Wednesday, June 29, 2011

deceitfully & unsuspecting

----- Experience -----
Genesis 34:13
Because their sister Dinah had been defiled, Jacob's sons replied deceitfully as they spoke to Shechem and his father Hamor.

Genesis 34:25
Three days later, while all of them were still in pain, two of Jacob's sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, took their swords and attacked the unsuspecting city, killing every male.


----- Explanation -----
deceitful:
behaving in a dishonest way by telling lies and making people believe things that are not true.
deceit:
dishonest behaviour that is intended to make somebody believe something that is not true; an example of this behaviour 

unsuspecting:
feeling no suspicion; not aware of danger or of something bad
suspect:
1. to have an idea that something is probably true or likely to happen, especially something bad, but without having definite proof;
2. to be suspicious about something; to not trust something
3. to have an idea that somebody is guilty of something, without having definite proof.




Tuesday, June 28, 2011

defile & intermarry

----- Experience -----
Genesis 34:5
When Jacob heard that his daughter Dinah had been defiled, his sons were in the fields with his livestock; so he kept quiet about it until they came home.

Genesis 34:9
Intermarry with us; give us your daughters and take our daughters for yourselves.


----- Explanation -----
defile:
1. to make something dirty or no longer pure, especially something that people consider important or holy.
2. a narrow way through mountains 

intermarry:
1. to marry somebody within your own family or group
2. to marry somebody of a different race or from a different country or a different religious group;




Monday, June 27, 2011

plot & violate

----- Experience -----
Genesis 33:19
For a hundred pieces of silver, he bought from the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem,  the plot of ground where he pitched his tent.

Genesis 34:2
When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, the ruler of that area, saw her, he took her and violated her.


----- Explanation -----
plot:
1. a small piece of land that is used or intended for a special purpose;
2. the series of events which form the story of a novel, play, film/movie, etc.
3. a secret plan made by a group of people to do something wrong or illegal.

violate:
1. to disturb or not respect somebody's peace,privacy, etc.
2. to go against or refuse to obey a law, an agreement, etc.
3. to damage or destroy a holy or special place




Sunday, June 26, 2011

socket & drove

----- Experience -----
Genesis 32:32
Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the tendon attached to the socket of the hip, because the socket of Jacob's hip was touched near the tendon.

Genesis 33:8
Esau asked, "What do you mean by all these droves I met?"
"To find favour in your eyes, my lord," he said.


----- Explanation -----
socket:
1. a curved hollow space in the surface of something that another part fits into or moves around in 
2. a device in a wall that you put a plug into in order to connect electrical equipment to the power supply of a building
3. a device on a piece of electrical equipment that you can fix a plug, a light bulb, etc. into 

drove:
a large number of people or animals, often moving or doing something as a group;

drover:
a person who moves groups of cows or sheep from one place to another, especially to market 



Saturday, June 25, 2011

pacify & ford

----- Experience -----
Genesis 32:20
And be sure to say, 'your servant Jacob is coming behind us.' "For he thought, "I will pacify him with these gifts I am sending on ahead; later, when I see him, perhaps he ill receive me."

Genesis 32:22
That night Jacob got up and took his two wives, his two maidservants and his eleven sons and crossed the ford of the Jabbok.

----- Explanation -----
pacify:
1. to make somebody who is angry or upset become calm and quiet;
2. to bring peace to an area where there is fighting or a war;

ford:
1. a shallow place in a river where it is possible to drive or walk across 
2. to walk or drive across a river or stream




distress & prosper

----- Experience -----
Genesis 32:7
In great fear and distress Jacob divided the people who were with him into two groups, and the flocks and herds and camels as well.

Genesis 32:9
Then Jacob prayed, "O God of my father Abraham, God of my father Isaac, O Lord, who said to me, 'Go back to your country and your relatives, and I will make you prosper.'


