Sunday, December 25, 2011

censer & unkempt

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 10:1
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord, contrary to his command. 

Leviticus 10:6
Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, "Do not let your hair become unkempt, and do not tear your clothes, or you will die and the Lord will be angry with the whole community. But your relatives, all the house of Israel, may mourn for those the Lord has destroyed by fire.

----- Words Explanation -----
censer:
 a container used for burning incense, especially one that is swung in a religious procession or ceremony;

unkempt:
dirty and messy
kempt:
 1. neat in appearance and well taken care of
 2. tidy and well looked after




Friday, December 23, 2011

calf & ox

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 9:2
He said to Aaron, "Take a bull calf for your sin offering and a ram for your burnt offering, both without defect, and present them before the Lord.

Leviticus 9:4
and an ox and a ram for a fellowship offering to sacrifice before the Lord, together with a grain offering mixed with oil. For today the Lord will appear to you."


----- Words Explanation -----
calf:
1.  a young cow. Its meat is called veal.; a young animal such as a young elephant, whale, or giraffe
2. the thick back part of your leg between your knee and your ankle

ox:
1. a large type of cow that is used on farms for pulling or carrying things
2. a bull that has had its testicles removed



spatter & scour

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 6:27
Whatever touches any of the flesh will become holy, and if any of the blood is spattered on a garment, you must wash it in a holy place.

Leviticus 6:28
The clay pot the meat is cooked in must be broken; but if it is cooked in a bronze pot, the pot is to be scoured and rinsed with water.

----- Words Explanation -----
spatter:
 if you spatter a surface with a liquid, or if a liquid spatters onto a surface, small drops of the liquid are thrown onto the surface in a violent way.

scour:
1. to clean something thoroughly by rubbing it hard with something rough
2.  to search a place or document thoroughly for something
3.  to form a passage or hole in something by moving continuously over it




Wednesday, December 21, 2011

extortion & falsely

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 6:4
when he thus sins and becomes guilty, he must return what he has stolen or taken by extortion, or what was entrusted to him, or the lost property he found, or whatever it was he swore falsely about. He must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day he presents hid guilt offering. 


----- Words Explanation -----
extortion:
a crime in which someone gets money or information from someone else by using force or threats.

falsely:
 in an insincerely false manner
false:
1.  made to look like something real; not real and intended to trick people;
2. not showing what you really feel or intend;
3. not true.



Tuesday, December 20, 2011

violation & wrongdoing

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 5:15
"When a person commits a violation and sins unintentionally in regard to any of the Lord's holy things, he is to bring to the Lord as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering.

Leviticus 5:19
It is a guilt offering; he has been guilty of wrongdoing against the Lord.

----- Words Explanation -----
violation:
1.  an action that is in opposition to a law, agreement, principle, etc.
2.  the action of entering an area or place without permission

wrongdoing:
behavior that is illegal or not moral

Monday, December 19, 2011

thoughtlessly & prescribe

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 5:4
Or if a person thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil -- in any matter one might carelessly swear about -- even though he is unaware of it, in any case when he learns of it he will be guilty.

Leviticus 5:10
The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for him for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven.


----- Words Explanation -----
thoughtlessly:
 in a thoughtless manner
thoughtless:
not thinking about what other people want or need;

prescribe:
1. to state officially what should be done in a particular situation
2. if a doctor prescribes a drug or treatment, they say you should have it;





Sunday, December 18, 2011

loin & dip

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 3:4
both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the covering of the liver, which he will remove with the kidneys.

Leviticus 4:6
He is to dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle some of it seven times before the Lord, in front or the curtain of the sanctuary.

----- Words Explanation -----
loin:
1. a piece of meat from the sides or back of an animal, near the tail
2. the part of your body below your waist at the front; someone's sex organs

dip:
1.  to lower something into a liquid for a moment before taking it back out again; to put an animal in a bath filled with a chemical that kills insects on its skin
2. to move, or to move something downward
3. to become less
4. a thick cold sauce for dipping pieces of food into before eating them
5. a place in a surface that is lower than the surrounding area



griddle & crumble

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 2:5
If your grain offering is prepared on a griddle, it is to be made of fine flour mixed with oil, and without yeast.

Leviticus 2:6
Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.

----- Words Explanation -----
griddle:
1. a round flat iron pan used on top of a hot surface for cooking
2. to cook something on a griddle

crumble:
1. to break something into very small pieces, or to be broken into very small pieces; if something hard such as stone or a brick crumbles or crumbles away, parts of it fall off because it is very old or damaged
2.  to stop existing or being effective



Leviticus & wring

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 1:15
The priest shall bring it to the altar, wring off the head and burn it on the altar; its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar.


----- Words Explanation -----
Leviticus:
a book of the Bible that contains the priestly tradition of the Levites, traditionally attributed to Moses.

wring:
 to twist and squeeze something in order to remove liquid from it

Friday, December 16, 2011

tatter & shatter

From ICF News Letter, Better Life, Dec2011

That's Why He Came

For every broken heart
In need of mending.
For every lonely child
Who needs befriending,
For every time the innocent
Will ever need defending,
That's why he came!

