Monday, May 31, 2010

rage & rag

----- Experience -----
I listened to the radio when I sat in the car and warmed the car to go home. A talk master said to a old lady:'maintain the rage, maintain the rage.' Then I got to these two words, rage and rag.


----- Explanation -----
rage:
1. Rage is strong anger that is difficult to control.
2. You say that something powerful or unpleasant rages when it continues with great force or violence.
3. If you rage about something, you speak or think very angrily about it.
4. Road rage is anger or violent behaviour caused by someone else's bad driving or the stress of being in heavy traffic.

rag:
1. rag is a piece of old cloth which you can use to clean or wipe things.duster, wiper, cleaning cloth;
2. ags are old torn clothes.
3. People refer to a newspaper as a rag when they have a poor opinion of it.

Sunday, May 30, 2010

teat & nipple

----- Experience -----
twist teats, come on twist nipples.
two words heard from a porn website called redtube.


----- Explanation -----
teat:
1. A teat is a pointed part on the body of a female animal which her babies suck in order to get milk.
2. A teat is a piece of rubber or plastic that is shaped like a teat, especially one that is fitted to a bottle so that a baby can drink from it.


nipple:
1. The nipples on someone's body are the two small pieces of slightly hard flesh on their chest. Babies suck milk from their mothers' breasts through their mothers' nipples.
2. A nipple is a piece of rubber or plastic which is fitted to the top of a baby's bottle.

Saturday, May 29, 2010

litter & tuition

----- Experience -----
Two words from street:
litter, tuition


----- Explanation -----
litter:
1. Litter is rubbish that is left lying around outside.
2. If a number of things litter a place, they are scattered untidily around it or over it.
3. A litter of things is a quantity of them that are lying around in a disorganized way.

tuition: 
1. If you are given tuition in a particular subject, you are taught about that subject.
2. You can use tuition to refer to the amount of money that you have to pay for being taught particular subjects, especially in a university, college, or private school.


Friday, May 28, 2010

juggle & nanny

----- Experience -----
Advertisement from Fairfax: Finding it tough to juggle both work and motherhood? Then give yourself a better work-life balance with your chance to win a $500 short break holiday from Stayz, plus 12-months access to find babysitters and nannies. Don't miss out.


----- Explanation -----
juggle:
1. If you juggle lots of different things, for example your work and your family, you try to give enough time or attention to all of them.
2. If you juggle, you entertain people by throwing things into the air, catching each one and throwing it up again so that there are several of them in the air at the same time.

nanny:
nanny is a woman who is paid by parents to look after their child or children.
babysitter:
A person who takes care of babies or children while their parents are away from home and is usually paid to do this.



Thursday, May 27, 2010

nutritious & oxide

----- Experience -----
A sentence of advertisement on the side of a huge tank which towed by a truck. I saw it when the truck drove by my car:
Nutritious Oxide System.


----- Explanation -----
nutritious:
Nutritious food contains substances which help your body to be healthy.

oxide:
An oxide is a compound of oxygen and another chemical element.
oxygen:
Oxygen is a colourless gas that exists in large quantities in the air. All plants and animals need oxygen in order to live.



Wednesday, May 26, 2010

stove & pinball

----- Experience -----
There are a few of fuse switches in the electricity control board which lies in our kitchen. They are named as light power, main power, hot power, stove etc.  
A poster on a huge glass shopping window was coming into my sight last afternoon when I turn left at the Sydenham Street crossing. It said: CD, DVD duplication, pinball, basketball, soccer etc.


----- Explanation -----
stove: 
a piece of equipment that can burn various fuels and is used for heating rooms;
synonyms: cooker

pinball:
Pinball is a game in which a player presses two buttons on each side of a pinball machine in order to hit a small ball to the top of the machine. The aim of the game is to prevent the ball reaching the bottom of the machine by pressing the buttons.
pinball machine:
pinball machine is a games machine on which pinball is played. It consists of a sloping table with objects that a ball hits as it rolls down.


Tuesday, May 25, 2010

solstice & summary

----- Experience -----
There is a traditional festival in China called: The Winter Solstice, or Midwinter. When I went through Google Calendar, I found the festival of The winter solstice in Chinese Holiday's Calendar.

I have left China over a year, I should write an annual summary for myself for this year. And as a habit, I should summarize yearly in a regular way. Just give a chance to see what I have done in an another year, just count and evaluate myself in my own way.


