Sunday, December 25, 2011

censer & unkempt

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 10:1
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord, contrary to his command. 

Leviticus 10:6
Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, "Do not let your hair become unkempt, and do not tear your clothes, or you will die and the Lord will be angry with the whole community. But your relatives, all the house of Israel, may mourn for those the Lord has destroyed by fire.

----- Words Explanation -----
censer:
 a container used for burning incense, especially one that is swung in a religious procession or ceremony;

unkempt:
dirty and messy
kempt:
 1. neat in appearance and well taken care of
 2. tidy and well looked after




Friday, December 23, 2011

calf & ox

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 9:2
He said to Aaron, "Take a bull calf for your sin offering and a ram for your burnt offering, both without defect, and present them before the Lord.

Leviticus 9:4
and an ox and a ram for a fellowship offering to sacrifice before the Lord, together with a grain offering mixed with oil. For today the Lord will appear to you."


----- Words Explanation -----
calf:
1.  a young cow. Its meat is called veal.; a young animal such as a young elephant, whale, or giraffe
2. the thick back part of your leg between your knee and your ankle

ox:
1. a large type of cow that is used on farms for pulling or carrying things
2. a bull that has had its testicles removed



spatter & scour

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 6:27
Whatever touches any of the flesh will become holy, and if any of the blood is spattered on a garment, you must wash it in a holy place.

Leviticus 6:28
The clay pot the meat is cooked in must be broken; but if it is cooked in a bronze pot, the pot is to be scoured and rinsed with water.

----- Words Explanation -----
spatter:
 if you spatter a surface with a liquid, or if a liquid spatters onto a surface, small drops of the liquid are thrown onto the surface in a violent way.

scour:
1. to clean something thoroughly by rubbing it hard with something rough
2.  to search a place or document thoroughly for something
3.  to form a passage or hole in something by moving continuously over it




Wednesday, December 21, 2011

extortion & falsely

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 6:4
when he thus sins and becomes guilty, he must return what he has stolen or taken by extortion, or what was entrusted to him, or the lost property he found, or whatever it was he swore falsely about. He must make restitution in full, add a fifth of the value to it and give it all to the owner on the day he presents hid guilt offering. 


----- Words Explanation -----
extortion:
a crime in which someone gets money or information from someone else by using force or threats.

falsely:
 in an insincerely false manner
false:
1.  made to look like something real; not real and intended to trick people;
2. not showing what you really feel or intend;
3. not true.



Tuesday, December 20, 2011

violation & wrongdoing

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 5:15
"When a person commits a violation and sins unintentionally in regard to any of the Lord's holy things, he is to bring to the Lord as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering.

Leviticus 5:19
It is a guilt offering; he has been guilty of wrongdoing against the Lord.

----- Words Explanation -----
violation:
1.  an action that is in opposition to a law, agreement, principle, etc.
2.  the action of entering an area or place without permission

wrongdoing:
behavior that is illegal or not moral

Monday, December 19, 2011

thoughtlessly & prescribe

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 5:4
Or if a person thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil -- in any matter one might carelessly swear about -- even though he is unaware of it, in any case when he learns of it he will be guilty.

Leviticus 5:10
The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for him for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven.


----- Words Explanation -----
thoughtlessly:
 in a thoughtless manner
thoughtless:
not thinking about what other people want or need;

prescribe:
1. to state officially what should be done in a particular situation
2. if a doctor prescribes a drug or treatment, they say you should have it;





Sunday, December 18, 2011

loin & dip

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 3:4
both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the covering of the liver, which he will remove with the kidneys.

Leviticus 4:6
He is to dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle some of it seven times before the Lord, in front or the curtain of the sanctuary.

----- Words Explanation -----
loin:
1. a piece of meat from the sides or back of an animal, near the tail
2. the part of your body below your waist at the front; someone's sex organs

dip:
1.  to lower something into a liquid for a moment before taking it back out again; to put an animal in a bath filled with a chemical that kills insects on its skin
2. to move, or to move something downward
3. to become less
4. a thick cold sauce for dipping pieces of food into before eating them
5. a place in a surface that is lower than the surrounding area



griddle & crumble

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 2:5
If your grain offering is prepared on a griddle, it is to be made of fine flour mixed with oil, and without yeast.

Leviticus 2:6
Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.

----- Words Explanation -----
griddle:
1. a round flat iron pan used on top of a hot surface for cooking
2. to cook something on a griddle

crumble:
1. to break something into very small pieces, or to be broken into very small pieces; if something hard such as stone or a brick crumbles or crumbles away, parts of it fall off because it is very old or damaged
2.  to stop existing or being effective



Leviticus & wring

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Leviticus 1:15
The priest shall bring it to the altar, wring off the head and burn it on the altar; its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar.


----- Words Explanation -----
Leviticus:
a book of the Bible that contains the priestly tradition of the Levites, traditionally attributed to Moses.

wring:
 to twist and squeeze something in order to remove liquid from it

Friday, December 16, 2011

tatter & shatter

From ICF News Letter, Better Life, Dec2011

That's Why He Came

For every broken heart
In need of mending.
For every lonely child
Who needs befriending,
For every time the innocent
Will ever need defending,
That's why he came!

For every dream
That life has torn and tattered,
For every hope this world
Has dashed and shattered,
For every soul who needs
To know he matters,
That's why He came!

That's why He came,
For all the lost and lonely,
That's why he came,
For all the questions
only love explains,

And so that when we need Him 
We can call upon his name
That's why He came!

tatter:
1.  a ruined or damaged state
2.  a torn or ragged piece of cloth
3.  to become ragged or torn, or make something do this

shatter:
1. to break suddenly into many small brittle pieces, or cause sth. to break in this way
2. to destroy sth. that sb. believed in or hoped for
3. fragments made by shattering sth.

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Santa Claus & puppet

From News Letter of Better Life, December 2011

-- All the children ran to him, saying:"Santa Claus, Santa Claus" as if the party were in his honor!

-- Puppet play

Santa Claus:
an imaginary man with a long white beard and a red suit who brings presents for children at Christmas

puppet:
1.  a doll or figure representing a person or animal that is moved using the hands inside the figure or by moving rods, strings, or wires attached to it
2. a person, government, or organization whose actions are controlled by others

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

strand & waistband

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 39:3
They hammered out thin sheets of gold and cut strands to be worked into the blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen -- the work of a skilled craftsman. 

Exodus 39:5
Its skillfully woven waistband was like it -- of one piece with the ephod and made with gold, and with blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and with finely twisted linen, as the Lord commanded Moses. 


----- Words Explanation -----
strand:
1. a single thin piece of something, for example wire, cotton, or hair
2.  a beach or area at the edge of an ocean, lake, or river
3. one of the different aspects of something

waistband:
a piece of cloth on a pair of pants or a skirt that goes around your waist





Monday, December 12, 2011

molding & ledge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 37:26
They overlaid the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold, and made a gold molding around it.

Exodus 38:4
They made a grating for the altar, a bronze network, to be under its ledge, halfway up the alter.


----- Words Explanation -----
molding:
1. a small decorated area of stone or wood at the edge of a wall or around a door, picture frame, etc.
2. something that was produced in a mold

ledge:
1. a narrow surface that continues out from the side of a cliff, wall, or other surface
2.  a narrow shelf at the bottom of a window


Sunday, December 11, 2011

pitcher & shaft

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 37:16
And they made from pure gold the articles for the table -- its plates and dishes and bowls and its pitchers for the pouring out of drink offerings.

Exodus 37:17
They made the lamp-stand of pure gold and hammered it out, base and shaft; its flower like cups, buds and blossoms were of one piece with it.


