Tuesday, May 31, 2011

fodder & maiden

----- Experience -----
Genesis 24:25
And she added, "We have plenty of straw and fodder, as well as room for you to spend the night."

Genesis 24:43
See, I am standing beside this spring; if a maiden comes out to draw water and I say to her, "Please let me drink a little water from you jar,"


----- Explanation -----
fodder:
1. food for horses and farm animals;
2. people or things that are considered to have only one use.

maiden:
1. a young girl or woman who is not married;
2. in cricket an over in which no points are scored.




Monday, May 30, 2011

deed & trough

----- Experience -----
Genesis 23:17-18
So Ephron's field in Machpelah near Mamre -- both the field and the cave in it, and all the trees within the borders of the field -- was deeded to Abraham as his property in the presence of all the Hittites who had come to the gate of the city.

Genesis 24:20
So she quickly emptied her jar into the trough, ran back to the well to draw more water, and drew enough for all his camels.


----- Explanation -----
deed:
1. Convey or transfer (property or rights) by legal deed
2. a legal document that you sign, especially one that proves that you own a house or a building;
3. a thing that somebody does that is usually very good or very bad

trough:
1. a long narrow open container for animals to eat or drink from;
2. a low area between two waves in the sea, or two hills;

Sunday, May 29, 2011

intercede & behalf

----- Experience -----
Genesis 23:8-9
He said to them, "If you are willing to let me bury my dead, then listen to me and intercede with Ephron son of Zohar on my behalf so he will sell me the cave of Machpelah, which belongs to him and is at the end of his field. Ask him to sell it to me for the full price as a burial site among you."


----- Explanation -----
intercede:
to speak to somebody in order to persuade them to show pity on somebody else or to help settle an argument.

behalf:
--in behalf of somebody, in somebody's behalf: in order to help somebody.
--on behalf of somebody, on somebody's behalf: 
1. as the representative of somebody or instead of them;
2. because of somebody; for somebody;
3. in order to help somebody.




Saturday, May 28, 2011

saddle & slay

----- Experience -----
Genesis 22:3
Early the next morning Abraham got up and saddled his donkey. He took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac. When he had cut enough wood for the burnt offering, he set out for the burnt offering, he set our for the place God had told him about.

Genesis 22:10
Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.


----- Explanation -----
saddle:
1. a leather seat for a rider on a horse;
2. a seat on a bicycle or motorcycle 
3. to put a saddle on a horse

slay:
1. to kill somebody/something in a war or a fight
2. to murder somebody
3. to have a strong effect on somebody




ewe & tamarisk

----- Experience -----
Genesis 21:28-29
Abraham set apart seven ewe lambs from the flock, and Abimelech asked Abraham, "What is the meaning of these seven ewe lambs you have set apart by themselves."

Genesis 21:33
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called upon the name of the Lord, the Eternal god.


----- Explanation -----
ewe:
a female sheep

tamarisk:
An Old World shrub or small tree with tiny scalelike leaves borne on slender branches, giving it a feathery appearance




Thursday, May 26, 2011

archer & treaty

----- Experience -----
Genesis 21:20
God was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer.

Genesis 21:22
The treaty at Beersheba
At that time Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his forces said to Abraham, 'God is with you in everything you do.


----- Explanation -----
archer:
a person who shoots with a bow and arrows 

treaty:
a formal agreement between two or more countries




Wednesday, May 25, 2011

mock & bowshot

----- Experience -----
Genesis 21:9-10
But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, 'Get rid of that slave woman and her son, for that slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance with  my son Issac.

Genesis 21:16
Then she went off and sat down nearby, about a bowshot away, for she thought, 'I cannot watch the boy die." And as she sat there nearby, she began to sob.

----- Explanation -----
mock:
1. to laugh at somebody/something in an unkind way, especially by copying what they say or do
2. to show no respect for something 

bowshot:
The distance to which a bow can send an arrow




Tuesday, May 24, 2011

wean & feast

----- Experience -----
Genesis 21:8
The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast.


----- Explanation -----
wean:
to gradually stop feeding a baby or young animal with its mother's milk and start feeding it with solid food.

wean somebody off/from something
to make somebody gradually stop doing or using something

wean somebody on something
to make somebody experience something regularly, especially from an early age

feast:
1. a large or special meal, especially for a lot of people and to celebrate something 
2. a day or period of time when there is a religious festival
3. a thing or an event that brings great pleasure
4. to eat a large amount of food, with great enjoyment




Monday, May 23, 2011

vindicate & laughter

----- Experience -----
Genesis 20:16
To Sarah he said, "I am giving your brother a thousand shekels of silver. this is to cover the offence against you before all who are with you; you are completely vindicated.