----- Explanation -----
solstice:
1. either of the two times of the year at which the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at midday, marked by the longest and shortest days;
2. The summer solstice is the day of the year with the most hours of daylight, and the winter solstice is the day of the year with the fewest hours of daylight.

summary: 
summary of something is a short account of it, which gives the main points but not the details.
summarize:
to give a summary of something


Monday, May 24, 2010

muesli & wheat

----- Experience -----
We had breakfast with another cereal food called Kellogg's, here are some advertisement on its carton:
Nurti-Grain; Corn-Oats-Wheat
You only get out, What you put in;
Protein: For muscle development
calcium: for bone strength;
Carbs: For energy;
Grab them from the muesli bar aisle;


----- Explanation -----
muesli:
Muesli is a breakfast cereal made from chopped nuts, dried fruit, and grains.

wheat:
Wheat is a cereal crop grown for food. Wheat is also used to refer to the grain of this crop, which is usually ground into flour and used to make bread.


Sunday, May 23, 2010

rogue & caterpillar

----- Experience -----
Sometimes I kill virus in Anti-Rogue Sweep.
The word caterpillar is learned from a movie called 'Alice wonderland'.


----- Explanation -----
rogue:
1. rogue is a man who behaves in a dishonest or criminal way.
2. If a man behaves in a way that you do not approve of but you still like him, you can refer to him as a rogue.
3. rogue element is someone or something that behaves differently from others of its kind, often causing damage.

caterpillar:
caterpillar is a small, worm-like animal that feeds on plants and eventually develops into a butterfly or moth.



Saturday, May 22, 2010

cutlery & flatware

----- Experience -----
When we wandered at Maya in the Westfield mall, series of cutlery were getting in our sight. Some of the cutlery are showed outside and others of them are put inside of the beautiful boxes. Flatware is the other word refer to cutlery.


----- Explanation -----
cutlery:
1. Cutlery consists of the knives, forks, and spoons that you eat your food with.
2. You can refer to knives and tools used for cutting as cutlery.
cutler: An occupational surname for a person who made knives.

flatware:
You can refer to the knives, forks, and spoons that you eat your food with as flatware.

silverware:
You can use silverware to refer to all the things in a house that are made of silver, especially the cutlery and dishes.



Friday, May 21, 2010

facile & pep

----- Experience -----
She felt as though she had given herself a facile pep talk: 'Go, Elana, go!' (The Optimistic Child, 196)


----- Explanation -----
facile:
1. If you describe someone's arguments or suggestions as facile, you are criticizing them because their ideas are too simple and indicate a lack of careful, intelligent thinking.
2. produced without effort or careful thought
3. obtained too easily and having little value

pep:
1. to make somebody/something more interesting or full of energy 
2. Pep is liveliness and energy.
3. energy and enthusiasm
pep talk: 
A pep talk is a speech which is intended to encourage someone to make more effort or feel more confident.


pallet & melt

----- Experience -----
Today I put 11,000 boxes of yoghurt on 11 pallets. One box include 2 plastic bags and each bag weight 5 kilogram. The word pallet I knew it from Craig, because everyone said it then I asked him how to spell it. He told me another word: have a bludge! but I couldn't find this word on Internet.

Hot Melt & packaging system, the side near me when I worked today pick up the box and put them on the pallet. The machine packing the box is called hot melt and packaging system.



----- Explanation -----
Pallet: a heavy wooden or metal base that can be used for moving or storing good;

melt: 
to become or make something become liquid as a result of heating


nutrition & confined

----- Experience -----
Confined place, these two words are written on the front door of many refrigerators in the factory. that means this place is restricted to get in.

This morning, picking up the boxes and putting them on a shelf were my work. So I saw nutrition information so many times that I can write down at here at once. The first nutrition information is protein. I will remember others nutrition tomorrow.



----- Explanation -----
nutrition: the process by which living things receive the food necessary for them to grow and be healthy.

confined:not free to move about;
enclosed by a confining fence.


uplifting & refreshment

----- Experience -----
I have just drunk up a 2-liter-bottle of Coca cola that was bought one week ago. I found there is a title of advertisement on the bottle: real taste. uplifting refreshment. uplifting refreshment is very suitable for itself.


----- Explanation -----
uplifting: acting to raise moral, spiritual, cultural, etc levels;
uplift: 
to raise; elevate; lift up

refreshment: snacks and drinks served as a light meal; activity that refreshes and recreates; activity that renews your health and spirits by enjoyment and relaxation; 



payable & payment

----- Experience -----
What follow are two words quoted form the Quarterly Electricity Bill :
Total amount payable: &175.52
...
Payment of $175.52 will be made by Automatic Payment from your credit card on 1 June 2010. Please ensure that your funds are available on this date. If you have any concerns, please call 13 15 35 at least two working days prior to this date.


