down to me.

1 SAMUEL 17:9
If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. all the people within a group, organization, etc.; all the members of a military organization who are not officers 

1. One who is under the rule of another or others, especially one who owes allegiance to a government or ruler.

Friday, November 30, 2012

torment & champion

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 16:14
Now the Spirit of the Lord had departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord tormented him.

1 SAMUEL 17:4
A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. He was over nine feet tall.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to make someone suffer severe physical or mental pain, often deliberately
2.   to make someone suffer severe physical or mental pain, often deliberately

1. someone who publicly supports or defends a set of beliefs, political goals, or a group of people
2. someone who has won an important competition, especially in a sport
3. to publicly support or defend a set of beliefs, political goals, or a group of people

Wednesday, November 28, 2012

idolatry & ruddy

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 15:23
For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, he has rejected you as king.

1 SAMUEL 16:12
So he sent and had him brought in. He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome features. Then the Lord said, "Rise and anoint him; he is the one."

----- Words Explanation -----
 the worship of idols

 red and looking healthy; red in color

Friday, November 23, 2012

bleat & low

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 15:14
But Samuel said, "What then is this bleating of sheep in my ears? What is this lowing of cattle that I hear?"

----- Words Explanation -----
1. the sound that a sheep or goat makes
2. to make the sound that a sheep or goat makes 

1. when cows low, they make their typical deep long sound 
2. located close or closer than usual to the ground or the base of something 

Thursday, November 22, 2012

waylay & monument

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 15:2
This is what the Lord Almighty says: 'I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt. Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy everything that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.

1 SAMUEL 15:12
Early in the morning Samuel got up and went to meet Saul, but he was told, "Saul has gone to Carmel. There he has set up a monument in his own honor and has turned and gone on down to Gilgal."

----- Words Explanation -----
to stop someone who is going somewhere, especially to trouble them or harm them;

1. a structure built in a public place to celebrate an important person or event;
2. a place of historical importance, for example an old building;

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

pounce & assume

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 14:32
They pounced on the plunder and, taking sheep, cattle and calves, they butchered them on the ground and ate them, together with the blood.

1 SAMUEL 14:47
After Saul had assumed rule over Israel, he fought against their enemies on every side; Moab, the Ammonites, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he in flicted punishment on them.

----- Words Explanation -----
1.  to officially start a new job or position;
2. to start to control something although no one has officially asked you to
3. to believe that something is true, even though no one has told you or even though you have no proof; to be based on the idea that something is true

1. to quickly jump on or hold someone or something
2. to react in a very sudden way, especially by criticizing someone

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

ooze & honeycomb

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 14:26
When they went into the woods, they saw the honey oozing out, yet no one put his hand to his mouth, because they feared the oath. But Jonathan had not heard that his father had bound the people with the oath, so he reached out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it into the honeycomb. He raised his hand to his mouth, and his eyes brightened.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. if a thick liquid oozes from something, or if something oozes a liquid, a small amount of it flows out slowly
2. if someone or something oozes a particular quality, or if it oozes from them, they show that quality in a very obvious way
3. a thick unpleasant liquid

a structure with a lot of holes, that honeybees make to store honey in.

Monday, November 19, 2012

tumult & pursuit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 14:19
While Saul was talking to the priest, the tumult in the Philistine camp increased more and more. So Saul said to the priest, "Withdraw your hand."

1 SAMUEL 14:22
When all the Israelites who had hidden in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were on the run, they joined the battle in hot pursuit.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a loud noise, usually caused by a large excited group of people
2. a confused and excited situation or mental state 

1. the process of chasing someone or something in order to catch them 
2. the process of trying to achieve something 

Thursday, November 15, 2012

repoint & goad

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 13:21
The price was two thirds of a shekel for sharpening plowshares and mattocks, and a third of a shekel for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.

----- Words Explanation -----
to repair a brick wall by putting new mortar or cement between the bricks;

1. a sharp stick used for making animals move
2. something that makes someone react, especially by making them feel angry 
3. to deliberately make someone feel very angry or upset so that they react 

plowshare & mattock

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 13:20
So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plowshares, mattocks, axes and sickles sharpened.

----- Words Explanation -----
the curved blade of a plow

a tool like a pickax with one end of its blade flattened at right angles to its handle, used for loosening soil and cutting through roots;

Tuesday, November 13, 2012

detachment & borderland

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 13:17
Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual, another toward Beth Horon, and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboim facing the desert. 

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a group of soldiers sent to perform a special job separately from the rest of their group;
2. a feeling of not being involved with someone or something in a close or emotional way 

the area near the edge of a country or region, especially a remote area 
the indeterminate area between two conditions, categories, or activities that is hard to define because it contains features or qualities of both 

Monday, November 12, 2012

thicket & raid

----- Words Excerpt from -----
When the men of Israel saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.

SAMUEL 13:17
Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward  Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual, anther toward Beth Horon, and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboim facing the desert.

----- Words Explanation -----
 an area with a lot of bushes and small trees growing very close together

1. to use force to enter a place suddenly in order to arrest people or search for something such as illegal drugs
2.   to suddenly attack a place and cause a lot of damage

Friday, November 9, 2012

continuum & variegate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The complete works of Plato
The very hollows of the earth, full of water and air, gleaming among the variety of other colors, present a color of their own so that the whole is seen as a continuum of variegated colors. 

----- Words Explanation -----
a series of events, changes, features, etc. that all have a particular quality to different degrees 

1. to change the way something looks, especially by adding different colors 
2. to add variety to something

Wednesday, November 7, 2012

procession & kingship

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 10:10
When they arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the Spirit of God came upon him in power, and he joined in their prophesying.

1 SAMUEL 10:16
Saul replied, "He assured us that the donkeys had been found." But he did not tell his uncle what Samuel had said about the kinship..

----- Words Explanation -----
a line of people or vehicles moving in a slow and formal way as part of an event; used about people or vehicles that are moving in a line

the position of king, or the fact that someone is king

Tuesday, November 6, 2012

lay aside & flute

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 9:23
Samuel said to the cook, "Bring the pieced of meat I gave you, the one I told you to lay aside."

1 SAMUEL 10:5
After that you will go to Gibeah of God, where there is a Philistine outpost. As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place with lyres, tambourines, flutes and harps being played before them, and they will be prophesying.

----- Words Explanation -----
lay aside:
1. to keep or save something, especially money, so that you can use it in the future 
2. to put something down and to one side because you are finished with it or want to save it until another time 
3. to not let yourself think about or be influenced by something so that you can achieve an aim 

a musical instrument that you hold sideways to your mouth and play by blowing over a hole at one end as you press its keys. A flute is a woodwind instrument. Someone who plays the flute is called a flutist in American English and a flautist in British English. 

Monday, November 5, 2012

suckle & vintage

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 7:9
Then Samuel took a suckling lamb and offered it up as a whole burnt offering to the Lord. He cried out to the Lord on Israel's behalf, and the Lord answered him.