----- Words Explanation -----
pitcher:
1.  a container for serving drinks, with one handle and a spouta shaped part that makes pouring easy. The British word is jug.; a container made of clay with two handles, used for holding liquids;
2.  the player who throws the ball to the batter in baseball

shaft:
1. the main part of something long and thin, not including the end; a metal bar in an engine that causes a part to move when another part moves; the handle of a tool; one of two long bars used for fastening a vehicle to a horse or other animal
2. a long narrow passage, for example one that leads from the surface of the ground down to a mine;
3. a long thin line of light
4.   to cheat someone, or to treat them unfairly



overshadow & hand-breadth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 37:9
The cherubim had their wings spread upward, overshadowing the cover with them. The cherubim faced each other, looking toward the cover.

Exodus 37:12
They also made around it a rim a hand-breadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim.


----- Words Explanation -----
overshadow:
1. to prevent light from shining directly on something
2. to be a negative feature or influence that spoils something
3. to make someone or something seem less important compared to someone or something else.

breadth:
1. the distance from one side of an object to the other
2.   the fact that something includes a wide range of different things or ideas



Friday, December 9, 2011

spin & restrain

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 35:25
Every skilled women spun with her hands and brought what she had spun -- blue, purple or scarlet yarn or fine linen.

Exodus 36:6
Then Moses gave an order and they sent this word throughout the camp: "No man or woman is to make anything else as an offering for the sanctuary." And so the people were restrained from bringing more.


----- Words Explanation -----
spin:
1. to twist fibres of a material such as cotton or wool into thread in order to make cloth
2.  to turn round and round quickly, to make sth. turn round and round rapidly, as if on an axis
3.  to turn your head or body quickly so that it faces the opposite direction, or to turn sb. quickly so that they face you
4.   when a washing machine spins, it squeezes water out of the clothes by turning the drum round and round quickly
5.   if an insect or spider spins something such as a web, it makes it from thread that it produces in its body

restrain:
1. to prevent someone or yourself from doing something
2. to physically control the movements of a person or animal




Thursday, December 8, 2011

radiant & brooch

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 34:29
When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the Lord.

Exodus 35:22
All who were willing, men and women alike, came and brought gold jewelry of all kinds: brooches, earrings, rings and ornaments. They all presented their gold as a wave offering to the Lord.


----- Words Explanation -----
radiant:
1.  someone who is radiant looks extremely happy
2.  very bright
3.  radiant heat is the energy produced by hot objects. It is in the form of infrared light that cannot be seen.

brooch:
a piece of jewelry with a pin on the back that you fasten to your clothes





Wednesday, December 7, 2011

chisel & prostitute

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 34:1
The Lord said to Moses, "Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.

Exodus 34:15
"Be careful not to make a treaty with those who live in the land; for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you and you will eat their sacrifices.


----- Words Explanation -----
chisel:
1. to cut wood or stone with a chisel
2.  to get something from someone by tricking them. Someone who does this is called a chiseler
3. a tool with a flat metal blade used for cutting wood or stone

prostitute:
1. Put (oneself or one's talents) to an unworthy or corrupt use or purpose for the sake of personal or financial gain;
2. A person, typically a woman, who engages in sexual activity for payment
3. A person who misuses their talents or who sacrifices their self-respect for the sake of personal or financial gain
4. Offer (someone, typically a woman) for sexual activity in exchange for payment





Tuesday, December 6, 2011

strap & cleft

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:27
Then he said to them, "This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: 'Each man strap a sword to his side. Go back and forth through the camp from one end to the other, each killing his brother and neighbor.'

Exodus 33:22
When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by.


----- Words Explanation -----
strap:
1.  to hold or keep someone or something in position by tying a strap around them
2. to wrap a piece of cloth tightly around something, especially around a part of your body that has been injured
3.  a narrow piece of cloth, plastic, etc. attached to something that you use for holding or carrying it, or hanging it up by; a similar piece of material that keeps something such as a bag closed; a narrow piece of material that holds a piece of clothing on your body; an object that hangs from the ceiling of a bus or a train for passengers to hold

cleft:
1. a narrow space in the surface of something, for example in a rock or in someone's chin
2.  divided by a narrow space
3. The past tense and past participle of cleave



Monday, December 5, 2011

laughingstock & rally

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:25
Moses saw that the people were running wild and that Aaron had let them get out of control and so become a laughingstock to their enemies.

Exodus 32:26
So he stood at the entrance to the camp and said, "Whoever is for the Lord, come to me." And all the Levites rallied to him.


----- Words Explanation -----
laughingstock:
someone or something that everyone thinks is very silly.

rally:
1.  to join other people in order to support someone or something when they are having problems
2.  if things such as prices rally, they increase after being low
3.   if a player or team rallies, they improve and start to play well after playing badly; if you rally, your health improves and you start to get better after being sick.




Sunday, December 4, 2011

relent & prone

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:12
Why should the Egyptians say, 'It was with evil intent that he brought them out, to kill them in the mountains and to wipe them off the face of the earth'? Turn from your fierce anger; relent and do not bring disaster on your people.

Exodus 32:22
"Do not be angry, my lord," Aaron answered. "You know how prone these people are to evil.


----- Words Explanation -----
relent:
1. to change your mind about not allowing something to happen or not letting someone do something
2. if rain or snow relents, it stops being so severe

prone:
1.  likely to do something or be affected by something, especially something bad
2. lying flat with the front of your body facing downward




Saturday, December 3, 2011

indulge & revelry

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 32:6
So the next day the people rose early and sacrificed burnt offerings and presented fellowship offerings. Afterward they sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry.


----- Words Explanation -----
indulge:
1. to allow yourself to have or do something that you enjoy; to allow someone to do what they want or enjoy; to have or eat something that you enjoy but that you should not have much of
2.  to become involved in something that people do not approve of

revelry:
 a situation in which people celebrate or enjoy themselves in a lively and noisy way, especially by singing, dancing, and drinking alcohol

revel:
1. to celebrate or enjoy yourself in a lively and noisy way, especially by singing, dancing, and drinking alcohol
2. a lively and noisy party or celebration, especially where people sing, dance, and drink alcohol




inscribe & fashion

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 31:18
when the Lord finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the Testimony, the tablets of stone inscribed by the finger of God.

Exodus 32:4
He took what they handed him and made it into an idol cast in the shape of a calf, fashioning it with a tool. Then they said, "These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you out of Egypt."


----- Words Explanation -----
inscribe:
 to write or cut words on or in something, especially as a record of an achievement or in order to honor someone

fashion:
1. to make something, often using a lot of skill or care
2. Use materials to make into
3.  the fact that something such as a style of dress or an activity is popular at a particular time
4.  the activity or business that involves styles of clothes and people's appearance; relating to fashion, or involved in fashion




Thursday, December 1, 2011

grind & desecrate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 30:36
Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you.

Exodus 31:14
"Observe the Sabbath, because it is holy to you. Anyone who desecrates it must by put to death; whoever does any work on that day must be cut off from his people.


----- Words Explanation -----
grind:
1. to break something into very small pieces or powder, by using a machine or by crushing it between two hard surfaces; to cut food, especially raw meat, into very small pieces using a machine
2. to press something down onto a surface using a lot of force
3. to make something such as a knife smooth or sharp by rubbing it against a hard surface
4.  if a machine or vehicle grinds, it moves or works slowly, noisily, and with difficulty; if parts of a machine grind, or if someone grinds them, they rub together and make an unpleasant noise
5.  something that is hard work, boring, and tiring because it takes a lot of your time and energy

desecrate:
 to deliberately spoil something special or holy




Wednesday, November 30, 2011

gum resin & galbanum

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 31:34
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Take fragrant spices -- gum resin, onycha and galbanum -- and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts, and make a fragrant blend of incense, the work of a perfumer. It is to be salted and pure and sacred.