For every dream
That life has torn and tattered,
For every hope this world
Has dashed and shattered,
For every soul who needs
To know he matters,
That's why He came!

That's why He came,
For all the lost and lonely,
That's why he came,
For all the questions
only love explains,

And so that when we need Him 
We can call upon his name
That's why He came!

tatter:
1.  a ruined or damaged state
2.  a torn or ragged piece of cloth
3.  to become ragged or torn, or make something do this

shatter:
1. to break suddenly into many small brittle pieces, or cause sth. to break in this way
2. to destroy sth. that sb. believed in or hoped for
3. fragments made by shattering sth.

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Santa Claus & puppet

From News Letter of Better Life, December 2011

-- All the children ran to him, saying:"Santa Claus, Santa Claus" as if the party were in his honor!

-- Puppet play

Santa Claus:
an imaginary man with a long white beard and a red suit who brings presents for children at Christmas

puppet:
1.  a doll or figure representing a person or animal that is moved using the hands inside the figure or by moving rods, strings, or wires attached to it
2. a person, government, or organization whose actions are controlled by others

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

strand & waistband

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 39:3
They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut strands to be worked into the blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen -- the work of a skilled craftsman. 

Exodus 39:5
Its skillfully woven waistband was like it -- of one piece with the ephod and made with gold, and with blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and with finely twisted linen, as the Lord commanded Moses. 


----- Words Explanation -----
strand:
1. a single thin piece of something, for example wire, cotton, or hair
2.  a beach or area at the edge of an ocean, lake, or river
3. one of the different aspects of something

waistband:
a piece of cloth on a pair of pants or a skirt that goes around your waist





Monday, December 12, 2011

molding & ledge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 37:26
They overlaid the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold, and made a gold molding around it.

Exodus 38:4
They made a grating for the altar, a bronze network, to be under its ledge, halfway up the alter.


----- Words Explanation -----
molding:
1. a small decorated area of stone or wood at the edge of a wall or around a door, picture frame, etc.
2. something that was produced in a mold

ledge:
1. a narrow surface that continues out from the side of a cliff, wall, or other surface
2.  a narrow shelf at the bottom of a window


Sunday, December 11, 2011

pitcher & shaft

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 37:16
And they made from pure gold the articles for the table -- its plates and dishes and bowls and its pitchers for the pouring out of drink offerings.

Exodus 37:17
They made the lamp-stand of pure gold and hammered it out, base and shaft; its flower like cups, buds and blossoms were of one piece with it.


----- Words Explanation -----
pitcher:
1.  a container for serving drinks, with one handle and a spouta shaped part that makes pouring easy. The British word is jug.; a container made of clay with two handles, used for holding liquids;
2.  the player who throws the ball to the batter in baseball

shaft:
1. the main part of something long and thin, not including the end; a metal bar in an engine that causes a part to move when another part moves; the handle of a tool; one of two long bars used for fastening a vehicle to a horse or other animal
2. a long narrow passage, for example one that leads from the surface of the ground down to a mine;
3. a long thin line of light
4.   to cheat someone, or to treat them unfairly



overshadow & hand-breadth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 37:9
The cherubim had their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim faced each other, looking toward the cover.

Exodus 37:12
They also made around it a rim a hand-breadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim.


----- Words Explanation -----
overshadow:
1. to prevent light from shining directly on something
2. to be a negative feature or influence that spoils something
3. to make someone or something seem less important compared to someone or something else.

breadth:
1. the distance from one side of an object to the other
2.   the fact that something includes a wide range of different things or ideas



Friday, December 9, 2011

spin & restrain

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 35:25
Every skilled women spun with her hands and brought what she had spun -- blue, purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen.

Exodus 36:6
Then Moses gave an order and they sent this word throughout the camp: "No man or woman is to make anything else as an offering for the sanctuary." And so the people were restrained from bringing more.


----- Words Explanation -----
spin:
1. to twist fibres of a material such as cotton or wool into thread in order to make cloth
2.  to turn round and round quickly, to make sth. turn round and round rapidly, as if on an axis
3.  to turn your head or body quickly so that it faces the opposite direction, or to turn sb. quickly so that they face you
4.   when a washing machine spins, it squeezes water out of the clothes by turning the drum round and round quickly
5.   if an insect or spider spins something such as a web, it makes it from thread that it produces in its body

restrain:
1. to prevent someone or yourself from doing something
2. to physically control the movements of a person or animal




Thursday, December 8, 2011

radiant & brooch

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 34:29
When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the Lord.

Exodus 35:22
All who were willing, men and women alike, came and brought gold jewelry of all kinds: brooches, earrings, rings and ornaments. They all presented their gold as a wave offering to the Lord.