----- Explanation -----
distress:
1. a feeling of great worry or unhappiness; great suffering;
2. suffering and problems caused by not having enough money, food, etc
3. a situation in which a ship, plane, etc. is in danger or difficulty and needs help

prosper:
to develop in a successful way; to be successful, especially financially.




Friday, June 24, 2011

Lesson54 instinct or cleverness

Was the writer successful in protecting his peach tree, why not?

We have been brought up to fear insects. We regard them as unnecessary creatures that do more harm than good. We continually wage war on them for they contaminate our food, carry diseases, or devour our crops. They sting or bite without provocation; they fly uninvited into our rooms on summer nights, or beat against our lighted windows. We live in dread not only of unpleasant insects like spiders or wasps, but of quite harmless ones like moths. Reading about them increases our understanding without dispelling our fears; knowing that the industrious ant lives in a highly organize society does nothing to prevent us from being filled with revulsion when we find hordes of them crawling over a carefully prepare picnic lunch. No matter how much we like honey or how much we have read about the uncanny sense of directions which bees possess, we have a horror of being stung. Most of our fears are unreasonable, but they are impossible to erase. At the same time, however, insects are strangely fascinating. We enjoy reading about them, especially when we find that, like the praying mantis, they lead perfectly horrible lives. We enjoy staring at them, entranced as they go about their business, unaware (we hope) of our presence. Who has not stood in awe at the sight of spider pouncing on a fly, or a column of ants triumphantly bearing home an enormous dead beetle.

Last summer, I spent days in the garden watching thousands of ants crawling up the trunk of my prize peach tree. The tree has grown against a warm wall on a sheltered side of the house. I am especially proud of it, not only because it has survived several severe winters, but because it occasionally produces luscious pictures. During the summer, I noticed that the leaves of the tree were beginning to wither. Clusters of tiny insects called aphids were to be found on the under side of the leaves. They were visited by a large colony of ants which obtained a sort of honey from them. I immediately embarked on an experiment which, even though it failed to get rid of the ants, kept me fascinated for 24 hours. I bound the base of the tree with sticky tape make it impossible for the ants to reach the aphids. The tape was so sticky that they did not dare to across it. For a long time, I watch them scurrying around the base of the tree in bewilderment. I even went out at midnight with a torch and noted with satisfaction and surprise that the ants were still swarming around the sticky tape without being able to do anything about it. I got up early next morning, hoping to find that the ants had given up in despair. Instead, I saw that they had discovered a new route. They were climbing up the wall of the house and then on to the leaves of the tree. I realized sadly that I had been completely defeated by their ingenuity. The ants had been quick to find an answer to my thoroughly unscientific method.

Thursday, June 23, 2011

heap & messenger

----- Experience -----
Genesis 31:46
He said to his relatives, "Gather some stones." So they took stones and piled them in a heap, and they ate there by the heap.

Genesis 32:3
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Easau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.


----- Explanation -----
heap:
an untidy pile of something
...

messenger:
a person who gives a message to somebody or who delivers messages to people as a job




Wednesday, June 22, 2011

ram & hardship

----- Experience -----
Genesis 31:38
"I have been with you for twenty years now. Your sheep and goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks.

Genesis 31:42
If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been with me, you would surely have sent me away empty-handed. But God has seen my hardship and the toil of my hands, and last night he rebuked you."


----- Explanation -----
ram:
1. a male sheep
2. a part in a machine that is used for hitting something very hard or for lifting or moving things.
3. of a vehicle, a ship, etc. to drive into or hit another vehicle, ship, etc. with force, sometimes deliberately

hardship:
a situation that is difficult and unpleasant because you do not have enough money, food, clothes, etc. 



Tuesday, June 21, 2011

take somebody to task & miscarry

----- Experience -----
Genesis 31:36
Jacob was angry and took Laban to task. "What is my crime?" he asked Laban. "What sin have I committed taht you hunt me down?

Genesis 31:38
"I have been with you for twenty years now. Your sheep and goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks."


