Monday, October 31, 2011

yarn & hide

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;

Exodus 25:5
ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows; acacia wood;

----- Words Explanation -----
yarn:
1. cotton, wool, or other fibers in the form of thick thread substance like string
2. a long story with a lot of exciting details

hide:
1. the skin of an animal such as a cow that is used for making leather
2.  to put something in a place so that no one can find or see it; to go or be somewhere where no one can find you or see you; to help someone stay in a place where other people cannot find them or see them; to be in a place that is difficult to find or see; to make something difficult or impossible to see clearly


consuming & tabernacle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 24:17
To the Israelites the glory of the Lord looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain.

Exodus 25
Offerings for the tabernacle


----- Words Explanation -----
consuming:
so important or interesting to you that you cannot think of anything else

consume:
1.  to eat or drink something
2.  to use a supply of something such as time, energy, or fuel
3.  to take all of your attention so that you cannot think of anything else
4.  to destroy something completely, especially by burning it

tabernacle:
1. a name used by some Christian religious groups for their churches
2. a container for holy objects in a Catholic church
3. in the past, a type of tent in which Jews kept holy objects




sapphire & aide

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 24:10
and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of sapphire, clear as the sky itself.

Exodus 24:13
Then Moses set out with Joshua his aide, and Moses went up on the mountain of God.


----- Words Explanation -----
sapphire:
1. a hard clear blue stone, used in expensive jewelry
2.  the blue color of a sapphire

aide:
1. same as aide-de-camp;
2. someone whose job is to help another person in their work;


Saturday, October 29, 2011

demolish & hornet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:24
Do not bow down before their gods or worship them or follow their practices. You must demolish them and break their sacred stones to pieces.

Exodus 23:28
I will send the hornet ahead of you to drive the Hivites, Canaanites and Hittites out of your way.


----- Words Explanation -----
demolish:
1. to deliberately destroy a building; to destroy a building or other structure by accident
2. to have a bad effect on someone's feelings, or to spoil their plans
3. to defeat someone easily in a game or competition
4. to eat all of something very quickly

hornet:
 a black and yellow flying insect that can sting you. It is a type of large wasp.

Thursday, October 27, 2011

invoke & ingather

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:13
Be careful to do everything I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips.

Exodus 23:16
Celebrate the Feast of Harvest with the firstfruits of the crops you sow in your field. "Celebrate the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you gather in your crops from the field."

----- Words Explanation -----
invoke:
1. to ask for help from someone who is stronger or more powerful, especially a god
2. to use a law or rule in order to achieve something; to mention a law, principle, or idea in order to support an argument or to explain an action; to mention the name of someone who is well known or well respected in order to support an argument
3.  to make someone feel a particular emotion or see a particular image in their minds
4. to make the spirits of dead people appear by using magic powers

ingather:
1. to gather in a harvest of something
2.  to come together or assemble




Wednesday, October 26, 2011

bribe & grove

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:8
Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the righteous.

Exodus 23:11
but during the seventh year let the land lie unplowed and unused. Then the poor among your people may get food from it, and the wild animals may eat what they leave. Do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove.


----- Words Explanation -----
bribe:
1. to give money or presents to someone so that they will help you by doing something dishonest or illegal; to promise something to someone, especially a child, if they will agree to do what you want
2. money or a present given to someone so that they will help you by doing something dishonest or illegal; a promise that you will give something to someone, especially a child, if they will agree to do what you want

grove:
a group of trees of a particular type, especially trees arranged in lines.





Tuesday, October 25, 2011

favoritism & acquit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:2
Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd, and do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.

Exodus 23:7
Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death, for I will not acquit the guilty.


----- Words Explanation -----
favoritism:
the unfair practice of giving someone help or advantages that you do not give to other people.

acquit:
to state officially that someone is not guilty of the crime they were accused of.

Monday, October 24, 2011

malicious & lawsuit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:1
Do not spread false reports. Do not help a wicked man by being a malicious witness.

Exodus 23:2
Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd, and do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.