----- Words Explanation -----
gum resin:
 a naturally occurring mixture of gum and resin taken from some plants and trees, e.g. the yellow pigment gamboge

galbanum:
a yellowish to green or brown aromatic bitter gum resin derived from several related Asian plants.





Tuesday, November 29, 2011

cinnamon & cane

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 30:23
"Take the following fine spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 350 shekels of fragrant cane, 500 shekels of cassia -- all according to the sanctuary shekel -- and a hin of olive oil.


----- Words Explanation -----
cinnamon:
1. a brown powder or small stick made from the bark of a tree and used for giving a special taste to food, especially sweet food. Cinnamon is a spice.
2. light red-brown in color

cane:
1. the hard light stem of some plants, especially bamboo; the stems of some plants dried and woven together to make furniture
2. a long thin stick that someone uses to help them walk, especially one with a curved handle; a stick used for punishing children in schools; a punishment given to children in schools in which they are hit with a cane
3. to punish a child in school by hitting them with a stick

sugarcane:
  a tall tropical plant with thick stems that is used for producing sugar


Monday, November 28, 2011

census & stand

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 30:11
Then the Lord said to Moses, "When you take a census of the Israelites to count them, each one must pay the Lord a ransom for his life at the time he is counted. Then no plague will come on them when you number them.

Exodus 30:18
"Make a bronze basin, with its bronze stand, for washing. Place it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and put water in it.


----- Words Explanation -----
census:
 an occasion on which government officials count the people who live in a country and record other information about them; an occasion when a particular group of people or things is officially counted

stand:
 an object or a piece of furniture used for holding, supporting, or storing something
...




Sunday, November 27, 2011

atonement &

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 29:33
They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eat them, because they are sacred.

Exodus 29:36
Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it.


----- Words Explanation -----
atonement:
1. the making of reparation for a sin or a mistake
2.  in Christian belief, the reconciliation between God and people brought about by the death of Jesus Christ

purify:
1. to make something clean by removing dirty or harmful substances from it
2. to make a person holy or without evil; to make something fit to be used for religious purposes

Saturday, November 26, 2011

lobe & ordination

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 29:20
Slaughter it, take some of its blood and put it on the lobes of the right ears of Aaron and his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. Then sprinkle blood against the altar on all sides.

Exodus 29:22
"Take from this ram the fat, the fat tail, the fat around the inner parts, the covering of the liver, both kidneys with the fat on them, and the right thigh. (This is the ram for the ordination.)


----- Words Explanation -----
lobe:
1.  your earlobe
2. a round part of something, especially a part of a leaf or a large section of your brain

ordination:
 the process or religious ceremony by which sb. is officially made a priest, minister, or rabbi





priesthood & offal

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 29:8
Bring his sons and dress them in tunics and put headbands on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance. In this way you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.

Exodus 29:14
But burn the bull's flesh and its hide and its offal outside the camp. It is a sin offering.


----- Words Explanation -----
priesthood:
1.  all the priests of a particular religion or country
2.  the work and responsibility of being a priest

offal:
the organs of animals that have been killed for food




Thursday, November 24, 2011

incur & diadem

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:43
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die.

Exodus 29:6
Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred diadem to the turban.


----- Words Explanation -----
incur:
1.  to experience something unpleasant as a result of something that you have done;
2.  to lose money, owe money, or have to pay money as a result of doing something;

diadem:
a metal circle with jewels on it


Wednesday, November 23, 2011

ordain & minister

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:41
After you put these clothes on your brother Aaron and his sons, anoint and ordain them. Consecrate them so they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 28:43
Aaron and his sons must wear them whenever they enter the Tent of Meeting or approach the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they will not incur guilt and die.


----- Words Explanation -----
ordain:
1.  to make someone a priest, minister, or rabbi in an official religious ceremony
2.  to officially order that something should be done

minister:
1. to help or look after people, especially those who are ill
2. an official in charge of a government department in the UK and some other countries. The American word is secretary.
3. an official who represents their government in a foreign country, especially sb. whose rank is below that of an ambassador
4.  in some Protestant churches, sb. whose job is to lead worship and perform other duties


Tuesday, November 22, 2011

seam & pomegranate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:27
Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod.

Exodus 28:33
Make pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet yarn around the hem of the robe, with gold bells between them.


----- Words Explanation -----
seam:
1. a line of stitches that joins two pieces of cloth; a line where two pieces of metal, wood, etc. have been joined;
2. a long thin layer of something such as coal under the ground;

pomegranate:
 a round fruit that has a hard skin and many thick seeds inside;




Monday, November 21, 2011

chrysolite & jasper

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:20
in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings.


----- Words Explanation -----
chrysolite:
A yellowish-green or brownish variety of olivine, used as a gemstone;

jasper:
 a stone that is usually red or brown and is used to make jewelry and ornaments small objects for decorating rooms





Sunday, November 20, 2011

agate & amethyst

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:19
in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;


----- Words Explanation -----
agate:
a stone with bands of paler color that is used for making jewelry;

amethyst:
 a valuable purple stone that is used in jewelry





Saturday, November 19, 2011

sapphire & jacinth

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:18
in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;

Exodus 28:19
in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;


----- Words Explanation -----
sapphire:
1.  a hard clear blue stone, used in expensive jewelry
2. the blue color of a sapphire

jacinth:
a reddish variety of zircon.




beryl & turquoise

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:17
Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;

Exodus 28:18
in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;


----- Words Explanation -----
beryl:
a valuable stone that has a transparent green, blue, or yellow color;

turquoise:
1. a bright green-blue stone that is used for making jewelry
2. a color that is bright green-blue;
3.  bright green-blue in color;




Thursday, November 17, 2011

ruby & topaz

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:17
Then mount four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;


----- Words Explanation -----
ruby:
1. a valuable red jewel;
2. a deep red color
3. something that is ruby is a deep red color

topaz:
a clear yellow stone used for making jewelry



Wednesday, November 16, 2011

filigree & braid

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:11
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. AAron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord.

Exodus 28:13
Make gold filigree settings and two braided chains of pure gold, like a rope, and attach the chains to the settings.


----- Words Explanation -----
filigree:
delicate patterns made from thin gold or silver wire, used as decoration;

braid:
1. to twist fibers around each other to make a rope or braid
2. to put someone's hair into braids. The usual British word is plait.
3. a piece of long hair divided into three sections that you then twist around each other. The usual British word is plait; 
4. a narrow rope made by twisting fibers around each other, used for decorating clothes, curtains, or furniture

sash & engrave

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breast-piece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 28:9
"Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel in the order of their birth -- six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other.


----- Words Explanation -----
sash:
1. a long wide piece of cloth that you wrap around your waist like a belt; a long narrow piece of cloth that you wear over one shoulder and across your chest as part of a uniform or as a mark of honor
2.  a piece of glass in a wooden frame that forms part of a sash window

engrave:
 to cut words or pictures into a hard surface such as stone, metal, or glass




Monday, November 14, 2011

tunic & turban

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breast-piece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.


----- Words Explanation -----
tunic:
1. a long loose shirt, usually worn by women; a long loose piece of clothing with a belt and no sleeves, worn by people in ancient times
2. a short jacket that is part of a uniform worn by police officers, soldiers, etc.

turban:
 a long piece of cloth wrapped around the head, worn especially by Sikh, Hindu, and Muslim men; a hat worn by women that is similar to this




Sunday, November 13, 2011

consecration & ephod

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 28:3
Tell all the skilled men to whom I have given wisdom in such matters that they are to make garments for Aaron, for his consecration, so he may serve me as priest.

Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breast-piece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash.


