Sunday, July 31, 2011

pistachio & bereave

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 43:11
Then their father Israel said to them, "If it must be, then do this: Put some of the best products of the land in your bags and take them down to the man as a gift -- a little balm and a little honey, some spices and myrrh, some pistachio nuts and almonds.

Genesis 43:14
And may God Almighty grant you mercy before the man so that he will let your other brother and Benjamin come back with you. As for me, if I am bereaved, I am bereaved."


----- Words Explanation -----
pistachio:
the small green nut of an Asian tree 

bereave:
if somebody is bereaved, a relative or close friend has just died 





Saturday, July 30, 2011

pouch & deprive

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 42:35
As they were emptying their sacks, there in each man's sack was his pouch of silver! When they and their father saw the money pouches, they were frightened.

Genesis 42:36
Their father Jacob said to them, "You have deprived me of my children. Joseph is no more and Simeon is no more, and now you want to take Benjamin. Everything is against me!"

----- Words Explanation -----
pouch:
1. a small bag, usually made of leather, and often carried in a pocket or attached to a belt 
2. a large bag for carrying letters, especially official ones
3. a pocket of skin on the stomach of some female animals, such as kangaroos, in which they carry their young


deprive:
to prevent somebody from having or doing something, especially something important 



chariot & second in command

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:43
He had him ride in a chariot as his second-in-command, and men shouted before him, "Make way!" Thus he put him in charge of the whole land of Egypt.


----- Words Explanation -----
chariot:
an open vehicle with two wheels, pulled by horses, used in ancient times in battle and for racing;

second in command:
a person who has the second highest rank in a group and takes charge when the leader is not there;





Thursday, July 28, 2011

hereby & signet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:41
So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt."

Genesis 41:42
Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph's finger. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck.


----- Words Explanation -----
hereby:
in legal documents, etc. as a result of this statement, and in a way that makes something legal;

signet:
A small seal, esp. one set in a ring, used instead of or with a signature to give authentication to an official document.





Tuesday, July 26, 2011

commissioner & throne

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:34
Let Pharaoh appoint commissioners over the land to take a fifth of the harvest of Egypt during the seven years of abundance.

Genesis 41:40
You shall be in charge of my palace, and all my people are to submit to your orders. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.


----- Words Explanation -----
commissioner:
1. the head of a government department in some countries;
2. a member of a commission(= an official group of people who are responsible for controlling something or finding out about something);
3. the head of a particular police force in some countries.

throne:
1. the position of being a king or queen;
2. a special chair used by a king or queen to sit on at ceremonies.





Monday, July 25, 2011

abundance & discerning

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:31
The abundance in the land will not be remembered, because the famine that follows it will be so severe.

Genesis 41:33
"And now let Pharaoh look for a discerning and wise man and put him in charge of the land of Egypt.


----- Words Explanation -----
abundance:
a large quantity that is more than enough 

discerning:
able to show good judgement about the quality of somebody/something

discern:
1. to know, recognize or understand something, especially something that is not obvious
2. to see or hear something, but not very clearly




Sunday, July 24, 2011

wither & ravage

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:23
After them, seven other heads sprouted - withered and thin and scorched by the east wind.

Genesis 41:30
but seven years of famine will follow them. Then all the abundance in Egypt will be fogotten, and the famine will ravage the land.


----- Words Explanation -----
wither:
1. If a plant withers or something withers it, it dries up and dies;
2. to become weak or less, especially before disappearing completely.
withered:
1. of plants dried up and dead.
2. of people looking old because they are thin and weak and have very dry skin.

ravage:
to badly damage something.



Saturday, July 23, 2011

scrawny & lean

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:19
After them, seven other cows came up - scrawny and very ugly and lean.


----- Words Explanation -----
scrawny:
of people or animals very thin in a way that is not attractive.

lean:
1. of people or animals without much flesh, thin and fit;
2. to bend or move from an upright position





Friday, July 22, 2011

scorch & send for

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:6
After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted - thin and scorched by the east wind.

Genesis 41:8
In the morning his mind was troubled, so he sent for all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him. 


----- Words Explanation -----
scorch:
1. to burn and slightly damage a surface by making it too hot; to be slightly burned by heat
2. to become or to make something become dry and brown, especially from the heat of the sun or from chemicals

send for:
send for somebody:
To ask or tell somebody to come to you, especially in order to help you.
send for something:
To ask somebody to bring or deliver something for you.





Thursday, July 21, 2011

gaunt & sprout

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:3
After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the reverbank.

Genesis 41:6
After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted - thin and scorched by the east wind.


----- Words Explanation -----
gaunt:
1. of a person very thin, usually because of illness, hunger or worry
2. of a building not attractive and without any decoration 

sprout:
1. of plants, vegetables, etc. to produce new leaves or buds;
2. a new part growing on a plant
3. to start to grow something; to start to grow on somebody/something 





Wednesday, July 20, 2011

sleek & reed

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 41:2
When out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds.