1 SAMUEL 8:15
He will take a tenth of your grain and of your vintage and give it to his officials and attendants.

----- Words Explanation -----
to feed a baby or young animal with milk from a breast or udder; if a baby or young animal suckles, it sucks milk from a breast or udder;

1. all of the wine produced in a particular year, or the year that it was produced 
2. vintage wine is excellent in quality and was made several years ago 

Friday, November 2, 2012

devastation & calve

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 5:6
The Lord's hand was heavy upon the people of Ashdod and its vicinity; he brought devastation upon them and afflicted them with tumors.

1 SAMUEL 6:7
Now then, get a new cart ready, with two cows that have calved and have never been yoked. Hitch the cows to the cart, but take their calves away and pen them up. 

----- Words Explanation -----
 damage or destruction affecting a large area or a lot of people

to give birth to a calf

Thursday, November 1, 2012

deliver & set

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 4:8
Woe to us! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty Gods? They are the gods who struck the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues in the desert.

1 SAMUEL 4:15
who was ninety-eight years old and whose eyes were set so that he could not see.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. Save, rescue, or set free from
2. Assist (a woman) in giving birth
3. Bring and hand over (a letter, parcel, or ordered goods) to the proper recipient or address

1.  a set smile or expression does not change, and often hides what someone is really thinking; (of a person's expression) Held for an unnaturally long time without changing, typically as a reflection of determination
2.  not willing to change your opinion or way of doing things; used about people's ideas or behavior

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

enthrone & uproar

----- Words Excerpt from -----
1 SAMUEL 4:4
So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the Lord Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim. And Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

1 SAMUEL 4:6
Hearing the uproar, the Philistines asked, "What's all this shouting in the Hebrew camp?"

----- Words Explanation -----
to make someone the new king, queen, or bishop in a formal ceremony

a lot of very loud noise, made especially by people shouting

Friday, October 26, 2012

contemptible & attest

----- Words Excerpt from -----
For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons made themselves contemptible, and he failed to restrain them.

And all Israel from Dan to Beersheba recognized that Samuel was attested as a prophet of the Lord.

----- Words Explanation -----
 very bad and deserving no respect;

1. to give proof or be evidence that something is true;
2. to state formally that you believe something is true, correct, or real 

Thursday, October 25, 2012

crust & tingle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a crust of bread and plead, "Appoint me to some priestly office so I can have food to eat."

And the Lord said to Samuel:"See, I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears of it tingle.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. the thin, usually hard or crisp outer part of a loaf or slice of bread
2.  the thin outermost layer of Earth, approximately one percent of Earth's volume, that varies in thickness and has a different composition from the interior.
3. to cover something with a crust or become covered with a crust

1. if you tingle with a particular feeling, you feel it very strongly
2. if a part of your body tingles, it stings slightly, for example because it is very cold or very hot

disdain & prime

----- Words Excerpt from -----
"Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares:' 

Every one of you that I do not cut off from my altar will be spared only to blind your eyes with tears and to grieve your heart, and all your descendants will die in the prime of life.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to think that someone or something is not important and does not deserve any respect
2. if you disdain to do something, you refuse to do it because you think it is unimportant

1. the stage in your life when you are most active or most successful
2.  to prepare someone to behave or react in a particular way
3. to get a weapon or bomb ready to fire or explode
4. to prepare a surface for paint or some other substance
5.   most important; having the most influence

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

mediate & stature

----- Words Excerpt from -----
If a man sins against another man, God may mediate for him; but if a man sins against the Lord, who will intercede for him?" His sons, however, did not listen to their father's rebuke, for it was the Lord's will to put them to death.

And the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favor with the Lord and with men.

----- Words Explanation -----
 to try to end a disagreement between two people or groups; to find an agreement or solution that settles a disagreement

1. someone's height
2.  the amount of public respect or popularity that someone or something has

Monday, October 22, 2012

prong & caldron

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Now it was the practice of the priests with the people that whenever anyone offered a sacrifice and while the meat was being boiled, the servant of the priest would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand.

He would plunge it into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot, and the priest would take for himself whatever the fork brought up. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a long sharp point, especially one of the points on a fork;
2. any of the separate stages of a plan or activity;

1. a large metal pot in which liquids are boiled
2.  a large round metal container used for cooking over a fire

Friday, October 19, 2012

distill & taboo

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Food Rules - Michael Pollan
This dietary wisdom is the distillation of an evolutionary process involving many people in many places figuring out what keeps people healthy (and what doesn't), and passing that knowledge down in the form of food habits and combinations, manners and rules and taboos, and everyday and seasonal practices, as well as memorable sayings and adages.

----- Words Explanation -----
to make a liquid more pure by heating it until it becomes a gas and then making it colder so that it becomes a liquid again; to use this process to make an alcoholic drink such as whiskey; to obtain liquid from a plant using a similar process 

1. [Chemistry]the process of separating, concentrating, or purifying liquid by boiling it and then condensing the resulting vapor (Alcoholic liquors, such as, whiskey and vodka are made in this way) 
2. something that consists of the essential points, aspects, or implications of something larger or longer 

1. something that people do not do or talk about because it is very offensive or shocking 
2. something that is not allowed by a particular religion; the system in some religions in which certain actions must not be done and certain objects must not be touched because they have great spiritual importance 

Thursday, October 18, 2012

SAMUEL & pine

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Those who were full hire themselves out for food, but those who were hungry hunger no more. She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has had many sons pines away.

----- Words Explanation -----
either of two books of the Bible that describe the history of the Israelites from the birth of Samuel to the end of the reign of King David, traditionally attributed to Samuel

pine:( pine away)
1. to feel very sad because you cannot be with someone who you love
2. [Plant]a tall tree with thin sharp leaves called needles that do not fall off in winter, and hard brown fruits called cones

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

shawl & endanger

----- Words Excerpt from -----
RUTH 3:15
He also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out."  When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and put it on her. Then he went back to town.

RUTH 4:6
At this, the kinsman-redeemer said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."

----- Words Explanation -----
a large piece of material that is worn by a woman around her shoulders or on her head ;

to put someone or something into a situation where they might be harmed or damaged ;

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

winnow & startle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
RUTH 3:2
Is not Boaz, with whose servant girls you have been, a kinsman of ours? Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.

RUTH 3:8
In the middle o the night something startled the man, and he turned and discovered a woman lying at his feet.

----- Words Explanation -----
to remove the outer cover from grain 

to make a person or animal feel suddenly frightened or surprised by doing something that they do not expect 

Friday, October 12, 2012

Ruth & cling

----- Words Excerpt from -----
RUTH 1:14
At this they wept again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-by, but Ruth clung to her.