----- Words Explanation -----
consecration:
1. the process or ceremony of sanctifying the bread and wine during Communion;
2. the ceremony in which somebody or something is consecrated.

consecrate:
1. to perform a religious ceremony in order to make a place or a thing holy
2. to perform a religious ceremony in order to make someone a priest, bishop, king, or queen




Saturday, November 12, 2011

ledge & peg

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 27:5
Put it under the ledge of the altar so that it is halfway up the altar.

Exodus 27:19
All the other articles used in the service of the tabernacle, whatever their function, including all the tent pegs for it and those for the courtyard, are to be of bronze.


----- Words Explanation -----
ledge:
1. a narrow shelf at the bottom of a window;
2. a narrow surface that continues out from the side of a cliff, wall, or other surface

peg:
1. an object attached to a wall, door, etc. and used for hanging things on; an object used for fastening things together; an object pushed or hit into the ground to keep a tent in position; a small object used for marking the position of something; a clothespin
2.  a screw used for making the strings of a musical instrument tighter or looser
3.  to keep prices, salaries, or the amount of something at a particular level, often in relation to something else
4.  to consider someone as being a particular type of person or having particular qualities
5.  to fasten something or keep something in position with pegs



embroiderer & utensil

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 26:36
"For the entrance to the tent make a curtain of blue, purple and scarlet yarn and finely twisted linen -- the work of an embroiderer.

Exodus 27:3
Make all its utensils of bronze -- its pots to remove the ashes, and its shovels, sprinkling bowls, meat forks and firepans. 


----- Words Explanation -----
embroider:
1. to decorate cloth with a design of colored stitches
2.  to make a story or an account of an event more interesting by adding details you have invented

embroiderer:
someone who decorate cloth with a design of colored stitches

utensil:
something that you use to cook or eat with





Thursday, November 10, 2011

clasp & projection

Exodus 26:6
Then make fifty gold clasps and use them to fasten the curtains together so that the tabernacle is a unit.

Exodus 26:17
With two projections set parallel to each other.

Explanation:
clasp:
1. a metal object used to fasten a piece of jewelry, bag, belt, etc.
2.  a way of holding something tightly

projection:
1. something that sticks out from a surface;
2. the action of sending an image to a screen; an image that is shown on a screen
3. a calculation of the way that something will change and develop in the future, especially of how fast it will grow or become smaller
4. the process of giving other people a particular idea about you; an idea that seems real because of your own strong feelings; in psychology, the fact of imagining that someone

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

wick & trimmer

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:38
Its wick trimmers and trays are to be of pure gold.


----- Words Explanation -----
wick:
the part inside an oil lamp that burns to produce light or heat;

trimmer:
1. a machine used for trimming something, for example hedges;
2.  someone who changes their opinion on important subjects to please other people;
3.  The comparative of trim.



Monday, November 7, 2011

lampstand & shaft

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:31
"Make a lampstand of pure gold and hammer  it out, base and shaft; its flowerlike cups, buds and blossoms shall be of one piece with it .


----- Words Explanation -----
lampstand: 
A light fixture or light fitting is an electrical device used to create artificial light;

shaft:
1.  the main part of something long and thin, not including the end; a metal bar in an engine that causes a part to move when another part moves; the handle of a tool; one of two long bars used for fastening a vehicle to a horse or other animal
2.  a long narrow passage, for example one that leads from the surface of the ground down to a mine
3.  a long thin line of light
4.  a clever remark, often one that offends or insults someone
5.  an arrow
6.   to cheat someone, or to treat them unfairly





rim & pitcher

Exodus 25:25
Also make around it a rim a handbreadth wide and put a gold molding on the rim.

Exodus 25:29
And make its plates and dishes of pure gold, as well as its pitchers and bowls for the pouring out of offerings.

rim:
The outer, often curved or circular, edge of somethig.

pitcher:
a large container used esp. in the past for holding and pouring liquids or a jug.

atonement & cherub

Exodus 25:17
Make an atonement cover of pure gold -- two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide.

Exodus 25:19
Make one cherub on one end and the second cherub on the other; make the cherubim of one piece with the cover, at the two ends.

atone:
to do something that shows that you are sorry for something bad that you did or for something that you falled to do.


cherub:
1. an Angel (=heavenly bing) that is represented in art as a beautiful, rather fat naked child with small wings.
2. A beautiful child is sometimes called a cherub.

overlay & ark

Exodus 25:11
Overlay it with pure gold, both inside and out, and make a gold molding around it.

Exodus 25:15
The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark; they are not to be removed. Then put in the ark the Testimony, which I wll give you.

overlay:
to cover (with a layer of something)

ark:
1. the Ark of the Covenant (in the Bilbe) a wooden box which contained the writings of Jewsih law, and which represented to the people of Israel the presence of God leading them
2. Noah's ark (in the Bible) a large wooden ship built by Noah in order to save his family and a male and femal of every type of animal when the world was covered by a flood.

onyx & gem

Exodus 25:7
and onyx stones and other gems to be mounted on the ephod and breastpiece.

onyx:
a valuable stone with white and grey strips that is used in jewellery and decorations.

gem:
1. a jewel, esp. when cut into a particular regular shape
2. If you say that someone or something is a gem, you mean that they are very good, pleasing or useful.

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

fragrant & incense

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:6
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;


----- Words Explanation -----
fragrant:
with a pleasant smell

incense:
1. substance that creates a strong but pleasant smell when burned. Incense is often used in religious ceremonies.
2.  to make someone very angry




Tuesday, November 1, 2011

acacia & anoint

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:5
ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows; acacia wood;

Exodus 25:6
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;


----- Words Explanation -----
acacia:
a tree with small white or yellow flowers that grows in warm countries

anoint:
1. to put oil on a part of someone's body in a religious ceremony
2.  to decide that someone should be given a particular important job




Monday, October 31, 2011

yarn & hide

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 25:4
blue, purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen; goat hair;

Exodus 25:5
ram skins dyed red and hides of sea cows; acacia wood;

----- Words Explanation -----
yarn:
1. cotton, wool, or other fibers in the form of thick thread substance like string
2. a long story with a lot of exciting details

hide:
1. the skin of an animal such as a cow that is used for making leather
2.  to put something in a place so that no one can find or see it; to go or be somewhere where no one can find you or see you; to help someone stay in a place where other people cannot find them or see them; to be in a place that is difficult to find or see; to make something difficult or impossible to see clearly


consuming & tabernacle

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 24:17
To the Israelites the glory of the Lord looked like a consuming fire on top of the mountain.

Exodus 25
Offerings for the tabernacle


----- Words Explanation -----
consuming:
so important or interesting to you that you cannot think of anything else

consume:
1.  to eat or drink something
2.  to use a supply of something such as time, energy, or fuel
3.  to take all of your attention so that you cannot think of anything else
4.  to destroy something completely, especially by burning it

tabernacle:
1. a name used by some Christian religious groups for their churches
2. a container for holy objects in a Catholic church
3. in the past, a type of tent in which Jews kept holy objects




sapphire & aide

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 24:10
and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of sapphire, clear as the sky itself.

Exodus 24:13
Then Moses set out with Joshua his aide, and Moses went up on the mountain of God.


----- Words Explanation -----
sapphire:
1. a hard clear blue stone, used in expensive jewelry
2.  the blue color of a sapphire

aide:
1. same as aide-de-camp;
2. someone whose job is to help another person in their work;


Saturday, October 29, 2011

demolish & hornet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:24
Do not bow down before their gods or worship them or follow their practices. You must demolish them and break their sacred stones to pieces.

Exodus 23:28
I will send the hornet ahead of you to drive the Hivites, Canaanites and Hittites out of your way.


----- Words Explanation -----
demolish:
1. to deliberately destroy a building; to destroy a building or other structure by accident
2. to have a bad effect on someone's feelings, or to spoil their plans
3. to defeat someone easily in a game or competition
4. to eat all of something very quickly

hornet:
 a black and yellow flying insect that can sting you. It is a type of large wasp.