----- Words Explanation -----
sleek:
1. smooth and shiny
2. having an elegant smooth shape
3. of a person looking rich, and dressed in elegant and expensive clothes 

reed:
1. a tall plant like grass with a hollow stem that grows in or near water
2. a small thin piece of cane, metal or plastic in some musical instruments such as the oboe or the clarinet that moves very quickly when air is blown over it, producing a sound




Tuesday, July 19, 2011

forcibly & dungeon

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 40:15
For I was forcibly carried off from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have done nothing to deserve being put in a dungeon.


----- Words Explanation -----
forcibly:
1. in a way that involves the use of physical force;
2. in a way that makes something very clear 

dungeon:
a dark underground room used as a prison, especially in a castle 





cluster & ripen

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 40:10
and on the vine were three branches. As soon as it budded, it blossom, and its clusters ripened into grapes. 


----- Words Explanation -----
cluster:
1. a group of things of the same type that grow or appear close together;
2. a group of people, animals or things close together
3. to come together in a small group or groups 

ripen:
to become ripe; to make something ripe






Sunday, July 17, 2011

bud & blossom

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 40:10
and on the vine were three branches. As soon as it budded, it blossomed, and its clusters ripened into grapes.


----- Words Explanation -----
bud:
1. to produce buds;
2. a small lump that grows on a plant and from which a flower, leaf or stem develops;
3. a flower or leaf that is not fully open;

blossom:
1. of a tree or bush to produce blossom 
2. a flower or a mass of flowers, especially on a fruit tree or bush 


Saturday, July 16, 2011

custody & dejected

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Genesis 40:3
and put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the same prison where Joseph was confined.

Genesis 40:6
When Joseph came to them the next morning, he saw that they were dejected.


----- Words Explanation -----
custody:
1. the legal right or duty to take care of or keep somebody/something; the act of taking care of something/somebody 
2. the state of being in prison, especially while waiting for trial.

dejected:
unhappy and disappointed





Friday, July 15, 2011

warden & cupbearer

----- Experience -----
Genesis 40:21
the Lord was with him; he showed him kindness and granted him favor in the eyes of the prison warden.

Genesis 40:1
Some time later, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt.


----- Explanation -----
warden:
1. the person in charge of a prison
2. a person who guards prisoners in a prison
3. a person who is responsible for taking care of a particular place and making sure that the rules are obeyed

cupbearer:
A person who serves wine, esp. in a royal or noble household





Thursday, July 14, 2011

cloak & sport

----- Experience -----
Genesis 39:12
She caught him by his cloak and said, "Come to bed with me!" But he left his cloak in her hand and ran out of the house.

Genesis 39:14
she called her household servants. "Look," she said to them, "this Hebrew has been brought to us to make sport of us! He came in here to sleep with me, bu I screamed.


----- Explanation -----
cloak:
1. a type of coat that has no sleeves, fastens at the neck and hangs loosely from the shoulders, worn especially in the past 
2. a thing that hides or covers somebody/something
3. to cover or hide something

sport:
1. amusement or fun
to make sport of somebody/something = to joke about somebody/something




Wednesday, July 13, 2011

attendant & well built

----- Experience -----
Genesis 39:4
Joseph found favor in his eyes and became his attendant. Potiphar put him in charge of his household, and he entrusted to his care everything he owned. 

Genesis 39:7
Now Joseph was well-built and handsome, and after a while his master's wife took notice of Joseph and said, "Come to bed with me!"

----- Explanation -----
attendant:
1. a person whose job is to serve or help people in a public place
2. a person who takes care of and lives or travels with an important person or a sick or disabled person
flight attendant:
a person whose job is to serve and take care of passengers on an aircraft.

well built:
1. of a person with a solid, strong body.
2. of a building or machine strongly made;




Tuesday, July 12, 2011

laughingstock & scarlet

----- Experience -----
Genesis 38:23
Then Judah said, "Let her keep what she has, or we will become a laughingstock. After all, I did send her this young goat, but you didn't find her.

Genesis 38:28
As she was giving birth, one of them put out his hand; so the midwife took a scarlet thread and tied it on his wrist and said, "This one came out first.".


----- Explanation -----
laughingstock:
A person subjected to general mockery or ridicule;

scarlet:
bright red in color;




Monday, July 11, 2011

staff & shrine

----- Experience -----
Genesis 38:18
He said, "What pledge should I give you?"
"Your seal and its cord, and the staff in your hand," she answered. So he gave them to her and slept with her, and she became pregnant by him.

Genesis 38:21
He asked the men who lived there, "Where is the shrine prostitute who was beside the road at Enaim?"
"There hasn't been any shrine prostitute here," they said.


----- Explanation -----
staff:
1. a long stick used as a support when walking or climbing, as a weapon, or as a symbol of authority
2. all the workers employed in an organization considered as a group
....

shrine:
1. all the workers employed in an organization considered as a group
2. a place that people visit because it is connected with somebody/something that is important to them;




Sunday, July 10, 2011

veil & cord

 ----- Experience -----
Genesis 38:14
she  took off her widow's clothes,covered herself with a veil to disguise herself, and then sat down at the entrance to  Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah. For she  saw that, though Shelah had now grown up, she had not been given to him as his wife.