----- Words Explanation -----
 in the Bible, a Moabite widow who left her own people to live with her mother-in-law Naomi, married Boaz, and was an ancestor of King David;
a book of the Bible that tells the story of Ruth

1. to hold onto someone or something tightly with your hands or arms, for example because you are afraid; to stay very close to someone, usually because you want them to protect you
2. to stick to or fit very tightly on something
3. to keep believing that something is right or real, even though other people do not

Thursday, October 11, 2012

advisory & pyramid

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Food Rules  an eater's manual -- Michael Pollan
Most of us have come to rely on experts of one kind or another to tell us how to eat -- doctors and diet books, media accounts of the latest findings in nutritional science, government advisories and food pyramids, the proliferating health claims on food packages. 

----- Words Explanation -----
1. An official announcement, typically a warning about bad weather conditions
2. Having or consisting in the power to make recommendations but not to take action enforcing them

a large stone structure with a square base and walls with three sides that meet at a point on the top of the structure. The most famous ones, known as the Pyramids, were built in ancient Egypt in order to bury kings.

Wednesday, October 10, 2012

interrogate & lyre

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The complete works of Plato
There is one excellent argument, said Cebes, namely that when men are interrogated in the right manner, they always give  the right answer of their own accord, and they could not do this if they did not possess the knowledge and the right explanation inside them.

Things such as this: to know a man is surely a different knowledge from knowing a lyre. 

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to ask someone, for example a prisoner or criminal, a lot of questions in an angry or threatening way, in order to get information;
2. to get information from a computer by using a special program;

an ancient Greek musical instrument with strings and shaped like the letter U 

Tuesday, October 9, 2012

casualty & valiant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 20:31
The Benjamites came out to meet them and were drawn away from the city. They began to inflict casualties on the Israelites as before, so that about thirty men fell in the open field and on the roads -- the one leading to Bethel and the other to Gibeah.

JUDGES 20:44
Eighteen thousand Benjamites fell, all of them valiant fighters. 

----- Words Explanation -----
1. someone who is injured or killed in an accident or military action;
2. someone or something that is damaged or suffers as a result of something else;
3.  an emergency room in a hospital

very brave and determined, especially in a difficult situation

Monday, October 8, 2012

sling & station

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 20:16
Among all these soldiers there were seven hundred chosen men who were left-handed, each of whom could sling a stone at a hair and not miss.

JUDGES 20:22
But the men of Israel encouraged one another and again took up their positions where they had stationed themselves the first day.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to throw something somewhere with force or in a careless way
2. a set of belts and ropes used for supporting something heavy while it is being lifted; a piece of cloth used for supporting your arm if it is injured; a piece of cloth or a frame with a part that you tie round your neck, used for carrying a baby against your body; a cloth band attached to a weapon and used for carrying it 

1. to send someone to a particular country or place in order to do a job, especially for the military 
2. a building or place where buses, trains, or other public vehicles stop so that passengers can get on or off
3. a company that broadcasts television or radio programs; a signal on a radio or television from a particular broadcasting company; the building where a radio or television company broadcasts from.

Friday, October 5, 2012

lewd & mobilize

----- Words Excerpt from -----
I took my concubine, cut her into pieces and sent one piece to each region of Israel's inheritance, because they committed this lewd and disgraceful act in Israel. Now, all you Israelites, speak up and give your verdict;

JUDGES 20:15
At once the Benjamites mobilized twenty-six thousand swordsmen from their towns, in addition to seven hundred chosen men from those living in Gibeah.

----- Words Explanation -----
referring to sex in a rude or unpleasant way;

1. if you mobilize a group of people, or if they mobilize, they come together in order to achieve something; if an army or large group of police officers mobilize, or if a government mobilizes them, they prepare to do something such as fight a war
2. to start to use all the money, support, etc. that is available in order to achieve something
3. to encourage people to support an idea or plan

Thursday, October 4, 2012

vile & threshold

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 19:23
The owner of the house went outside and said to them, "No, my friends, don't be so vile. Since this man is my gust, don't do this disgraceful thing.

JUDGES 19:27
When her master  got up in the morning and opened the door of the house and stepped out to continue on his way, there lay his concubine, fallen in the doorway of the house, with her hands on the threshold.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. extremely unpleasant
2. shocking and morally bad

1. the floor at the entrance to a room or building
2. a limit at which an arrangement changes. For example a tax threshold is the level of income or profit at which you start to pay a tax; a level at which something happens. For example, your hearing threshold is the level of sound that you can hear, and your pain threshold is the level of pain that you can feel without suffering or complaining;

Wednesday, October 3, 2012

prevail & pound

----- Words Excerpt from -----
His father-in-law, the girl's father, prevailed upon him to stay; so he remained with him three days, eating and drinking,  and sleeping there.

JUDGES 19:22
While they were enjoying themselves, some of the wicked men of the city surrounded the house. Pounding on the door, they shouted to the old man who owned the house, "Bring the man who came to your house so we can have sex with him."

----- Words Explanation -----
1. prevail upon/on someone, to ask or persuade someone to do something
2. to be the strongest influence or element in a situation
3. to defeat someone in a game, competition, argument, etc.

1. to hit something several times with a lot of force; to hit something hard many times so that it breaks into small pieces or becomes a smooth thick substance
2. if your heart pounds, it beats strongly and quickly because you are nervous, excited, or afraid; if your head pounds, you have a pain in it that feels like someone is hitting it continuously
3. to continuously attack a place with bombs or other large weapons for a long period of time

Monday, October 1, 2012

fable & reconcile

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The complete works of Plato
I think that if Aesop had noted this he would have composed a fable that a god wished to reconcile their opposition but could not do so, so he joined their two heads together, and  therefore when a man has the one, the other follows later.

----- Words Explanation -----
a traditional story, usually about animals, that teaches a moral lesson

1.  to find a way to make ideas, beliefs, needs, etc. that are opposed to each other capable of existing together
2. if you reconcile two people or groups, or if they reconcile, they become friendly again after a disagreement
3.  to make someone accept a situation even though they do not like it
4. to make two sets of numbers add up to the same total

Thursday, September 27, 2012

install & see/think fit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Now this man Micah had a shrine, and he made an  ephod and some idols and installed  one of his sons as his priest.

In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to officially put someone in an important job or position
2. to put a piece of equipment somewhere and make it ready for use; to put a new program or piece of software into a computer so that you can use it

see/think fit
to decide that something is the best thing to do. You often use this expression to refer to decisions or actions that you do not agree with

Wednesday, September 26, 2012

shackle & grinding

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 16:21
Then the Philistines seized him, gouged out his eyes and took him down to Gaza. Binding him with bronze shackles, they set him to grinding in the prison.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. one of a pair of connected metal rings that can be locked onto the wrists or legs of a prisoner
2. something that prevents you from doing what you want to do

 extreme, used for emphasizing how bad a situation is

1. something that is hard work, boring, and tiring because it takes a lot of your time and energy
2.  to break something into very small pieces or powder, by using a machine or by crushing it between two hard surfaces; to cut food, especially raw meat, into very small pieces using a machine
3.  if a machine or vehicle grinds, it moves or works slowly, noisily, and with difficulty; if parts of a machine grind, or if someone grinds them, they rub together and make an unpleasant noise
4.  to make something such as a knife smooth or sharp by rubbing it against a hard surface

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

nag & prod

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 16:16
With such nagging she prodded him day after day until he was tired to death.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to ask or urge somebody persistently and annoyingly to do something
2.  to find fault with somebody regularly and repeatedly
3. to frequently ask someone to do something that they do not want to do

1. to push someone or something quickly with your finger, or with an object that has a long thin end;
2. to persuade or encourage someone to do something

bowstrings & snap

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Samson answered her, "If anyone ties me with seven fresh thongs(bowstrings) that have not been dried, I'll become as weak as any other man."