----- Explanation -----
take somebody to task:
to criticize somebody strongly for something they have done.

miscarry:
1. to give birth to a baby before it is fully developed and able to live.
2. of a plan to fail.




Monday, June 20, 2011

pitch & tambourine

----- Experience -----
Genesis 31:25
Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country of Gillead when Laban overtook him, and Laban and his relatives camped there too.

Genesis 31:27
Why did you run off secretly and deceive me? Why didn't you tell me, so I could send you away with joy and singing to the music of tambourines and harps?


----- Explanation -----
pitch:
to set up a tent or a camp for a short time.
...

tambourine:
a musical instrument that has a circular wooden frame covered with plastic or skin, with metal discs around the edge. To play it you shake it or hit it with your hand. 




Sunday, June 19, 2011

anoint & shear

----- Experience -----
Genesis 31:13
I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar and where you made a vow to me. Now leave this land at once and go back to your native land."

Genesis 31:19
When Laban had gone to shear his sheep, Rachel stole her father's household god.


----- Explanation -----
anoint:
Smear or rub with oil, typically as part of a religious ceremony

shear:
1. to cut the wool off a sheep.
2. to cut off somebody's hair
3. especially of metal to break under pressure; to cut through something and make it break

shears:
a garden tool like a very large pair of scissors, used for cutting bushes and hedges

Saturday, June 18, 2011

exceedingly & prosperous

----- Experience -----
Genesis 30:43
In this way the man grew exceedingly prosperous and come to own large flocks, and maidservants and menservants, and camels and donkeys.


----- Explanation -----
exceedingly:
Extremely; exceedingly
exceed:
1. to be greater than a particular number or amount
2. to do more than the law or an order, etc. allows you to do

prosperous:
rich and successful


stripe & peel

----- Experience -----
Genesis 30:37
Jacob, however, took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond and plane trees and made white stripes on them by peeling the bark and exposing the white inner wood of the branches.


----- Explanation -----
stripe:
1. a long narrow line of colour, that is a different colour from the areas next to it 
2. a narrow piece of fabric, often in the shape of a V, that is worn on the uniform of a soldier or police officer to show their rank

peel:
1. to take the skin off fruit, vegetables, etc. 
2. to remove a layer, covering, etc. from the surface of something; to come off the surface of something
3. the skin of some fruits and vegetables 

Thursday, June 16, 2011

almond & plane tree

----- Experience -----
Genesis 30:37
Jacob, however, took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond and plane trees and made white stripes on them by peeling the bark and exposing the white inner wood of the branches.


----- Explanation -----
almond:
1. The tree that produces this nut, belonging to the rose family and related to the peach and plum. Native to western Asia, it is widely cultivated in warm climates
2. The oval nutlike seed (kernel) of the almond tree, used as food

plane tree:
a tree with spreading branches and broad leaves, that is often found in towns in northern countries




Wednesday, June 15, 2011

tend & poplar

----- Experience -----
Genesis 30:36
Then he put a three-day journey between himself and Jacob, while Jacob continued to tend the rest of Laban's flocks.

Genesis 30:37
Jacob, however, took fresh-cut branches from poplar, almond and plane trees and made white stripes on them by peeling the bark and exposing the white inner wood of the branches.

----- Explanation -----
tend:
1. to care for somebody/something 
2. to take a particular direction or often have a particular quality
3. to serve customers in a store, bar, etc. 
4. to be likely to do something or to happen in a particular way because this is what often or usually happens 

poplar:
a tall straight tree with soft wood




speckle & streak

----- Experience -----
Genesis 30:32
Let me go through all your flocks today and remove from them every speckled or spotted sheep, every dark-colored lamb and every spotted or speckled goat.

Genesis 30:35
That same day he removed all the male goats that were streaked or spotted, and all the speckled or spotted female goats (all that had white on them) and all the dark-colured lambs, and he placed them in the care of his sons.


