Wednesday, June 30, 2010

trailer & vomit

----- Experience -----
'2 Girls 1 Cup is the unofficial nickname of the trailer for Hungry Bitches, a scat-fetish pornographic film produced by MFX Media. The trailer features two women conducting themselves in fetishistic intimate relations, including defecating into a cup, taking turns ostensibly consuming the excrement, and vomiting it into each other's mouths. "Lovers Theme" by Hervé Roy, from the movie La folie des grandeurs, plays throughout.'

There are so many reaction videos to it. What follow is the link to this video: 2 girls 1 cup, I have looked for it to have a look for many times util today I got and watched it eventually.

----- Explanation -----
trailer:
1. a series of short scenes from a film/movie or television programme, shown in advance to advertise it.
2.  A trailer is a long vehicle without an engine which people use as a home or as an office and which can be pulled behind a car.
3. A trailer is a container on wheels which is pulled by a car or other vehicle and which is used for transporting large or heavy items.
4. A trailer is the long rear section of a lorry or truck, in which the goods are carried.

vomit:
1. If you vomit, food and drink comes back up from your stomach and out through your mouth.
2. Vomit is partly digested food and drink that has come back up from someone's stomach and out through their mouth.

Monday, June 28, 2010

dyed-in-the-wool & sober

----- Experience -----
Written in the book 'Authentic Happiness', page 24:
'But I am not a default optimist. I am a dyed-in-the-wool pessimist; I
believe that only pessimists can write sober and sensible books about
optimism, and I use the techniques that I wrote about in Learned
Optimism every day. I take my own medicine, and it works for me. I am
using one of my techniques right now - the disputing of catastrophic
thoughts - as I stare at the phone that dangles off the hook.'

----- Explanation -----
dyed-in-the-wool:
If you use dyed-in-the-wool to describe someone or their beliefs, you
are saying that they have very strong opinions about something, which
they refuse to change.

sober:
1.1. of people and their behavior serious and sensible.
1.2. A sober person is serious and thoughtful.
2. When you are sober, you are not drunk.
3. Sober colours and clothes are plain and rather dull.
4. Sobriety is the state of being sober rather than drunk.

Sunday, June 27, 2010

lark & episode

----- Experience -----
We are watching a tv drama called 'Larkrise to Candleford'. And when
we watched, I always asked for one more episode. I'm used to get the
result of the TV as quickly as I can. But I know that is not good.

----- Explanation -----
lark:
1. A lark is a small brown bird which makes a pleasant sound.
2. If you say that doing something is a lark, you mean that it is fun,
although perhaps naughty or dangerous.
3. You use lark in expressions such as this acting lark and the
writing lark to indicate humorously that you think an activity or job
is amusing, foolish, or unnecessary

episode:
1. one part of a story that is broadcast on television or radio in several parts
2. an event, a situation, or a period of time in somebody's life, a
novel, etc. that is important or interesting in some way

contingency & axiom

----- Experience -----
This is quoted form "Authentic Happiness", Page 20:
'animals and humans, it argues, cannot appreciate complex
contingencies, they cannot form expectations about the future, and
they certainly cannot learn they are helpless. Learned helplessness
challenges the central axioms of my field.'


----- Explanation -----
contingency:
1.1. an event that may or may not happen
1.2. A contingency plan or measure is one that is intended to be used
if a possible situation actually occurs.

axiom:
1.1. An axiom is a statement or idea which people accept as being true.
1.2. a rule or principle that most people believe to be true.

Friday, June 25, 2010

weary & stumble

----- Experience -----
This sentence is written on a wall calendar which is in our living room.
"Even youths grow tired and weary, and young men stumble and fall. But
those who hope in the Lord will renew their strength. Isaiah 40:30-31"


----- Explanation -----
weary:
1. If you are weary, you are very tired.
2. If you are weary of something, you have become tired of it and have
lost your enthusiasm for it.
3. If you weary of something or it wearies you, you become tired of it
and lose your enthusiasm for it.

stumble:
1. If you stumble, you put your foot down awkwardly while you are
walking or running and nearly fall over.
2. If you stumble while you are reading aloud or speaking, you make a
mistake, and have to pause before saying the words properly.

Thursday, June 24, 2010

prejudice & compromise

----- Experience -----
The word pre+judice, I often impress as pre+justice.
Another word is compromised from a email, which I know one of its
meanings, the sentence is below:
"So now the carjacker has your car, your home address, your money, and
your keys. Your home and your whole identity are now compromised!"

