Sunday, October 31, 2010

upshot & straightfoward

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness
The upshot of this is straightforward: Optimism helps marriage.


----- Explanation -----
upshot:
the final result of a particular series of events.

straightforward:
1. easy to do or to understand; not complicated
2. of a person or their behaviour honest and open; not trying to deceive somebody or hide something 





squid & octopus

----- Experience -----
One of dishes of dinner for tonight was octopus, last Saturday we cooked squid. I couldn't tell them for a long time until I came here and cooked them myself. The octopus has eight tentacles and squid has ten tentacles around its mouth.


----- Explanation -----
squid:
a sea creature that has a long soft body and ten short arms around its mouth, and that is sometimes used for food .

octopus:
a sea creature with a soft round body and eight long tentacles(= long thin parts like arms), that is sometimes used for food 




Saturday, October 30, 2010

buckle & copper

----- Experience -----
Another two words learned from the sheet for tenant's list:
buckle, copper.

We found several adhesive plastic hooks on the living room, meanwhile there is a crack over the main door.


----- Explanation -----
buckle 
a piece of metal or plastic used for joining the ends of a belt or for fastening a strap on a bag, shoe, etc

copper:
a chemical element.Copper is a soft reddish-brown metal used for making electric wires, pipes and coins.



range hood & exhaust fan

----- Experience -----
We filled a sheet of the rented house as a tenant this morning. Here are two things I have learned from the sheet:
Exhaust fan and range hood, they are set in the kitchen and keep in good condition. I'm happy to know that all of the ceiling fans work well, because the summer is coming on.


----- Explanation -----
range hood:
 range hood is a device containing a fan that hangs above the stove or cooktop in the kitchen. It is used to remove airborne grease, combustion products, smoke, odors, heat, and steam from the air by a combination of filtration and evacuation of the air.
The device is known as an extractor hood (in the UK) and as range hood (in the United States) or rangehood (in Australia). It is also called a kitchen, stove, exhaust, cooker, vent or ventilation hood. Other names include cooking canopy, extractor fan, fume extractor, and electric chimney.

exhaust:
waste gases that come out of a vehicle, an engine or a machine
exhaust fan:
A whole-house fan is a type of fan installed in a building's ceiling, designed to pull hot air out of the building. It is sometimes confused with an attic fan.



Thursday, October 28, 2010

bubbly & vivacious

----- Experience -----
When I had lunch outside of factory, there was a brochure about wines on the table. I took a look and read a sentence which introduce a wine called Emily. The leaflet write the wine of Emily as girl - a bubbly, vivacious girl. It's interesting.


----- Explanation -----
bubbly:
(of a person) Full of cheerful high spirits

vivacious:
especially of a woman having a lively, attractive personality 














Wednesday, October 27, 2010

discrepancy & fault

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Murray created measures of the strengths of illusions in romance by asking many married and dating couples to rate themselves, their actual partner on a variety of strengths and faults. The crucial measure is the discrepancy between what your partner believes about your strengths and what your friends believes.


----- Explanation -----
discrepancy:
a difference between two or more things that should be the same

fault:
1. a bad or weak aspect of somebody's character
2. the responsibility for something wrong that has happened or been done
3. something that is wrong or not perfect with something; something that is wrong with a machine or system that stops it from working correctly 
4. a mistake made when serving



parting & lace

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Here is what these couples do, and I commend his wisdom to you:
1. Partings. Before these couples say goodbye every morning, they find out one thing that each is going to do that day.
2. Reunions. At the end of each workday, these couples have a low-stress reunion conversation;
3. Affection. Touching, grabbing, holding, and kissing-all laced with tenderness and forgiveness.
4. one weekly date. Just the two of you in a relaxed atmosphere, updating your love.
5. Admiration and appreciation. Every day, genuine affection and appreciation is given at least once.