----- Explanation -----
speckle:
a small coloured mark or spot on a background of a different colour;
speckled:
covered with small marks or spots 

streak:
1. a long thin mark or line that is a different colour from the surface it is on
2. a part of a person's character, especially an unpleasant part 
3. a series of successes or failures, especially in a sport or in gambling 




Monday, June 13, 2011

divination & fare

----- Experience -----
Genesis 30:27
But Laban said to him, "If I have found favor in your eyes, please stay. I have learned by divination that the Lord has blessed me because of you."

Genesis 30:29
Jacob said to him, "You know how I have worked for you and how your livestock has fared under my care.


----- Explanation -----
divination:
the act of finding out and saying what will happen in the future.

fare:
1. to be successful/unsuccessful in a particular situation
2. the money that you pay to travel by bus, plane, taxi, etc.
3. a passenger in a taxi.
4. food that is offered as a meal.




Sunday, June 12, 2011

vow & deceive

----- Experience -----
Genesis 29:20
Then Jacob made a vow, saying, "If God will be with me and will watch over me on this journey I am taking and will give me food to eat and clothes to wear so that I return safely to my father's house, then the Lord will be my God and this stone that I have set up as pillar will be God's house, and of all that you give me I will give you a tenth.

Genesis 29 :25 
When morning came, there was Leah! So Jacob said to Laban, "What is this you have done to me? I served you for Rachel, didn't I? Why have you deceived me?"


----- Explanation -----
vow:
1. to make a formal and serious promise to do something or a formal statement that is true 
2. a formal and serious promise, especially a religious one, to do something 

deceive:
1. to make somebody believe something that is not true
2. to refuse to admit to yourself that something unpleasant is true
3. to make somebody have a wrong idea about somebody/something




Saturday, June 11, 2011

console & fury

----- Experience -----
Genesis 27:42
When Rebekah was told what her older son Esau had said, she sent for her younger son Jacob and said to him, "Your brother Esau is consoling himself with the thought of killing you."

Genesis 27:44
Stay with him for a while until your brother's fury subside.


----- Explanation -----
console:
1. to give comfort or sympathy to somebody who is unhappy or disappointed 
2. a flat surface which contains all the controls and switches for a machine, a piece of electronic equipment, etc.

fury:
1. extreme anger that often includes violent behaviour 
2. a state of being extremely angry about something
the Furies:
(in ancient Greek stories) three goddesses who punish people for their crimes






Friday, June 10, 2011

yoke & grudge

----- Experience -----
Genesis 27:40
You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless, you will throw his yoke from off your neck.

Genesis 27:41
Esau held a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him. He said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob."

----- Explanation -----
yoke:
1. a long piece of wood that is fastened across the necks of two animals, especially oxen, so that they can pull heavy loads 
2. harsh treatment or something that restricts your freedom and makes your life very difficult to bear


grudge:
a feeling of anger or dislike towards somebody because of something bad they have done to you in the past.

Thursday, June 9, 2011

dew & scarcely

----- Experience -----
Genesis 27:28
May god give you of heaven's dew and of earth's richness -- an abundance of grain and new wine.

Genesis 27:30
After Isaac finished blessing him and Jacob had scarcely left his father's presence, his brother Esau came in from hunting.


----- Explanation -----
dew:
the very small drops of water that form on the ground, etc. during the night 

scarcely:
1. used to say that something happens immediately after something else happens
2. only just; almost not
3. used to suggest that something is not at all reasonable or likely

scarce:
1. only just; almost not 
2. if something is scarce, there is not enough of it and it is only available in small quantities 




Wednesday, June 8, 2011

quiver & overhear

----- Experience -----
Genesis 27:3
Now then, get your weapons--your quiver and bow--and go out to the open country to hunt some wild game for me.

Genesis 27:6-7
Rebekah said to her son Jacob, "Look, I overheard your your father say to your brother Esau, 'Bring me some game and prepare me some tasty food to eat, so that I may give you my blessing in the presence of the Lord before I die.'