Thursday, October 27, 2011

invoke & ingather

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:13
Be careful to do everything I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips.

Exodus 23:16
Celebrate the Feast of Harvest with the firstfruits of the crops you sow in your field. "Celebrate the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you gather in your crops from the field."

----- Words Explanation -----
invoke:
1. to ask for help from someone who is stronger or more powerful, especially a god
2. to use a law or rule in order to achieve something; to mention a law, principle, or idea in order to support an argument or to explain an action; to mention the name of someone who is well known or well respected in order to support an argument
3.  to make someone feel a particular emotion or see a particular image in their minds
4. to make the spirits of dead people appear by using magic powers

ingather:
1. to gather in a harvest of something
2.  to come together or assemble




Wednesday, October 26, 2011

bribe & grove

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:8
Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the righteous.

Exodus 23:11
but during the seventh year let the land lie unplowed and unused. Then the poor among your people may get food from it, and the wild animals may eat what they leave. Do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove.


----- Words Explanation -----
bribe:
1. to give money or presents to someone so that they will help you by doing something dishonest or illegal; to promise something to someone, especially a child, if they will agree to do what you want
2. money or a present given to someone so that they will help you by doing something dishonest or illegal; a promise that you will give something to someone, especially a child, if they will agree to do what you want

grove:
a group of trees of a particular type, especially trees arranged in lines.





Tuesday, October 25, 2011

favoritism & acquit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:2
Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd, and do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.

Exodus 23:7
Have nothing to do with a false charge and do not put an innocent or honest person to death, for I will not acquit the guilty.


----- Words Explanation -----
favoritism:
the unfair practice of giving someone help or advantages that you do not give to other people.

acquit:
to state officially that someone is not guilty of the crime they were accused of.

Monday, October 24, 2011

malicious & lawsuit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 23:1
Do not spread false reports. Do not help a wicked man by being a malicious witness.

Exodus 23:2
Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd, and do not show favoritism to a poor man in his lawsuit.


----- Words Explanation -----
malicious:
unkind or showing a strong feeling of wanting to hurt someone.

lawsuit:
a case that a court of law is asked to decide involving a disagreement between two people or organizations





Sunday, October 23, 2011

granary & vat

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:29
Do not hold back offerings from your granaries of your vats.


----- Words Explanation -----
granary:
  a building where grain is kept

vat:
1. a large container for holding or storing liquids; a barrel 
2. value added tax: a tax on goods and services




Saturday, October 22, 2011

passionate & blaspheme

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:27
because his cloak is the only covering he has for his body. What else will he sleep in? When he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am compassionate.

Exodus 22:28
Do not blaspheme God or curse the ruler of your people.


----- Words Explanation -----
compassionate:
feeling sympathy for someone who is in a bad situation because you understand and care about them

blaspheme:
to say offensive things about God or someone's religious beliefs; to swear using God's name in a way that offends people;
blasphemy:
something that is considered offensive to God or someone's religious beliefs






bride-price & sorceress

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:16
If a man seduce a virgin who is not pledged to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife. 

Exodus 22:18
Do not allow a sorceress to live.


----- Words Explanation -----
bride-price:
A sum of money or quantity of goods given to a bride's family by that of the groom, esp. in tribal societies.

sorceress:
 a woman who uses evil spirits to do magic in stories
sorcery:
 magic done with the help of evil spirits
sorcerer:
a man who uses evil spirits to do magic in stories






Thursday, October 20, 2011

garment & seduce

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:9
In all cases of illegal possession of an ox, a donkey,a sheep, a garment, or any other lost property about which somebody says, 'This is mine,' both parties are to bring their cases before the judge. The one whom the judges declare guilty must pay back double to his neighbor.

Exodus 22:16
If a man seduces a virgin who is not pledged  to be married and sleeps with her, he must pay the bride-price, and she shall be his wife.


----- Words Explanation -----
garment:
1. a piece of clothing, especially used when talking about the production and sale of clothes
2.  to put clothing on sb.

seduce:
1. to persuade someone to have sex with you
2.  to persuade someone to do something by making it seem easy or exciting



Wednesday, October 19, 2011

stray & thorn

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:5
If a man grazes his livestock in a field or vineyard and lets them stray and  they graze in another man's field, he must make restitution from the best of his own field or vineyard.

Exodus 22:6
If a fire breaks out and spreads into thorn-bushes so that it burns shocks of grain or standing grain or the whole field, the one who started the fire must make restitution.


----- Words Explanation -----
stray:
1. to move around without thinking
2. to move away from the correct place or path
3. to move away from a particular subject, usually without meaning to
3.   lost, or without a home
4. accidentally separated from a group
5. a pet that is lost or has left its home
6.  someone, especially a child, who is lost

thorn:
1. a sharp point that sticks out from the stem of a plant
2. a bush or tree with a lot of thorns on it

bloodshed & restitution

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 22:2
If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;

Exodus 22:3
but if it happens after sunrise, he is guilty of bloodshed. A thief must certainly make restitution, but if he has nothing, he must be sold to pay for his theft.


----- Words Explanation -----
bloodshed:
a situation in which people are killed or injured, especially during fighting;

restitution:
1. the act of returning something that was lost or stolen to the person it belongs to;
2. payment or services that you provide someone with because you have done something bad or illegal to them





Monday, October 17, 2011

pen & pit

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:19
If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or women, the bull must be stoned and the owner also must be put to death.

Exodus 21:33
If a man uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it, the owner of the pit must pay for the loss; he must pay its owner, and the dead animal will be his.


----- Words Explanation -----
pen:
1. to shut an animal in a small area with a fence around it
2.  to write something
3. a small area with a fence around it, used for keeping animals in


pit:
1. a very large hole dug in the ground in order to obtain a particular substance or type of stone; a hole that you dig in the ground to put something in it; a mine under the ground, especially a coal mine
2. the place in front of a stage where an orchestra sits; the place where people buy and sell shares in a stock exchange; the place where people gamble in a casino; an enclosed place where animals are made to fight



Sunday, October 16, 2011

compensate & gore

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:26
If a man hits a manservant or maidservant in the eye and destroys it, he must let the servant go free to compensate for the eye.

Exodus 21:28
If a bull gores a man or a woman to death, the bull must be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible.

----- Words Explanation -----
compensate:
1.  to pay someone money because they have suffered an injury or loss; to pay someone for the work they do
2. to change or remove the bad result of something; to behave in a way that is intended to reduce the effects of a personal fault;

gore:
1.  if an animal such as a bull gores someone, it injures them with its horns
2.  blood from an injured person that is thick because it is partly dried.







Saturday, October 15, 2011

prematurely & bruise

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:22
If men who are fighting hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman's husband demands and the court allows.

Exodus 21:25
burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

----- Words Explanation -----
premature:
1. a premature baby is born before it should be;
2. happening too soon or before the usual time

bruise:
1. a mark that you get on your body if you are hit or if you knock against something
2. a mark on a piece of fruit that has been damaged
3. to cause a mark to appear on someone's body by hitting or knocking it; if you bruise easily, marks appear on your body when you are hit or knocked without a lot of force



Friday, October 14, 2011

scheme & rod

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and kills another man deliberately, take him away from my altar and put him to death.

Exodus 21:20
"If a man beats his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies as direct result, he must be punished,


----- Words Explanation -----
scheme:
1.  to make secret plans to achieve something, especially in a dishonest way
2. a plan for achieving something, especially something illegal or dishonest; a plan that is developed by a government or large organization in order to provide a particular service for people
3. a system for organizing or arranging information

rod:
a long thin bar or stick made of plastic, wood, or glass; a fishing rod; lightning rod;





Thursday, October 13, 2011

awl & designate

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 21:6
then his master must take him before the judges. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.