----- Explanation -----
payable:
1. If an amount of money is payable, it has to be paid or it can be paid.
2. If a cheque or postal order is made payable to you, it has your name written on it to indicate that you are the person who will receive the money.

payment:
1. A payment is an amount of money that is paid to someone, or the act of paying this money.
2. Payment is the act of paying money to someone or of being paid.


Thursday, May 20, 2010

minority & majority

----- Experience -----
Once we went to Opera House for a ballet performance. The ballet was nice, but our seats were not good. Anyway, we enjoyed the ballet. While the refreshment, I found an interesting things. The audiences were almost lady. The old lady was most of them. I  was one of minorities, and those ladies were ones of majorities 


----- Explanation -----
minority: .a small group within a community or country that is different because of race, religion, language, etc.

majority: 
the largest part of a group of people or thing.


gluten & acidophilus

----- Experience -----
Two properties of the Evia Yoghurt that I could see it on the box for yoghurt when I worked today. They are: gluten free; acidophilus. 


----- Explanation -----
gluten: a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough;

acid: of a person's remarks critical and unkind;that has a bitter sharp taste;hat contains acid or has the essential characteristics of an acid; that has a pH of less than seven
acidophilus: a bacterium that is used to make yogurt and to supplement probiotics
acidophilic: especially of some bacteria; growing well in an acid medium.



memo & punch

----- Experience -----
'One morning I get in and the proposal is sitting on my desk with a memo attached to it. All it said was 'okay, Needs work. More punch.' ' (The Optimistic Child, 195)



----- Explanation -----
memo:
A memo is a short official note that is sent by one person to another within the same company or organization.

punch:
1. If you punch someone or something, you hit them hard with your fist.
2. If you punch the air, you put one or both of your fists forcefully above your shoulders as a gesture of delight or victory.
3. If you punch something such as the buttons on a keyboard, you touch them in order to store information on a machine such as a computer or to give the machine a command to do something.


exposure & asset



---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Stone Zou <shiyun.zou@gmail.com>
Date: Tue, May 18, 2010 at 11:31 AM
Subject: exposure & asset
To: Diary <shiyun.zou.diary17908409@blogger.com>


----- Experience -----

News from Immigration: 

Brutal is an understatement

It is hard to imagine how a government can be so unconcerned about swinging a wrecking ball through the Vocational Education Industry in Australia. These changes will spell the premature doom to many privated education institutions in Australia and will only further damage a reputation once advertised to the world of its achievements. Now Australia will be best remembered how it brutalised tens of thousands of international students who came here with the best intentions. Well done Mr Evans.

Even the bigger national universities who have a heavy exposure of IT and accounting post graduate courses may find they will have to close their satelite campuses running in Sydney. The bigger universities will just suffer the losses and move on because they have the asset's behind as support. I find it hard to imaging in the future that any international student will want to spend money in Australia to study IT. Even those students from the two largest markets, China and India will give any accounting courses a wide birth due to the increased English language requirements.

Please read the information on DIAC's web site about who is effected by this new SOL.


----- Explanation -----
exposure:
1. the act of showing something that is usually hidden
2. the fact of being discussed or mentioned on television, in newspapers, etc. 
3. the state of having the true facts about somebody/something told after they have been hidden because they are bad, immoral or illegal
4.Exposure is the harmful effect on your body caused by very cold weather.

asset:
1. a thing of value, especially property, that a person or company owns, which can be used or sold to pay debts 
2. a person or thing that is valuable or useful to somebody/something




Wednesday, May 19, 2010

pathology & malignant

----- Experience -----
I saw 'Pathology', a huge word on a back of T-shirt which was wore by a fat man with plenty of heard. Then I check the word on Google Dictionary.

They opened up my chest, they took a malignant tumor, part of my lung and they took some other goodies," Gumbel said. "The pathology on most of the stuff came back benign, but enough aggressive cells had escaped the tumor that it warranted...


----- Explanation -----
pathology:
1. the scientific study of diseases
2. an aspect of somebody's behaviour that is extreme and unreasonable and that they cannot control

malignant:
1. A malignant tumour or disease is out of control and likely to cause death.
2. If you say that someone is malignant, you think they are cruel and like to cause harm.