----- Explanation -----
prejudice:
1. Prejudice is an unreasonable dislike of a particular group of
people or things, or a preference for one group of people or things
over another.
2. If you prejudice someone or something, you influence them so that
they are unfair in some way.

compromise:
1.1. to bring somebody/something/yourself into danger or under
suspicion, especially by acting in a way
that is not very sensible
1.2. If someone compromises themselves or compromises their beliefs,
they do something which damages their reputation for honesty, loyalty,
or high moral principles.
2. A compromise is a situation in which people accept something
slightly different from what they really want, because of
circumstances or because they are considering the wishes of other
people.
3. If you compromise with someone, you reach an agreement with them in
which you both give up something that you originally wanted. You can
also say that two people or groups compromise.

Wednesday, June 23, 2010

ecstatic & elated

----- Experience -----
From page15 of Authentic Happiness:
In general, how happy or unhappy do you usually feel? Check the one statement below that best describes your average happiness.
10. Extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9. Very happy (feeling really good, elated)
8. Pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7. Mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6. Slightly happy (just a bit above normal)
5. Neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4. Slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3. Mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
2. Pretty unhappy (somewhat 'blue,' spirits down)
1. Very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low)
0. Extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)


----- Explanation -----
ecstatic:
1. If you are ecstatic, you feel very happy and full of excitement.
2. You can use ecstatic to describe reactions that are very enthusiastic and excited. For example, if someone receives an ecstatic reception or an ecstatic welcome, they are greeted with great enthusiasm and excitement.

elated:
If you are elated, you are extremely happy and excited because of something that has happened.


Tuesday, June 22, 2010

JP & tolerate

----- Experience -----
As to get the certificate of No Criminal in Sydney for my application of 485, I had to have my cope of driver licence certified last Saturday. In Sydney, I can get this from a JP.  After asked several people in the shops, bank and hospital, at last, the certificate which I wanted was achieved from a officer in the Hurstville Post. 

So, JP is a new word and a novel thing for me to understand. Here are some details got from Hurstville City Council Website:
Justice of the Peace:

A Justice of the Peace (JP) is a volunteer judicial  officer who is able to:
.witness the signing of documents, such as affidavits and statutory declarations
.certify copies of documents.

Conditions:
-No demanding, offensive or aggressive behaviour towards the JP will be tolerated, for any person. (This sentence took me a long time to understand clearly, it can be considered: Demanding, offensive or aggressive behavior towards the JP will be not tolerated, for any person.)
-At some times, the service may not be available due to the absence of the Justice of the Peace.


----- Explanation -----
JP: Justice of the Peace
1.1. an official who acts as a judge in the lowest courts of law
1.2. In Britain, a Justice of the Peace is a person who is not a lawyer but who can act as a judge in a local criminal law court. The abbreviation JP is also used.
1.3. In some states in the United States, a Justice of the Peace is an official who can carry out some legal tasks, such as settling minor cases in court or performing marriages. The abbreviation JP is also used.

tolerate:
1. If you tolerate a situation or person, you accept them although you do not particularly like them.
2. If you can tolerate something unpleasant or painful, you are able to bear it.

Monday, June 21, 2010

generosity & nurturance

----- Experience -----
'Love includes kindness, generosity, nurturance, and the capacity to be loved as well as to love.'
--Quote from Authentic Happiness.


----- Explanation -----
generosity:
1.1. If you refer to someone's generosity, you mean that they are generous, especially in doing or giving more than is usual or expected.
1.2. the fact of being generous(= willing to give somebody money, gifts, time or kindness freely)
generous:
1. generous person gives more of something, especially money, than is usual or expected.
2. generous person is friendly, helpful, and willing to see the good qualities in someone or something.
3. generous amount of something is much larger than is usual or necessary.

nurturance:
physical and emotional care and nourishment 
nurture:
1. If you nurture something such as a young child or a young plant, you care for it while it is growing and developing.
2. If you nurture plans, ideas, or people, you encourage them or help them to develop.
3. Nurture is care that is given to someone while they are growing and developing.



Sunday, June 20, 2010

rectum & bowel

----- Experience -----
From the book of Authentic Happiness page 7:
One technique he uses to test hedonic theory is the colonoscopy, in which a scope on a tube is inserted uncomfortably into the rectum and moved up and down the bowels for what seems like an eternity. 


----- Explanation -----
rectum:
Someone's rectum is the bottom end of the tube down which waste food passes out of their body.

bowel:
1. one of a system of tubes below the stomach in which solid waste collects before it is passed out of the body
2. You can refer to the parts deep inside something such as the earth, a building, or a machine as the bowels of that thing.
3. You can refer in a polite way to someone getting rid of the waste from their body by saying that they move, open, or empty their bowels.



Saturday, June 19, 2010

referee & umpire

----- Experience -----
Quote from page 298 of The Optimistic Child: Many factors contributed to the loss: among others, their relief pitcher had a blazing fastball, the umpire made a bad call at strike two, it started to rain at the end, and your child swung too late, striking out.