----- Explanation -----
parting:
1. the act or occasion of leaving a person or place
2. the act or result of dividing something into parts 

lace:
1. a delicate fabric made from threads of cotton, silk, etc. that are woven into a pattern of holes
2. to weave or twist something together with another thing

shoelace:
a long thin piece of material like string that goes through the holes on a shoe and is used to fasten 




Tuesday, October 26, 2010

harbinger & hair-trigger

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
The harbingers of divorce are as follows:
1. a harsh startup in a disagreement;
2. Criticism of partner, rather than complaints;
3. displays of contempt;
4. hair-trigger defensiveness;
5. lack of validation; (particularly stonewalling);
6. negative body language;

----- Explanation -----
harbinger:
a sign that shows that something is going to happen soon, often something bad

hair trigger:
1. Liable to change suddenly and violently
2. A trigger of a firearm set for release at the slightest pressure




one-way mirror & amenity

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
By watching hundreds of couples interact for twelve hours each day for an entire weekend in his 'love lab' ( a comfortable apartment with all the amenities of home, plus one-way mirrors), Gottman predicts divorce with over 90 percent accuracy.


----- Explanation -----
one-way mirror: (or two-way mirror, one-way glass)
a piece of glass that is a mirror on one side, but that you can see through from the other

amenity:
a feature that makes a place pleasant, comfortable or easy to live in.



Thursday, October 21, 2010

franchise & alignment

----- Experience -----
Everyday, there is a mobile coffee car which come to the neighbor factory, a carpet warehouse. After stop there, a man will come down and begin to make a cup of coffee then take it into that warehouse for someone.

Many words on that black minibus. What I don't know is 'franchises available'.

Today, on the way to work, I saw the word 'alignment' on a huge poster with others words for car's services, like tyre/tire, polish etc.


----- Explanation -----





Wednesday, October 20, 2010

transmogrify & tedious

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
The strengths that initially drew us to our partners easily get taken for granted, and they transmogrify from admired traits into more tedious habits-and, if things go badly, into objects f contempt.

----- Explanation -----
transmogrify:
to change somebody/something completely, especially in a surprising way 

tedious:
lasting or taking too long and not interesting




Tuesday, October 19, 2010

nugget & ore

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
This chapter are not about repairing damage to a marriage on the brink of dissolving, but about how to make a solid marriage even better. So I was searching for nuggets about strengthening love relationships that are already in pretty good shape. While not a goldmine, the manuals do contain some rich veins of advice that are likely to enhance your love life, and I want to share the best of this ore with you.


----- Explanation -----
nugget:
1. a small lump of a valuable metal or mineral, especially gold, that is found in the earth
2. a small thing such as an idea or a fact that people think of as valuable 

ore:
rock, earth, etc. from which metal can be obtained.






Monday, October 18, 2010

tome & abusive

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
I read through all the major marriage manuals. This is a depressing task for a positive psychologist, since these tomes are almost entirely about how to make a bad marriage more tolerable. The manuals are peopled by physically abusive men, grudge-collecting women, and vicious mothers-in-law, all caught up in a balance of recriminations with an escalating spiral of blame.


----- Explanation -----
tome:
a large heavy book, especially one dealing with a serious topic;

abusive:
1. of speech or of a person rude and offensive; criticizing rudely and unfairly 
2. of behaviour involving violence



Sunday, October 17, 2010

compulsive & dispense

----- Experience -----
From 'The Authentic Happiness':
They contrast with anxious partners, who are 'compulsive' caregivers (dispensing care whether their mate wants it or not), and with avoidant people (who are both distant and insensitive to when care is needed.)


----- Explanation -----
compulsive:
1. of behavior that is difficult to stop or control;
2. of people not being able to control their behavior
3. that makes you pay attention to it because it is so interesting and exciting.

dispense:
1. to give out something to people
2. to provide something, especially a service, for people




knead & dab

----- Experience -----
We bought a 50-meters aluminum foil, the very huge one -- sometimes more quantities means less price, for preventing our kitchen from dirty of oil when we cook with wok. We have a very good idea to keep our kitchen clean. To put aluminum foil on the cupboard and the place up of the cook stove then we can change the foil when they are dirty after a certain time of cooking.

For the purpose to stick foil on the board, we bought a pack of UHU TAC WHITE--re-useable white adhesive. Below is one of its direction:
Pull off one UHU white tac and knead until it is soft and warm. Place the UHU white tac on the item to be held and press firmly into place where you want to tac it. To remove, gently peel away the UHU white tac from the surface where it is attached. Roll off excess by dabbing with a further UHU white tac. 