Genesis 21:6
Sarah said, "God has brought me laughter, and everyone who hears about this will laugh with me."


----- Explanation -----
vindicate:
1. to prove that something is true or that you were right to do something, especially when other people thought differently 
2. to prove that somebody is not guilty when they have been accused of doing something wrong or illegal.

laughter:
the act or sound of laughing




Sunday, May 22, 2011

dense & furnace

----- Experience -----
Genesis 19:28
He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.


----- Explanation -----
dense:
1. containing a lot of people, things, plants, etc. with little space between them
2. difficult to see through
3. stupid 
4. difficult to understand because it contains a lot of information
5. heavy in relation to its size

density:
1. the quality of being dense; the degree to which something is dense
2. the thickness of a solid, liquid or gas measured by its mass(= weight) per unit of volume
3. the amount of space available on a disk for recording data

furnace:
an enclosed space or room for heating metal or glass to very high temperatures




sulfur & pillar

----- Experience -----
Genesis 19:24
Then the Lord rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah - from the Lord out of the heavens.

Genesis 19:26
But Lot's wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt


----- Explanation -----
sulfur:
A salt or ester of sulfuric acid, containing the anion SO42 or the divalent group OSO2O

pillar:
1. a large round stone, metal or wooden post that is used to support a bridge, the roof of a building, etc., especially when it is also decorative;
2. a large round stone, metal or wooden post that is built to remind people of a famous person or event 
3. a mass of something that is shaped like pillar 
4. a strong supporter of something; an important member of something
5. a person who has a lot of a particular quality
6. a basic part or feature of a system, organization, belief, etc. 




Saturday, May 21, 2011

bold & pledge

----- Experience -----
Genesis 18:27-28
Then Abraham spoke up again: "Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the Lord, Though I am nothing but dust and ashes, what if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty? Will you destroy the whole city because of five people?"

Genesis 19:14
So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters. He said, "Hurry and get out of this place, because the Lord is about to destroy the city?" But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.


----- Explanation -----
bold:
1. of people or behaviour brave and confident; not afraid to say what you feel or to take risks 
2. of shape, colour, lines, etc. that can be easily seen; having a strong clear appearance
3. of printed words or letters in a thick, dark type 

pledge:
1. a serious promise
2. a sum of money or something valuable that you leave with somebody to prove that you will do something or pay back money that you owe 
3. to formally promise to give or do something 
4. to make somebody or yourself formally promise to do something
5. to leave something with somebody as a pledge
6. to promise to become a junior member of a fraternity or sorority


Thursday, May 19, 2011

outcry & grievous

----- Experience -----
Genesis 18: 20-21
Then the Lord said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know.


----- Explanation -----
outcry:
a reaction of anger or strong protest shown by people in public.

grievous:
very serious and often causing great pain or suffering.




Wednesday, May 18, 2011

knead & curd

----- Experience -----
Genesis 18:6
So Abraham Hurried into the tent to Sarah. "Quick," he said, "get three seahs of fine flour and knead it and bake some bread."

Genesis 18:8
He then brought some curds and milk and the calf that had been prepared, and set these before them. While they ate, he stood near hem under a tree.


----- Explanation -----
knead:
1. to press and stretch dough, wet clay, etc. with your hands to make it ready to use
2. to rub and squeeze muscles, etc. especially to relax them or to make them less painful 

curd:
a thick soft substance that is formed when milk turns sour.


Tuesday, May 17, 2011

alien & circumcision

----- Experience -----
Genesis 17:8
The whole land of Canaan, where you are now an alien,, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you.

Genesis 17:10, 17:11
This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every mal among you shall be circumcised. You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you.


----- Explanation -----
alien:
1. a person who is not a citizen of the country in which they live or work;
2. a creature from another world
3. strange and frightening; different from what you are used to
...

circumcision:
the act of circumcising somebody; the religious ceremony when somebody, especially a baby, is circumcised

circumcise:
1. to remove the foreskin of a boy or man for religious or medical reasons 
2. to cut off part of the sex organs of a girl or woman




Monday, May 16, 2011

submit & hostility

----- Experience -----
Genesis 16:9
Then the angel of the Lord told her, "Go back to your mistress and submit to her."

Genesis 16:12
He will be a wild donkey of man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone's hand against him, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers.