Genesis 38:18
He said, "What pledge should I give you?"
"Your seal and its cord, and the staff in your hand," she answered. So he gave them to her and slept with her, and she became pregnant by him.


----- Explanation -----
veil:
1. a covering of very thin transparent material worn, especially by women, to protect or hide the face, or as part of a hat, etc. 
2.  a piece of fabric worn by nuns over the head and shoulders 


cord:
strong thick string or thin rope; a piece of this 




Saturday, July 9, 2011

sackcloth & spill

----- Experience -----
Genesis 37:34
Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days.

Genesis 38:9
But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his; so whenever he lay with his brother's wife, he spilled his semen on the ground to keep from producing offspring for his brother.


----- Explanation -----
sackcloth:
a rough fabric made from jute, etc., used for making sacks 
sack:
a large bag with no handles, made of strong rough material or strong paper or plastic, used for storing and carrying, for example flour, coal, etc.

spill:
1. especially of liquid to accidentally flow over the edge of a container; to make liquid do this;
2. of people to come out of a place in large numbers and spread out




ferocious & balm

----- Experience -----
Genesis 37:20
"Come now, let's kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we'll see what comes of his dreams."

Genesis 37:25
As they sat down to eat their meal, they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were loaded with spices, balm and myrrh, and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt.


----- Explanation -----
ferocious:
very fierce, violent or aggressive; very strong 

balm:
1. oil with a pleasant smell that is obtained from some types of trees and plants, used in the past to help heal wounds, for example
2. a liquid, cream, etc. that has a pleasant smell and is used to make wounds less painful or skin softer 
3. something that makes you feel calm or relaxed.




Friday, July 8, 2011

myrrh & dip

----- Experience -----
Genesis 37:25
As they sat down to  eat their meal, they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead. Their camels were loaded with spices, balm and myrrh, and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt. 

Genesis 37:31
Then they got Joseph's robe, slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood.


----- Explanation -----
myrrh:
a sticky substance with a sweet smell that comes from trees and is used to make perfume and incense;

dip:
1. to put something quickly into a liquid and take it out again
2. to go downwards or to a lower level; to make something do this
3. if you dip your headlights when driving a car at night, you make the beam from them point down so that other drivers do not have the light in their eyes 
4. a quick swim
...




Wednesday, July 6, 2011

graze & cistern

----- Experience -----
Genesis 37:12
Now his brothers had gone to graze their father's flocks near Shechem.

Genesis 37:20
"Come now, Let's kill him and throw him into one  of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we'll see what comes of his dreams."


----- Explanation -----
graze:
1. to put cows, sheep, etc. in a field so that they can eat the grass there
2. of cows, sheep, etc. to eat grass that is growing in a field
3. to break the surface of your skin by rubbing it against something rough 
4. to touch something lightly while passing it 

cistern:
1. An underground reservoir for rainwater
2. A tank for storing water, esp. one supplying taps or as part of a flushing toilet




Monday, July 4, 2011

ornament & robe

----- Experience -----
Genesis 37:3
Now Israel loved Joseph more than any of his other sons, because he had been born to him in his old age; and he made a richly ornamented robe for him.


----- Explanation -----
ornament:
1. an object that is used as decoration in a room, garden/yard, etc. rather than for a particular purpose;
2. an object that is worn as jewellery;
3. the use of objects, designs, etc. as decoration;
4. to add decoration to something

robe:
1. a long loose outer piece of clothing, especially one worn as a sign of rank or office at a special ceremony;
2. to dress somebody/yourself in long loose clothes or in the way mentioned




Sunday, July 3, 2011

reign & succeed

----- Experience -----
Genesis 36:31
These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned:

Genesis 36:33
When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.

----- Explanation -----
reign:
1. to rule as king, queen,emperor, etc.
2. to be the best or most important in a particular situation or area of skill.
3. of an idea, a feeling or an atmosphere to be the most obvious
feature of a place or moment.

succeed:
1. to gain the right to a title, property, etc. when somebody dies(succession.)
2. to come next after somebody/something and take their/its place or
position (succession)
3. to achieve something that you have been trying to do or get; to
have the result or effect that was intended (success)
4. to be successful in your job, earning money, power, respect, etc.(success)

Saturday, July 2, 2011

midwife & tomb

----- Experience -----
Genesis 35:17
And as she was having great difficulty in childbirth, the midwife said to her, "Don't be afraid, for you have another son."

Genesis 36:20
Over her tomb Jacob set up a pillar, and to this day that pillar marks Rachel's tomb.


----- Explanation -----
midwife:
a person, especially a woman, who is trained to help women give birth to babies.

tomb:
a large grave, especially one built of stone above or below the ground .