Exodus 21:13
However, if he does not do it intentionally, but God lets it happen, he is to flee to a place I will designate.


----- Words Explanation -----
awl:
a tool used for making small holes in wood and leather, consisting of a wooden handle and a thin sharp metal point

designate:
1. to formally choose someone or something for a particular purpose
2. to represent something in a particular way, for example with a sign or symbol
3. to give someone or something a particular name, title, or description




Wednesday, October 12, 2011

lest & pierce

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 20:26
'And do not go up to my altar on steps, lest your nakedness be exposed on it.'

Exodus 21:6
then his master must take him before the judges. He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.

----- Words Explanation -----
lest:
in case sth. unpleasant happens

pierce:
1. if a sharp object pierces something, it makes a hole in it; to make a hole in something by pushing a sharp object into it; if you have a part of your body pierced, you have a small hole made in it so that you can wear jewelry in it; if a surface is pierced by holes, there are holes in it
2. if sound or light pierces something, it suddenly sounds very loudly or shines very brightly; if a feeling pierces you, it affects you very strongly

Tuesday, October 11, 2011

adultery & covet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 20:14
You shall not commit adultery.

Exodus 20:17
You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.


----- Words Explanation -----
adultery:
sex that takes place between a married person and someone who is not their husband or wife

covet:
1. to have a strong desire to possess something that belongs to somebody else
2.  to want to have something very much






Monday, October 10, 2011

misuse & Sabbath

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 20:7
You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Exodus 20:8
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

----- Words Explanation -----
misuse:
1. to use something in the wrong way or for the wrong purpose
2.  the use of something in the wrong way or for the wrong purpose

Sabbath
1. Sunday, observed by most Christians as the day of worship and rest from work
2.  Saturday, observed as a day of religious worship and rest from work in Judaism and some Christian denominations


billow & idol

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 19:18
Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because the Lord descend on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, the whole mountain trembled violently,

Exodus 20:4
You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.


----- Words Explanation -----
billow:
1. to be filled with air and swell out like a sail;
2. if smoke or steam billows, it rises or moves in clouds;

idol:
1. someone that you admire very much
2. a picture or statue that is worshipped as a god




abstain & trumpet

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 19:15
Then he said to the people, "Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations."

Exodus 19:16
On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.

----- Words Explanation -----
abstain:
1. to deliberately avoid doing something that is enjoyable but that may not be healthy, safe, or morally right; to not do something that is likely to cause serious problems
2. to deliberately not vote in an election or at a meeting

trumpet:
1. a musical instrument that is a curved metal tube with a wide end. You play it by blowing into it as you press buttons on the top. Someone who plays the trumpet is called a trumpeter or a trumpet player.; something shaped like the wide end of a trumpet
2. the loud high sound that an elephant makes

Friday, October 7, 2011

wear out & trustworthy

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 18:18
You and these people who come to you will only wear yourselves out. The work is too heavy for you; you cannot handle it alone.

Exodus 18:21
But select capable men from all the people -- men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain -- and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.


----- Words Explanation -----
wear out:
1.  to make someone feel very tired
2. to use something a lot so that it no longer works, or can no longer be used;

trustworthy:
able to be trusted as being honest, safe, or reliable





Thursday, October 6, 2011

banner & arrogantly

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 17:15
Moses built an altar and called it the Lord is my banner.

Exodus 18:11
Now I know that the Lord is greater than all other gods, for he did this to those who had treated Israel arrogantly.

----- Words Explanation -----
banner:
1. a wide piece of cloth with a message on it, often stretched between two poles
2. an advertisement on a website that goes across the width of your screen
3. extremely successful

arrogant:
someone who is arrogant thinks they are better or more important than other people and behaves in a way that is rude and too confident.





Wednesday, October 5, 2011

scroll & blot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 17:14
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven."


----- Words Explanation -----
scroll:
1. a long roll of paper or similar material, especially one with official written information or ancient writing on it
2. a drawing, painting, or other decoration made to look like a roll of paper
3. to move information up or down a computer screen in order to read it

blot:
1. to remove liquid from the surface of something using a piece of paper or cloth
2. a drop of liquid, especially ink, on the surface of something
3. Dry (a wet surface or substance) using an absorbent material
4. Cover writing or pictures with ink or paint so that they cannot be seen

blot out:
1. to cover something so that you can no longer see it
2. to forget something unpleasant, or to make someone forget an unpleasant memory or feeling



Tuesday, October 4, 2011

wafer & testimony

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 16:31
The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.

Exodus 16:34
As the Lord commanded Moses, Aaron put the manna in front of the Testimony, that it might be kept.


----- Words Explanation -----
wafer:
1. a very thin cookie
2. a thin round piece of bread that a priest gives people to eat during the Christian religious ceremony of holy communion.

testimony:
1. a formal statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually given in a court of law
2. evidence that something exists or is true




Monday, October 3, 2011

manna & coriander

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 16:31
The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seed and tasted like wafers made with honey.


----- Words Explanation -----
manna:
according to the Bible, the food that God gave to the Israelites in the desert after they had escaped from Egypt

coriander:
a plant whose leaves and seeds are used to give flavor to food, mainly used in British English





Sunday, October 2, 2011

flake & maggot

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 16:14
When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground appeared on the desert floor.

Exodus 16:20
However, some of them paid no attention to Moses; they kept part of it until morning, but it was full of maggots and began to smell. So Moses was angry with them.


----- Words Explanation -----
flake:
1.  a small flat piece or small part of a layer broken or detached from a larger object
2. a single loop of a rope that has been neatly coiled
3. a platform or frame for drying fish or other food

maggot:
a small soft creature with no arms or legs that later changes into a fly. Maggots are found in old meat and dead bodies.





terror & sanctuary

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:16
terror and dread will fall upon them. By the power of your arm they will be as still as a stone -- until your people pass by, O Lord, until the people you bought pass by.

Exodus 15:17
You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain of your inheritance -- the place, O Lord, you made for your dwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, your hands established.


----- Words Explanation -----
terror:
1.  strong feeling of fear; something or someone that makes you very frightened
2.  violence used for making people very frightened in order to achieve political aims
3.  a person or animal that is difficult to deal with or control
terrorist:
someone who uses violence in order to achieve political aims

sanctuary:
1. the most holy part of a religious building
2. official protection given to someone by a place that is safe for them; a place where you can be safe or comfortable
3.  a special area where animals live in a natural environment protected from people; an animal shelter




Saturday, October 1, 2011

grumble & quail

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:24
So the people grumbled against Moses, saying , "What are we to drink?"

Exodus 16:13
That evening quail came and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp.


----- Words Explanation -----
grumble:
1. to complain, especially continuously and about unimportant things
2. to make a low continuous sound

quail:
1.a small bird that people shoot and eat; this bird eaten as food
2. to be very afraid, often so afraid that your body shakes slightly




Thursday, September 29, 2011

unfailing & anguish

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:13
In your unfailing love you will lead the people you have redeemed. In your strength you will guide them to your holy dwelling.

Exodus 15:14
The nations will hear and tremble; anguish will grip the people of Philistia.

----- Words Explanation -----
unfailing:
never changing or ending;

anguish:
1.  extreme anxiety or emotional torment
2. a feeling of great physical or emotional pain
3. to feel or cause somebody to feel anguish





Wednesday, September 28, 2011

gorge & holiness

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:9
The enemy boasted, 'I will pursue, I will overtake them. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword and my hand will destroy them.'

Exodus 15:11
Who among the gods is like you, O Lord? Who is like you -- majestic in holiness, awesome in glory, working wonders?