With men hidden in the room, she called to him, "Samson, the Philistines are upon you!" But he snapped the thongs as easily as a piece of string snaps when it comes close to a flame. So the secret of his strength was not discovered.

----- Words Explanation -----
 the taut string on an archer's bow, usually made of strands of hemp.

1. to suddenly break something with a short loud noise, or to be broken in this way
2. to quickly move something such as a light switch so that it makes a short sound, or to be moved quickly in this way
3. to suddenly lose control and become extremely angry or upset because a situation has become too annoying or difficult; to speak to someone in a sudden, angry way;
4. if an animal such as a dog snaps you or snaps at you, it bites you or tries to bite you
5.  to take a photograph of someone or something

Friday, September 21, 2012

char & jawbone

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 15:14
As he approached Lehi,  the Philistines came toward him shouting. The spirit of the Lord came upon him in power. The ropes on his arms became like charred flax, and the bindings dropped from his hands.

JUDGES 15:17
When he finished speaking, he threw away the jawbone; and the place was called Ramath Lehi.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to blacken something or become blackened by burning or scorching
2. to turn wood into charcoal by partial burning
3. if something chars or is charred, it is burned until its outer surface becomes black
4. to clean a building, especially someone's house, as your job

the bone that supports the lower part of your face and moves so that you can open and close your mouth

Thursday, September 20, 2012

shock & vicious

----- Words Excerpt from -----
lit the torches and let the foxes loose in the standing grain of the Philistines. He burned uup the shocks and standing grain, together with the vineyards and olive groves. 

He attacked them viciously and slaughtered many of them. Then he went down and stayed in a cave inthe rock of Etam.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. A group of twelve sheaves of grain placed upright and supporting each other to allow the grain to dry and ripen.
2. An unkempt or thick mass of hair.
3. A sudden upsetting or surprising event or experience.

vicious, viciously:
1. extremely unkind or unpleasant
2. extremely severe or powerful and capable of causing damage

scoop & coax

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Which he scooped out with his hands and ate as he went along. When he rejoined his parents, he gave them some, and they too ate it. But he did not tel

JUDGES 14:15
On the fourth day, they said to Samson's wife, "Coax your husband into explaining the riddle for us, or we  will burn you and your father's household to  death. Did you invite us here to rob us?

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to dig something out or pick it up using something such as a spoon or your curved hand
2. to publish or broadcast an exciting or important news story before anyone else does
3. to earn or win something
4. a tool like a spoon with a deep round part, used for measuring or serving various substances; an amount of something that a scoop holds

Persuade (someone) gradually or by flattery to do something.

Tuesday, September 18, 2012

kindred & collective

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The complete works of Plato
I shall treat in this way anyone I happen to meet, young and old, citizen and stranger, and more so the  citizens because you are more kindred to me.

For I go around doing nothing but persuading both young and old among you not to care for your body or your wealth in preference to or as strongly as for the best possible state of your soul, as I say to you: wealth does not bring about  excellence, but excellence makes wealth and everything else good for men, both individually and collectively.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. very similar to another person or thing
2. the whole of someone's family, considered as a group

1. involving all the members of a group
2. a farm or business owned by the government and run by a group of workers

Monday, September 17, 2012

renegade & capture

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Jephthah then called together the men of Gilead and fought against Ephraim. The Gileadites struck them down because the Ephraimites had said, "You Gileadites are renegades from Ephraim and Manasseh." The Gileadites captured the fords of the Jordan leading to Ephraim, and whenever a survivor of Ephraim said, "Let me cross over," the men of Gilead asked him, "Are you an Ephraimite?" If he replied, "No," they said, "All right, say 'Shibboleth.'" If he said, "Sibboleth,"because he could not pronounce the word correctly, they seized him and killed him at the fords of the Jordan. Forty-two thousand Ephraimites were killed at the time. 

----- Words Explanation -----
 someone who leaves one group and joins another that has different goals or beliefs;

1. to get equipment or control of a place from your enemy during a war; to get control of something from an opponent in business or politics
2. to catch someone so that they become your prisoner; to catch an animal
3. to record an event in a movie or photograph

Friday, September 14, 2012

bystander & inborn

----- Words Excerpt from ---
Complete works of Plato:
Almost all the bystanders might have explained the poems better than their authors could. I soon realized that poets do not compose their poems with knowledge, but by some inborn talent and by inspiration, like seers and prophets who also say many fine things without any understanding of what they say.

----- Words Explanation -----
  someone who is in a particular place by chance when an accident or an unusual event happens but who is not directly connected with it;

something that is inborn has existed in you since you were born

Wednesday, September 12, 2012

skirt & likewise

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JUDGES 11:18
Next they traveled through the desert, skirted the lands of Edom and Moab, passed along the eastern side of the country of Moab and camped on the other side of the Arnon. They did not enter the territory of Moab, for the Arnon was its border.

JUDGES 11:24
Will you not take what your god Chemosh gives you? Likewise, whatever the Lord our God has given us, we will possess.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to go around the edge of a place or thing
2. to avoid talking about something unpleasant
3.  the part of a dress or coat that is below the waist

1. in the same way, or in a similar way
2. used for expressing the same thing that someone has just said to you

Tuesday, September 11, 2012

comport & dispassionate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The works of Plato:
Did Socrates bring on his own condemnation, whether wittingly or not, by refusing to say the sorts of things and to comport himself in the sort of way that would have won his acquittal? Perhaps. True to his philosophical calling, he requires that the Athenians think, honestly and dispassionately, and decide the  truth of the charges by reasoning from the facts as they actually were.

----- Words Explanation -----
comport (oneself):
1. to behave in a particular way
2. to agree or be consistent with something

 able to make fair judgments or decisions that are not influenced by personal feelings

Monday, September 10, 2012

soothsayer & storm

----- Words Excerpt from -----
But Gaal spoke up again: "Look, people are coming down from the center of the land, and a company is coming from the direction of the soothsayers' tree."

Abimelech went to the  tower and stormed it. But as he approached the  entrance to the tower to set it on fire, a women dropped an upper millstone on his head and cracked his skull.