----- Explanation -----
submit:
1. to give a document, proposal, etc. to somebody in authority so that they can study or consider it 
2. to accept the authority, control or greater strength of somebody/something; to agree to something because of this
3. to say or suggest something 

hostility:
1. unfriendly or aggressive feelings or behavior;
2. strong and angry opposition towards an idea, a plan or a situation 
3. acts of fighting in a war 



Sunday, May 15, 2011

despise & mistress

----- Experience -----
Genesis 16: 4
He slept with Hagar, and she conceived.
When she knew she was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress.


----- Explanation -----
despise:
to dislike and have no respect for somebody/something.

mistress:
1. (in the past) the female head of a house, especially one who employed servants 
2. a female teacher in a school, especially a private school 
3. a man's (usually a married man's)mistress is a woman that he is having a regular sexual relationship with and who is not his wife
4. the female owner of a dog or other animal
5. V




Saturday, May 14, 2011

prey & carcass

----- Experience -----
Genesis 15:11
Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram dove them away.


----- Explanation -----
prey:
1. an animal, a bird, etc. that is hunted, killed and eaten by another 
2. a person who is harmed or deceived by somebody, especially for dishonest purposes
3. to harm somebody who is weaker than you, or make use of them in a dishonest way to get what you want 

bird of prey:
a bird that hunts and kills other creatures for food.Eagles,hawks and owls are all birds of prey.

carcass:
the dead body of an animal, especially of a large one or of one that is ready for cutting up as meat.




heifer & ram

----- Experience -----
Genesis 15:9
So the Lord said to him, "Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon."


----- Explanation -----
heifer:
A female young cow that has not born a calf.

ram: 1. A male sheep;
2. a part in a machine that is used for hitting something very hard or for lifting or moving things
3. of a vehicle, a ship, etc. to drive into or hit another vehicle, ship, etc. with force, sometimes deliberately
4. random access memory




Thursday, May 12, 2011

sovereign & heir

----- Experience -----
Genesis 15:2
But Abram said, "O Sovereign Lord, what can you give me since I remain childless and the one who will inherit my estate is Eliezer of Damascus?"

Genesis 15:3
And Abram said, "You have given me no children; so a servant in my household will be my heir."


----- Explanation -----
sovereign:
1. a king or queen 
2. of a country or state free to govern itself; completely independent.
3. having complete power or the greatest power in the country.

heir:
1. a person who has the legal right to receive somebody's property, money or title when that person dies .
2. a person who is thought to continue the work or a tradition started by somebody else.




Wednesday, May 11, 2011

thong & sandal

----- Experience -----
Genesis 14:23
and have taken an oath that I I will accept nothing belong to you, not even a thread or the thong of a sandal, so that you will never be able to say, 'I made Abram rich.'


----- Explanation -----
thong:
1. a narrow strip of leather that is used to fasten something or as a whip.
2. a pair of women's knickers or men's underpants that has only a very narrow strip of fabric, like a string, at the back 

sandal:
a type of light open shoe that is worn in warm weather. The top part consists of leather bands that attach the sole to your foot. 




Tuesday, May 10, 2011

rout & oath

----- Experience -----
Genesis 14:15
During the night Abram divided his men to attack them and he routed them, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.

Genesis 14:22
But Abram said to the king of Sodom, "I have raised my hand to the Lord, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, and have taken an oath that I will accept nothing belonging to you,...


----- Explanation -----
rout:
1. to defeat somebody completely in a competition, a battle, etc. 
2. a situation in which somebody is defeated easily and completely in a battle or competition 

oath:
1. a formal promise to do something or a formal statement that something is true
2.  an offensive word or phrase used to express anger, surprise, etc.; a swear word



Monday, May 9, 2011

pit & captive

----- Experience -----
Genesis 14:10
Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some of the men fell into them and the rest fled to the hills.

Genesis 14:14
when Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he called out the 318 trained men born in his household and went in pursuit as fa as Dan.


----- Explanation -----
pit:
1. a large deep hole in the ground
2. a deep hole in the ground from which minerals are dug out
...

captive:
1. a person who is kept as a prisoner, especially in a war.
2. kept as a prisoner or in an enclosed space; unable to escape
3. not free to leave a particular place or to choose what you want to do





Sunday, May 8, 2011

breadth & ally

----- Experience -----
Genesis 13:17
Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land, for I am giving it to you.

Genesis 14:5
In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim and the Horites in the hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran near the desert.

----- Explanation -----
breadth:
1. the distance or measurement from one side to the other; how broad or wide something is.
2. a wide range (of knowledge, interests, etc.)

ally:
1. to give your support to another group or country 
2. a country that has agreed to help and support another country, especially in case of a war
3. a person who helps and supports somebody who is in a difficult situation, especially a politician
4. the group of countries including Britain and the US that fought together in the First and Second World Wars 


Saturday, May 7, 2011

herd & part company

----- Experience -----
Genesis 13:5
Now Lot, who was moving about with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents.