I thought the umpire is the same with the referee, but they are different. Umpire for the sports as tennis or baseball.


----- Explanation -----
umpire:
1. in sports such as tennis and baseball a person whose job is to watch a game and make sure that rules are not broken 
2. to act as the umpire in a game or competition
3. An umpire is a person whose job is to make sure that a sports match or contest is played fairly and that the rules are not broken.

referee:
1. the official who controls the game in some sports, such as football, basketball and boxing 
2. a person who gives information about your character and ability, usually in a letter, for example when you are applying for a job



reliance & negligently

----- Experience -----
The bank accepts no responsibility whatsoever to any person for the results of any reliance by any person on this letter, even if the letter has been issued negligently by the Bank or its officers. --From a certificate document given by Commonwealth Bank. 

I wonder why government believe this certificate even if it has declared refuse to accept any responsibility.


----- Explanation -----
reliance:
1. the state of needing somebody/something in order to survive, be successful, etc.; the fact of being able to rely on somebody/something
2. A person's or thing's reliance on something is the fact that they need it and often cannot live or work without it.

negligently:
1. If someone in a position of responsibility is negligent, they do not do something which they ought to do.
2. If you describe a person's movements or manner as negligent, you mean that they look relaxed and informal.




Thursday, June 17, 2010

mural & moral

----- Experience -----
There are some simple but easy to confuse words I have sticked them on my computer's screen for a couple of days. Today I am going to tear it away away, so let me study them again. They are: mural, moral, modal, model; 


----- Explanation -----
mural:
mural is a picture painted on a wall.

moral:
1. Morals are principles and beliefs concerning right and wrong behaviour.
2. Moral means relating to beliefs about what is right or wrong.
3. Moral courage or duty is based on what you believe is right or acceptable, rather than on what the law says should be done.

modal:
In grammar, a modal or a modal auxiliary is a word such as `can' or `would' which is used with a main verb to express ideas such as possibility, intention, or necessity.

model:
model of an object is a physical representation that shows what it looks like or how it works. The model is often smaller than the object it represents.



Tuesday, June 15, 2010

schizophrenia & alcoholism

----- Experience -----
Preface of the "Authentic Happiness" :
For the last half century psychology has been consumed with a single topic only - mental illness - and has done fairly well with it. Psychologists can now measure such once-fuzzy concepts as depression, schizophrenia, and alcoholism with considerable precision. 


----- Explanation -----
schizophrenia:
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. People who suffer from it are unable to relate their thoughts and feelings to what is happening around them and often withdraw from society.

alcoholism:
People who suffer from alcoholism cannot stop drinking large quantities of alcohol.


Monday, June 14, 2010

authentic & glee

----- Experience -----
The following book I'm going to read is Authentic Happiness. This is one of the acclaims for Authentic Happiness: At last, psychology gets serious about glee, fun, and happiness. Martin Seligman has given us a gift.' --Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence.


----- Explanation -----
authentic:
1. true and accurate
2. known to be real and genuine and not a copy
3. made to be exactly the same as the original 

glee:
Glee is a feeling of happiness and excitement, often caused by someone else's misfortune.



Sunday, June 13, 2010

poverty & hatred

----- Experience -----
I have just finished the book of The Optimistic Child and then I am writing this studying note in which two words will be selected specifically from this book, to memorize this moment. This is the first English book I really read from the first to the last page and, more and more will be coming up. 

It's 299 pages in total. I started reading this book on February 8, 2010. So, up to now, I have spent 4 months completing this book. Two pages a day, it is my plan. I have done it one month ahead of the time I expected. Congratulate to myself.

P298:
I don't want to teach children to wear blinders to poverty and crime, hatred and envy, greed and suffering.


----- Explanation -----
poverty:
1. Poverty is the state of being extremely poor.
2. You can use poverty to refer to any situation in which there is not enough of something or its quality is poor.

hatred:
Hatred is an extremely strong feeling of dislike for someone or something.



whine & verbalize

----- Experience -----
Yesterday I failed to complete the Words and Reading studies for I was drunk. These two words I take from the book of The Optimistic Child:
By the age of two, children start to verbalize causal explanations (Nikki, just two, crying, 'Lara meaned me.' and at the computer, whining for Daddy, 'I can't do')


----- Explanation -----
whine:
1. If something or someone whines, they make a long, high-pitched noise, especially one which sounds sad or unpleasant.
2. If you say that someone is whining, you mean that they are complaining in an annoying way about something unimportant.

verbalize:
If you verbalize your feelings, thoughts, or ideas, you express them in words.
verbal:
You use verbal to indicate that something is expressed in speech rather than in writing or action.