----- Words Explanation -----
malicious:
unkind or showing a strong feeling of wanting to hurt someone.

lawsuit:
a case that a court of law is asked to decide involving a disagreement between two people or organizations





Sunday, October 23, 2011

granary & vat

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:29
Do not hold back offerings from your granaries of your vats.


----- Words Explanation -----
granary:
  a building where grain is kept

vat:
1. a large container for holding or storing liquids; a barrel 
2. value added tax: a tax on goods and services




Saturday, October 22, 2011

passionate & blaspheme

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:27
because his cloak is the only covering he has for his body. What else will he sleep in? When he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

Exodus 22:28
Do not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.


----- Words Explanation -----
compassionate:
feeling sympathy for someone who is in a bad situation because you understand and care about them

blaspheme:
to say offensive things about God or someone's religious beliefs; to swear using God's name in a way that offends people;
blasphemy:
something that is considered offensive to God or someone's religious beliefs






bride-price & sorceress

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:16
If a man seduce a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife. 

Exodus 22:18
Do not allow a sorceress to live.


----- Words Explanation -----
bride-price:
A sum of money or quantity of goods given to a bride's family by that of the groom, esp. in tribal societies.

sorceress:
 a woman who uses evil spirits to do magic in stories
sorcery:
 magic done with the help of evil spirits
sorcerer:
a man who uses evil spirits to do magic in stories






Thursday, October 20, 2011

garment & seduce

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:9
In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey,a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, 'This is mine,' both parties are to bring their cases before the judge. The one whom the judges declare guilty must pay back double to his neighbor.

Exodus 22:16
If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged  to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife.


----- Words Explanation -----
garment:
1. a piece of clothing, especially used when talking about the production and sale of clothes
2.  to put clothing on sb.

seduce:
1. to persuade someone to have sex with you
2.  to persuade someone to do something by making it seem easy or exciting



Wednesday, October 19, 2011

stray & thorn

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:5
If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and  they graze in another man's field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.

Exodus 22:6
If a fire breaks out and spreads into thorn-bushes so that it burns shocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.


----- Words Explanation -----
stray:
1. to move around without thinking
2. to move away from the correct place or path
3. to move away from a particular subject, usually without meaning to
3.   lost, or without a home
4. accidentally separated from a group
5. a pet that is lost or has left its home
6.  someone, especially a child, who is lost

thorn:
1. a sharp point that sticks out from the stem of a plant
2. a bush or tree with a lot of thorns on it

bloodshed & restitution

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:2
If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;

Exodus 22:3
but if it happens after sunrise, he is guilty of bloodshed. A thief must certainly make restitution, but if he has nothing, he must be sold to pay for his theft.


----- Words Explanation -----
bloodshed:
a situation in which people are killed or injured, especially during fighting;

restitution:
1. the act of returning something that was lost or stolen to the person it belongs to;
2. payment or services that you provide someone with because you have done something bad or illegal to them





Monday, October 17, 2011

pen & pit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:19
If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or women, the bull must be stoned and the owner also must be put to death.

Exodus 21:33
If a man uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it, the owner of the pit must pay for the loss; he must pay its owner, and the dead animal will be his.


----- Words Explanation -----
pen:
1. to shut an animal in a small area with a fence around it
2.  to write something
3. a small area with a fence around it, used for keeping animals in


pit:
1. a very large hole dug in the ground in order to obtain a particular substance or type of stone; a hole that you dig in the ground to put something in it; a mine under the ground, especially a coal mine
2. the place in front of a stage where an orchestra sits; the place where people buy and sell shares in a stock exchange; the place where people gamble in a casino; an enclosed place where animals are made to fight



Sunday, October 16, 2011

compensate & gore

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:26
If a man hits a manservant or maidservant in the eye and destroys it, he must let the servant go free to compensate for the eye.

Exodus 21:28
If a bull gores a man or a woman to death, the bull must be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible.