----- Words Explanation -----
 in the past, someone who people thought was able to say what would happen in the future

1. to use force to enter a place and take control of it;
2. to go somewhere very quickly because you are angry or upset
3. to quickly become very successful
4.  to say something in a very angry way
5. an occasion when a lot of rain falls very quickly, often with very strong winds or thunder and lightning

Thursday, September 6, 2012

revolt & trod

----- Words Excerpt from -----
(but today you have revolted against my father's family, murdered this seventy sons on a single stone, and made Abimelech, the son of his slave girl, king over the citizens of Shechem because he is your brother)

After they had gone out into the fields and gathered the grapes and trodden them, they held a festival in the temple of their god. While they were eating and drinking, they cursed Abimelech.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. an attempt to remove the government of a country using force
2. a refusal to accept something such as a law or a decision 
3. to say that you will not accept someone's authority or leadership; to refuse to accept something such as a law or a decision 
4. to try to remove the government of your country using force 
5. if someone or something revolts you, they are so unpleasant that you feel slightly sick 

trod:(tread, trode)
1. to walk or step on something; to press or crush something into the floor or ground when you walk 
2. if someone treads grapes, they crush them with their feet in order to make wine 
3. the pattern of lines on the bottom of a shoe 
4. the part of a tire that touches the road
5. the sound that someone makes when they walk 

Tuesday, September 4, 2012

castrate & contradict

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The works of Plato
These people themselves believe that Zeus is the best and most just of the gods, yet they agree that he bound his father because he unjustly swallowed his sons, and that he in turn castrated his father for similar reasons. But they are angry with me because I am prosecuting my father for his wrong doing. They contradict themselves in what they say about the gods and about me.

----- Words Explanation -----
to remove the testiclesthe pair of male sexual organs of a man or animal 

1. to say that the opposite of what someone has said is true 
2. if one statement, piece of evidence, story, etc. contradicts another, they disagree and cannot both be true 

Friday, August 31, 2012

bearing & pendant

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Then he asked Zebah and Zalmunna, "What kind of men did you kill at Tabor?"
"Men like you," they answered, "each one with the bearing of a prince."

The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels, not counting the ornaments, the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels' necks.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. the particular way in which someone stands, moves, or behaves
2. a part of a machine that holds a moving part 
3. an exact position, usually measured from north 

a piece of jewelry that hangs from a chain around your neck 

Thursday, August 30, 2012

nomad & unsuspecting

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Gideon went up by the route of the nomads east of Nobah and Jogbehah and fell down upon the unsuspecting army.

----- Words Explanation -----
someone who belongs to a group of people who move from place to place in order to find food and water for their animals or themselves 

(of a person or animal) Not aware of the presence of danger; feeling no suspicion.

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

subside & brier

----- Words Excerpt from -----
God gave Oreb and Zeeb, the Midianite leaders, into your hands. What was I able to do compared to you?" At this, their resentment against him subsided.

Then Gideon replied, "just for that, when the Lord has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will tear your flesh with desert thorns and briers."

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to become weaker, less violent, or less severe 
2. if the level of flood water subsides, it becomes lower; if land subsides, it sinks to a lower level 
3. if a building subsides, it becomes damaged because the land it is on has sunk 

1. a European plant with a hard root that is used for making pipes to smoke tobacco 
2. a bush with thornssharp points on its branches

Tuesday, August 28, 2012

lap & outpost

----- Words Excerpt from -----
So Gideon took the men down to the water. There the Lord told him, "Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink."

and listen to what they are saying. Afterward, you will be encouraged to attack the camp." So he and Purah his servant went down to the outposts of the camp.

----- Words Explanation -----
to drink a liquid by scooping it into the mouth with the tongue 

a military camp that is far away from the army 

Monday, August 27, 2012

fleece & sift

----- Words Excerpt from -----
look, I will place a wool fleece on the threshing floor. If there is dew only on the fleece and all the ground is dry, then I will know that you will save Israel by my hand, as you said."

But the Lord said to Gideon, "There are still too many men. Take them down to the water, and I will sift them for you there. If I say, 'This one shall go with you,' he shall go; but if I say, 'This one shall not go with you,' he shall not go."

----- Words Explanation -----
1. the wool on a sheep 
2. to cheat or trick someone as a way of getting their money 

1. to pour a dry substance through a sieve to remove the large pieces 
2. to examine information, documents, etc. in order to find what you are looking for; to look in a pile of things in order to find a particular thing 

Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Socrates & confer

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The works of Plato
Socrates: "You say well, by Juno! and have found a great abundance of those that confer benefit. But what further? Can these hearers make them better, or not?

----- Words Explanation -----
(469–399 bc), ancient Athenian philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to reach understanding and ethical concepts by exposing and dispelling error (the Socratic method). Charged with introducing strange gods and corrupting the young, he committed suicide as required.

1. to give something such as authority, a legal right, or an honor to someone 
2. to discuss something with other people in order to reach a decision 

Tuesday, August 21, 2012

snatch & broth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
I snatched you from the power of Egypt and from the hand of all your oppressors. I drove them from from before you and gave you their land.

Gideon went in, prepared a young goat, and from an ephah of flour he made bread without yeast. Putting the meat in a basket and its broth in a pot, he brought them out and offered them to him under the oak.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to pull or take something away quickly; to quickly steal something from someone; to quickly take a person away, usually by force 
2. to quickly take the opportunity to do something
3. to manage to get something that you almost did not get 
4. a short piece of something that you hear; a short period of time when you manage to do something such as sleep 

1. soup, especially when it is considered to be good for you
2. a liquid used for giving flavor when cooking 

Monday, August 20, 2012

cleft & stronghold

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Because the power of Midian was so oppressive, the Israelites prepared shelters for themselves in mountain clefts, caves and strongholds.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a narrow space in the surface of something, for example in a rock or in someone's chin 
2. The past tense and past participle of cleave 

1. a place where people fighting an enemy can defend or organize themselves;
2. a place where the majority of people have the same political or religious beliefs; a place where something that is no longer common can still be found;

Friday, August 17, 2012

filthy & severance

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
Many a nail, cut from the filthy foot of some unscrupulous ecclesiastic, was sold at a diamond's price, within six months after its severance from its parent toe, upon the supposition that it had once belonged to a saint or an apostle.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. very dirty 
2. very offensive, usually because of dealing with sex in an unpleasant way 
3. filthy weather is very unpleasant, usually because there is a lot of rain or snow and wind 

1. the process of ending something such as a friendship or a relationship 
2. a situation in which money is paid to a worker who is forced to leave a company because they are no longer needed 
3. Separation; partition.

Thursday, August 16, 2012

spear & gallop

----- Words Excerpt from -----
When they chose new gods, war came to the city gates, and not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Israel.

Then thundered the horses' hoofs -- galloping, galloping go his mighty steeds.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a long weapon like a stick with one sharp end 
2. the long pointed part of a vegetable such as asparagus
3. to push something sharp and pointed into something else; to hit or kill a person or animal with a sharp pointed weapon such as a spear 

1. if a horse gallops, it runs at its fastest speed; to ride a horse very fast 
2. to move, pass, or develop very quickly 
3. the fastest speed of a horse
4. an extremely fast speed 

Wednesday, August 15, 2012

oxgoad & temple

----- Words Excerpt from -----
After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an xogoad. He too saved Israel.

