Tuesday, November 30, 2010

rudimentary & babble

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
The development of strengths is like the development of language. Every normal newborn has the capacity for every human language, and the keen ear will hear the rudimentary sounds of each in their earliest babbling.

----- Explanation -----
rudimentary:
1. dealing with only the most basic matters or ideas.
2. not highly or fully developed.

rudiment:
1. The first principles of a subject
2. An elementary or primitive form of something
3. An undeveloped or immature part or organ, esp. a structure in an embryo or larva that will develop into an organ, limb, etc.

babble:
1. the sounds a baby makes before beginning to say actual words ;
2. he sound of many people speaking at the same time;
3. talking that is confused or silly and is difficult to understand
4. to talk in a quick and excited way that is difficult to understand。

Monday, November 29, 2010

audit & ingenuity

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
We make out midsummer audit next week, and it looks like four of these are on course.

4. Ingenuity
a. the statement 'I come up with new ideas for fun things to do  all the time.
...
b. I am more imaginative than other kids my age


----- Explanation -----
audit:
1. an official examination of business and financial records to see that they are true and correct
2. an official examination of the quality or standard of something
3. to officially examine the financial accounts of a company

ingenuity:
the ability to invent things or solve problems in clever new ways


humility & show off

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
17. humility
a) The statement 'Rather than just talking about myself, I prefer to let other kids talk aobut themselves.

b) People have described me as a kid who shows off


----- Explanation -----
humility:
the quality of not thinking that you are better than other people; the quality of being humble

show off:
to try to impress others by talking about your abilities, possessions, etc.




Saturday, November 27, 2010

flirtation & get out of bed on the wrong side

----- Experience -----
Thou-shalt-nots are a drag. Waking up in the morning and running through the list of all the things you shouldn't do - no sweets, no flirtations, no gambling, no alcohol, no sending confrontational e-mail - is not conducive to getting out on the positive side of the bed. New Year's resolutions about remedying weaknesses and even more abstemiousness are similarly not helpful to starting the year off cheerfully.


----- Explanation -----
flirtation:
1. a short period of time during which somebody is involved or interested in something, often not seriously;
2. behaviour that shows you find somebody sexually attractive but are not serious about them;
3. a short sexual relationship with somebody that is not taken seriously

get out of bed on the wrong side:
to be bad-tempered for the whole day for no particular reason.
get out on the positive side of the bed:
to be positive for the whole day for not particular reason.



Friday, November 26, 2010

nut & concorde

----- Experience -----
I helped the mechanist to fix the conveyor. When he held the conveyor and said to me: give me the nuts. At that moment, there were two screws and nuts in my hand. So, I know nut which mustn't mean the screw.

In the bathroom of the South Pack Laboratory, the brand of toilet is 'Caroma Concorde'.


----- Explanation -----
nut:
1. a small piece of metal with a hole through the centre that is screwed onto a bolt to hold pieces of wood, machinery, etc. together 
2. a small hard fruit with a very hard shell that grows on some trees

Concorde:
A supersonic airliner able to cruise at twice the speed of sound. Produced through Anglo-French cooperation, it made its maiden flight in 1969 and its last in 2003

concord:
1. peace and agreement 
2. of words in a phrase the fact of having the same number,gender or person



Thursday, November 25, 2010

addiction & cyber

----- Experience -----
Am I in serious trouble of cyber addiction? I found this easy way to identify on the internet. Base its way, I'm certainly in cyber addiction.For I always switch on my computer at first when return home after finishing my job, go to bathroom is the second thing. After that I will go to kitchen found something to drink or to eat. Then, a few minutes later, I come back and sit quietly just in front of my lovely computer which has finished system startup time. It's waiting for me to use it.

IDENTIFICATION OF INTERNET ADDICTION DISORDER is simple. If the first thing you do in the morning, at home or at workplace, is to switch on your computer to check personal emails or to surf for topics of your interest and if you stay online much longer than you originally intended, if people around you complaints about the time you spend online, if online activities(whatsoever that might be) is affecting your normal life, if you become defensive or secretive to others when they mention about your exposure to internet for long hours, if you neglect your sleep and food for completing your activities on computer, if your mind is always preoccupied about your interactions online and offline and if you frequently log in and log out of a particular webpage, if you prefer to have and maintain online friends and company rather than real life friends and if you can't just log off when you really want to and feels the urge to remain online for few more minutes, which in reality is never a few minutes away, then you are heading towards SERIOUS TROUBLE of Cyber addiction.