----- Explanation -----
quiver:
1. a case for carrying arrows;
2. to shake slightly; to make a slight movement;
3. an emotion that has an effect on your body; a slight movement in part of your body

overhear:
to hear, especially by accident, a conversation in which you are not involved




Tuesday, June 7, 2011

molest & reap

----- Experience -----
Genesis 26:11
So Abimelech gave orders to all the people: "Anyone who molests this man or his wife shall surely be put to death."

Genesis 26:12
Isaac planted crops in that land and the same year reaped a hundredfold, because the Lord blessed him.


----- Explanation -----
molest:
to attack somebody physically 

reap:
1. to obtain something, especially something good, as a direct result of something that you have done
2. to cut and collect a crop, especially corn, from a field

you reap what you sow:you have to deal with the bad effects or results of something that you originally started




Monday, June 6, 2011

decree & caress

----- Experience -----
Genesis 26:5
because Abraham obeyed me and kept my requirements, my commands, my decrees and my laws.

Genesis 26:8
When Isaac had been there a long time, Abimelech king of the Philistines looked down from a window and saw Isaac caressing his wife Rebekah.


----- Explanation -----
decree:
1. an official order from a ruler or a government that becomes the law
2. a decision that is made in a court of law 

caress:
A gentle or loving touch

Sunday, June 5, 2011

lentil & famine

----- Experience -----
Genesis 25:34
Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and some lentil stew. He ate and drank, and then got up and left. So Esau despised his birthright.

Genesis 26:1
Now there was a famine in the land -- besides the earlier famine of Abraham's time -- and Isaac went to Abimielech king of the Philistines in Gerar.


----- Explanation -----
lentil:
a small green, orange or brown seed that is usually dried and used in cooking, for example in soup or stew;

famine:
a lack of food during a long period of time in a region;




Saturday, June 4, 2011

famished & birthright

----- Experience -----
Genesis 25:30
He said to Jacob, "Quick, let me have some of that red stew! I'm famished!" (That is why he was also called Edom.)

Genesis 25:31
Jacob replied, "First sell me your birthright."


----- Explanation -----
famished:
very hungry.

birthright:
a thing that somebody has a right to because of the family or country they were born in, or because it is a basic right of all human beings  




jostle & stew

----- Experience -----
Genesis 25:22
The babies jostled each other within her, and she said, "Why is this happening to me?" So she went to inquire of the Lord.

Genesis 25:29
Once when Jacob was cooking some stew, Esau came in from the open country, famished.


----- Explanation -----
jostle:
to push roughly against somebody in a crowd

stew:
1. a dish of meat and vegetables cooked slowly in liquid in a container that has a lid
2. to cook something slowly, or allow something to cook slowly, in liquid in a closed dish 
3. to think or worry about something




Thursday, June 2, 2011

concubine & tribal

----- Experience -----
Genesis 25:6
But while he was still living, he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines and sent them away from his son Isaac to the land of the east.

Genesis 25:16
These were the sons of Ishmael, and these are the names of the twelve tribal rulers according to their settlements and camps. 


----- Explanation -----
concubine:
(in polygamous societies) A woman who lives with a man but has lower status than his wife or wives

tribal:
connected with a tribe or tribes

tribe:
1. a group of related animals or plants 
2. a group or class of people, especially of one profession
3. a large number of people




Wednesday, June 1, 2011

detain & meditate

----- Experience -----
Genesis 24:56
But he said to them, "Do not detain me, now that the Lord has granted success to my journey. Send me on my way so I may go to my master."

Genesis 24: 63
He went out to the field one evening to meditate, and as he looked up, he saw camels approaching.

----- Explanation -----
detain:
1. to keep somebody in an official place, such as a police station, a prison or a hospital, and prevent them from leaving;
2. to delay somebody or prevent them from going somewhere

meditate:
1. to think deeply, usually in silence, especially for religious reasons or in order to make your mind calm;
2. to plan something in your mind; to consider doing something;