But Jael, Heber's wife, picked up a tent peg and a hammer and went quietly to him while he lay fast asleep, exhausted. She drove the peg through his temple into the ground, and he died.

----- Words Explanation -----
The goad is a traditional farming implement, used to spur or guide lifestock, usually oxen, which are pulling a plough or a cart; used also to round up cattle;
1. a sharp stick used for making animals move 
2. something that makes someone react, especially by making them feel angry 
3. to deliberately make someone feel very angry or upset so that they react 

1. the flat area on either side of your forehead next to your eyes 
2. a building used for worship in some religions, typically religions other than Christianity 
3. an institution or building considered as a guardian of, or reservation for, a particular activity 

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

plunge & porch

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Ehud reached with his left hand, drew the sword from his right thigh and plunged it into the king's belly.

Then Ehud went out to the porch; he shut the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. Push or thrust quickly
2. to fall quickly from a high position; to make someone or something fall quickly from a high position; to slope downward suddenly 
3. to push a plunger into a toilet, sink, or bathtub in order to stop a pipe from being blocked 
4. to move quickly in an uncontrolled way, or to make someone or something move in this way; if a ship plunges, it moves up and down on water in an uncontrolled way
5. a quick fall from a high position; a jump or dive into water
6. a sudden reduction in the amount or level of something

1. an open area with a floor and a roof, attached to the lower level of a house 
2. a small area covered by a roof at the entrance to a house or other building 

Monday, August 13, 2012

JUDGES & tribute

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Again the Israelietes cried out to the Lord, and he gave them a deliver  -- Ehud, a left-handed man, the son of Gera the Benjamite. The Israelites sent him with tribute to Eglon king of Moab.

----- Words Explanation -----
the book of the Old Testament recounting the history of Israel under the warrior champions and national leaders known as judges from the death of Joshua to the birth of Samuel

1. something that you do, say, or build to show that you respect and admire someone or something 
2. in the past, money or other things that one leader had to give to a more powerful leader 

Sunday, August 12, 2012

duel & scandalous

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
In England the private duel was also practiced to scandalous extent, towards the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth centuries.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a fight between two men with guns or swords, used in the past by men of high social status to defend their honor after being insulted
2. a close competition between two people or teams 

1. something that is scandalous shocks you and makes you feel very angry because it seems unfair or wrong 
2. something that is scandalous is shocking because it involves immoral or dishonest behavior 

Friday, August 10, 2012

replica & devastate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 22:28
"And we said, 'If they ever say this to us, or to our descendants, we will answer: Look at the replica of the Lord's altar, which our fathers built, not for burnt offerings and sacrifices, but as a witness between us and you.'

JOSHUA 22:33
They were glad to hear the report and praised God. And they talked no more about going to war against them to devastate the country where the Reubenites and the Gadites lived.

----- Words Explanation -----
an accurate copy of something 

1. to seriously damage or completely destroy something;
2. to make someone feel very shocked and upset; 

Thursday, August 9, 2012

withstand & imposing

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 21:44
The Lord gave them rest on every side, just as he had sworn to their forefathers. Not one of their enemies withstood them; the Lord handed all their enemies over to them.

JOSHUA 22:10
When they came to Geliloth near the Jordan in the land of Canaan, the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh built an imposing altar there by the Jordan.

----- Words Explanation -----
to be strong enough not to be harmed or destroyed by something.

large and impressive

Wednesday, August 8, 2012

invincible & butchery

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of Extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
The king endeavored to persuade the generous boy from his enterprise, urging the great strength, tried skill, and invincible courage of the challenger; but he persisted in his resolution, to the great sorrow of all the court, who said it was a cruel thing to permit so brave and beautiful a child to rush to such butchery and death.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. too strong to be defeated;
2. too strong to be changed;

1. the cruel and violent killing of a lot of people 
2. the work of cutting up animals to be sold as meat 

Tuesday, August 7, 2012

conviction & dislodge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
I was forty years old when Moses the servant of the Lord sent me from Kadesh Barnea to explore the land. And I brought him back a report according to my convictions, but my brothers who went up with me made the hearts of the people melt with fear. I, however, followed the Lord my God wholeheartedly. 

JOSHUA 15:63
Judah could not dislodge the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live  there with the people of Judah.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a strong belief or opinion about something
2. the feeling or appearance of being confident or very certain about something 
3. a decision by a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime

1. to force something out of its position or out of the position where it is fixed 
2. to force someone out of a position of power 

Monday, August 6, 2012

exterminate & lot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 11:20
For it was the Lord himself who hardened their hearts to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Their inheritances were assigned by lot to the nine-and-a half tribes, as the Lord had commanded through Moses.

----- Words Explanation -----
to kill or destroy sb. or sth. completely 

1. any object, such as a straw or slip of paper, drawn from others at random to make a selection or choice (esp in the phrase draw or cast lots);
2. a small area of land used for a particular purpose
3. a group or set of people or things; a particular group of people

Sunday, August 5, 2012

mound & wage

----- Words Excerpt from -----
JOSHUA 11:13
Yet Isreal did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds -- except Hazor, which Joshua burned.

JOSHUA 11:18
Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a small hill, especially one that has been made by people; the small hill where the pitcher stands to throw the ball in baseball 
2. a pile of something such as earth or stones; an amount of something in a pile 

1. to start and to continue a war or a fight 
2. an amount of money that you earn for working, usually according to how many hours or days you work each week or month; relating to wages 

Friday, August 3, 2012

sample & ratify

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The men of Israel sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the Lord.

Then Joshua made a treaty of peace with them to let them live, and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to test a small amount of something in order to get information about the whole thing; to taste a small amount of food and drink in order to see what it is like 
2. to use a group of people in order to get information about a larger group or about the whole population
3. to try doing a new activity for a time 
4. an example or small amount of something that shows you what all of it is like; a small amount of a product that is given to people to try; made as a sample 

to make an agreement official by signing it or formally accepting it.

Thursday, August 2, 2012

delegation & wineskin

----- Words Excerpt from -----
However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai, they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loaded with worn-out sacks and old wineskins, cracked and mended.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a group of people who represent a country, government, or organization 
2. the process of giving some of your work, duties, or responsibilities to a more junior person or organization 

a container for wine made from the skin of a sheep or goat sewn into a bag 

Wednesday, August 1, 2012

javelin & ruse

--- excerpt from --
Then the Lord said to Joshua, "Hold out toward Ai the javelin that is
in your hand, for into your hand I will deliver the city." So Joshua
held out his javelin toward Ai.

However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to
Jericho and Ai, they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation
whose donkeys were loaded with worn-out sacks and old wineskins,
cracked and mended.