----- Words Explanation -----
compensate:
1.  to pay someone money because they have suffered an injury or loss; to pay someone for the work they do
2. to change or remove the bad result of something; to behave in a way that is intended to reduce the effects of a personal fault;

gore:
1.  if an animal such as a bull gores someone, it injures them with its horns
2.  blood from an injured person that is thick because it is partly dried.







Saturday, October 15, 2011

prematurely & bruise

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:22
If men who are fighting hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman's husband demands and the court allows.

Exodus 21:25
burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

----- Words Explanation -----
premature:
1. a premature baby is born before it should be;
2. happening too soon or before the usual time

bruise:
1. a mark that you get on your body if you are hit or if you knock against something
2. a mark on a piece of fruit that has been damaged
3. to cause a mark to appear on someone's body by hitting or knocking it; if you bruise easily, marks appear on your body when you are hit or knocked without a lot of force



Friday, October 14, 2011

scheme & rod

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and kills another man deliberately, take him away from my altar and put him to death.

Exodus 21:20
"If a man beats his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies as direct result, he must be punished,


----- Words Explanation -----
scheme:
1.  to make secret plans to achieve something, especially in a dishonest way
2. a plan for achieving something, especially something illegal or dishonest; a plan that is developed by a government or large organization in order to provide a particular service for people
3. a system for organizing or arranging information

rod:
a long thin bar or stick made of plastic, wood, or glass; a fishing rod; lightning rod;





Thursday, October 13, 2011

awl & designate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:6
then his master must take him before the judges. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.

Exodus 21:13
However, if he does not do it intentionally, but God lets it happen, he is to flee to a place I will designate.


----- Words Explanation -----
awl:
a tool used for making small holes in wood and leather, consisting of a wooden handle and a thin sharp metal point

designate:
1. to formally choose someone or something for a particular purpose
2. to represent something in a particular way, for example with a sign or symbol
3. to give someone or something a particular name, title, or description




Wednesday, October 12, 2011

lest & pierce

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 20:26
'And do not go up to my altar on steps, lest your nakedness be exposed on it.'

Exodus 21:6
then his master must take him before the judges. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.

----- Words Explanation -----
lest:
in case sth. unpleasant happens

pierce:
1. if a sharp object pierces something, it makes a hole in it; to make a hole in something by pushing a sharp object into it; if you have a part of your body pierced, you have a small hole made in it so that you can wear jewelry in it; if a surface is pierced by holes, there are holes in it
2. if sound or light pierces something, it suddenly sounds very loudly or shines very brightly; if a feeling pierces you, it affects you very strongly

Tuesday, October 11, 2011

adultery & covet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 20:14
You shall not commit adultery.

Exodus 20:17
You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.


----- Words Explanation -----
adultery:
sex that takes place between a married person and someone who is not their husband or wife

covet:
1. to have a strong desire to possess something that belongs to somebody else
2.  to want to have something very much






Monday, October 10, 2011

misuse & Sabbath

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 20:7
You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Exodus 20:8
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

----- Words Explanation -----
misuse:
1. to use something in the wrong way or for the wrong purpose
2.  the use of something in the wrong way or for the wrong purpose

Sabbath
1. Sunday, observed by most Christians as the day of worship and rest from work
2.  Saturday, observed as a day of religious worship and rest from work in Judaism and some Christian denominations


billow & idol

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 19:18
Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the Lord descend on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, the whole mountain trembled violently,

Exodus 20:4
You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.


----- Words Explanation -----
billow:
1. to be filled with air and swell out like a sail;
2. if smoke or steam billows, it rises or moves in clouds;

idol:
1. someone that you admire very much
2. a picture or statue that is worshipped as a god




abstain & trumpet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 19:15
Then he said to the people, "Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations."

Exodus 19:16
On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.

----- Words Explanation -----
abstain:
1. to deliberately avoid doing something that is enjoyable but that may not be healthy, safe, or morally right; to not do something that is likely to cause serious problems
2. to deliberately not vote in an election or at a meeting

trumpet:
1. a musical instrument that is a curved metal tube with a wide end. You play it by blowing into it as you press buttons on the top. Someone who plays the trumpet is called a trumpeter or a trumpet player.; something shaped like the wide end of a trumpet
2. the loud high sound that an elephant makes

Friday, October 7, 2011

wear out & trustworthy

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 18:18
You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone.