Tuesday, May 18, 2010

subject & beacon

----- Experience -----
Two words from a travel-guiding booklet:
Emergency locator beacon are offered for loan free of charge (subject to availability)


----- Explanation -----
subject:
...
1. If an event will take place subject to a condition, it will take place only if that thing happens.
2. To be subject to something means to be affected by it or to be likely to be affected by it.
3. If someone is subject to a particular set of rules or laws, they have to obey those rules or laws.
4. If you subject someone to something unpleasant, you make them experience it. 

beacon: 
1. A beacon is a light or a fire, usually on a hill or tower, which acts as a signal or a warning.
2. If someone acts as a beacon to other people, they inspire or encourage them.
3. (in the past) a fire lit on top of a hill as a signal 


boom & brutalise

1----- Experience -----
News from Immigration: 

Brutal is an understatement

It is hard to imagine how a government can be so unconcerned about swinging a wrecking ball through the Vocational Education Industry in Australia. These changes will spell the premature doom to many privated education institutions in Australia and will only further damage a reputation once advertised to the world of its achievements. Now Australia will be best remembered how it brutalised tens of thousands of international students who came here with the best intentions. Well done Mr Evans.

Even the bigger national universities who have a heavy exposure of IT and accounting post graduate courses may find they will have to close their satelite campuses running in Sydney. The bigger universities will just suffer the losses and move on because they have the assest's behind as support. I find it hard to imaging in the future that any international student will want to spend money in Australia to study IT. Even those students from the two largest markets, China and India will give any accounting courses a wide birth due to the increased English language requirements.

Please read the information on DIAC's web site about who is effected by this new SOL.




----- Explanation -----
boom:
1. Doom is a terrible future state or event which you cannot prevent.
2. If you have a sense or feeling of doom, you feel that things are going very badly and are likely to get even worse.
3. If a fact or event dooms someone or something to a particular fate, it makes certain that they are going to suffer in some way.

brutalise (brutalize):
1. If one person brutalizes another, they treat them in a cruel or violent way.
2. If an unpleasant experience brutalizes someone, it makes them cruel or violent.

vocational & premature

----- Experience -----
News from Immigration: 

Brutal is an understatement

It is hard to imagine how a government can be so unconcerned about swinging a wrecking ball through the Vocational Education Industry in Australia. These changes will spell the premature doom to many privated education institutions in Australia and will only further damage a reputation once advertised to the world of its achievements. Now Australia will be best remembered how it brutalised tens of thousands of international students who came here with the best intentions. Well done Mr Evans.

Even the bigger national universities who have a heavy exposure of IT and accounting post graduate courses may find they will have to close their satelite campuses running in Sydney. The bigger universities will just suffer the losses and move on because they have the assest's behind as support. I find it hard to imaging in the future that any international student will want to spend money in Australia to study IT. Even those students from the two largest markets, China and India will give any accounting courses a wide birth due to the increased English language requirements.

Please read the information on DIAC's web site about who is effected by this new SOL.



----- Explanation -----
vocational:
Vocational training and skills are the training and skills needed for a particular job or profession.
vocation:
1. If you have a vocation, you have a strong feeling that you are especially suited to do a particular job or to fulfil a particular role in life, especially one which involves helping other people
2. If you refer to your job or profession as your vocation, you feel that you are particularly suited to it.

premature:
1. Something that is premature happens earlier than usual or earlier than people expect.
2. You can say that something is premature when it happens too early and is therefore inappropriate
3. A premature baby is one that was born before the date when it was expected to be born.


brutal & understatement

----- Experience -----
A news from DIAC's:

Brutal is an understatement

It is hard to imagine how a government can be so unconcerned about swinging a wrecking ball through the Vocational Education Industry in Australia. These changes will spell the premature doom to many privated education institutions in Australia and will only further damage a reputation once advertised to the world of its achievements. Now Australia will be best remembered how it brutalised tens of thousands of international students who came here with the best intentions. Well done Mr Evans.

Even the bigger national universities who have a heavy exposure of IT and accounting post graduate courses may find they will have to close their satelite campuses running in Sydney. The bigger universities will just suffer the losses and move on because they have the assest's behind as support. I find it hard to imaging in the future that any international student will want to spend money in Australia to study IT. Even those students from the two largest markets, China and India will give any accounting courses a wide birth due to the increased English language requirements.

Please read the information on DIAC's web site about who is effected by this new SOL.