-- explanation --
a long pointed stick that is thrown in a sports competition; a sports
competition in which someone throws a javelin as far as they can;

a plan or trick used for hiding your true intentions

Tuesday, July 31, 2012

ambush & lure

----- Words Excerpt from -----
You shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king, except that you may carry off their plunder and livestock for yourselves. Set an ambush behind the city.

They will pursue us until we have lured them away from the city, for they will say, "They are running away from us as they did before'. So when we flee from them, you are to rise up from ambush and take the city.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. an attack from a hidden position;
2. to attack someone after hiding and waiting for them;

1. something that attracts someone to a situation that they may wish they had avoided; usually singular;
2. an object used for attracting fish or animals that you want to catch;
3. to persuade somebody to do something by making it look very attractive;

Monday, July 30, 2012

Joshua & wedge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
When I saw in the plunder a beautiful robe from Babylonia, two hundred shekels of silver and a wedge of gold weighing fifty shekels, I coveted them and took them. They are hidden in the ground inside my tent, with the silver underneath.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. in the Bible, Moses' successor as leader of the Israelites
2. a book of the Bible that describes the Hebrew invasion and partition of Canaan under Joshua's command 

1. a piece of wood, plastic, or other material that is thin at one end and wider at the other and is pressed into a space to hold something in place or to force things apart; something that has the shape of a wedge 
2. to fix something in position with a wedge 
3. to fix something tightly or in a small space 

Thursday, July 26, 2012

bolt & cower

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The bolts of your gates will be iron and bronze, and your strength will equal your days.

Blessed are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the Lord? He is your shield and helper and your glorious sword. Your enemies will cower before you, and you will trample down their high place.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a metal bar that you slide across a door or window in order to lock it 
2. a type of screw without a point that is used to fasten things together and that screws into a small metal ring called a nut 
3. a long wide roll of cloth
4. a short heavy pointed stick that you shoot from a crossbow 
5. to run in a sudden way, especially because you are frightened; to escape from a place 
6. to lock a door or window using a bolt 
7. to eat food very quickly 
8. to fasten two things together using a bolt 

to move your body down and away from someone or something because you are frightened;

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

precept & smite

----- Words Excerpt from -----
He said of his father and mother, 'I have no regard for them.' He did not recognize his brothers or acknowledge his own children, but he watched over your word and guarded your covenant.

Bless all his skills, O Lord, and be pleased with the work of his hands. Smite the loins of those who rise up against him; strike his foes till they rise no more.

----- Words Explanation -----
a rule, instruction, or principle that teaches correct behavior;

1. an old word meaning to hit someone or something very hard
2. an old word meaning to have a sudden serious effect on someone 

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

myriad & foe

----- Words Excerpt from -----
He said: "The Lord came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. He came with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes.

And this he said about Judah: "Hear, O Lord, the cry of Judah; bring him to his people. With his own hands he defends his cause. Oh, be his help against his foes!"

----- Words Explanation -----
very many, especially too many to count;

an enemy;

Monday, July 23, 2012

doom & idle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
It is mine to avenge; I will repay. In due time their foot will slip; their day of disaster is near and their doom rushes upon them.

They are not just idle words for you -- they are your life.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a bad event, usually death, destruction, or complete failure, that will happen in the future and cannot be avoided 
2. to make someone or something certain to fail, be destroyed, be extremely unhappy, etc

1. not really intended or not likely to have any result 
2. without a good reason or real purpose
3. machines or factories that are idle are not being used; workers who are idle have no work to do 
4. lazy; not doing anything, when there are things that you should do 
5. if an engine idles, it runs slowly and does not produce any movement 

Sunday, July 22, 2012

discernment & concede

----- Words Excerpt from -----
They are a nation without sense, there is no discernment in them.

For their rock is not like our Rock, as even our enemies concede.

----- Words Explanation -----
the ability to make good judgments about things such as art, music, and books and to tell whether something is valuable or well made 

1. to admit that something is true;
2. to stop trying to win a war, competition, or argument because you realize that you cannot win it 
3. to give something that you own or control to someone so that they own or control it; to be defeated by someone in a game or war and give them something that you previously had 
4. if you concede a goal, point, or game, the person or team you are playing scores a goal or point or wins a game 

Friday, July 20, 2012

taunt & adversary

----- Words Excerpt from -----
but I dreaded the taunt of the enemy, lest the adversary misunderstand and say, 'Our hand has triumphed; the Lord has not done all this.'

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a cruel remark that is intended to make someone angry or upset
2. to shout cruel things at someone in order to make them angry or upset 

an enemy or opponent 

Thursday, July 19, 2012

perverse & fang

----- Words Excerpt from -----
"I will hide my face from them," he said, "and see what their end will be; for they are a perverse generation, children who are unfaithful.

I will send wasting famine against them, consuming pestilence and deadly plague; I will send against them the fangs of wild beasts, the venom of vipers that glide in the dust.

----- Words Explanation -----
determined to behave in an unreasonable way, especially by doing the opposite of what is expected or wanted;

one of the long pointed teeth that some animals have, for example snakes, dogs, and tigers;

Wednesday, July 18, 2012

crag & kick

----- Words Excerpt from -----
He made him ride on the heights of the land and fed him with the fruit of the fields. He nourished him with honey from the rock and with oil from the flinty crag,ke

Jeshurun grew fat and kicked; filled with food, he became heavy and sleek. He abandoned the God who made him and rejected the Rock his Savior.

----- Words Explanation -----
a very steep rough part of a cliff or mountain 

1. a feeling of excitement or pleasure; a sudden stimulant effect, especially one produced by alcohol 
2. a hit with your foot; an act of kicking a ball in a game; a sudden movement of your leg forward and upward, especially in a dance 
3. to hit someone or something with your foot; to hit a ball with your foot in a game such as soccer 

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

pinion & flinty

----- Words Excerpt from -----
like an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young, that spreads its wings to catch them and carries them on its pinions.

He made him ride on the heights of the land and fed him with the fruit of the fields. He nourished him with honey from the rock, and with oil from the flinty crag.

----- Words Explanation -----
1.  the part of a bird's wing including the flight feathers
2. a small metal wheel inside a machine that moves other wheels 

1.  hard or cruel; 
2. Unyielding; stern; obdurate;

1. a small piece of metal used in a cigarette lighter for lighting the flame 
2. a hard gray stone that was used in the past for making tools; a piece of flint 

Monday, July 16, 2012

howl & apple of one's eye

----- Words Excerpt from -----
In a desert land he found him, in a barren and howling waste. He shielded him and cared for him; he guarded him as the apple of his eye, like an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young, that spreads its wings to catch them and carries them on its pinions.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. if a dog or similar animal howls, it makes a long loud sound
2. to cry very loudly in pain, anger, or sadness 
3. if the wind howls, it blows with a long loud sound 
4. to say something in a loud angry voice 

apple of one's eye:
idiom, One that is treasured;  a person or thing that is very precious or much loved

Thursday, July 12, 2012

ascend & thrive

----- Words Excerpt from -----
It is not up in heaven, so that you have to ask, "Who will ascend into heaven to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?"