Exodus 18:21
But select capable men from all the people -- men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain -- and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.


----- Words Explanation -----
wear out:
1.  to make someone feel very tired
2. to use something a lot so that it no longer works, or can no longer be used;

trustworthy:
able to be trusted as being honest, safe, or reliable





Thursday, October 6, 2011

banner & arrogantly

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 17:15
Moses built an altar and called it the Lord is my banner.

Exodus 18:11
Now I know that the Lord is greater than all other gods, for he did this to those who had treated Israel arrogantly.

----- Words Explanation -----
banner:
1. a wide piece of cloth with a message on it, often stretched between two poles
2. an advertisement on a website that goes across the width of your screen
3. extremely successful

arrogant:
someone who is arrogant thinks they are better or more important than other people and behaves in a way that is rude and too confident.





Wednesday, October 5, 2011

scroll & blot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 17:14
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven."


----- Words Explanation -----
scroll:
1. a long roll of paper or similar material, especially one with official written information or ancient writing on it
2. a drawing, painting, or other decoration made to look like a roll of paper
3. to move information up or down a computer screen in order to read it

blot:
1. to remove liquid from the surface of something using a piece of paper or cloth
2. a drop of liquid, especially ink, on the surface of something
3. Dry (a wet surface or substance) using an absorbent material
4. Cover writing or pictures with ink or paint so that they cannot be seen

blot out:
1. to cover something so that you can no longer see it
2. to forget something unpleasant, or to make someone forget an unpleasant memory or feeling



Tuesday, October 4, 2011

wafer & testimony

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 16:31
The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.

Exodus 16:34
As the Lord commanded Moses, Aaron put the manna in front of the Testimony, that it might be kept.


----- Words Explanation -----
wafer:
1. a very thin cookie
2. a thin round piece of bread that a priest gives people to eat during the Christian religious ceremony of holy communion.

testimony:
1. a formal statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually given in a court of law
2. evidence that something exists or is true




Monday, October 3, 2011

manna & coriander

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 16:31
The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.


----- Words Explanation -----
manna:
according to the Bible, the food that God gave to the Israelites in the desert after they had escaped from Egypt

coriander:
a plant whose leaves and seeds are used to give flavor to food, mainly used in British English





Sunday, October 2, 2011

flake & maggot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 16:14
When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor.

Exodus 16:20
However, some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell. So Moses was angry with them.


----- Words Explanation -----
flake:
1.  a small flat piece or small part of a layer broken or detached from a larger object
2. a single loop of a rope that has been neatly coiled
3. a platform or frame for drying fish or other food

maggot:
a small soft creature with no arms or legs that later changes into a fly. Maggots are found in old meat and dead bodies.





terror & sanctuary

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:16
terror and dread will fall upon them. By the power of your arm they will be as still as a stone -- until your people pass by, O Lord, until the people you bought pass by.

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of your inheritance -- the place, O Lord, you made for your dwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, your hands established.


----- Words Explanation -----
terror:
1.  strong feeling of fear; something or someone that makes you very frightened
2.  violence used for making people very frightened in order to achieve political aims
3.  a person or animal that is difficult to deal with or control
terrorist:
someone who uses violence in order to achieve political aims

sanctuary:
1. the most holy part of a religious building
2. official protection given to someone by a place that is safe for them; a place where you can be safe or comfortable
3.  a special area where animals live in a natural environment protected from people; an animal shelter




Saturday, October 1, 2011

grumble & quail

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:24
So the people grumbled against Moses, saying , "What are we to drink?"

Exodus 16:13
That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.


----- Words Explanation -----
grumble:
1. to complain, especially continuously and about unimportant things
2. to make a low continuous sound

quail:
1.a small bird that people shoot and eat; this bird eaten as food
2. to be very afraid, often so afraid that your body shakes slightly