----- Explanation -----
knead:
1. to press and stretch dough, wet clay, etc. with your hands to make it ready to use
2. to rub and squeeze muscles, etc. especially to relax them or to make them less painful

dab:
1. to touch something lightly, usually several times
2. to put something on a surface with quick light movements




Friday, October 15, 2010

naught & naughty

----- Experience -----
I heard from radio: naughty. Then I checked this word and the word naught.


----- Explanation -----
naught: nought:
1. the figure 0 
2. used in particular phrases to mean 'nothing' 

naughty:
1. especially of children behaving badly; not willing to obey .
2. slightly rude; connected with sex












Thursday, October 14, 2010

tile & cockatoo parrot

----- Experience -----
Listened from radio: tile and cockatoo parrot.

The bird of cockatoo can be see everywhere in the Sydney.

----- Explanation -----
tile:
a flat, usually square, piece of baked clay, carpet or other material that is used in rows for covering walls and floors

cockatoo:
an Australian bird of the parrot family, with a large row of feathers (called a crest) standing up on its head 




Tuesday, October 12, 2010

alienation & alien

----- Experience -----
From: The Authentic Happiness:
The ultimate stage was detachment (consisting of alienation from their parents, but renewed sociability with other adults and other kids, and acceptance of a new caregiver).

I have met the word alienation for many times, alien, alienate, alienation, alienated, etc.


----- Explanation -----
alienation:
1. The state or experience of being isolated from a group or an activity to which one should belong or in which one should be involved

alien:
Belonging to a foreign country or nation

alienate:
1. to make somebody less friendly or sympathetic towards you.
2. to make somebody feel that they do not belong in a particular group.


Monday, October 11, 2010

in the wake of & orphan

----- Experience -----
From 'The Authentic Happiness':
In the wake of World War II, concern in Europe about the well-being of orphans mounted as legions of children whose parents had died found themselves wards o the state.

I saw a useful sentence on a truck:
failure often comes before to win.


----- Explanation -----
in the wake of somebody/something:
coming after or following somebody/something

orphan:
a child whose parents are dead



Sunday, October 10, 2010

laureate & charter

----- Experience -----

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2010/

Greetings to the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Liu Xiaobo -the first Chinese citizen to receive a nobel prize.


Below is the part of the Announcement: 
For over two decades, Liu Xiaobo has been a strong spokesman for the application of fundamental human rights also in China.  He took part in the Tiananmen protests in 1989; he was a leading author behind Charter 08, the manifesto of such rights in China which was published on the 60th anniversary of the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 10th of December 2008. The following year, Liu was sentenced to eleven years in prison and two years' deprivation of political rights for "inciting subversion of state power". Liu has consistently maintained that the sentence violates both China's own constitution and fundamental human rights.


----- Explanation -----
laureate:
a person who has been given an official honour or prize for something important they have achieved.

charter:
a written statement describing the rights that a particular group of people should have.

Saturday, October 9, 2010

prerequisite & fraternity

----- Experience -----
From: http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2010/#
The Nobel Peace Prize for 2010
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2010 to Liu Xiaobo for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has long believed that there is a close connection between human rights and peace. Such rights are a prerequisite for the "fraternity between nations" of which Alfred Nobel wrote in his will.

Over the past decades, China has achieved economic advances to which history can hardly show any equal. The country now has the world's second largest economy; hundreds of millions of people have been lifted out of poverty.  Scope for political participation has also broadened.

China's new status must entail increased responsibility. China is in breach of several international agreements to which it is a signatory, as well as of its own provisions concerning political rights. Article 35 of China's constitution lays down that "Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration". In practice, these freedoms have proved to be distinctly curtailed for China's citizens.

For over two decades, Liu Xiaobo has been a strong spokesman for the application of fundamental human rights also in China.  He took part in the Tiananmen protests in 1989; he was a leading author behind Charter 08, the manifesto of such rights in China which was published on the 60th anniversary of the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 10th of December 2008. The following year, Liu was sentenced to eleven years in prison and two years' deprivation of political rights for "inciting subversion of state power". Liu has consistently maintained that the sentence violates both China's own constitution and fundamental human rights.

The campaign to establish universal human rights also in China is being waged by many Chinese, both in China itself and abroad. Through the severe punishment meted out to him, Liu has become the foremost symbol of this wide-ranging struggle for human rights in China.