Genesis 13:9
Is not the whole land before you? Let's part company. If you go to the left, I'll go to the right; If you go to the right, I'll go to the left


----- Explanation -----
herd:
1. a group of animals of the same type that live and feed together.
2. a large group of people of the same type
3. to move or make somebody/something move in a particular direction.

part company:
1. to leave somebody; to end a relationship with somebody 
2. to disagree with somebody about something



inflict & summon

----- Experience -----
Genesis 12:17
But the Lord inflicted serious diseases on Pharaoh and his household because of Abram's wife Sarai.

Genesis 12:18
So Pharaoh summoned Abram. "What have you done to me?" he said. "Why didn't you tell me she was your wife?

----- Explanation -----
inflict:
to make somebody/something suffer something unpleasant.

summon:
1. to order somebody to appear in a court of law 
2. to order somebody to come to you
3. to arrange an official meeting
4. to call for or try to obtain something
5. to make an effort to produce a particular quality in yourself, especially when you find it difficult 




Thursday, May 5, 2011

tar & mortar



---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Stone Zou <shiyun.zou@gmail.com>
Date: Mon, May 2, 2011 at 9:20 PM
Subject: tar & mortar
To: English <shiyun.zou.english17908409@blogger.com>


----- Experience -----
Genesis 11:3
They said to each other, "Come, let's make bricks and bake them thoroughly." They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar.


----- Explanation -----
tar:
1. a thick black sticky liquid that becomes hard when cold.Tar is obtained from coal and is used especially in making roads;
2. a substance similar to tar that is formed by burning tobacco
3. to cover something with tar

mortar:
1. a mixture of sand, water,lime and cement used in building for holding bricks and stones together 
2. a heavy gun that fires bombs and shells high into the air; the bombs that are fired by this gun




spare & Pharaoh

----- Experience -----
Genesis 12:13
Say you are my sister, so that I will be treated well for your sake and my life will be spared because of you.

Genesis 12: 15
And when Pharaoh's officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh, and she was taken into his palace. 


----- Explanation -----
spare:
1. to allow somebody/something to escape harm, damage or death, especially when others do not escape it 
2. that is not being used or is not needed at the present time 
3. to make something such as time or money available to somebody or for something, especially when it requires an effort for you to do this 
...

Pharaoh:
a ruler of ancient Egypt.




Wednesday, May 4, 2011

household & famine

----- Experience -----
Genesis 12:1
The Lord had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you.

Genesis 13:10
Now There was a famine in the land, and Abram went down to Egypt to live there for a while because the famine was severe.


----- Explanation -----
household:
all the people living together in a house 

famine:
a lack of food during a long period of time in a region




Tuesday, May 3, 2011

babel & barren

----- Experience -----
Genesis 11:9
That is why it was called Babel --because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world. From there the Lord scattered them over the face of the whole earth.

Genesis 11:30
Now Sarai was barren; she had not children.

----- Explanation -----
babel:
1. the sound of many voices talking at one time, especially when more than one language is being spoken;
2. A scene of noisy confusion;

barren:
1. of women or female animals not able to produce children or young animals;
2. of land or soil not good enough for plants to grow on it;
3. of plants or trees not producing fruit or seeds
4. not producing anything useful or successful


Sunday, May 1, 2011

maritime & clan

----- Experience -----
Genesis 10:5
From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.

----- Explanation -----
maritime:
1. connected with the sea or ships
2. near the sea

clan:
1. a group of families who are related to each other, especially in Scotland
2. a very large family, or a group of people who are connected because of a particular thing 

shed & descendant

----- Experience -----
Genesis 9:6
Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God has God mad man.

Genesis 9:9
I now establish my covenant with you and with your descendants after you and with every living creature that was with you -- the birds, the livestock and all the wild animals, all those that came out of the ark with you -- every living creature on earth.


----- Explanation -----
shed:
1. a small simple building, usually built of wood or metal, used for keeping things in
2. if you shed blood, you kill or injure people, especially in a war
3. if you shed tears, you cry 
4. to send light over something; to let light fall somewhere 
5. if an animal sheds its skin, or a plant sheds leaves, it loses them naturally 
6. to get rid of something that is no longer wanted

descendant:
1. a person's descendants are their children, their children's children, and all the people who live after them who are related to them.
2. something that has developed from something similar in the past