Wednesday, November 30, 2011

gum resin & galbanum

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 31:34
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Take fragrant spices -- gum resin, onycha and galbanum -- and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts, and make a fragrant blend of incense, the work of a perfumer. It is to be salted and pure and sacred.


----- Words Explanation -----
gum resin:
 a naturally occurring mixture of gum and resin taken from some plants and trees, e.g. the yellow pigment gamboge

galbanum:
a yellowish to green or brown aromatic bitter gum resin derived from several related Asian plants.





Tuesday, November 29, 2011

cinnamon & cane

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 30:23
"Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 350 shekels of fragrant cane, 500 shekels of cassia -- all according to the sanctuary shekel -- and a hin of olive oil.


----- Words Explanation -----
cinnamon:
1. a brown powder or small stick made from the bark of a tree and used for giving a special taste to food, especially sweet food. Cinnamon is a spice.
2. light red-brown in color

cane:
1. the hard light stem of some plants, especially bamboo; the stems of some plants dried and woven together to make furniture
2. a long thin stick that someone uses to help them walk, especially one with a curved handle; a stick used for punishing children in schools; a punishment given to children in schools in which they are hit with a cane
3. to punish a child in school by hitting them with a stick

sugarcane:
  a tall tropical plant with thick stems that is used for producing sugar


Monday, November 28, 2011

census & stand

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 30:11
Then the Lord said to Moses, "When you take a census of the Israelites to count them, each one must pay the Lord a ransom for his life at the time he is counted. Then no plague will come on them when you number them.

Exodus 30:18
"Make a bronze basin, with its bronze stand, for washing. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water in it.


----- Words Explanation -----
census:
 an occasion on which government officials count the people who live in a country and record other information about them; an occasion when a particular group of people or things is officially counted

stand:
 an object or a piece of furniture used for holding, supporting, or storing something
...




Sunday, November 27, 2011

atonement &

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 29:33
They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eat them, because they are sacred.

Exodus 29:36
Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it.


----- Words Explanation -----
atonement:
1. the making of reparation for a sin or a mistake
2.  in Christian belief, the reconciliation between God and people brought about by the death of Jesus Christ

purify:
1. to make something clean by removing dirty or harmful substances from it
2. to make a person holy or without evil; to make something fit to be used for religious purposes

Saturday, November 26, 2011

lobe & ordination

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 29:20
Slaughter it, take some of its blood and put it on the lobes of the right ears of Aaron and his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. Then sprinkle blood against the altar on all sides.

Exodus 29:22
"Take from this ram the fat, the fat tail, the fat around the inner parts, the covering of the liver, both kidneys with the fat on them, and the right thigh. (This is the ram for the ordination.)


----- Words Explanation -----
lobe:
1.  your earlobe
2. a round part of something, especially a part of a leaf or a large section of your brain

ordination:
 the process or religious ceremony by which sb. is officially made a priest, minister, or rabbi





priesthood & offal

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 29:8
Bring his sons and dress them in tunics and put headbands on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. In this way you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

Exodus 29:14
But burn the bull's flesh and its hide and its offal outside the camp. It is a sin offering.


----- Words Explanation -----
priesthood:
1.  all the priests of a particular religion or country
2.  the work and responsibility of being a priest

offal:
the organs of animals that have been killed for food




Thursday, November 24, 2011

incur & diadem

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:43
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die.

Exodus 29:6
Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred diadem to the turban.


----- Words Explanation -----
incur:
1.  to experience something unpleasant as a result of something that you have done;
2.  to lose money, owe money, or have to pay money as a result of doing something;

diadem:
a metal circle with jewels on it


Wednesday, November 23, 2011

ordain & minister

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:41
After you put these clothes on your brother Aaron and his sons, anoint and ordain them. Consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 28:43
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die.


----- Words Explanation -----
ordain:
1.  to make someone a priest, minister, or rabbi in an official religious ceremony
2.  to officially order that something should be done

minister:
1. to help or look after people, especially those who are ill
2. an official in charge of a government department in the UK and some other countries. The American word is secretary.
3. an official who represents their government in a foreign country, especially sb. whose rank is below that of an ambassador
4.  in some Protestant churches, sb. whose job is to lead worship and perform other duties


Tuesday, November 22, 2011

seam & pomegranate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:27
Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod.

Exodus 28:33
Make pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet yarn around the hem of the robe, with gold bells between them.