----- Words Explanation -----
gorge:
1. to have as much of an enjoyable experience as you want;
2. to eat or drink so much of something that you cannot eat or drink any more.
3. a deep valley with high straight sides where a river has cut through rock
4.  if someone's gorge rises, they feel sick or angry


holiness:
the quality of being holy.





Tuesday, September 27, 2011

congeal & boast

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:8
By the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up. The surging waters stood firm like a wall; the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.

Exodus 15:9
The enemy boasted, 'I will pursue, I will overtake them. I will divide the spoils; I will gorge myself on them. I will draw my sword and my hand will destroy them.'


----- Words Explanation -----
congeal:
1. to become thick and solid, or cause a liquid to thicken and solidify
2.  to become firm and strong, or make something firm and strong
3. if a substance such as blood or fat congeals, it becomes thick and almost solid

boast:
1. to proudly tell other people about what you or someone connected with you has done or can do, or about something you own, especially in order to make them admire you
2. to have something good, often an attractive feature that other people admire
3. a statement in which you proudly tell other people about what you or someone connected with you has done or can do, or about something you own, especially in order to make them admire you


Monday, September 26, 2011

blast & surge

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:8
By the blast of your nostrils the waters piled up. The surging waters stood firm like a wall; the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.


----- Words Explanation -----
blast:
1. a strong current of air, wind, heat, etc.
2. an explosion, especially one caused by a bomb
3.  a sudden short loud sound, especially on a musical instrument, a car horn, or a whistle

surge:
1.  if water or electricity surges, its force suddenly becomes very strong
2. if a crowd of people surges, they all move forward together very quickly; to move forward as a large mass very quickly
3.  if a feeling or an emotion surges, you start to feel it very strongly
4. a sudden increase in something such as price, value, or interest; a sudden increase in electrical power that can damage equipment connected to it; a sudden increase in the strength of a feeling





Sunday, September 25, 2011

shatter & stubble

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:6
Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic in power. Your right hand, O lord, shattered the enemy.

Exodus 15:7
In the greatness of your majesty you threw down those who opposed you. You unleashed your burning anger; it consumed them like stubble.


----- Words Explanation -----
shatter:
1. to break suddenly into many small brittle pieces, or cause sth. to break in this way
2. to destroy sth. that sb. believed in or hoped for
3. fragments made by shattering sth.

stubble:
1. the short stiff hairs on a man's face that grow into a beard if he does not cut them off
2.  the ends of plants that are left above ground after a farmer cuts a crop such as wheat or barley



Saturday, September 24, 2011

hurl & majestic

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 15:1
Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the Lord:
I will sing to the Lord, for he is highly exalted. The horse and its rider he had hurled into the sea.

Exodus 15:6
"Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic in power. Your right hand, O lord, shattered the enemy.


----- Words Explanation -----
hurl:
1. to throw something using a lot of force; to move your body with speed and force in a particular direction, or to be moved in this way
2.  to shout at someone in a very angry way

majestic:
1. big, beautiful, or impressive in a calm and serious way
2. showing great dignity and grandeur





Friday, September 23, 2011

hem & exalt

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 14:3
Pharaoh will think, 'The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.'

Exodus 15:1
Then Moses and the Israelites sang this song tothe Lord:
I will sing to the Lord, for the is highly exalted. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea.


----- Words Explanation -----
hem:
1.  the bottom edge of something such as a dress or curtain that is folded and sewn in place
2. to fold the edge of a piece of cloth and sew it in place

hem in:
1. to enclose someone or something and prevent them from moving or leaving
2. to prevent someone from making their own choices or doing what they want

exalt:
1. to praise someone or something very much
2. if someone is exalted to a more important position or status, it is given to them

Thursday, September 22, 2011

stubbornly & encamp

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 13:15
When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the Lord killed every firstborn in Egypt, both man and animal. This is why I sacrifice to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.

Exodus 14:2
"Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.


----- Words Explanation -----
stubborn:
1. a stubborn person is not willing to change their ideas or to consider anyone else's reasons or arguments; showing that you are not willing to listen or to change what you think.
2. very difficult to change or to defeat; difficult to cure or remove

encamp:
 to live in a camp, make a camp, or put someone in a camp





Wednesday, September 21, 2011

consecrate & observance

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 13:1
The Lord said to Moses, "Consecrate to me every firstborn male. The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether man or animal."

Exodus 13:9
This observance will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that the law of the Lord is to be on your lips. For the Lord brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand.

----- Words Explanation -----
consecrate:
1. to perform a religious ceremony in order to make a place or a thing holy.
2. to perform a religious ceremony in order to make someone a priest, bishop, king, or queen.

observance:
1. the practice of obeying a law or rule, or of doing sth. according to a tradition.
2. a part of a religious or official ceremony.



Tuesday, September 20, 2011

hyssop & restriction

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 12:22
Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the door frame. Not one of you shall go out the door of his house until morning.

Exodus 12:43
Passover restrictions
The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover.



----- Words Explanation -----
hyssop:
1. a fragrant plant similar to mint.
2. a plant related to or similar to true hyssop
3. an unidentified plant whose twigs are described in the Bible as being used to sprinkle water during Hebrew religious ceremonies

restriction:
 a rule, action, or situation that limits or controls someone or something; the act of limiting or controlling someone or something.






Monday, September 19, 2011

assembly & unleavened

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 12:16
On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat - that is all you may do.

Exodus 12:17
Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.


----- Words Explanation -----
assembly:
1. A group of people gathered together in one place for a common purpose
2. A group of people elected to make laws or decisions for a particular country or region, esp. the lower legislative house in some US states
3. The action of gathering together as a group for a common purpose

unleavened:
1. unleavened bread is flat or heavy because it contains no yeast
2.  not made less difficult or less unpleasant by anything

leaven:
1. to add yeast to a bread mixture so that it will contain air and will be bigger and lighter
2. to add something that makes a situation, story, movie, etc. more interesting, funny, or exciting


Sunday, September 18, 2011

commemorate & ordinance

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 12:14
This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord - a lasting ordinance.

----- Words Explanation -----
commemorate:
to show that you remember an important person or event by having a special ceremony, or by creating a special object.

ordinance:
1. a law passed by a local government
2. an official order by a government, king, queen, etc.





haste & Passover

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 12:11
This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord's Passover.


----- Words Explanation -----
haste:
great speed in doing something because of limited time

Passover:
a religious festival lasting seven or eight days in March or April during which Jews remember the time when the ancient Hebrews escaped from Egypt. Passover begins with a special meal.



Saturday, September 17, 2011

defect & twilight

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 12:5
The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

Exodus 12:6
Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.

----- Words Explanation -----
defect:
1.  a fault in someone or something
2.  to leave a country, political party, or organization and go to another one

twilight:
1. the time of day just after sunset or before dawn, when the sun is below the horizon
2.  the light from the sky at twilight
3.  the time when something is declining or approaching its end, especially in a gentle or peaceful way




Friday, September 16, 2011

disposed & wail

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 11:3
The Lord made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and Moses himself was highly regarded in Egypt by Pharaoh's officials and by the people.

Exodus 11:6
There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt -- worse than there has ever been or ever will be again.


----- Words Explanation -----
disposed:
1.  used for describing what type of attitude you have toward someone
2.  likely to behave or think in a particular way
3. to be willing to do something

dispose:
1. to make somebody willing or receptive to something
2. to make somebody likely to experience something
3. to arrange or position something for use or for a particular purpose
4. to settle a matter by putting it into its correct or definitive form
5. place(persons,objects)in good order or in suitable positions

wail:
1. to shout or cry with a long high sound to show that you are in pain or are very sad;
2. to make a long high sound.


Wednesday, September 14, 2011

locust & forefather

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 10:4
If you refuse to let them go, I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow.