When I have brought them into the land flowing with milk and honey, the land I promised on oath to their forefathers, and when they eat their fill and thrive, they will turn to other gods and worship them, rejecting me and breaking my covenant. 

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to climb a mountain, stairs, etc.; to rise into the air; if a road, path, or set of stairs ascends, it goes up 
2. to get a more important job or position 

to become very successful, happy, or healthy 

Wednesday, July 11, 2012

calamity & vegetation

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Your children who follow you in later generations and foreigners who come from distant lands will see the calamities that have fallen on the land and the diseases with which the Lord has afflicted it.

The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur -- nothing planted nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the Lord overthrew in fierce anger.

----- Words Explanation -----
an event that causes serious damage, or causes a lot of people to suffer, for example a flood or fire; used humorously about something that is annoying but not really serious 

plants and trees 

Tuesday, July 10, 2012

repose & long

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Among those nations you will find no repose, no resting place for the sole of your foot. There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a despairing heart.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. a calm or relaxed state
2. to be in a particular place; to rest or relax in a particular place; to be buried in a particular place 
3. if you repose something such as trust or confidence in someone, you have trust or confidence in them 

1. to want something very much; to want to be with someone who you love, especially when this is not likely to happen soon 

Monday, July 9, 2012

linger & uproot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
the Lord will send fearful plagues on you and your descendants, harsh and prolonged disasters, and severe and lingering illnesses.

Just as it pleased the Lord to make you prosper and increase in number, so it will please him to ruin and destroy you. You will be uprooted from the land you are entering to possess.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to stay somewhere longer than is necessary, or to spend longer doing something than is necessary, because it is enjoyable or helpful to you 
2. to last or continue for a long time.

1. to pull a whole tree or plant from the ground, including all the roots that grow in the soil 
2. to force someone out of the place where they live 

Wednesday, July 4, 2012

begrudge & afterbirth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The most gentle and sensitive woman among you -- so sensitive and gentle that she would not venture to touch the ground with sole of her foot -- will begrudge the husband she loves and her own son or daughter the afterbirth from her womb and the children she bears. For she intends to eat them secretly during the siege and in the distress that your enemy will inflict on you in your cities.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to feel annoyed because someone has something that you want, and you think they do not deserve it ;
2. to feel annoyed that you have to do something;

the placenta and fetal membranes expelled from the uterus after a birth 

Tuesday, July 3, 2012

cultivate & swoop

----- Words Excerpt from -----
You will plant vineyards and cultivate them but you will not drink the wine or gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand, a fierce-looking nation without respect for the old or pity for the young.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to make land suitable for growing crops or plants
2. to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities 
3. to develop something such as an attitude, ability, or skill 
4. to develop a friendship or relationship with someone, usually in order to get an advantage from it 

1. to move quickly and suddenly downward through the air, especially in order to attack or catch someone or something 
2. to make a sudden and unexpected attack on a place 

Monday, July 2, 2012

ravish & sole

----- Words Excerpt from -----
You will be pledged to be married to a woman, but another will take her and ravish her. You will build a house, but you will not live in it. You will plant a vineyard, but you will not even begin to enjoy its fruit.

The Lord will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils that cannot be cured, spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to make someone feel great pleasure 
2. to rape a woman force her to have sex

1. the flat bottom part of your foot; the bottom part of your shoe that goes under your foot 
2. the sole person or thing is the only one of a particular type
3. a flat fish that lives in the sea; this fish eaten as food 

Friday, June 29, 2012

tumor & grope

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The Lord will afflict you with the boils of Egypt and with tumors, festering sores and the itch, from which you cannot be cured. The Lord will afflict you with madness, blindness and confusion of mind. At midday you will grope about like a blind man in the dark. You will be unsuccessful in everything you do; day after day you will be oppressed and robbed, with no one to rescue you.

----- Words Explanation -----
a mass of cells in your body that grow in a way that is not normal. A benign tumor is harmless and a malignant tumor can cause death

1. to search for something inside a container, bag, etc. by feeling with your hands; to try to get to a place by feeling the way with your hands 
2. to touch someone sexually in a rough way, especially someone who does not want to be touched 
3. to search for an idea or a way to say or do something without being certain of what you are doing 

Thursday, June 28, 2012

drought & blight

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The Lord will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with scorching heat and drought, with blight and mildew, which will plague you until you perish.

----- Words Explanation -----
a long period of time when there is little or no rain and crops die 

1. something that damages or spoils something else
2. a serious disease affecting plants and crops 
3. to cause serious damage or harm to something 

Wednesday, June 27, 2012

barn & inflammation

----- Words Excerpt from -----
The Lord will send a blessing on your barns and on everything you put your hand to. The Lord your God will bless you in the land he is giving you.

The Lord will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with scorching heat and drought, with blight and mildew, which will plague you until you perish. 

----- Words Explanation -----
a large building on a farm where animals, crops, or machines are kept 

an area on your body that is swollen, red, and painful because of an infection or injury 

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

obnoxious & potentate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Memoirs of extraordinary popular delusions and the madness of crowds:
Just as absurd and effectual was the charge brought against the Templars in 1307, when they had rendered themselves obnoxious to the potentates and prelacy of Christendom.

----- Words Explanation -----
very rude, offensive, or unpleasant

a king or other powerful man who has a lot of authority and influence 

Monday, June 25, 2012

assailant & plaster

----- Words Excerpt from -----
If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seized him by his private parts.

When you have crossed the Jordan into the land the Lord your God is giving you, set up some large stones and coat them with plaster.

----- Words Explanation -----
someone who violently attacks another person

1. a substance that is spread onto walls and ceilings to form a hard smooth surface 
2. a thin piece of cloth or plastic that is sticky on one side, and that you put on your skin to cover a cut. The American word is Band-Aid. 
3. to cover a surface or a place with labels, advertisements, pictures etc.; if a news story is plastered all over the newspapers, all the details of it are in the newspapers 
4. to cover a wall or ceiling with wet plaster or a similar substance 
5. to make something lie flat against something else 

Sunday, June 24, 2012

muzzle & tread

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.

----- Words Explanation -----
1. to put a muzzle on a dog to prevent it from biting people 
2. to prevent a person, group, newspaper, etc. from expressing their opinions or ideas publicly 
3. the nose and mouth of an animal such as a dog or horse 
4. something that you put around the nose and mouth of a dog to prevent it from biting people 
5. the end of a gun barrel where the bullets come out 

1. to walk or step on something; to press or crush something into the floor or ground when you walk 
2. if someone treads grapes, they crush them with their feet in order to make wine 
3. the pattern of lines on the bottom of a shoe 
4. the part of a tire that touches the road 
5. the sound that someone makes when they walk