----- Words Explanation -----
seam:
1. a line of stitches that joins two pieces of cloth; a line where two pieces of metal, wood, etc. have been joined;
2. a long thin layer of something such as coal under the ground;

pomegranate:
 a round fruit that has a hard skin and many thick seeds inside;




Monday, November 21, 2011

chrysolite & jasper

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:20
in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings.


----- Words Explanation -----
chrysolite:
A yellowish-green or brownish variety of olivine, used as a gemstone;

jasper:
 a stone that is usually red or brown and is used to make jewelry and ornaments small objects for decorating rooms





Sunday, November 20, 2011

agate & amethyst

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:19
in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;


----- Words Explanation -----
agate:
a stone with bands of paler color that is used for making jewelry;

amethyst:
 a valuable purple stone that is used in jewelry





Saturday, November 19, 2011

sapphire & jacinth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:18
in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;

Exodus 28:19
in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;


----- Words Explanation -----
sapphire:
1.  a hard clear blue stone, used in expensive jewelry
2. the blue color of a sapphire

jacinth:
a reddish variety of zircon.




beryl & turquoise

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:17
Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;

Exodus 28:18
in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;


----- Words Explanation -----
beryl:
a valuable stone that has a transparent green, blue, or yellow color;

turquoise:
1. a bright green-blue stone that is used for making jewelry
2. a color that is bright green-blue;
3.  bright green-blue in color;




Thursday, November 17, 2011

ruby & topaz

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:17
Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;


----- Words Explanation -----
ruby:
1. a valuable red jewel;
2. a deep red color
3. something that is ruby is a deep red color

topaz:
a clear yellow stone used for making jewelry



Wednesday, November 16, 2011

filigree & braid

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:11
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. AAron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord.

Exodus 28:13
Make gold filigree settings and two braided chains of pure gold, like a rope, and attach the chains to the settings.


----- Words Explanation -----
filigree:
delicate patterns made from thin gold or silver wire, used as decoration;

braid:
1. to twist fibers around each other to make a rope or braid
2. to put someone's hair into braids. The usual British word is plait.
3. a piece of long hair divided into three sections that you then twist around each other. The usual British word is plait; 
4. a narrow rope made by twisting fibers around each other, used for decorating clothes, curtains, or furniture

sash & engrave

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breast-piece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 28:9
"Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel in the order of their birth -- six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other.


----- Words Explanation -----
sash:
1. a long wide piece of cloth that you wrap around your waist like a belt; a long narrow piece of cloth that you wear over one shoulder and across your chest as part of a uniform or as a mark of honor
2.  a piece of glass in a wooden frame that forms part of a sash window

engrave:
 to cut words or pictures into a hard surface such as stone, metal, or glass




Monday, November 14, 2011

tunic & turban

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breast-piece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.


----- Words Explanation -----
tunic:
1. a long loose shirt, usually worn by women; a long loose piece of clothing with a belt and no sleeves, worn by people in ancient times
2. a short jacket that is part of a uniform worn by police officers, soldiers, etc.

turban:
 a long piece of cloth wrapped around the head, worn especially by Sikh, Hindu, and Muslim men; a hat worn by women that is similar to this




Sunday, November 13, 2011

consecration & ephod

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:3
Tell all the skilled men to whom I have given wisdom in such matters that they are to make garments for Aaron, for his consecration, so he may serve me as priest.

Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breast-piece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash.


----- Words Explanation -----
consecration:
1. the process or ceremony of sanctifying the bread and wine during Communion;
2. the ceremony in which somebody or something is consecrated.

consecrate:
1. to perform a religious ceremony in order to make a place or a thing holy
2. to perform a religious ceremony in order to make someone a priest, bishop, king, or queen




Saturday, November 12, 2011

ledge & peg

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 27:5
Put it under the ledge of the altar so that it is halfway up the altar.

Exodus 27:19
All the other articles used in the service of the tabernacle, whatever their function, including all the tent pegs for it and those for the courtyard, are to be of bronze.


----- Words Explanation -----
ledge:
1. a narrow shelf at the bottom of a window;
2. a narrow surface that continues out from the side of a cliff, wall, or other surface

peg:
1. an object attached to a wall, door, etc. and used for hanging things on; an object used for fastening things together; an object pushed or hit into the ground to keep a tent in position; a small object used for marking the position of something; a clothespin
2.  a screw used for making the strings of a musical instrument tighter or looser
3.  to keep prices, salaries, or the amount of something at a particular level, often in relation to something else
4.  to consider someone as being a particular type of person or having particular qualities
5.  to fasten something or keep something in position with pegs



embroiderer & utensil

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 26:36
"For the entrance to the tent make a curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen -- the work of an embroiderer.