----- Explanation -----
addiction:
the condition of being addicted to something

addict:
1. a person who is unable to stop taking harmful drugs.
2. a person who is very interested in something and spends a lot of their free time on it



trenchless & rehabilitation

----- Experience -----
One advertisement on a car:
TRENCHLESS
WIPELINE REHABILITATION 


----- Explanation -----
trench:
1. a long deep hole dug in the ground, for example for carrying away wate.
2. Dig a trench or trenches in (the ground)
3. a long deep hole dug in the ground in which soldiers can be protected from enemy attacks (for example in northern France and Belgium in the First World War) 

trenchless - untrench

rehabilitation<- rehabilitate
1. to return a building to its previous good condition;
2. Restore (someone) to health or normal life by training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness




Tuesday, November 23, 2010

point-blank & egg on

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Nikki, at age two and a half, is throwing snowballs point-blank at Lara; who is wincing. This eggs Nikki on.


----- Explanation -----
point-blank:
1. (of a shot, bullet, or other missile) Fired from very close to its target
2. (of the range of a shot, bullet, or other missile) So close as to allow no possibility of missing
3. (of a statement or question) Blunt and direct; without explanation or qualification

egg somebody on:
to encourage somebody to do something, especially something that they should not do 




Monday, November 22, 2010

schnitzel & nightmare

----- Experience -----
An huge advertisement on the wall of IKEA hall:
Feed the whole family:
2 chicken breast schnitzel with fries;
2 children's vegetable pasta
=&9.95

From book The Authentic Happiness:
Drawbacks of few 'no's'
The obvious drawback if the nightmare Summerhillian child, with no sense of limits, no manners, and no sense of danger. 'No' is present in our vocabulary.


----- Explanation -----
schnitzel:
A thin slice of veal or other light meat, coated in breadcrumbs and fried.

nightmare:
1. a dream that is very frightening or unpleasant 
2. an experience that is very frightening and unpleasant, or very difficult to deal with




Sunday, November 21, 2010

drench & granite

----- Experience -----
A brochure of real estate:
Carlton 12/12-20 mill street - $479,000
REAL WINNER FOR THE BEGINNER
This modern, recently updated 2 bedroom unit with level access is bright with an abundance of natural sunlight throughout. Incorporating two separate balconies, spacious living area and prime location benefits-just a short walk to shops, parks and public transport.

Modern apartment with level access
sun drenched aspect
Freshly re-painted throughout
Spacious living area flowing to an oversized balcony
split-system air conditioning
polyurethane kitchen with granite bench-tops and gas cooking
mirrored built-in wardrobe, private courtyard & ensuite to master bedroom
internal laundry
security entrance
single lock-up garage
well maintained boutique block of 18
premium location - just minutes to shops, Tindale Park & public transport 
Great rental return


----- Explanation -----
drench:
to make somebody/something completely wet.

granite
a type of hard grey stone, often used in building




Saturday, November 20, 2010

benevolently & taint

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
In contrast to this benevolently distorting glow, dissatisfied couples have a 'tainted image' of each other. They see fewer virtues in their mates than their friends do. The happiest couples look on the bright side of the relationship, focusing on strengths rather than weaknesses, and believing that bad events that might threaten other couples do not affect them.

----- Explanation -----
benevolent:
1. especially of people in authority kind, helpful and generous
2. used in the names of some organizations that give help and money to people in need 

taint:
1. to damage or spoil the quality of something or the opinion that people have of somebody/something 
2. Affect with a bad or undesirable quality
taintless:

stain:
to leave marks that are difficult to remove on something; to be marked in this way

rationale & rational

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
The basic rationale for sleeping with a baby is to create secure attachment through quick and sustained attention. 

Rationale and rational, they look so familiar, but their meanings are different.