----- Explanation -----
brutal:
1. direct and clear about something unpleasant; not thinking of people's feelings.
2. violent and cruel.
brute:
1. a man who treats people in an unkind, cruel way 
2. a large strong animal
3. involving physical strength only and not thought or intelligence 
4. basic, simple and unpleasant

understatement:
1. If you say that a statement is an understatement, you mean that it does not fully express the extent to which something is true.
2. Understatement is the practice of suggesting that things have much less of a particular quality than they really have.
overstatement:
If you refer to the way something is described is an overstatement, you mean it is described in a way that makes it seem more important or serious than it really is.




Tuesday, May 11, 2010

substitute & coulis

----- Experience -----
A note was sticked on the water-board in the office of the yogurt factory: 'Sunnyside puree (1kg) can be substituted for preshafruit coulis if not available, charge the same. thanks.'


----- Explanation -----
substitute:
1. If you substitute one thing for another, or if one thing substitutes for another, it takes the place or performs the function of the other thing.
2.
A substitute is something that you have or use instead of something else.
3.
If you say that one thing is no substitute for another, you mean that it does not have certain desirable features that the other thing has, and is therefore unsatisfactory. If you say that there is no substitute for something, you mean that it is the only thing which is really satisfactory.

coulis:
a thin fruit sauce



Thursday, May 6, 2010

generator & foam

----- Experience -----
After sweeping the floor, the next procedure is to spray disinfectant to keep the room clean. A particular machine called Mobile Foam Generator is dragged to wherever need to be sprayed.


----- Explanation -----
generator:
1. a machine for producing a particular substance
2. a machine for producing electricity 
3. a company that produces electricity to sell to the public

foam:
1. Foam consists of a mass of small bubbles that are formed when air and a liquid are mixed together.
2. foam rubber is soft rubber full of small holes which is used, for example, to make mattresses and cushions.




Wednesday, May 5, 2010

transgress & cherish

----- Experience -----
Page 137 of The Optimistic Child: We feel angry when someone transgresses against us. We feel depressed when we lose something we cherish.


----- Explanation -----
transgress:
1. If someone transgresses, they break a moral law or a rule of behavior.
2. to go beyond the limit of what is morally or legally acceptable.

cherish:
1. If you cherish something such as a hope or a pleasant memory, you keep it in your mind for a long period of time.
2. If you cherish someone or something, you take good care of them because you love them.
3. If you cherish a right, a privilege, or a principle, you regard it as important and try hard to keep it.



compliment & omen

----- Experience -----
Page 133 of The Optimistic Child: If you are a pessimist, able to find a hidden criticism in every compliment, a bad omen in all that goes right, you will not lay down this book and see every glass as half-full.


----- Explanation -----
compliment:
1. compliment is a polite remark that you say to someone to show that you like their appearance, appreciate their qualities, or approve of what they have done.
2. If you compliment someone, you pay them a compliment.
3. If you consider something that a person says or does as a compliment, it convinces you of your own good qualities, or that the person appreciates you.

omen:
If you say that something is an omen, you think it indicates what is likely to happen in the future and whether it will be good or bad.


perceptible & profoundly

----- Experience -----
Page 135 of The Optimistic Child: These thoughts, although often barely perceptible, profoundly affect your mood and behavior. This technique is called thought catching.


----- Explanation -----
perceptible: 
1. great enough for you to notice it.
2. that you can notice or feel with your senses.

profoundly:
1. in a way that has a very great effect on somebody/something 
2. very seriously; completely.


Sunday, May 2, 2010

gyprock & gypsum

----- Experience -----
Whenever you look for a job in the newspaper, you will find that there are a lot of advertise for seeking someone to work in gyprock. This means a type of job about installing drywall, making plasterboard, sanding, plastering etc.


----- Explanation -----
gyprock:
1. a trademark the brand name of a type of plasterboard
2. gyprock:gypsum+rock

gypsum: is a soft white substance which looks like chalk and which is used to make plaster of Paris.




corolla & coolant

----- Experience -----
I did a major service for our car which brand is Toyota Corolla. It spent me $140 on four items.
The description is:
Toyota Corolla
Full Service: oil filter, spark plug replace, labour part supply, coolant replace;
sub total: 127.27
GST: 12.73
total Inc(including) GST:140


----- Explanation -----
corolla: 
1. All flower petals.
2. The Corolla is a line of subcompact/compact cars produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world

coolant:
a liquid that is used for cooling an engine, a nuclear reactor, etc.