Oslo, October 8, 2010

 


----- Explanation -----
prerequisite:
something that must exist or happen before something else can happen or be done 
requisite:
necessary for a particular purpose 
require:
to need something; to depend on somebody/something

fraternity:
A group of people sharing a common profession or interests
fraternal: (fraternal twins)
connected with the relationship that exists between people or groups that share the same ideas or interests 








Friday, October 8, 2010

perfunctory & resentment

----- Experience -----
Quote from 'The Authentic Happiness':
After fifty years of simulating Boy Scout-ness-helping blind people cross the road, giving money to disheveled street people, opening doors for legless women in wheelchairs - I had hardened myself to their perfunctory tanks, or worse, to the resentments that sometimes vibrate from the disabled to well-intended 'helpers.'

----- Explanation -----
perfunctory:
of an action done as a duty or habit, without real interest, attention or feeling

resentment:
a feeling of anger or unhappiness about something that you think is unfair
resent:
to feel bitter or angry about something, especially because you feel it is unfair



Thursday, October 7, 2010

tipper & tarp

----- Experience -----
On the road to work, I saw two words with a phone number on a huge lorry at the time of red light:
tipper tarps xxxxxxxx


----- Explanation -----
tipper:
1. truck whose contents can be emptied without handling; the front end of the platform can be pneumatically raised so that the load is discharged by gravity. dumper
2. A person who leaves a specified sort of tip as a reward for services they have received

tarp:
A tarpaulin sheet or cover
tarpaulin:
a large sheet made of heavy waterproof material, used to cover things to keep rain off 



Wednesday, October 6, 2010

reproduction & fertilization

----- Experience -----
From The Authentic Happiness:
Successful reproduction in our species is not a matter of quick fertilization, with both partners then going their own separate ways;


----- Explanation -----
reproduction:
1. the act or process of producing babies, young animals or plants
2. the act or process of producing copies of a document, book, picture, etc.
3. the process of recording sounds onto tapes, records, videos, etc
4. a thing that has been reproduced, especially a copy of a work of art 

fertilization:
1. The action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, or plant, involving the fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote
2. The action or process of applying a fertilizer to soil or land
fertilize:
to put pollen into a plant so that a seed develops; to join sperm with an egg so that a baby or young animal develops




Tuesday, October 5, 2010

adhesive & hypoallergenic

----- Experience -----
My finger got a wound and I will stick a waterproof Band-Aid bandage before I have a shower. Here are some information from the package of the Band-Aid:
Directions: skin should be clean and dry before using dressing. change dressing daily. Hypoallergenic.
Band-Aid brand adhesive bandages help cuts heal twice as fast as uncovered cuts.


----- Explanation -----
adhesive:
a substance that you use to make things stick together

hypoallergenic:
Relatively unlikely to cause an allergic reaction




plumbing & textile

----- Experience -----
Two words written on the car I saw on the way to work:
PLUMBING SERVICE
FIRST TEXTILE FACTORY


----- Explanation -----
plumbing:
The system of pipes, tanks, fittings, and other apparatus required for the water supply, heating, and sanitation in a building.
plumber:
a person whose job is to fit and repair things such as water pipes, toilets, etc. 

textile:
any type of fabric made by weaving or knitting 




Monday, October 4, 2010

fairy & tale

----- Experience -----
Quotes from 'The Alchemist': 'The story has the comic charm, dramatic tension, and psychological intensity of a fairy tale, but it's full of specific wisdom as well....A sweetly exotic tale for young and old alike.'
---Publishers Weekly


----- Explanation -----
fairy:(in stories) a creature like a small person, who has magic powers

tale:
1. an imaginative story, especially one that is full of action and adventure.
2. an exciting spoken description of an event, which may not be completely true




tornado & alchemist

----- Experience -----
Tornado learned from a video about how to measure the speed of tornado.

The alchemist, a book sent by a friend, will be read after I finish the present book.


----- Explanation -----
tornado:
a violent storm with very strong winds which move in a circle. There is often also a long cloud which is narrower at the bottom than the top

alchemist:
a person who studied alchemy
alchemy:
a form of chemistry studied in the Middle Ages which involved trying to discover how to change ordinary metals into gold