----- Explanation -----
rationale: 
the principles or reasons which explain a particular decision, course of action, belief, etc.

rational:
1. of behaviour, ideas, etc. based on reason rather than emotions.
2. of a person able to think clearly and make decisions based on reason rather than emotions.

irrational:
not based on, or not using, clear logical thought

ration:
1. a fixed amount of food, fuel, etc. that you are officially allowed to have when there is not enough for everyone to have as much as they want, for example during a war
2. to limit the amount of something that somebody is allowed to have, especially because there is not enough of it available

rate:
1. a measurement of the speed at which something happens
2. a measurement of the number of times something happens or exists during a particular period
3. a fixed amount of money that is charged or paid for something 
4. 




occupant & strata levies

----- Experience -----
We often receive some letters in mail box which should be delivered to the person lived here before. Whenever we get these sorts of letters, we write 'no this person' on the envelope then send back. Today, we learned the other more accurate express: no this occupant. So, what's my question is: What's the best way to return a letter to sender. I googled and get some ways:
1. return to sender;
2. cross out your address and write: NOT AT THIS ADDRESS;
3. refused. (this may hurt the feeling of sender.)
4. not valid address for recipient.
5. return to sender; addressee doesn't live at this address
6. no longer here, no unsolicited
7. return to sender for better address
....

Another word learned from a brochure about real state:
property overview:
living area: 107m2
total: 125 m2
council rates: $245
strata levies: $519
water rates: $412
rent: $400


----- Explanation -----
occupant:
1. a person who lives or works in a particular house, room, building, etc.
2. a person who is in a vehicle, seat, etc. at a particular time 

levy:
1. an extra amount of money that has to be paid, especially as a tax to the government.
2. to use official authority to demand and collect a payment, tax, etc.

stratum, plural->strata:
1. A layer or a series of layers of rock in the ground
2. A thin layer within any structure
3. A level or class to which people are assigned according to their social status, education, or income
4. A group into which members of a population are divided in stratified sampling

strata levies: this is special words, I can not find it in any dictionary. The hyperlink below is about the strata, strata scheme, strata levies, etc.




Friday, November 19, 2010

engender & endeavor

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Play, by definition, is the prototype gratification. It almost always involves mastery and engenders flow, for a child of any age. Hence this book does not need a chapter about leisure and play, since it is one endeavor about which 'expert' advice is usually superfluous.

----- Explanation -----
engender:
to make a feeling or situation exist.

endeavor:
An attempt to achieve a goal




Wednesday, November 17, 2010

sag & concierge

----- Experience -----
'SAGGING CAR', an advertisement on a board is set aside the road of my way to work.

'CONCIERGE' I have seen this word many times in mall and shopping center and the Hurstville station food court.


----- Explanation -----
sag:
1. to hang or bend down in the middle, especially of weight or pressure
2. to become weaker or fewer

concierge:
1. a person, especially in France, who looks after a building containing flats/apartments and checks people entering and leaving the building 
2. a person in a hotel whose job is to help guests by giving them information, arranging theatre tickets, etc.



Tuesday, November 16, 2010

karate & judo

----- Experience -----
A has ever learned karate and got a green belt. Up to now, I don't know what's the difference between karate and judo.


----- Explanation -----
karate:
a Japanese system of fighting in which you use your hands and feet as weapons.

judo:
a sport in which two people fight and try to throw each other to the ground.




Monday, November 15, 2010

stoned & stoner

----- Experience -----
My name is Stone, and I'm interested in the words consisted with stone. I have learned stony, now is the other two words: stoned, stoner.


----- Explanation -----
stoned:
not behaving or thinking normally because of the effects of a drug such as marijuana or alcohol.

stoner:
A person who regularly takes drugs, esp. marijuana




Sunday, November 14, 2010

flax & linseed

----- Experience -----
There are lots of oil we product in factory called flax seed oil. Flax seed means linseed. We manufacture other oils, fish oil, salmon oil, propolis, glucosamine tablets. 


----- Explanation -----
flax:
1. a plant with blue flowers, grown for its stem that is used to make thread and its seeds that are used to make linseed oil;
2. threads from the stem of the flax plant, used to make linen 

linseed:
the seeds of the flax plant, which are the source of linseed oil and linseed cake


Saturday, November 13, 2010

fortress & impregnable

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
When experiencing negative emotion, in contrast, she is building a fortress that falls back on what she knows is safe and impregnable.