----- Words Explanation -----
radiant:
1.  someone who is radiant looks extremely happy
2.  very bright
3.  radiant heat is the energy produced by hot objects. It is in the form of infrared light that cannot be seen.

brooch:
a piece of jewelry with a pin on the back that you fasten to your clothes





Wednesday, December 7, 2011

chisel & prostitute

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 34:1
The Lord said to Moses, "Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.

Exodus 34:15
"Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices.


----- Words Explanation -----
chisel:
1. to cut wood or stone with a chisel
2.  to get something from someone by tricking them. Someone who does this is called a chiseler
3. a tool with a flat metal blade used for cutting wood or stone

prostitute:
1. Put (oneself or one's talents) to an unworthy or corrupt use or purpose for the sake of personal or financial gain;
2. A person, typically a woman, who engages in sexual activity for payment
3. A person who misuses their talents or who sacrifices their self-respect for the sake of personal or financial gain
4. Offer (someone, typically a woman) for sexual activity in exchange for payment





Tuesday, December 6, 2011

strap & cleft

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:27
Then he said to them, "This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: 'Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and neighbor.'

Exodus 33:22
When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by.


----- Words Explanation -----
strap:
1.  to hold or keep someone or something in position by tying a strap around them
2. to wrap a piece of cloth tightly around something, especially around a part of your body that has been injured
3.  a narrow piece of cloth, plastic, etc. attached to something that you use for holding or carrying it, or hanging it up by; a similar piece of material that keeps something such as a bag closed; a narrow piece of material that holds a piece of clothing on your body; an object that hangs from the ceiling of a bus or a train for passengers to hold

cleft:
1. a narrow space in the surface of something, for example in a rock or in someone's chin
2.  divided by a narrow space
3. The past tense and past participle of cleave



Monday, December 5, 2011

laughingstock & rally

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:25
Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstock to their enemies.

Exodus 32:26
So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said, "Whoever is for the Lord, come to me." And all the Levites rallied to him.


----- Words Explanation -----
laughingstock:
someone or something that everyone thinks is very silly.

rally:
1.  to join other people in order to support someone or something when they are having problems
2.  if things such as prices rally, they increase after being low
3.   if a player or team rallies, they improve and start to play well after playing badly; if you rally, your health improves and you start to get better after being sick.




Sunday, December 4, 2011

relent & prone

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:12
Why should the Egyptians say, 'It was with evil intent that he brought them out, to kill them in the mountains and to wipe them off the face of the earth'? Turn from your fierce anger; relent and do not bring disaster on your people.

Exodus 32:22
"Do not be angry, my lord," Aaron answered. "You know how prone these people are to evil.


----- Words Explanation -----
relent:
1. to change your mind about not allowing something to happen or not letting someone do something
2. if rain or snow relents, it stops being so severe

prone:
1.  likely to do something or be affected by something, especially something bad
2. lying flat with the front of your body facing downward




Saturday, December 3, 2011

indulge & revelry

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:6
So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings. Afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry.


----- Words Explanation -----
indulge:
1. to allow yourself to have or do something that you enjoy; to allow someone to do what they want or enjoy; to have or eat something that you enjoy but that you should not have much of
2.  to become involved in something that people do not approve of

revelry:
 a situation in which people celebrate or enjoy themselves in a lively and noisy way, especially by singing, dancing, and drinking alcohol

revel:
1. to celebrate or enjoy yourself in a lively and noisy way, especially by singing, dancing, and drinking alcohol
2. a lively and noisy party or celebration, especially where people sing, dance, and drink alcohol




inscribe & fashion

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 31:18
when the Lord finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the Testimony, the tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God.

Exodus 32:4
He took what they handed him and made it into an idol cast in the shape of a calf, fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you out of Egypt."


----- Words Explanation -----
inscribe:
 to write or cut words on or in something, especially as a record of an achievement or in order to honor someone

fashion:
1. to make something, often using a lot of skill or care
2. Use materials to make into
3.  the fact that something such as a style of dress or an activity is popular at a particular time
4.  the activity or business that involves styles of clothes and people's appearance; relating to fashion, or involved in fashion




Thursday, December 1, 2011

grind & desecrate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 30:36
Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you.

Exodus 31:14
"Observe the Sabbath, because it is holy to you. Anyone who desecrates it must by put to death; whoever does any work on that day must be cut off from his people.


----- Words Explanation -----
grind:
1. to break something into very small pieces or powder, by using a machine or by crushing it between two hard surfaces; to cut food, especially raw meat, into very small pieces using a machine
2. to press something down onto a surface using a lot of force
3. to make something such as a knife smooth or sharp by rubbing it against a hard surface
4.  if a machine or vehicle grinds, it moves or works slowly, noisily, and with difficulty; if parts of a machine grind, or if someone grinds them, they rub together and make an unpleasant noise
5.  something that is hard work, boring, and tiring because it takes a lot of your time and energy

desecrate:
 to deliberately spoil something special or holy