Exodus 27:3
Make all its utensils of bronze -- its pots to remove the ashes, and its shovels, sprinkling bowls, meat forks and firepans. 


----- Words Explanation -----
embroider:
1. to decorate cloth with a design of colored stitches
2.  to make a story or an account of an event more interesting by adding details you have invented

embroiderer:
someone who decorate cloth with a design of colored stitches

utensil:
something that you use to cook or eat with





Thursday, November 10, 2011

clasp & projection

Exodus 26:6
Then make fifty gold clasps and use them to fasten the curtains together so that the tabernacle is a unit.

Exodus 26:17
With two projections set parallel to each other.

Explanation:
clasp:
1. a metal object used to fasten a piece of jewelry, bag, belt, etc.
2.  a way of holding something tightly

projection:
1. something that sticks out from a surface;
2. the action of sending an image to a screen; an image that is shown on a screen
3. a calculation of the way that something will change and develop in the future, especially of how fast it will grow or become smaller
4. the process of giving other people a particular idea about you; an idea that seems real because of your own strong feelings; in psychology, the fact of imagining that someone

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

wick & trimmer

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:38
Its wick trimmers and trays are to be of pure gold.


----- Words Explanation -----
wick:
the part inside an oil lamp that burns to produce light or heat;

trimmer:
1. a machine used for trimming something, for example hedges;
2.  someone who changes their opinion on important subjects to please other people;
3.  The comparative of trim.



Monday, November 7, 2011

lampstand & shaft

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:31
"Make a lampstand of pure gold and hammer  it out, base and shaft; its flowerlike cups, buds and blossoms shall be of one piece with it .


----- Words Explanation -----
lampstand: 
A light fixture or light fitting is an electrical device used to create artificial light;

shaft:
1.  the main part of something long and thin, not including the end; a metal bar in an engine that causes a part to move when another part moves; the handle of a tool; one of two long bars used for fastening a vehicle to a horse or other animal
2.  a long narrow passage, for example one that leads from the surface of the ground down to a mine
3.  a long thin line of light
4.  a clever remark, often one that offends or insults someone
5.  an arrow
6.   to cheat someone, or to treat them unfairly





rim & pitcher

Exodus 25:25
Also make around it a rim a handbreadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim.

Exodus 25:29
And make its plates and dishes of pure gold, as well as its pitchers and bowls for the pouring out of offerings.

rim:
The outer, often curved or circular, edge of somethig.

pitcher:
a large container used esp. in the past for holding and pouring liquids or a jug.

atonement & cherub

Exodus 25:17
Make an atonement cover of pure gold -- two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide.

Exodus 25:19
Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; make the cherubim of one piece with the cover, at the two ends.

atone:
to do something that shows that you are sorry for something bad that you did or for something that you falled to do.


cherub:
1. an Angel (=heavenly bing) that is represented in art as a beautiful, rather fat naked child with small wings.
2. A beautiful child is sometimes called a cherub.

overlay & ark

Exodus 25:11
Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding around it.

Exodus 25:15
The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark; they are not to be removed. Then put in the ark the Testimony, which I wll give you.

overlay:
to cover (with a layer of something)

ark:
1. the Ark of the Covenant (in the Bilbe) a wooden box which contained the writings of Jewsih law, and which represented to the people of Israel the presence of God leading them
2. Noah's ark (in the Bible) a large wooden ship built by Noah in order to save his family and a male and femal of every type of animal when the world was covered by a flood.

onyx & gem

Exodus 25:7
and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.

onyx:
a valuable stone with white and grey strips that is used in jewellery and decorations.

gem:
1. a jewel, esp. when cut into a particular regular shape
2. If you say that someone or something is a gem, you mean that they are very good, pleasing or useful.

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

fragrant & incense

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:6
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;


----- Words Explanation -----
fragrant:
with a pleasant smell

incense:
1. substance that creates a strong but pleasant smell when burned. Incense is often used in religious ceremonies.
2.  to make someone very angry




Tuesday, November 1, 2011

acacia & anoint

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:5
ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows; acacia wood;

Exodus 25:6
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;


----- Words Explanation -----
acacia:
a tree with small white or yellow flowers that grows in warm countries

anoint:
1. to put oil on a part of someone's body in a religious ceremony
2.  to decide that someone should be given a particular important job