----- Explanation -----
fortress:
a building or a place that has been strengthened and protected against attack

impregnable:
an impregnable building is so strongly built that it cannot be entered by force





veritable & mightily

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Your little daughter then becomes a veritable broadening and building machine, her initially small bank account of resources growing mightily.


----- Explanation -----
veritable:
a word used to emphasize that somebody/something can be compared to somebody/something else that is more exciting, more impressive, etc.

verity:
1. a belief or principle about life, the world, etc. that is accepted as true
2. truth

mightily:
1. very, very much;
2. with great strength or effort

mighty:
1. very strong and powerful
2. large and impressive 



Friday, November 12, 2010

placidly & loom large

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Every few seconds she will glance over her shoulder to see her mother placidly sitting behind her. Once assured of this security, she will launch her little body out to the toys and begin playing.

This is a place where secure attachment, as discussed in the last chapter, looms very large.

----- Explanation -----
placidly:
of a person or an animal not easily excited or irritated.

loom large:
to be worrying or frightening and seem hard to avoid.

loom:
1. to appear as a large shape that is not clear, especially in a frightening or threatening way
2. a machine for weaving fabric 



wrestle & arm-wrestling

----- Experience -----
A is a woman from Romania who works with me. I call her superwoman and I want to know who is more stronger. So, we both agreed to have a arm-wrestling on some day we are free. Then, we will know who is stronger.


----- Explanation -----
wrestle:
1. to fight somebody by holding them and trying to throw or force them to the ground, sometimes as a sport
2. to struggle to deal with something that is difficult

wrestling:
a sport in which two people fight by holding each other and trying to throw or force the other one to the ground

arm-wrestling:
a competition to find out which of two people is stronger, in which they try to force each other's arm down onto a table



Tuesday, November 9, 2010

stony & indifference

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
It is not until late childhood and early adolescence, chilly torpor, and the pall of dysphoria set in. 


----- Explanation -----
stony:
1. showing a lack of feeling or sympathy
2. having a lot of stones on it or in it 

indifference:
1. a lack of interest, feeling or reaction towards somebody/something 
2. Unimportance



tantrum & pout

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
While you are coping with tantrums, pouts, and whines, it is very easy to overlook the fact that your children have a lot of positive emotion.


----- Explanation -----
tantrum:
a sudden short period of angry, unreasonable behaviour, especially in a child.

pout:
if you pout,pout your lips or if your lips pout, you push out your lips, to show you are annoyed or to look sexually attractive




Saturday, November 6, 2010

heave & lava

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
"Archaeologists don't take breaks,' pants Darryl as he heaves another basketball-sized chunk of lava out of the waist-deep pit.


----- Explanation -----
heave:
to lift, pull or throw somebody/something very heavy with one great effort 

lava:
1. hot liquid rock that comes out of a volcano
2. this type of rock when it has cooled and become hard



Friday, November 5, 2010

parameter & paranormal

----- Experience -----
My wife told me some words prefixed with para: 
Parameter, this word she meets it every day. 
Paranormal, she saw this word on a poster of horror film.
Paradox is used in a team name which is one team of her company.
Paratrooper etc.

----- Explanation -----
parameter:
A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation

paranormal:
that cannot be explained by science or reason and that seems to involve mysterious forces




Thursday, November 4, 2010

crutch & clutch

----- Experience -----
This morning, I saw a shop just near our house, at the end of road, on the left of the station. I am not sure what's its name, crutch & brake or clutch & brake. As I remember it's crutch & brake, but this name is not reasonable. When I look up this word on the google's image search, the engine recommended me clutch&brake instead for crutch&brake.

I will have a look tomorrow when I pass the shop again and make it sure.


----- Explanation -----
crutch:
1. one of two long sticks that you put under your arms to help you walk after you have injured your leg or foot 
2. a person or thing that gives you help or support but often makes you depend on them too much

clutch:
a device in a machine that connects and disconnects working parts, especially the engine and the gears