Exodus 10:6
They will fill your houses and those of all your officials and all the Egyptians -- something neither your fathers nor your forefathers have ever seen from the day they settled in this land till now. " Then Moses turned and left Pharaoh.

----- Words Explanation -----
locust:
a type of grasshopper that flies over wide areas in very large groups called swarms, often destroying crops;

forefather:
people belonging to your family or nation who lived a long time ago;

Monday, September 12, 2011

bloom & harshly

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 9:31
The flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom.

Exodus 10:1
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these miraculous signs of mine among them that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them, and that you may know that I am the Lord.

----- Words Explanation -----
bloom:
1. if a tree or plant blooms, it produces flowers that have opened;
2.  to develop successfully, or to become more healthy and attractive
3. a flower; a lot of flowers or plants together

harsh:
1. harsh conditions or places are unpleasant and difficult to live in; harsh weather is extremely cold and unpleasant
2.  harsh actions, words, judgments, or laws are strict, unkind, and often unfair
3. harsh facts are unpleasant but true
4.  harsh sounds are unpleasant because they are not soft, gentle, or smooth; harsh colors or lights are not pleasant because they are very bright
5.  harsh substances are very powerful and may damage the things that they are used on




Sunday, September 11, 2011

toss & fester

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 9:8
Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh.

Exodus 9:9
It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, and festering boils will break out on men and animals throughout the land.


----- Words Explanation -----
toss:
1.  to throw something somewhere gently or in a slightly careless way; to throw a coin into the air and make a decision based on which side the coin falls on
2. to get rid of something because you do not want or need it
3.   to make something move up and down or from side to side
4. to mix food with a liquid so that it becomes covered in the liquid

fester:
1. to produce pus because of an infection or ulceration, usually of the skin
2.  to become increasingly intense or worse because no one has dealt with it
3. to be in or enter a state of decline; to decay



Saturday, September 10, 2011

soot & furnace

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 9:8
Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh.


----- Words Explanation -----
soot:
a dirty black powder that is produced when you burn something such as coal or wood;

furnace:
a large enclosed container in which you burn fuel, used for heating a building or for an industrial process such as making metal liquid





deceitfully & boil

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 8:29
Moses answered, "As soon as I leave you, I will pray to the Lord, and tomorrow the flies will leave Pharaoh and his officials and his people. Only be sure that Pharaoh does not act deceitfully again by not letting the people go to offer sacrifices to the Lord.

Exodus 8:8
The Plague of Boils
Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, "Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh.



----- Words Explanation -----
deceit:
dishonest behavior that is intended to trick someone;
deceitful:
behaving dishonestly in order to trick people;

boil:
1. a painful lump on your skin that has become infected and is filled with pusan unpleasant yellow liquid
2. .  if a liquid boils, or if you boil it, it becomes so hot that there are bubbles in it and it starts to become a gas; if a container boils, or if you boil it, the liquid in it boils
3.  to cook food in water that is boiling; to be cooked in water that is boiling; to wash clothes in water that is boiling
4.  to feel something such as anger very strongly




Thursday, September 8, 2011

dense & detestable

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 8:24
And the Lord did this. Dense swarms of flies poured into Pharaoh's palace and into the houses of his officials, and throughout Egypt the land was ruined by the flies.

Exodus 8:26
But Moses said, "That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the Lord our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in their eyes, will they not stone us? 


----- Words Explanation -----
dense:
1. with a lot of trees, plants, or leaves growing close together; containing a lot of things or people close together
2. dense smoke or gas is so thick that it is difficult to see through it
3.   someone who is dense is stupid
4.   dense writing is not easy to understand because it contains a lot of information
5.  a dense substance is very heavy in relation to its size

detestable:
1.  extremely unpleasant
2. The derivative of detest

detest:
to hate someone or something




Wednesday, September 7, 2011

reek & gnat

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 8: 14
They were piled into heaps, and the land reeked of them.

Exodus 8:16
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Tell Aron, 'Stretch our your staff and strike the dust of the ground,' and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats."


----- Words Explanation -----
reek:
1. Smell strongly and unpleasantly; stink
2. Be suggestive of something unpleasant or disapproved of
3. Give off smoke, steam, or fumes
4.   to have a strong unpleasant smell

gnat:
1. A small two-winged fly that resembles a mosquito. Gnats include both biting and nonbiting forms, and they typically form large swarms
2. A person or thing seen as tiny or insignificant, esp. in comparison with something larger or more important





stink & pond



---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Stone Zou <shiyun.zou@gmail.com>
Date: Mon, Sep 5, 2011 at 8:46 PM
Subject: stink & pond
To: English <shiyun.zou.english17908409@blogger.com>


----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 7:18
The fish in the Nile will die, and the river will stink; the Egyptians will not be able to drink its water."

Exodus 7:19
The Lord said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt -- over the streams and canals, over the ponds and all the reservoirs' -- and they will turn to blood. Blood will be everywhere in Egypt, even in the wooden buckets and stone jars."


----- Words Explanation -----
stink:
1. to smell very unpleasant
2. to be bad or dishonest
3. a very strong unpleasant smell
4. a situation in which people complain angrily about something

pond:
an area of water similar to a lake but smaller



Tuesday, September 6, 2011

teem & knead

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 8:3
The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs.

----- Words Explanation -----
teem:
1. Be full of or swarming with
2. (of water, esp. rain) Pour down; fall heavily

knead:
1. Work (moistened flour or clay) into dough or paste with the hands
2. Make (bread or pottery) by such a process
3. Massage or squeeze with the hands




Sunday, September 4, 2011

sorcerer & unyielding

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 7:11
Pharaoh then summoned wise men and sorcerers, and the Egyptian magicians also did the same things by their secret arts: Each one threw down his staff and it became a snake. But Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs.

Exodus 7:14
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people to.


----- Words Explanation -----
sorcerer:
 a man who uses evil spirits to do magic in stories

unyielding:
1. very strict and severe
2. very hard, or firm

yielding:
1.  soft and easy to move or bend
2. willing to do what other people want you to do
3. producing a lot or a little of something






Saturday, September 3, 2011

stench & falter

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 5:21
And they said: "May the Lord look upon you and judge you! You have made us a stench to Pharaoh and his officials and have put a sword in their hand to kill us."

Exodus 6:12
But Moses said to the Lord, "If the Israelites will not listen to me, why would Pharaoh listen to me, since I speak with faltering lips."


----- Words Explanation -----
stench:
1. a feeling you have that something is very unpleasant
2. a very bad smell, especially of decay

falter:
1.  to stop speaking, or to speak with pauses between the words, because you are nervous or upset; if someone's steps falter, they stop walking; if someone's look or smile falters, they stop looking or smiling
2. to stop being effective or making progress
3. to stop doing something because you have lost your confidence or determination





foreman & appeal

----- Words Excerpt from -----
Exodus 5:10
Then the slave drivers and the foremen went out and said to the people, "This is what Pharaoh says: 'I will not give you any more straw.' Go and get your own straw wherever you can find it, but your work will not be reduced at all..'"

Exodus  5:15
Then the Israelite  foremen went and appealed to Pharaoh: "Why have you treated your servants this way? Your servants are given no straw, yet we are told, "Make bricks!" Your servants are being beaten, but the fault is with your own people." 


----- Words Explanation -----
foreman:
1.  a man who is in charge of a team of workers;
2.  the person who is chosen to be the leader of a jury and to tell the court what decision the jury has reached

appeal:
1. to make an urgent request for people to give you something that you need such as help, money, or information; to ask people to do something or to behave in a particular way, especially in a difficult situation
2. to try to get someone to do or accept something by making them think it is a sensible or fair thing to do
3. if something appeals to you, you like it or want it
4. to formally ask a court of law or similar authority to change its decision